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摘要: 用交流电桥法研究了Bi2O3-Y2O3体系含22.5—30mol％Y2O3烧结试样在po2值由1至10-21atm范围内氧离子的电导率,实验证明该种材料的氧离子电导率比同温度下ZrO2基固体电解质高若干倍;用这种材料作为固体电解质组成氧浓差电池,电池电动势和理论电动势的比值E/E0等于1或接近1,说明这种材料几乎为纯氧离子导体,p型电子空穴导电性很小;用库伦滴定抽氧法测定了含Y2O3 27.5mol％样品的电子导电特征氧分压,其值为lgpe＇=(-767000/T)+655,电子导电性极小。可期望为一种新型氧离子导体材料。
Abstract: The ionic electrical conduction in sintered Bi2O3-Y2O3 system for samples containing 20-30 mol% Y2O3 was investigated by means of measurement of ac conductivity and the emf of oxygen gas concentration cell using the specimen tablet as electrolyte. The experimental po2 range from 1 to 10-21 atm for ionic electrical conduction measurement-These materials showed high oxygen ionic conduction, the conductivities for samples containing 22.5-30mol% Y2O3 are many times higher than those of stabilized zirconia ZrO based solid electrolyte at corresponding temperatures. When these materials are used to construct an oxygen concentration cell, the E/E0 is equal to 1 or approaches 1. These values show that the samples containing 22.5 to 30 mol% Y2O3 are nearly pure ionic conductors. The p-type hole conductivity is very small at higher po2 values, so it is negligible. The n-type electronic conduction was investigated by means of coulomb titration technique for Y2O3 27.5 mol% sample We obtained that lg pe＇=-767000/T +665. The pe＇ is equal to 2.6×10-61 atm at 800℃. The n-type electronic conduction is vary small, so that it is also negligible.These materials are proved to be good high ionic conductors.