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等温节流过程积耗散最小化

夏少军 陈林根 戈延林 孙丰瑞

等温节流过程积耗散最小化

夏少军, 陈林根, 戈延林, 孙丰瑞
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  • 对一类普适传质规律等温节流过程进行了研究, 应用最优控制理论导出了对应于过程质量积耗散最小时最优性条件, 然后基于普适优化结果导出了传质规律[g∝(Δ p)m]和线性传质规律[g∝Δ(μ)] 等各种特例下的优化结果, 并与熵产生最小、压力之比为常数和压力之差为常数等各种传质策略下的结果进行了比较, 给出了[g∝(Δp)1/2], [g∝Δ(p)]和[g∝Δ(μ)] 等各种特例下的数值算例. 本文的研究结果对于实际节流过程 和设备的最优设计与运行具有一定的理论指导意义.
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号:51176203,10905093)和海军工程大学博士生创新基金(批准号:HGBSJJ-2011002)资助的课题.
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  • [1]

    Andresen B, Salamon P, Berry R S 1977 J. Chem. Phys. 66 1571

    [2]

    Bejan A 1996 J. Appl. Phys. 79 1191

    [3]

    Bejan A 1996 Entropy Generation Minimization (Boca Raton FL: CRC Press)

    [4]

    Chen L, Wu C, Sun F 1999 J. Non-Equilib. Thermodyn. 22 327

    [5]

    Berry R S, Kazakov V A, Sieniutycz S, Szwast Z, Tsirlin A M 1999 Thermodynamic Optimization of Finite Time Processes (Chichester: Wiley)

    [6]

    Chen L G 2005 Finite-Time Thermodynamic Analysis of Irreversible Processes and Cycles (Beijing: Higher Education Press) (in Chinese) [陈林根 2005 不可逆过程和循环的有限时间热力学分析 (北京: 高等教育出版社)]

    [7]

    He J Z, Wang L, Li J B 2005 Acta Phys. Sin. 54 24 (in Chinese) [何济洲, 王磊, 李俊彬 2005 物理学报 54 24]

    [8]

    Wu F, Chen L G, Sun F R, Yu J Y 2008 Finite Time Thermodynamic Optimization for Stirling Machines (Beijing: Chemical Industry Press) (in Chinese) [吴锋, 陈林根, 孙丰瑞, 喻九阳 2008 斯特林机的有限时间热力学优化 (北京: 化学工业出版社)]

    [9]

    Andresen B 2011 Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 50 2690

    [10]

    Lin G X, Chen J C 2011 J. Xiamen University (Natural Science) 50 227 (in Chinese) [林国星, 陈金灿 2011 厦门大学学报(自然科学版) 50 227]

    [11]

    He B X, He J Z, Miao G L 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 040509 (in Chinese) [贺兵香, 何济洲, 缪贵玲 2011 物理学报 60 040509]

    [12]

    Tu Z C 2012 Chin. Phys. B 21 020513

    [13]

    Cheng H T, He J Z, Xiao Y L 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 010502 (in Chinese) [程海涛, 何济洲, 肖宇玲 2012 物理学报 61 010502]

    [14]

    Li J, Chen L G, Ge Y L, Sun F R 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 130501 (in Chinese) [李俊, 陈林根, 戈延林, 孙丰瑞 2013 物理学报 62 130501]

    [15]

    Bejan A 1977 Trans. ASME J. Heat Transf. 99 374

    [16]

    Badescu V 2004 J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 37 2298

    [17]

    Andresen B, Gordon J M 1992 J. Appl. Phys. 71 76

    [18]

    Tsirlin A M, Kazakov V, Kolinko N 2003 Eur. Phys. J. B 35 565

    [19]

    Badescu V 2004 J. Non-Equilib. Thermodyn. 29 53

    [20]

    Andresen B, Gordon J M 1992 Int. J. Heat Fluid Flow 13 294

    [21]

    Chen L G, Xia S J, Sun F R 2009 J. Appl. Phys. 105 044907

    [22]

    Xia S J, Chen L G, Sun F R 2009 Brazilian J. Phys. 39 98

    [23]

    Tsirlin A M, Kazakov V A, Berry R S 1994 J. Phys. Chem. 98 3330

    [24]

    Gordon J M, Rubinstein I, Zarmi Y 1990 J. Appl. Phys. 67 81

    [25]

    Santoro M, Schon J C, Jansen M 2007 Phys. Rev. E 76 061120

    [26]

    Mironova V A 1994 Chimicheskaia Promis Hlennost 4 51

    [27]

    Bi Y H, Chen L G, Sun F R 2012 Int. J. Energy Res. 36 269

    [28]

    Tsirlin A M 1997 Methods of Averaging Optimization and Their Application (Moscow: Physical and Mathematical Literature Publishing Company) (in Russian)

    [29]

    Tsirlin A M 2002 Optimization Methods in Thermodynamics and Microeconomics (Moscow: Nauka) (in Russian)

    [30]

    Tsirlin A M 2003 Irreversible Estimates of Limiting Possibilities of Thermodynamic and Microeconomic Systems (Moscow: Nauka) (in Russian)

    [31]

    Tsirlin A M 2011 Optimization for Thermodynamic and Economic Systems (Moscow: Nauka) (in Russian)

    [32]

    Tsirlin A M, Mironova V A, Amelkin S A, Kazakov V A 1998 Phys. Rev. E 58 215

    [33]

    Mironova V A, Amelkin S A, Tsirlin A M 2000 Mathematical Methods of Finite Time Thermodynamics (Moscow: Khimia) (in Russian)

    [34]

    Guo Z Y, Zhu H Y, Liang X G 2007 Int. J. Heat Mass Transf. 50 2545

    [35]

    Guo Z Y 2008 J. Eng. Thermophys. 29 112 (in Chinese) [过增元 2008 工程热物理学报 29 112]

    [36]

    Guo Z Y, Liang X G, Zhu H Y 2006 Prog. Nat. Sci. 16 1288 (in Chinese) [过增元, 梁新刚, 朱宏晔 2006 自然科学进展 16 1288]

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    [39]

    Cheng X T, Liang X G, Xu X H 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 060512 (in Chinese) [程雪涛, 梁新刚, 徐向华 2011 物理学报 60 060512]

    [40]

    Hu G J, Cao B Y, Guo Z Y 2011 Chin. Sci. Bull. 56 2974

    [41]

    Xu M T 2012 Energy 44 973

    [42]

    Guo Z Y, Cheng X G, Xia Z Z 2003 Chin. Sci. Bull. 48 406

    [43]

    Han G Z, Guo Z Y 2006 J. Eng. Thermophys. 27 811 (in Chinese) [韩光泽, 过增元 2006 工程热物理学报 27 811]

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    Chen L G, Wei S H, Sun F R 2009 J. Appl. Phys. 105 94906

    [46]

    Xie Z H, Chen L G, Sun F R 2009 Chin. Sci. Bull. 54 4418

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    Ge L, Xu M T, Cheng L 2011 J. Eng. Thermophys. 32 993 (in Chinese) [葛亮, 许明田, 程林 2011 工程热物理学报 32 993]

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    Xu M T, Guo J F, Cheng L 2009 Front. Energy Power Eng. China 3 402

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    Liu W, Liu Z C, Jia H, Fan A W, Nakayama A 2011 Int. J. Heat Mass Transf. 53 3049

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    Cheng X T, Zhang Q Z, Xu X H, Liang X G 2013 Chin. Phys. B 22 02503

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    Li Z X, Guo Z Y 2010 Field Synergy Theory for Convective Heat Transfer Optimization (Beijing: Science Press) (in Chinese) [李志信, 过增元 2010 对流传热优化的场协同理论 (北京: 科学出版社)]

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    Wu J, Cheng X T 2013 Int. J. Heat Mass Transf. 58 374

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    Xia S J, Chen L G, Sun F R 2010 Sci. China E: Tech. Sci. 53 960

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    Liu X B, Guo Z Y 2009 Acta Phys. Sin. 58 4766 (in Chinese) [柳雄斌, 过增元 2009 物理学报 58 4766]

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    Guo Z Y, Liu X B, Tao W Q, Shah R K 2010 Int. J. Heat Mass Transf. 53 2877

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    Guo J F, Huai X L 2012 Energy 41 335

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    Wang W H, Cheng X T, Liang X G 2013 Sci. China E: Tech. Sci. 56 529

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    Cheng X T, Liang X G 2012 Energy 44 964

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    Chen L G 2012 Chin. Sci. Bull. 57 4404

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    Chen Q, Meng J A 2008 Int. J. Heat Mass Transf. 51 2863

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    Chen Q, Ren J, Guo Z 2009 Chin. Sci. Bull. 54 2862

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  • 收稿日期:  2013-05-04
  • 修回日期:  2013-06-18
  • 刊出日期:  2013-09-20

等温节流过程积耗散最小化

  • 1. 海军工程大学热科学与动力工程研究室, 武汉 430033;
  • 2. 海军工程大学 舰船动力工程军队重点实验室, 武汉 430033;
  • 3. 海军工程大学动力工程学院, 武汉 430033
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金(批准号:51176203,10905093)和海军工程大学博士生创新基金(批准号:HGBSJJ-2011002)资助的课题.

摘要: 对一类普适传质规律等温节流过程进行了研究, 应用最优控制理论导出了对应于过程质量积耗散最小时最优性条件, 然后基于普适优化结果导出了传质规律[g∝(Δ p)m]和线性传质规律[g∝Δ(μ)] 等各种特例下的优化结果, 并与熵产生最小、压力之比为常数和压力之差为常数等各种传质策略下的结果进行了比较, 给出了[g∝(Δp)1/2], [g∝Δ(p)]和[g∝Δ(μ)] 等各种特例下的数值算例. 本文的研究结果对于实际节流过程 和设备的最优设计与运行具有一定的理论指导意义.

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