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低维纳米材料量子热输运与自旋热电性质 ——非平衡格林函数方法的应用

陈晓彬 段文晖

低维纳米材料量子热输运与自旋热电性质 ——非平衡格林函数方法的应用

陈晓彬, 段文晖
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  • 低维材料不断涌现的新奇性质吸引着科学研究者的目光. 除了电子的量子输运行为之外, 人们也陆续发现和确认了热输运中显著的量子行为, 如 热导低温量子化、声子子带、尺寸效应、瓶颈效应等. 这些小尺度体系的热输运性质可以很好地用非平衡格林函数来描述. 本文首先介绍了量子热输运的特性、声子非平衡格林函数方法及其在低维纳米材料中的研究进展; 其次回顾了近年来在 一系列低维材料中发现的热-自旋输运现象. 这些自旋热学现象展现了全新的热电转换机制, 有助于设计新型的热电转换器件, 同时也给出了用热产生自旋流的新途径; 最后介绍了线性响应理论以及在此理论框架下结合声子、电子非平衡格林函数方法进行的一些有益的探索. 量子热输运的研究对热效应基础研究以及声子学器件、能量转换器件的发展有着不可替代的重要作用.
      通信作者: 段文晖, dwh@phys.tsinghua.edu.cn
    • 基金项目: 国家重点基础研究发展计划(批准号: 2011CB921901, 2011CB606405)和国家自然科学基金(批准号:11334006)资助的课题.
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  • 收稿日期:  2015-05-18
  • 修回日期:  2015-06-20
  • 刊出日期:  2015-09-05

低维纳米材料量子热输运与自旋热电性质 ——非平衡格林函数方法的应用

    基金项目: 

    国家重点基础研究发展计划(批准号: 2011CB921901, 2011CB606405)和国家自然科学基金(批准号:11334006)资助的课题.

摘要: 低维材料不断涌现的新奇性质吸引着科学研究者的目光. 除了电子的量子输运行为之外, 人们也陆续发现和确认了热输运中显著的量子行为, 如 热导低温量子化、声子子带、尺寸效应、瓶颈效应等. 这些小尺度体系的热输运性质可以很好地用非平衡格林函数来描述. 本文首先介绍了量子热输运的特性、声子非平衡格林函数方法及其在低维纳米材料中的研究进展; 其次回顾了近年来在 一系列低维材料中发现的热-自旋输运现象. 这些自旋热学现象展现了全新的热电转换机制, 有助于设计新型的热电转换器件, 同时也给出了用热产生自旋流的新途径; 最后介绍了线性响应理论以及在此理论框架下结合声子、电子非平衡格林函数方法进行的一些有益的探索. 量子热输运的研究对热效应基础研究以及声子学器件、能量转换器件的发展有着不可替代的重要作用.

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