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金属微结构纳米线中等离激元传播和分光特性

徐地虎 胡青 彭茹雯 周昱 王牧

金属微结构纳米线中等离激元传播和分光特性

徐地虎, 胡青, 彭茹雯, 周昱, 王牧
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  • 本文从理论和实验两方面探讨了具有微结构的金属纳米线系统中表面等离激元传播规律和分光特性. 我们由麦克斯韦方程组出发, 利用严格耦合波近似和有限元差分等方法首先从理论上给出了金属纳米线系统中等离激元的色散关系和能带特征, 然后基于微结构的银纳米线及其等离激元能带结构, 设计并制备出等离激元分光原型器件, 实验展示其将不同频率的光在微小空间分离的特性. 该研究结果是我们前期相关工作的延续和补充, 可应用于构造多功能集成的光子芯片和新型亚波长光电材料和器件.
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号: 11034005, 61475070, 11474157)和国家重点基础研究发展计划(批准号: 2012CB921502)资助的课题.
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    Ritchie R H 1957 Phys. Rev. 106 874

    [2]

    Barnes W L, Dereux A, Ebbesen T W 2003 Nature 424 824

    [3]

    Ebbesen T W, Lezec H J, Ghaemi H F, Thio T, Wolff P A 1998 Nature 391 667

    [4]

    Tang Z H, Peng R W, Wang Z, Wu X, Bao Y J, Wang Q J, Zhang Z J, Sun W H, Wang M 2007 Phys. Rev. B 76 195405

    [5]

    Bao Y J, Peng R W, Shu D J, Wang M, Lu X, Shao J, Lu W, Ming N B 2008 Phys. Rev. Lett. 101 087401

    [6]

    Gao F, Li D, Peng R W, Hu Q, Wei K, Wang Q J, Zhu Y Y, Wang M 2009 Appl. Phys. Lett. 95 011104

    [7]

    Li D, Qin L, Xiong X, Peng R W, Hu Q, Ma G B, Zhou H S, Wang M 2011 Opt. Express 19 22942

    [8]

    Xu H X, Bjerneld E J, Käll M, Börjesson L 1999 Phys. Rev. Lett. 83 4357

    [9]

    Xu H X, Aizpurua J, Käll M, Apell P 2000 Phys. Rev. E 62 4318

    [10]

    Garcia-Vidal F J, Pendry J B 1996 Phys. Rev. Lett. 771163

    [11]

    Fang N, Lee H, Sun C, Zhang X 2005 Science 308 534

    [12]

    Kawata S, Inouye Y, Verma P 2009 Nat. Photon. 3 388

    [13]

    Zhang S, Genov D A, Wang Y, Liu M, Zhang X 2008 Phys. Rev. Lett. 101 047401

    [14]

    Qin L, Zhang K, Peng R W, Xiong X, Zhang W, Huang X R, Wang M 2013 Phys. Rev. B 87 125136

    [15]

    Zhang K, Wang C, Qin L, Peng R W, Xu D H, Xiong X, Wang M 2014 Opt. Lett. 39 3539

    [16]

    Xiong X, Sun W H, Bao Y J, Peng R W, Wang M, Sun C, Lu X, Shao J, Li Z F, Ming N B 2009 Phys. Rev. B 80 201105

    [17]

    Xiong X, Sun W H, Bao Y J, Wang M, Peng R W, Sun C, Lu X, Shao J, Li Z F, Ming N B 2010 Phys. Rev. B 81 075119

    [18]

    Xiong X, Wang Z W, Fu S J, Wang M, Peng R W, Hao X P, Sun C 2011 Appl. Phys. Lett. 99 181905

    [19]

    Jiang S C, Xiong X, Sarriugarte P, Jiang S W, Yin X B, Wang Y, Peng R W, Wu D, Hillenbrand R, Zhang X, Wang M 2013 Phys. Rev. B 88 161104

    [20]

    Xiong X, Xue Z H, Meng C, Jiang S C, Hu Y H, Peng R W, Wang M 2013 Phys. Rev. B 88 115105

    [21]

    Xiong X, Jiang S C, Hu Y H, Peng R W, Wang M 2013 Adv. Mater. 25 3994

    [22]

    Jiang S C, Xiong X, Hu Y S, Hu Y H, Ma G B, Peng R W, Sun C, Wang M 2014 Phys. Rev. X 4 021026

    [23]

    Gonzalez M U, Weeber J C, Baudrion A L, Dereux A, Stepanov A L, Krenn J R, Devaux E, Ebbesen T W 2006 Phys. Rev. B 73 155416

    [24]

    Xu D H, Zhang K, Shao M R, Wu H W, Fan R H, Peng R W, Wang M 2014 Opt. Express 22 25700

    [25]

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    [26]

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    [27]

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    [28]

    Oulton R F, Sorger V J, Zentgraf T, Ma R M, Gladden C, Dai L, Bartal G, Zhang X 2009 Nature 461 629

    [29]

    Ma R M, Oulton R F, Sorger V J, Bartal G, Zhang X 2011 Nat. Mater. 10 110

    [30]

    Huang X R, Peng R W, Fan R H 2010 Phys. Rev. Lett. 105 243901

    [31]

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    [32]

    Fan R H, Peng R W, Huang X R, Li J. Liu Y M, Hu Q, Wang M, Zhang X 2012 Adv. Mater. 24 1980

    [33]

    Fan R H, Zhu L H, Peng R W, Huang X R, Qi D X, Ren X P, Hu Q, Wang M 2013 Phys. Rev. B 87 195444

    [34]

    Fan R H, Li J, Peng R W, Huang X R, Qi D X, Xu D H, Ren X P, Wang M 2013 Appl. Phys, Lett. 102 171904

    [35]

    Shen Y C, Ye D X, Celanovic I, Johnson S G, Joannopoulos J D, Soljacic M 2014 Science 343 1499

    [36]

    Ren X P, Fan R H, Peng R W, Huang X R, Xu D H, Zhou Y, Wang M 2015 Phys. Rev. B 91 045111

    [37]

    Fan R H, Zhou Y, Ren X P, Peng R W, Jiang S C, Xu D H, Xiong X, Huang X R, Wang M 2014 Adv. Mater. 27 1201

    [38]

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    [39]

    Chang C C, Sharma Y D, Kim Y S, Bur J A, Shenoi R V, Krishna S, Huang D H, Lin S Y 2010 Nano Lett. 10 1704

    [40]

    Alu A, Engheta N 2006 Phys. Rev. B 74 205436

    [41]

    Compaijen P J, Malyshev V A, Knoester J 2013 Phys. Rev. B 87 205437

    [42]

    Wei H, Wang Z X, Tian X R, Kall M, Xu H X 2011 Nat. Comm. 2 387

    [43]

    Wei H, Li Z P, Tian X R, Wang Z X, Cong F Z, Liu N, Zhang S P, Nordlander P, Halas N J, Xu H X 2011 Nano Lett. 11 471

    [44]

    Fu Y L, Hu X Y, Lu C C, Yue S, Yang H, Gong Q H 2012 Nano Lett. 12 5784

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    [46]

    Fang Y R, Li Z P, Huang Y Z, Zhang S P, Nordlander P, Halas N J, Xu H X 2010 Nano Lett. 10 1950

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    Min B, Ostby E, Sorger V, Ulin-Avila E, Yang L, Zhang X, Vahala K 2009 Nature 457 455

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    Moharam M G, Grann E B, Pommet D A 1995 J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12 1068

    [71]

    Rakic A D, Djurisic A B, Elazar J M, Majewski M L 1998 Appl. Opt. 37 5271

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    Palik E D 1998 Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (San Diego: Academic Press)

    [73]

    Li Z P, Bao K, Fang Y R, Guan Z Q, Halas N J, Nordlander P, Xu H X 2010 Phys. Rev. B 82 241402

    [74]

    Zhang S P, Xu H X 2012 ACS Nano 6 8128

    [75]

    Wei H, Zhang S P, Tian X R, Xu H X 2013 PNAS 110 4494

    [76]

    Frankel M Y, Esman R D 1998 J. Lightwave Technol. 16 859

    [77]

    Nguyen H G, Cabon B, Poette J, Yu Z, Fonjallaz P Y 2009 IEEE RWS 590

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  • 收稿日期:  2015-02-05
  • 修回日期:  2015-04-16
  • 刊出日期:  2015-05-05

金属微结构纳米线中等离激元传播和分光特性

  • 1. 南京大学物理学院和固体微结构物理国家重点实验室, 南京 210093;
  • 2. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金(批准号: 11034005, 61475070, 11474157)和国家重点基础研究发展计划(批准号: 2012CB921502)资助的课题.

摘要: 本文从理论和实验两方面探讨了具有微结构的金属纳米线系统中表面等离激元传播规律和分光特性. 我们由麦克斯韦方程组出发, 利用严格耦合波近似和有限元差分等方法首先从理论上给出了金属纳米线系统中等离激元的色散关系和能带特征, 然后基于微结构的银纳米线及其等离激元能带结构, 设计并制备出等离激元分光原型器件, 实验展示其将不同频率的光在微小空间分离的特性. 该研究结果是我们前期相关工作的延续和补充, 可应用于构造多功能集成的光子芯片和新型亚波长光电材料和器件.

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