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光子两自由度超并行量子计算与超纠缠态操控

任宝藏 邓富国

光子两自由度超并行量子计算与超纠缠态操控

任宝藏, 邓富国
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  • 光子系统在量子信息处理和传输过程中有非常重要的应用. 譬如, 利用光子与原子(或人工原子)之间的相互作用, 可以完成信息的安全传输、存储和快速的并行计算处理等任务. 光子系统具有多个自由度, 如极化、空间模式、轨道角动量、时间-能量、频率等自由度. 光子系统的多个自由度可以同时应用于量子信息处理过程. 超并行量子计算利用光子系统多个自由度的光量子态同时进行量子并行计算, 使量子计算具有更强的并行性, 且需要的量子资源少, 更能抵抗光子数损耗等噪声的影响. 多个自由度同时存在纠缠的光子系统量子态称为超纠缠态, 它能够提高量子通信的容量与安全性, 辅助完成一些重要的量子通信任务. 在本综述中, 我们简要介绍了光子系统两自由度量子态在量子信息中的一些新应用, 包括超并行量子计算、超纠缠态分析、超纠缠浓缩和纯化三个部分.
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号:11474026)资助的课题.
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    Ding D, Yan F L 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 010302 (in Chinese) [丁东, 闫凤利 2013 物理学报 62 010302]

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    Nielsen M A, Chuang I L 2000 Quantum Computation and Quantum Information (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) pp1-59

    [2]

    Gisin N, Ribordy G, Tittel W, Zbinden H 2002 Rev. Mod. Phys. 74 145

    [3]

    Kok P, Munro W J, Nemoto K, Ralph T C, Dowling J P, Milburn G J 2007 Rev. Mod. Phys. 79 135

    [4]

    Yoran N, Reznik B 2003 Phys. Rev. Lett. 91 037903

    [5]

    Zhang P, Liu R F, Huang Y F, Gao H, Li F L 2010 Phys. Rev. A 82 064302

    [6]

    Ren B C, Wei H R, Deng F G 2013 Laser Phys. Lett. 10 095202

    [7]

    Ren B C, Deng F G

    [8]

    Ren B C, Wang G Y, Deng F G 2015 Phys. Rev. A 91 032328

    [9]

    Kwiat P G 1997 J. Mod. Opt. 44 2173

    [10]

    Sheng Y B, Deng F G, Long G L 2010 Phys. Rev. A 82 032318

    [11]

    Ren B C, Wei H R, Hua M, Li T, Deng F G 2012 Opt. Express 20 24664

    [12]

    Wang T J, Lu Y, Long G L 2012 Phys. Rev. A 86 042337

    [13]

    Ren B C, Du F F, Deng F G 2013 Phys. Rev. A 88 012302

    [14]

    Ren B C, Du F F, Deng F G 2014 Phys. Rev. A 90 052309

    [15]

    Ren B C, Deng F G 2013 Laser Phys. Lett. 10 115201

    [16]

    Ren B C, Long G L 2014 Opt. Express 22 6547

    [17]

    Li X H, Ghose S 2014 Laser Phys. Lett. 11 125201

    [18]

    Li X H, Ghose S 2015 Opt. Express 23 3550

    [19]

    Wang T J, Cao C, Wang C 2014 Phys. Rev. A 89 052303

    [20]

    Wang T J, Zhang Y, Wang C 2014 Laser Phys. Lett. 11 025203

    [21]

    Luo M X, Chen X B, Yang Y X, Qu Z G, Wang X J

    [22]

    Liu Q, Zhang M 2013 J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30 2263

    [23]

    Yan X, Yu Y F, Zhang Z M 2014 Chin. Phys. B 23 060306

    [24]

    Ji Y Q, Jin Z, Zhu A D, Wang H F, Zhang S 2014 Chin. Phys. B 23 050306

    [25]

    Hong C H, Heoa J, Lima J I, Yang H J 2014 Chin. Phys. B 23 090309

    [26]

    Fan L L, Xia Y, Song J 2014 Quantum Inf. Process 13 1967

    [27]

    Chen X, Zeng Z, Li X H 2014 Commun. Theor. Phys. 61 322

    [28]

    Wang X L, Cai X D, Su Z E, et al. 2015 Nature 518 516

    [29]

    Knill E, Laflamme R, Milburn G J 2001 Nature 409 46

    [30]

    O'Brien J L, Pryde G J, White A G, Ralph T C, Branning D 2003 Nature 426 264

    [31]

    Duan L M, Kimble H J 2004 Phys. Rev. Lett. 92 127902

    [32]

    Menicucci N C, Flammia S T, Pfister O 2008 Phys. Rev. Lett. 101 130501

    [33]

    Langford N K, Ramelow S, Prevedel R, et al. 2011 Nature 478 360

    [34]

    Wei H R, Deng F G 2013 Opt. Express 21 17671

    [35]

    Hua M, Tao M J, Deng F G 2014 Phys. Rev. A 90 012328

    [36]

    Hua M, Tao M J, Deng F G 2015 Sci. Rep. 5 9274

    [37]

    Li X Q, Wu Y W, Steel D, et al. 2003 Science 301 809

    [38]

    Beenakker C W J, DiVincenzo D P, Emary C, Kindermann M 2004 Phys. Rev. Lett. 93 020501

    [39]

    Xu G F, Zhang J, Tong D M, Sjöqvist E, Kwek L C 2012 Phys. Rev. Lett. 109 170501

    [40]

    Wei H R, Deng F G 2013 Phys. Rev. A 88 042323

    [41]

    Wei H R, Deng F G 2014 Sci. Rep. 4 7551

    [42]

    Gershenfeld N A, Chuang I L 1997 Science 275 350

    [43]

    Jones J A, Mosca M, Hansen R H 1998 Nature 393 344

    [44]

    Feng G R, Xu G F, Long G L 2013 Phys. Rev. Lett. 110 190501

    [45]

    Long G L, Xiao L 2004 Phys. Rev. A 69 052303

    [46]

    Long G L, Xiao L 2003 J. Chem. Phys. 119 8473

    [47]

    Turchette Q A, Hood C J, Lange W, Mabuchi H, Kimble H J 1995 Phys. Rev. Lett. 75 4710

    [48]

    Rauschenbeutel A, Nogues G, Osnaghi S, et al. 1999 Phys. Rev. Lett. 83 5166

    [49]

    Yamamoto T, Pashkin Y A, Astafiev O, Nakamura Y, Tsai J S 2003 Nature 425 941

    [50]

    Blais A, Huang R S, Wallraff A, Girvin S M, Schoelkopf R J 2004 Phys. Rev. A 69 062320

    [51]

    Wallraff A, Schuster D I, Blais A, et al. 2004 Nature 431 162

    [52]

    DiCarlo L, Chow J M, Gambetta J M, et al. 2009 Nature 460 240

    [53]

    Schmidt-Kaler F, Höffner H, Riebe M, et al. 2003 Nature 422 408

    [54]

    Hu C Y, Munro W J, O'Brien J L, Rarity J G 2009 Phys. Rev. B 80 205326

    [55]

    Bennett C H, Brassard G 1984 Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Computers, Systems and Signal Processing Bangalore, India, IEEE, New York 1984 p175

    [56]

    Ekert A K 1991 Phys. Rev. Lett. 67 661

    [57]

    Bennett C H, Brassard G, Mermin N D 1992 Phys. Rev. Lett. 68 557

    [58]

    Li X H, Deng F G, Zhou H Y 2008 Phys. Rev. A 78 022321

    [59]

    Hillery M, Bužek V, Berthiaume A 1999 Phys. Rev. A 59 1829

    [60]

    Karlsson A, Koashi M, Imoto N 1999 Phys. Rev. A 59 162

    [61]

    Xiao L, Long G L, Deng F G, Pan J W 2004 Phys. Rev. A 69 052307

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    Long G L, Liu X S 2002 Phys. Rev. A 65 032302

    [63]

    Deng F G, Long G L, Liu X S 2003 Phys. Rev. A 68 042317

    [64]

    Deng F G, Long G L 2004 Phys. Rev. A 69 052319

    [65]

    Wang C, Deng F G, Li Y S, Liu X S, Long G L 2005 Phys. Rev. A 71 044305

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    Briegel H J, Dür W, Cirac J I, Zoller P 1998 Phys. Rev. Lett. 81 5932

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    Dür W, Briegel H J, Cirac J I, Zoller P 1999 Phys. Rev. A 59 169

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    Chou C W, de Riedmatten H, Felinto D, Polyakov S V, van Enk S J, Kimble H J 2005 Nature 438 828

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    Chou C W, Laurat J, Deng H, Choi K S, de Riedmatten H, Felinto D, Kimble H J 2007 Science 316 1316

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    Chen S, Chen Y A, Zhao B, Yuan Z S, Schmiedmayer J, Pan J W 2007 Phys. Rev. Lett. 99 180505

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    Wang T J, Song S Y, Long G L 2012 Phys. Rev. A 85 062311

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    Hu C Y, Young A, O'Brien J L, Munro W J, Rarity J G 2008 Phys. Rev. B 78 085307

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    Bennett C H, Bernstein H J, Popescu S, Schumacher B 1996 Phys. Rev. A 53 2046

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    [77]

    Yamamoto T, Koashi M, Imoto N 2001 Phys. Rev. A 64 012304

    [78]

    Sheng Y B, Deng F G, Zhou H Y 2008 Phys. Rev. A 77 062325

    [79]

    Sheng Y B, Zhou L 2013 Entropy 15 1776

    [80]

    Wang C, Zhang Y, Jin G S 2011 Phys. Rev. A 84 032307

    [81]

    Wang C 2012 Phys. Rev. A 86 012323

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    Bose S, Vderal V, Knight P L 1999 Phys. Rev. A 60 194

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    Shi B S, Jiang Y K, Guo G C 2000 Phys. Rev. A 62 054301

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    Sheng Y B, Zhou L, Zhao S M, Zheng B Y 2012 Phys. Rev. A 85 012307

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    Deng F G 2012 Phys. Rev. A 85 022311

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    Sheng Y B, Zhou L, Zhao S M 2012 Phys. Rev. A 85 042302

    [87]

    Zhang W Z, Li W D, Shi P, Gu Y J 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 060303 (in Chinese) [张闻钊, 李文东, 史鹏, 顾永建 2011 物理学报 60 060303]

    [88]

    Du F F, Deng F G

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    Maimaiti W, Li Z, Chesi S, et al.

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    Zhang R, Zhou S H, Cao C 2014 Sci. China: Phys. Mech. Astron. 57 1511

    [91]

    Sheng Y B, Liu J, Zhao S Y, et al. 2013 Chin. Sci. Bull. 58 3507

    [92]

    Wang C, He L Y, Zhang Y, et al. 2013 Sci. China: Phys. Mech. Astron. 56 2054

    [93]

    Bennett C H, Brassard G, Popescu S, Schumacher B, Smolin J A, Wootters W K 1996 Phys. Rev. Lett. 76 722

    [94]

    Pan J W, Simon C, Brukner C, Zellinger A 2001 Nature 410 1067

    [95]

    Simon C, Pan J W 2002 Phys. Rev. Lett. 89 257901

    [96]

    Sheng Y B, Deng F G, Zhou H Y 2008 Phys. Rev. A 77 042308

    [97]

    Sheng Y B, Deng F G 2010 Phys. Rev. A 81 032307

    [98]

    Sheng Y B, Deng F G 2010 Phys. Rev. A 82 044305

    [99]

    Li X H 2010 Phys. Rev. A 82 044304

    [100]

    Deng F G 2011 Phys. Rev. A 83 062316

    [101]

    Sheng Y B, Zhou L 2014 Laser Phys. Lett. 11 085203

    [102]

    Li T, Yang G J, Deng F G 2014 Opt. Express 22 23897

    [103]

    Liu Y 2013 Chin. Sci. Bull. 58 2927

    [104]

    Ding D, Yan F L 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 100304

    [105]

    Ding D, Yan F L 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 010302 (in Chinese) [丁东, 闫凤利 2013 物理学报 62 010302]

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  • 收稿日期:  2015-04-08
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光子两自由度超并行量子计算与超纠缠态操控

  • 1. 北京师范大学物理学系, 北京 100875
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金(批准号:11474026)资助的课题.

摘要: 光子系统在量子信息处理和传输过程中有非常重要的应用. 譬如, 利用光子与原子(或人工原子)之间的相互作用, 可以完成信息的安全传输、存储和快速的并行计算处理等任务. 光子系统具有多个自由度, 如极化、空间模式、轨道角动量、时间-能量、频率等自由度. 光子系统的多个自由度可以同时应用于量子信息处理过程. 超并行量子计算利用光子系统多个自由度的光量子态同时进行量子并行计算, 使量子计算具有更强的并行性, 且需要的量子资源少, 更能抵抗光子数损耗等噪声的影响. 多个自由度同时存在纠缠的光子系统量子态称为超纠缠态, 它能够提高量子通信的容量与安全性, 辅助完成一些重要的量子通信任务. 在本综述中, 我们简要介绍了光子系统两自由度量子态在量子信息中的一些新应用, 包括超并行量子计算、超纠缠态分析、超纠缠浓缩和纯化三个部分.

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