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亚大气压六相交流电弧放电等离子体射流特性数值模拟

郭恒 张晓宁 聂秋月 李和平 曾实 李志辉

亚大气压六相交流电弧放电等离子体射流特性数值模拟

郭恒, 张晓宁, 聂秋月, 李和平, 曾实, 李志辉
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  • 以临近空间高超声速飞行器和航天器再入大气环境飞行过程中其表面产生的高密度非平衡态等离子体为研究对象,基于本研究组所建立的多相交流电弧放电等离子体实验平台(MPX-2015),开展了非平衡态氩等离子体射流特性的二维数值模拟研究.在亚音速条件下二维、非平衡数值模拟所得到的计算结果与实验测量结果符合良好.超音速条件下的数值模拟结果表明,随着真空腔压强的降低,等离子体射流流速明显增大,覆盖钝体头部的等离子体鞘套的厚度先减小,而后又增加,鞘套的空间均匀性以及等离子体向钝体表面的总传热量均显著降低,而钝体头部的局部电子数密度则增大.数值模拟结果为在MPX-2015上开展超音速条件下的实验研究提供了理论指导.
      通信作者: 李和平, liheping@tsinghua.edu.cn
    • 基金项目: 国家重点基础研究发展计划(批准号:2014CB744100)资助的课题.
    [1]

    Keidar M, Kim M, Boyd I D 2008 J. Spacecr. Rockets 45 445

    [2]

    Morris R A, Bench P M, Golden K E, Sutton E A 1999 37th Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit Reno, NV, USA, January 11-14, 1999 AIAA-99-0630

    [3]

    Evans J S, Schexnayder Jr C J, Huber P W 1973 NASA TN D-7332

    [4]

    Gillman E D, Foster J E, Blankson I M 2010 NASA/TM-2010-216220

    [5]

    Rybak J P, Churchill R J 1971 IEEE Trans. Aerosp. Electron. Syst. 7 879

    [6]

    Mather D E, Pasqual J M, Sillence J P, Lewis P 2005 AIAA/CIRA 13th International Space Planes and Hypersonics Systems and Technologies Conference Capua, Italy, May 16-20, 2005 AIAA-2005-3443

    [7]

    Akey N D 1971 NASA Special Publication 252 19

    [8]

    Watillon P, Berthe P, Chavagnac C 2003 AIAA/ICAS International Air and Space Symposium and Exposition: The Next 100 years Dayton, OH, USA, July 14-17, 2003 AIAA-2003-2913

    [9]

    Shirouzu M, Yamamoto M, Shirouzu M, Yamamoto M 1996 Space Plane and Hypersonic Systems and Technology Conference Norfolk, VA, USA, November 18-22, 1996 AIAA-96-4524-CP

    [10]

    Yanagihara M, Munenaga T 2004 24th International Congress of the Aeronautical Sciences Yokohama, Japan, August 29-September 3, 2004 p2004-7

    [11]

    Sakurai H, Kobayasi M, Yamazaki I, Shirouzu M, Yamamoto M 1997 Acta Astronaut. 40 105

    [12]

    Auweter Kurtz M, Kurtz H L, Laure S 1996 J. Propul. Power 12 1053

    [13]

    Zhao L, Liu X X, Su H S 2015 J. Telemetry, Tracking and Command 36 28 (in Chinese) [赵良, 刘秀祥, 苏汉生 2015 遥测遥控 36 28]

    [14]

    Hermann T, Löhle S, Zander F, Fulge H, Fasoulas S 2016 J. Thermophys. Heat Transf. 30 673

    [15]

    Guo H, Su Y B, Li H P, Zeng S, Nie Q Y, Li Z X, Li Z H 2018 Acta Phys. Sin. 67 045201 (in Chinese) [郭恒, 苏运波, 李和平, 曾实, 聂秋月, 李占贤, 李志辉 2018 物理学报 67 045201]

    [16]

    Wang Z, Wu G Q, Ge N, Li H P, Bao C Y 2010 IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 38 2906

    [17]

    Yao Y, Hossain M M, Watanabe T, Matsuura T, Funabiki F, Yano T 2008 Chem. Eng. J. 139 390

    [18]

    Watanabe T, Liu Y, Tanaka M 2014 Plasma Chem. Plasma Process. 34 443

    [19]

    Savino R, Paterna D, Fumo M S, D’Elia M 2010 Open Aero. Eng. J. 3 76

    [20]

    Scalabrin L C, Boyd I D 2006 9th AIAA/ASME Joint Thermophysics and Heat Transfer Conference San Francisco, CA, USA, June 5-8, 2006 AIAA-2006-3773

    [21]

    Gnoffo P A, Gupta R N, Shinn J L 1989 NASA-TP-2867

    [22]

    Candler G V, MacCormack R W 1991 J. Thermophys. Heat Transf. 5 266

    [23]

    Huang H, Qu Z H 1999 Acta Aerodyn. Sin. 17 462 (in Chinese) [黄华, 瞿章华 1999 空气动力学学报 17 462]

    [24]

    Sun S R, Wang H X 2015 Acta Phys. Sin. 64 143401 (in Chinese) [孙素蓉, 王海兴 2015 物理学报 64 143401]

    [25]

    Wang H X, Sun S R, Chen S Q 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 195203 (in Chinese) [王海兴, 孙素蓉, 陈士强 2012 物理学报 61 195203]

    [26]

    Wang H X, Sun W P, Sun S R, Murphy A B, Ju Y 2014 Plasma Chem. Plasma Process. 34 559

    [27]

    Niu C, Chen Z, Rong M, Wang C, Wu Y, Yang F, Wang X, Pang Q 2016 J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 49 405204

    [28]

    Wang C, Wu Y, Chen Z, Yang F, Feng Y, Rong M, Zhang H 2016 Plasma Sci. Technol. 18 732

    [29]

    Rat V, Murphy A B, Aubreton J, Elchinger M F, Fauchais P 2008 J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41 183001

    [30]

    Zhang X N, Li H P, Murphy A B, Xia W D 2013 Phys. Plasmas 20 033508

    [31]

    Li H P, Zhang X N, Xia W D 2013 Phys. Plasmas 20 033509

    [32]

    Zhang X N, Li H P, Murphy A B, Xia W D 2015 Plasma Sources Sci. Technol. 24 035011

    [33]

    Zhang X N, Li H P, Xia W D 2013 High Voltage Engineering 39 1640 (in Chinese) [张晓宁, 李和平, 夏维东 2013 高电压技术 39 1640]

    [34]

    Zhang X N 2015 Ph. D. Dissertation (Hefei: University of Science and Technology of China) (in Chinese) [张晓宁 2015 博士学位论文 (合肥: 中国科学技术大学)]

    [35]

    Tong B G, Kong X Y, Deng G H 1990 Aerodynamics (Beijing: Higher Education Press) p73 (in Chinese) [童秉纲, 孔祥言, 邓国华 1990 气体动力学 (北京: 高等教育出版社) 第73页]

    [36]

    Fang M, Li Z H, Li Z H, Tian Y 2017 Acta Aerodyn. Sin. 35 39 (in Chinese) [方明, 李志辉, 李中华, 田颖 2017 空气动力学学报 35 39]

    [37]

    Li G, Xu Y J, Mu K J, Nie C Q, Zhu J Q, Zhang Y, Li H M 2008 Acta Phys. Sin. 57 6444 (in Chinese) [李钢, 徐燕骥, 穆克进, 聂超群, 朱俊强, 张翼, 李汉明 2008 物理学报 57 6444]

    [38]

    Meng X, Pan W X, Wu C K 2004 J. Eng. Thermophys. 25 490 (in Chinese) [孟显, 潘文霞, 吴承康 2004 工程热物理学报 25 490]

  • [1]

    Keidar M, Kim M, Boyd I D 2008 J. Spacecr. Rockets 45 445

    [2]

    Morris R A, Bench P M, Golden K E, Sutton E A 1999 37th Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit Reno, NV, USA, January 11-14, 1999 AIAA-99-0630

    [3]

    Evans J S, Schexnayder Jr C J, Huber P W 1973 NASA TN D-7332

    [4]

    Gillman E D, Foster J E, Blankson I M 2010 NASA/TM-2010-216220

    [5]

    Rybak J P, Churchill R J 1971 IEEE Trans. Aerosp. Electron. Syst. 7 879

    [6]

    Mather D E, Pasqual J M, Sillence J P, Lewis P 2005 AIAA/CIRA 13th International Space Planes and Hypersonics Systems and Technologies Conference Capua, Italy, May 16-20, 2005 AIAA-2005-3443

    [7]

    Akey N D 1971 NASA Special Publication 252 19

    [8]

    Watillon P, Berthe P, Chavagnac C 2003 AIAA/ICAS International Air and Space Symposium and Exposition: The Next 100 years Dayton, OH, USA, July 14-17, 2003 AIAA-2003-2913

    [9]

    Shirouzu M, Yamamoto M, Shirouzu M, Yamamoto M 1996 Space Plane and Hypersonic Systems and Technology Conference Norfolk, VA, USA, November 18-22, 1996 AIAA-96-4524-CP

    [10]

    Yanagihara M, Munenaga T 2004 24th International Congress of the Aeronautical Sciences Yokohama, Japan, August 29-September 3, 2004 p2004-7

    [11]

    Sakurai H, Kobayasi M, Yamazaki I, Shirouzu M, Yamamoto M 1997 Acta Astronaut. 40 105

    [12]

    Auweter Kurtz M, Kurtz H L, Laure S 1996 J. Propul. Power 12 1053

    [13]

    Zhao L, Liu X X, Su H S 2015 J. Telemetry, Tracking and Command 36 28 (in Chinese) [赵良, 刘秀祥, 苏汉生 2015 遥测遥控 36 28]

    [14]

    Hermann T, Löhle S, Zander F, Fulge H, Fasoulas S 2016 J. Thermophys. Heat Transf. 30 673

    [15]

    Guo H, Su Y B, Li H P, Zeng S, Nie Q Y, Li Z X, Li Z H 2018 Acta Phys. Sin. 67 045201 (in Chinese) [郭恒, 苏运波, 李和平, 曾实, 聂秋月, 李占贤, 李志辉 2018 物理学报 67 045201]

    [16]

    Wang Z, Wu G Q, Ge N, Li H P, Bao C Y 2010 IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 38 2906

    [17]

    Yao Y, Hossain M M, Watanabe T, Matsuura T, Funabiki F, Yano T 2008 Chem. Eng. J. 139 390

    [18]

    Watanabe T, Liu Y, Tanaka M 2014 Plasma Chem. Plasma Process. 34 443

    [19]

    Savino R, Paterna D, Fumo M S, D’Elia M 2010 Open Aero. Eng. J. 3 76

    [20]

    Scalabrin L C, Boyd I D 2006 9th AIAA/ASME Joint Thermophysics and Heat Transfer Conference San Francisco, CA, USA, June 5-8, 2006 AIAA-2006-3773

    [21]

    Gnoffo P A, Gupta R N, Shinn J L 1989 NASA-TP-2867

    [22]

    Candler G V, MacCormack R W 1991 J. Thermophys. Heat Transf. 5 266

    [23]

    Huang H, Qu Z H 1999 Acta Aerodyn. Sin. 17 462 (in Chinese) [黄华, 瞿章华 1999 空气动力学学报 17 462]

    [24]

    Sun S R, Wang H X 2015 Acta Phys. Sin. 64 143401 (in Chinese) [孙素蓉, 王海兴 2015 物理学报 64 143401]

    [25]

    Wang H X, Sun S R, Chen S Q 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 195203 (in Chinese) [王海兴, 孙素蓉, 陈士强 2012 物理学报 61 195203]

    [26]

    Wang H X, Sun W P, Sun S R, Murphy A B, Ju Y 2014 Plasma Chem. Plasma Process. 34 559

    [27]

    Niu C, Chen Z, Rong M, Wang C, Wu Y, Yang F, Wang X, Pang Q 2016 J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 49 405204

    [28]

    Wang C, Wu Y, Chen Z, Yang F, Feng Y, Rong M, Zhang H 2016 Plasma Sci. Technol. 18 732

    [29]

    Rat V, Murphy A B, Aubreton J, Elchinger M F, Fauchais P 2008 J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41 183001

    [30]

    Zhang X N, Li H P, Murphy A B, Xia W D 2013 Phys. Plasmas 20 033508

    [31]

    Li H P, Zhang X N, Xia W D 2013 Phys. Plasmas 20 033509

    [32]

    Zhang X N, Li H P, Murphy A B, Xia W D 2015 Plasma Sources Sci. Technol. 24 035011

    [33]

    Zhang X N, Li H P, Xia W D 2013 High Voltage Engineering 39 1640 (in Chinese) [张晓宁, 李和平, 夏维东 2013 高电压技术 39 1640]

    [34]

    Zhang X N 2015 Ph. D. Dissertation (Hefei: University of Science and Technology of China) (in Chinese) [张晓宁 2015 博士学位论文 (合肥: 中国科学技术大学)]

    [35]

    Tong B G, Kong X Y, Deng G H 1990 Aerodynamics (Beijing: Higher Education Press) p73 (in Chinese) [童秉纲, 孔祥言, 邓国华 1990 气体动力学 (北京: 高等教育出版社) 第73页]

    [36]

    Fang M, Li Z H, Li Z H, Tian Y 2017 Acta Aerodyn. Sin. 35 39 (in Chinese) [方明, 李志辉, 李中华, 田颖 2017 空气动力学学报 35 39]

    [37]

    Li G, Xu Y J, Mu K J, Nie C Q, Zhu J Q, Zhang Y, Li H M 2008 Acta Phys. Sin. 57 6444 (in Chinese) [李钢, 徐燕骥, 穆克进, 聂超群, 朱俊强, 张翼, 李汉明 2008 物理学报 57 6444]

    [38]

    Meng X, Pan W X, Wu C K 2004 J. Eng. Thermophys. 25 490 (in Chinese) [孟显, 潘文霞, 吴承康 2004 工程热物理学报 25 490]

  • 引用本文:
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  • 收稿日期:  2017-11-29
  • 修回日期:  2018-01-04
  • 刊出日期:  2018-03-05

亚大气压六相交流电弧放电等离子体射流特性数值模拟

  • 1. 清华大学工程物理系, 北京 100084;
  • 2. 哈尔滨工业大学空间基础科学研究中心, 哈尔滨 150001;
  • 3. 哈尔滨工业大学电气工程及自动化学院, 哈尔滨 150001;
  • 4. 中国空气动力研究与发展中心超高速所, 绵阳 621000;
  • 5. 国家计算流体力学实验室, 北京 100191
  • 通信作者: 李和平, liheping@tsinghua.edu.cn
    基金项目: 

    国家重点基础研究发展计划(批准号:2014CB744100)资助的课题.

摘要: 以临近空间高超声速飞行器和航天器再入大气环境飞行过程中其表面产生的高密度非平衡态等离子体为研究对象,基于本研究组所建立的多相交流电弧放电等离子体实验平台(MPX-2015),开展了非平衡态氩等离子体射流特性的二维数值模拟研究.在亚音速条件下二维、非平衡数值模拟所得到的计算结果与实验测量结果符合良好.超音速条件下的数值模拟结果表明,随着真空腔压强的降低,等离子体射流流速明显增大,覆盖钝体头部的等离子体鞘套的厚度先减小,而后又增加,鞘套的空间均匀性以及等离子体向钝体表面的总传热量均显著降低,而钝体头部的局部电子数密度则增大.数值模拟结果为在MPX-2015上开展超音速条件下的实验研究提供了理论指导.

English Abstract

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