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Cu2O/ZnO氧化物异质结太阳电池的研究进展

陈新亮 陈莉 周忠信 赵颖 张晓丹

Cu2O/ZnO氧化物异质结太阳电池的研究进展

陈新亮, 陈莉, 周忠信, 赵颖, 张晓丹
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  • 介绍了近年来低成本Cu2O/ZnO氧化物异质结太阳电池方面的研究进展.应用于光伏器件的吸收层材料Cu2O是直接带隙半导体材料,天然呈现p型;其原材料丰富,且对环境友好.Cu2O/ZnO异质结太阳电池结构主要有平面结构和纳米线/纳米棒结构.纳米结构的Cu2O太阳电池提高了器件的电荷收集作用;通过热氧化Cu片技术获得的具有大晶粒尺寸平面结构Cu2O吸收层在Cu2O/ZnO太阳电池应用中展现出了高质量特性.界面缓冲层(如i-ZnO,a-ZTO,Ga2O3等)和背表面电场(如p+-Cu2O层等)可有效地提高界面处能级匹配和增强载流子输运.10 nm厚度的Ga2O3提供了近理想的导带失配,减少了界面复合;Ga2O3非常适合作为界面层,其能够有效地提高Cu2O基太阳电池的开路电压Voc(可达到1.2 V)和光电转换效率.p+-Cu2O(如Cu2O:N和Cu2O:Na)能够减少器件中背接触电阻和形成电子反射的背表面电场(抑制电子在界面处复合).利用p型Na掺杂Cu2O(Cu2O:Na)作为吸收层和Zn1-xGex-O作为n型缓冲层,Cu2O异质结太阳电池(器件结构:MgF2/ZnO:Al/Zn0.38Ge0.62-O/Cu2O:Na)光电转换效率达8.1%.氧化物异质结太阳电池在光伏领域展现出极大的发展潜力.
      通信作者: 陈新亮, cxlruzhou@163.com
    • 基金项目: 国家重点基础研究发展计划(批准号:2011CBA00706,2011CBA00707)和天津市重点自然科学基金(批准号:13JCZDJC26900)资助的课题.
    [1]

    Zhao J, Wang A, Green M A 1999 Prog. Photovolt.: Res. Appl. 7 471

    [2]

    Nelson J (translated by Gao Y) 2011 The Physics of Solar Cells (Shanghai: Shanghai Jiaotong University Press) pp148-206 (in Chinese) [纳尔逊J 著(高扬 译) 2011 太阳能电池物理 (上海: 上海交通大学出版社) 第148206页]

    [3]

    Green M A 2002 Physica E 14 65

    [4]

    Shah A 2004 Prog. Photovolt.: Res. Appl. 12 113

    [5]

    Yan B, Yue G, Sivec L, Yang J, Guha S, Jiang C S 2011 Appl. Phys. Lett. 99 113512

    [6]

    Jackson P, Hariskos D, Lotter E, Paetel S, Wuerz R, Menner R, Wischmann W, Powalla M 2011 Prog. Photovolt.: Res. Appl. 19 894

    [7]

    Wu X 2004 Sol. Energy 77 803

    [8]

    Akimoto K, Ishizuka S, Yanagita M, Nawa Y, Goutam Paul K, Sakurai T 2006 Sol. Energy 80 715

    [9]

    Henry C H 1980 J. Appl. Phys. 51 4494

    [10]

    Xie J, Guo C, Li C 2013 Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15 15905

    [11]

    Hsueh T J, Hsu C L, Chang S J, Guo P W, Hsieh J H, Chen I C 2007 Scripta Mater. 57 53

    [12]

    Tanaka H, Shimakawa T, Miyata T, Sato H, Minami T 2005 Appl. Surf. Sci. 244 568

    [13]

    Mittiga A, Salza E, Sarto F, Tucci M, Vasanthi R 2006 Appl. Phys. Lett. 88 163502

    [14]

    Minami T, Nishi Y, Miyata T, Nomoto J 2011 Appl. Phys. Express 4 062301

    [15]

    Ishizuka S, Suzuki K, Okamoto Y, Yanagita M, Sakurai T, Akimoto K, Fujiwara N, Kobayashi H, Matsubara K, Niki S 2004 Phys. Status Solidi C 1 1067

    [16]

    Lv P, Zheng W, Lin L, Peng F, Huang Z, Lai F 2011 Physica B 406 1253

    [17]

    Terence K S W, Siarhei Z, Saeid M P, Goutam K D 2016 Materials 9 271

    [18]

    Raebiger H, Lany S, Zunger A 2007 Phys. Rev. B 76 045209

    [19]

    Papadimitriou L, Economou N A, Trivich D 1981 Sol. Cells 3 73

    [20]

    Ishizuka S, Kato S, Okamoto Y, Akimoto K 2002 Appl. Phys. Lett. 80 950

    [21]

    Ishizuka S, Akimoto K 2004 Appl. Phys. Lett. 85 4920

    [22]

    Kikuchi N, Tonooka K 2005 Thin Solid Films 486 33

    [23]

    Ishizuka S, Kato S, Maruyama T, Akimoto T 2001 Jpn. Appl. Phys. 40 2765

    [24]

    Malerba C, Ricardo C L A, DIncau M, Biccari F, Scardi P, Mittiga A 2012 Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 105 192

    [25]

    Huang Q, Wang L, Bi X 2013 J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 46 505101

    [26]

    Pu C Y, Li H J, Tang X, Zhang Q Y 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 047104(in Chinese) [濮春英, 李洪婧, 唐鑫, 张庆瑜 2012 物理学报 61 047104]

    [27]

    Mller J, Rech B, Springer J, Vanecek M 2004 Sol. Energy 77 917

    [28]

    Fay S, Feitknecht L, Schluchter R, Kroll U, Vallat-Sauvain E, Shah A 2006 Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 90 2960

    [29]

    Chen L 2017 M. S. Dissertation (Tianjin: Nankai University) (in Chinese) [陈莉 2017 硕士学位论文 (天津: 南开大学)]

    [30]

    Luo Y P 2012 M. S. Dissertation (Hangzhou: Zhejiang University) (in Chinese) [罗业萍 2012 硕士学位论文 (杭州: 浙江大学)]

    [31]

    Hame Y, San S E 2004 Sol. Energy 77 291

    [32]

    Han K, Tao M 2009 Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 93 153

    [33]

    Li S S 2015 M. S. Dissertation (Chengdu: Xinan Jiaotong University) (in Chinese) [李思思 2015 硕士学位论文 (成都: 西南交通大学)]

    [34]

    McShane C M, Siripala W P, Choi K S 2010 J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 1 2666

    [35]

    Olsen L C, Bohara R C, Urie M W 1979 Appl. Phys. Lett. 34 47

    [36]

    Fujimoto K, Oku T, Akiyama T, Suzuki A 2013 J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 433 012024

    [37]

    Izaki M, Shinagawa T, Mizuno K T, Ida Y, Inaba M, Tasaka A 2007 J. Phys. D 40 3326

    [38]

    Tanaka H, Shimakawa T, Miyata T, Sato H, Minami T 2005 Appl. Surf. Sci. 244 568

    [39]

    Wilson S S, Bosco J P, Tolstova Y, Scanlon D O, Watson G W, Atwater H A 2014 Energy Environ. Sci. 7 3606

    [40]

    Akimoto K, Ishizuka S, Yanagita M, Nawa Y, Paul G K, Sakurai T 2006 Sol. Energy 80 715

    [41]

    Nishi Y, Miyata T, Minami T 2013 Thin Solid Films 528 72

    [42]

    Minami T, Nishi Y, Miyata T 2013 Appl. Phys. Express 6 044101

    [43]

    Minami T, Nishi Y, Miyata T 2015 Appl. Phys. Express 8 022301

    [44]

    Minami T, Nishi Y, Miyata T 2016 Appl. Phys. Express 9 052301

    [45]

    Lee Y S, Heo J, Siah C S, Mailoa J P, Brandt R E, Kim S B, Lee S W, Gordon R G, Buonassisi T 2013 Energy Environ. Sci. 6 2112

    [46]

    Lee Y S, Chua D, Brandt R E, Siah S C, Li J V, Mailoa J P, Lee S W, Gordon R G, Buonassisi T 2014 Adv. Mater. 26 4704

    [47]

    Lee Y S, Heo J, Winkler M T, Siah S C, Kim S B, Gordon R G, Buonassisi T 2013 J. Mater. Chem. A 1 15416

    [48]

    Marin A T, Rojas D M, Iza D C, Gershon T, Musselman K P, MacManus-Driscoll J L 2013 Adv. Funct. Mater. 23 3413

    [49]

    Hsueh T J, Hsu C L, Chang S J, Guo P W, Hsiehc J H, Chen I C 2007 Scripta Mater. 57 53

    [50]

    Chen J W, Perng D C, Fang J F 2011 Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95 2471

    [51]

    Musselman K P, Wisnet A, Iza D C, Hesse H C, Scheu C, MacManus-Driscoll J L, Schmidt-Mende L 2010 Adv. Mater. 22 E254

    [52]

    Musselman K P, Marin A, Schmidt-Mende L, MacManus-Driscoll J L 2012 Adv. Funct. Mater. 22 2202

    [53]

    Wang L, Zhao Y, Wang G, Zhou H, Geng C, Wu C, Xu J 2014 Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 130 387

    [54]

    Brittman S, Yoo Y, Dasgupta N P, Kim S, Kim B, Yang P 2014 Nano Lett. 14 4665

    [55]

    Yang T H 2015 Ph. D. Dissertation (Kaifeng: Henan University) (in Chinese) [杨同辉 2015 博士学位论文 (开封: 河南大学)]

    [56]

    Liu Y, Turley H K, Tumbleston J R, Samulski E T, Lopez R Appl. Phys. Lett. 98 162105

    [57]

    Musselman K P, Levskaya Y, MacManus-Driscoll J L 2012 Appl. Phys. Lett. 101 253503

    [58]

    Takiguchi Y, Miyajima S 2015 Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 54 112303

    [59]

    Liu D, Han D, Huang M, Zhang X, Zhang T, Dai C, Chen S 2018 Chin. Phys. B 27 018806

    [60]

    Wei H, Li D, Zheng X, Meng Q 2018 Chin. Phys. B 27 018808

    [61]

    Minami T, Miyata T, Nishi Y 2014 Thin Solid Films 559 105

    [62]

    Minami T, Miyata T, Nishi Y 2014 Sol. Energy 105 206

    [63]

    Li J, Mei Z, Liu L, Liang H, Azarov A, Kuznetsov A, Liu Y, Ji A, Meng Q, Du X 2014 Sci. Rep. 4 7240

    [64]

    Mitroi M R, Ninulescu V, Fara L 2017 Int J. Photo- energy 2017 7284367

  • [1]

    Zhao J, Wang A, Green M A 1999 Prog. Photovolt.: Res. Appl. 7 471

    [2]

    Nelson J (translated by Gao Y) 2011 The Physics of Solar Cells (Shanghai: Shanghai Jiaotong University Press) pp148-206 (in Chinese) [纳尔逊J 著(高扬 译) 2011 太阳能电池物理 (上海: 上海交通大学出版社) 第148206页]

    [3]

    Green M A 2002 Physica E 14 65

    [4]

    Shah A 2004 Prog. Photovolt.: Res. Appl. 12 113

    [5]

    Yan B, Yue G, Sivec L, Yang J, Guha S, Jiang C S 2011 Appl. Phys. Lett. 99 113512

    [6]

    Jackson P, Hariskos D, Lotter E, Paetel S, Wuerz R, Menner R, Wischmann W, Powalla M 2011 Prog. Photovolt.: Res. Appl. 19 894

    [7]

    Wu X 2004 Sol. Energy 77 803

    [8]

    Akimoto K, Ishizuka S, Yanagita M, Nawa Y, Goutam Paul K, Sakurai T 2006 Sol. Energy 80 715

    [9]

    Henry C H 1980 J. Appl. Phys. 51 4494

    [10]

    Xie J, Guo C, Li C 2013 Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15 15905

    [11]

    Hsueh T J, Hsu C L, Chang S J, Guo P W, Hsieh J H, Chen I C 2007 Scripta Mater. 57 53

    [12]

    Tanaka H, Shimakawa T, Miyata T, Sato H, Minami T 2005 Appl. Surf. Sci. 244 568

    [13]

    Mittiga A, Salza E, Sarto F, Tucci M, Vasanthi R 2006 Appl. Phys. Lett. 88 163502

    [14]

    Minami T, Nishi Y, Miyata T, Nomoto J 2011 Appl. Phys. Express 4 062301

    [15]

    Ishizuka S, Suzuki K, Okamoto Y, Yanagita M, Sakurai T, Akimoto K, Fujiwara N, Kobayashi H, Matsubara K, Niki S 2004 Phys. Status Solidi C 1 1067

    [16]

    Lv P, Zheng W, Lin L, Peng F, Huang Z, Lai F 2011 Physica B 406 1253

    [17]

    Terence K S W, Siarhei Z, Saeid M P, Goutam K D 2016 Materials 9 271

    [18]

    Raebiger H, Lany S, Zunger A 2007 Phys. Rev. B 76 045209

    [19]

    Papadimitriou L, Economou N A, Trivich D 1981 Sol. Cells 3 73

    [20]

    Ishizuka S, Kato S, Okamoto Y, Akimoto K 2002 Appl. Phys. Lett. 80 950

    [21]

    Ishizuka S, Akimoto K 2004 Appl. Phys. Lett. 85 4920

    [22]

    Kikuchi N, Tonooka K 2005 Thin Solid Films 486 33

    [23]

    Ishizuka S, Kato S, Maruyama T, Akimoto T 2001 Jpn. Appl. Phys. 40 2765

    [24]

    Malerba C, Ricardo C L A, DIncau M, Biccari F, Scardi P, Mittiga A 2012 Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 105 192

    [25]

    Huang Q, Wang L, Bi X 2013 J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 46 505101

    [26]

    Pu C Y, Li H J, Tang X, Zhang Q Y 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 047104(in Chinese) [濮春英, 李洪婧, 唐鑫, 张庆瑜 2012 物理学报 61 047104]

    [27]

    Mller J, Rech B, Springer J, Vanecek M 2004 Sol. Energy 77 917

    [28]

    Fay S, Feitknecht L, Schluchter R, Kroll U, Vallat-Sauvain E, Shah A 2006 Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 90 2960

    [29]

    Chen L 2017 M. S. Dissertation (Tianjin: Nankai University) (in Chinese) [陈莉 2017 硕士学位论文 (天津: 南开大学)]

    [30]

    Luo Y P 2012 M. S. Dissertation (Hangzhou: Zhejiang University) (in Chinese) [罗业萍 2012 硕士学位论文 (杭州: 浙江大学)]

    [31]

    Hame Y, San S E 2004 Sol. Energy 77 291

    [32]

    Han K, Tao M 2009 Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 93 153

    [33]

    Li S S 2015 M. S. Dissertation (Chengdu: Xinan Jiaotong University) (in Chinese) [李思思 2015 硕士学位论文 (成都: 西南交通大学)]

    [34]

    McShane C M, Siripala W P, Choi K S 2010 J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 1 2666

    [35]

    Olsen L C, Bohara R C, Urie M W 1979 Appl. Phys. Lett. 34 47

    [36]

    Fujimoto K, Oku T, Akiyama T, Suzuki A 2013 J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 433 012024

    [37]

    Izaki M, Shinagawa T, Mizuno K T, Ida Y, Inaba M, Tasaka A 2007 J. Phys. D 40 3326

    [38]

    Tanaka H, Shimakawa T, Miyata T, Sato H, Minami T 2005 Appl. Surf. Sci. 244 568

    [39]

    Wilson S S, Bosco J P, Tolstova Y, Scanlon D O, Watson G W, Atwater H A 2014 Energy Environ. Sci. 7 3606

    [40]

    Akimoto K, Ishizuka S, Yanagita M, Nawa Y, Paul G K, Sakurai T 2006 Sol. Energy 80 715

    [41]

    Nishi Y, Miyata T, Minami T 2013 Thin Solid Films 528 72

    [42]

    Minami T, Nishi Y, Miyata T 2013 Appl. Phys. Express 6 044101

    [43]

    Minami T, Nishi Y, Miyata T 2015 Appl. Phys. Express 8 022301

    [44]

    Minami T, Nishi Y, Miyata T 2016 Appl. Phys. Express 9 052301

    [45]

    Lee Y S, Heo J, Siah C S, Mailoa J P, Brandt R E, Kim S B, Lee S W, Gordon R G, Buonassisi T 2013 Energy Environ. Sci. 6 2112

    [46]

    Lee Y S, Chua D, Brandt R E, Siah S C, Li J V, Mailoa J P, Lee S W, Gordon R G, Buonassisi T 2014 Adv. Mater. 26 4704

    [47]

    Lee Y S, Heo J, Winkler M T, Siah S C, Kim S B, Gordon R G, Buonassisi T 2013 J. Mater. Chem. A 1 15416

    [48]

    Marin A T, Rojas D M, Iza D C, Gershon T, Musselman K P, MacManus-Driscoll J L 2013 Adv. Funct. Mater. 23 3413

    [49]

    Hsueh T J, Hsu C L, Chang S J, Guo P W, Hsiehc J H, Chen I C 2007 Scripta Mater. 57 53

    [50]

    Chen J W, Perng D C, Fang J F 2011 Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95 2471

    [51]

    Musselman K P, Wisnet A, Iza D C, Hesse H C, Scheu C, MacManus-Driscoll J L, Schmidt-Mende L 2010 Adv. Mater. 22 E254

    [52]

    Musselman K P, Marin A, Schmidt-Mende L, MacManus-Driscoll J L 2012 Adv. Funct. Mater. 22 2202

    [53]

    Wang L, Zhao Y, Wang G, Zhou H, Geng C, Wu C, Xu J 2014 Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 130 387

    [54]

    Brittman S, Yoo Y, Dasgupta N P, Kim S, Kim B, Yang P 2014 Nano Lett. 14 4665

    [55]

    Yang T H 2015 Ph. D. Dissertation (Kaifeng: Henan University) (in Chinese) [杨同辉 2015 博士学位论文 (开封: 河南大学)]

    [56]

    Liu Y, Turley H K, Tumbleston J R, Samulski E T, Lopez R Appl. Phys. Lett. 98 162105

    [57]

    Musselman K P, Levskaya Y, MacManus-Driscoll J L 2012 Appl. Phys. Lett. 101 253503

    [58]

    Takiguchi Y, Miyajima S 2015 Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 54 112303

    [59]

    Liu D, Han D, Huang M, Zhang X, Zhang T, Dai C, Chen S 2018 Chin. Phys. B 27 018806

    [60]

    Wei H, Li D, Zheng X, Meng Q 2018 Chin. Phys. B 27 018808

    [61]

    Minami T, Miyata T, Nishi Y 2014 Thin Solid Films 559 105

    [62]

    Minami T, Miyata T, Nishi Y 2014 Sol. Energy 105 206

    [63]

    Li J, Mei Z, Liu L, Liang H, Azarov A, Kuznetsov A, Liu Y, Ji A, Meng Q, Du X 2014 Sci. Rep. 4 7240

    [64]

    Mitroi M R, Ninulescu V, Fara L 2017 Int J. Photo- energy 2017 7284367

  • 引用本文:
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2017-09-14
  • 修回日期:  2017-12-11
  • 刊出日期:  2018-06-05

Cu2O/ZnO氧化物异质结太阳电池的研究进展

  • 1. 南开大学, 光电子薄膜器件与技术研究所, 光电子薄膜器件与技术天津市重点实验室, 天津 300071
  • 通信作者: 陈新亮, cxlruzhou@163.com
    基金项目: 

    国家重点基础研究发展计划(批准号:2011CBA00706,2011CBA00707)和天津市重点自然科学基金(批准号:13JCZDJC26900)资助的课题.

摘要: 介绍了近年来低成本Cu2O/ZnO氧化物异质结太阳电池方面的研究进展.应用于光伏器件的吸收层材料Cu2O是直接带隙半导体材料,天然呈现p型;其原材料丰富,且对环境友好.Cu2O/ZnO异质结太阳电池结构主要有平面结构和纳米线/纳米棒结构.纳米结构的Cu2O太阳电池提高了器件的电荷收集作用;通过热氧化Cu片技术获得的具有大晶粒尺寸平面结构Cu2O吸收层在Cu2O/ZnO太阳电池应用中展现出了高质量特性.界面缓冲层(如i-ZnO,a-ZTO,Ga2O3等)和背表面电场(如p+-Cu2O层等)可有效地提高界面处能级匹配和增强载流子输运.10 nm厚度的Ga2O3提供了近理想的导带失配,减少了界面复合;Ga2O3非常适合作为界面层,其能够有效地提高Cu2O基太阳电池的开路电压Voc(可达到1.2 V)和光电转换效率.p+-Cu2O(如Cu2O:N和Cu2O:Na)能够减少器件中背接触电阻和形成电子反射的背表面电场(抑制电子在界面处复合).利用p型Na掺杂Cu2O(Cu2O:Na)作为吸收层和Zn1-xGex-O作为n型缓冲层,Cu2O异质结太阳电池(器件结构:MgF2/ZnO:Al/Zn0.38Ge0.62-O/Cu2O:Na)光电转换效率达8.1%.氧化物异质结太阳电池在光伏领域展现出极大的发展潜力.

English Abstract

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