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表/界面水的扫描探针技术研究进展

尤思凡 孙鲁晔 郭静 裘晓辉 江颖

表/界面水的扫描探针技术研究进展

尤思凡, 孙鲁晔, 郭静, 裘晓辉, 江颖
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  • 表面和界面水在自然界、人们的日常生活以及现代科技中无处不在.它在物理、化学、环境学、材料学、生物学、地质学等诸多基础学科和应用领域起到至关重要的作用.因此,表面和界面水的功能与特性的研究,是水基础科学的一项核心任务.然而,由于水分子之间氢键相互作用的复杂性,及其与水-固界面相互作用的竞争,使得表(界)面水对于局域环境的影响非常敏感,往往需要深入到分子层次研究其微观结构和动力学过程.近年来,新型扫描探针技术的发展使得人们可以在单分子甚至亚分子尺度上对表(界)面水展开细致的实空间研究.本文着重介绍几种代表性的扫描探针技术及其在表(界)面水体系中的应用,包括:超高真空扫描隧道显微术、单分子振动谱技术、电化学扫描隧道显微术和非接触式原子力显微术.此外,本文还将对表(界)面水扫描探针技术研究面临的挑战和未来发展方向进行了展望.
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  • 收稿日期:  2018-12-14
  • 修回日期:  2018-12-20
  • 刊出日期:  2019-01-05

表/界面水的扫描探针技术研究进展

  • 1. 北京大学物理学院量子材料科学中心, 北京 100871;
  • 2. 国家纳米科学中心, 北京 100190;
  • 3. 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049;
  • 4. 北京师范大学化学学院, 北京 100875;
  • 5. 量子物质协同创新中心, 北京 100871;
  • 6. 中国科学院大学拓扑量子计算卓越创新中心, 北京 100190
    基金项目: 

    国家重点研发计划(批准号:2016YFA0300901,2017YFA0205001,2017YFA0205003)和国家自然科学基金(批准号:11634001,21725302,21425310)资助的课题.

摘要: 表面和界面水在自然界、人们的日常生活以及现代科技中无处不在.它在物理、化学、环境学、材料学、生物学、地质学等诸多基础学科和应用领域起到至关重要的作用.因此,表面和界面水的功能与特性的研究,是水基础科学的一项核心任务.然而,由于水分子之间氢键相互作用的复杂性,及其与水-固界面相互作用的竞争,使得表(界)面水对于局域环境的影响非常敏感,往往需要深入到分子层次研究其微观结构和动力学过程.近年来,新型扫描探针技术的发展使得人们可以在单分子甚至亚分子尺度上对表(界)面水展开细致的实空间研究.本文着重介绍几种代表性的扫描探针技术及其在表(界)面水体系中的应用,包括:超高真空扫描隧道显微术、单分子振动谱技术、电化学扫描隧道显微术和非接触式原子力显微术.此外,本文还将对表(界)面水扫描探针技术研究面临的挑战和未来发展方向进行了展望.

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