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稳定超疏水性表面的理论进展

王奔 念敬妍 铁璐 张亚斌 郭志光

稳定超疏水性表面的理论进展

王奔, 念敬妍, 铁璐, 张亚斌, 郭志光
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  • 自然界中很多动植物都具有稳定的超疏水性, 它们既拥有高接触角, 又拥有低滚动角, 且能长期稳定存在.通过对它们的研究, 发现表面的润湿性与表面的化学成分、表面的几何形貌有关, 并且表面几何结构的影响更为显著, 甚至可以实现由亲水性表面向超疏水转变. 虽然目前在这个领域已经有大量的实验验证了表面粗糙结构的重要作用, 但是对于表面微纳米结构对表面疏水性机理的理论研究还并不完善. 本文详细介绍了超疏水表面的基本理论及其适用性、 接触角滞后现象, 分别从经典理论和能量的观点探讨了润湿状态转化发生的条件, 重点介绍了通过仿生理念对表面几何形貌的优化设计, 包括单尺度和多尺度表面结构对于设计稳定超疏水表面的作用. 最后, 对超疏水理论的不足和未来发展进行了展望.
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号: 50902047, 31070155, 11172301)和中国科学院百人计划项目资助的课题.
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    Guo Z G, Liu W M 2007 Plant Science 172 1103

    [2]

    Bixler G D, Bhushan B 2012 Soft Matter 8 11271

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    Gao X F, Jiang L 2004 Nature 432 36

    [4]

    Wang J X, Zhang Y Z, Wang S T, Song Y L, Jiang L 2011 Acc. Chem. Res. 44 405

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    Zi J, Yu X D, Li Y Z, Hu X H, Xu C, Wang X J, Liu X H, Fu R T 2003 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 100 12576

    [6]

    Liu K S, Jiang L 2011 Nano Today 6 155

    [7]

    Liu K S, Du J X, Wu J T, Jiang L 2012 Nanoscale 4 768

    [8]

    Gao X F, Jiang L 2006 Physics 35 559 (in Chinese) [高雪峰, 江雷 2006 物理 35 559]

    [9]

    Sun M X, Watson G S, Zheng Y M, Watson J A, Liang A P 2009 J. Exp. Biol. 212 3148

    [10]

    Zheng Y M, Gao X F, Jiang L 2007 Soft Matter 3 178

    [11]

    Binetti V R, Schiffman J D, Leaffer O D, Spanier J E, Schauer C L 2009 Integr. Biol. 1 324

    [12]

    Liu H H, Zhao Q B, Zhou H, Ding J, Zhang D, Zhu H X, Fan T X 2011 Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13 10872

    [13]

    Gao X F, Yan X, Yao X, Xu L, Zhang K, Zhang J H, Yang B, Jiang L 2007 Adv. Mater. 19 2213

    [14]

    Drelich J, Chibowski E, Meng D D, Terpilowski K 2011 Soft Matter 7 9804

    [15]

    Zhang Y B, Chen Y, Shi L, Li J, Guo Z G 2012 J. Mater. Chem. 22 799

    [16]

    Guo Z G, Zhou F, Hao J C, Liu W M 2005 J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127 15670

    [17]

    Introzzi L, Fuentes-Alventosa J M, Cozzolino C A, Trabattoni S, Tavazzi S, Bianchi C L, Schiraldi A, Piergiovanni L, Farris S 2012 ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 4 3692

    [18]

    Gong G M, Wu J T, Liu J G, Sun N, Zhao Y, Jiang L 2012 J. Mater. Chem. 22 8257

    [19]

    Liang W X, Zhang Y B, Wang B, Guo Z G, Liu W M 2012 Acta Chim. Sin. 70 2393 (in Chinese) [梁伟欣, 张亚斌, 王奔, 郭志光, 刘维民 2012 化学学报 70 2393]

    [20]

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    [21]

    Wang Z W, Li Q, She Z X, Chen F N, Li L Q 2012 J. Mater. Chem. 22 4097

    [22]

    Ishizaki T, Sakamoto M 2011 Langmuir 27 2375

    [23]

    Gong M G, Xu X L, Cao Z L, Liu Y Y, Zhu H M 2009 Acta Phys. Sin. 58 1885 (in Chinese) [公茂刚, 许小亮, 曹自立, 刘远越, 朱海明 2009 物理学报 58 1885]

    [24]

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    [25]

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    [26]

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    [36]

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    Nosonovsky M, Bhushan B 2008 Langmuir 24 1525

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    Bhushan B, Nosonovsky M 2010 Phil. Trans: R. Soc. A 368 4713

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    [57]

    Nosonovsky M, Bhushan B 2008 Adv. Funct. Mater. 18 843

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    Guo Z G, Su B L 2011 Appl. Phys. Lett. 99 082106

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    Wang B, Li J, Wang G Y, Liang W X, Zhang Y B, Shi L, Guo Z G, Liu W M 2013 ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5 1827

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  • 收稿日期:  2012-11-21
  • 修回日期:  2013-03-29
  • 刊出日期:  2013-07-05

稳定超疏水性表面的理论进展

  • 1. 湖北大学, 功能材料绿色制备与应用教育部重点实验室, 武汉 430062;
  • 2. 中国科学院兰州化学物理研究所, 固体润滑国家重点实验室, 兰州 730000
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金(批准号: 50902047, 31070155, 11172301)和中国科学院百人计划项目资助的课题.

摘要: 自然界中很多动植物都具有稳定的超疏水性, 它们既拥有高接触角, 又拥有低滚动角, 且能长期稳定存在.通过对它们的研究, 发现表面的润湿性与表面的化学成分、表面的几何形貌有关, 并且表面几何结构的影响更为显著, 甚至可以实现由亲水性表面向超疏水转变. 虽然目前在这个领域已经有大量的实验验证了表面粗糙结构的重要作用, 但是对于表面微纳米结构对表面疏水性机理的理论研究还并不完善. 本文详细介绍了超疏水表面的基本理论及其适用性、 接触角滞后现象, 分别从经典理论和能量的观点探讨了润湿状态转化发生的条件, 重点介绍了通过仿生理念对表面几何形貌的优化设计, 包括单尺度和多尺度表面结构对于设计稳定超疏水表面的作用. 最后, 对超疏水理论的不足和未来发展进行了展望.

English Abstract

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