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钙钛矿太阳能电池中电子传输材料的研究进展

丁雄傑 倪露 马圣博 马英壮 肖立新 陈志坚

钙钛矿太阳能电池中电子传输材料的研究进展

丁雄傑, 倪露, 马圣博, 马英壮, 肖立新, 陈志坚
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  • 有机-无机杂化的卤素钙钛矿材料在2009年首次应用在光伏器件中, 而后有关此类型太阳能电池的报道数量呈井喷式增长. 至2014年5月钙钛矿电池光电转化效率已接近20%, 已超过有机及染料敏化太阳能电池的效率, 且有望达到单晶硅太阳能的水平, 成为光伏发电领域中的希望之星. 在钙钛矿电池中, 电子传输材料与吸收层的电子选择性接触对提高光电转化效率起到重要作用, 尤其在正置结构器件中, 电子传输层的介观结构直接影响钙钛矿的生长情况. 同时, 电子传输层的化学性质及其界面也会对电池的稳定性和寿命产生影响. 本文总结了电子传输材料在该类电池中的研究现状和热点, 并按材料的化学组分不同, 将电子传输材料分为三类: 金属氧化物、有机小分子和复合材料, 详细地介绍了电子传输材料在钙钛矿太阳能电池中的作用和近来的最新进展.
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号: 61177020, 11121091)资助的课题.
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  • [1]

    Kojima A, Teshima K, Shirai Y, Miyasaka T 2009 J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131 6050

    [2]

    Im J H, Lee C R, Lee J W, Park S W, Park N G 2011 Nanoscale 3 4088

    [3]

    Kim H S, Lee C R, Im J H, Lee K B, Moehl T, Marchioro A, Moon S J, Humphry-Baker R, Yum J H, Moser J E, Graätzel M, Park N G 2012 Sci. Rep. 2 591

    [4]

    Burschka J, Pellet N, Moon S J, Humphry-Baker R, Gao P, Nazeeruddin M K, Graätzel M 2013 Nature 499 316

    [5]

    Liu M Z, Johnston M B, Snaith H J 2013 Nature 501 395

    [6]

    Zhou H P, Chen Q, Li G, Luo S, Song T B, Duan H S, Hong Z R, You J B, Liu Y S, Yang Y 2014 Science 345 542

    [7]

    Service R F 2014 Science 344 458

    [8]

    Lee M M, Teuscher J, Miyasaka T, Murakami T N, Snaith H J 2012 Science 338 643

    [9]

    Ogomi Y, Morita A, Tsukamoto S, Saitho T, Fujikawa N, Shen Q, Toyoda T, Yoshino K, Pandey S S, Ma T, Hayase S 2014 J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 5 1004

    [10]

    Ma Y Z, Wang S F, Zheng L L, Lu Z L, Zhang D F, Bian Z Q, Huang C H, Xiao L X 2014 Chin. J. Chem. 32 957

    [11]

    Grinberg I, West D V, Torres M, Gou1 G, Stein D M, Wu L, Chen G, Gallo E M, Akbashev A R, Davies P K, Spanier J E, Rappe A M 2013 Nature 503 509

    [12]

    Tanaka K, Takahashi T, Ban T, Kondo T, Uchida K 2003 Solid State Commun. 127 619

    [13]

    Wu S K, Wang P F 2010 Organic Electronics (Beijing: Chemical industry press) pp32-36 (in Chinese) [吴世康, 汪鹏飞 2010 有机电子学概论 (北京: 化学工业出版社)第32–35页]

    [14]

    Kim H S, Im S H, Park N G 2014 J. Phys. Chem. C 118 5615

    [15]

    Loi M A, Hummelen J C 2013 Nat. Mater. 12 1087

    [16]

    Ball J M, Lee M M, Hey A, Snaith H J 2013 Energy Environ. Sci. 6 1739

    [17]

    Wang Q, Shao Y C, Dong Q F, Xiao Z G, Yuan Y B, Huang J S 2014 Energy Environ. Sci. 7 2359

    [18]

    Xiao Z G, Bi C, Shao Y C, Dong Q F, Wang Q, Yuan Y B, Wang C G, Gao Y L, Huang JS 2014 Energy Environ. Sci. 7 2619

    [19]

    Xiao Z G, Dong Q F, Bi C, Shao Y C, Yuan Y B, Huang JS 2014 Adv. Mater. 26 6503

    [20]

    Snaith H J, Abate A, Ball J M, Eperon G E, Leijtens T, Noel N K, Stranks S D, Wang J T-W, Wojciechowski K, Zhang W 2014 J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 5 1511

    [21]

    Jeon N J, Noh J H, Kim Y C, Yang W S, Ryu S, Seok II S 2014 Nat. Mater. 13 897

    [22]

    Hou Q Y, Wu Y, Zhao C W 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 237101 (in Chinese) [侯清玉, 乌云, 赵春旺 2013 物理学报 62 237101]

    [23]

    Gill W D 1972 J. Appl. Phys. 43 5033

    [24]

    Wehrenfennig C, Eperon G E, Johnston M B, Snaith H J, Herz L M 2014 Adv. Mater. 26 1584

    [25]

    Stranks S D, Eperon G E, Grancini G, Menelaou C, Alcocer M J P, Leijtens T, Herz L M, Petrozza A, Snaith H J 2013 Science 342 341

    [26]

    Xing G, Mathews N, Sun S, Lim S S, Lam Y M, Grätzel M, Mhaisalkar S, Sum T C 2013 Science 342 344

    [27]

    Etgar L, Gao P, Xue Z S, Peng Q, Chandiran A K, Liu B, Nazeeruddin M K, Graätzel M 2012 J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134 17396

    [28]

    Abu Laban W, Etgar L 2013 Energy Environ. Sci. 6 3249

    [29]

    Aharon S, Gamliel S, El Cohen B, Etgar L 2014 PCCP 16 10512

    [30]

    Aharon S, El Cohen B, Etgar L 2014 J. Phys. Chem. C 118 17160

    [31]

    Yella A, Heiniger L P, Gao P, Nazeeruddin M K, Graätzel M 2014 Nano Lett. 14 2591

    [32]

    Schwanitz K, Weiler U, Hunger R, Mayer T, Jaegermann W 2007 J. Phys. Chem. C 111 849

    [33]

    Bisquert J, Fabregat-Santiago F, Mora-Sero I, Garcia-Belmonte G, Barea E M, Palomares E 2008 Inorg. Chim. Acta 361 684

    [34]

    Henderson M A, Epling W S, Perkins C L, Peden C H F, Diebold U 1999 J. Phys. Chem. B 103 5328

    [35]

    Leijtens T, Eperon G E, Pathak S, Abate A, Lee M M, Snaith H J 2013 Nat.Commun. 4 2885

    [36]

    Bach U, Lupo D, Comte P, Moser J E, Weissortel F, Salbeck J, Spreitzer H, Graätzel M 1998 Nature 395 583

    [37]

    Apgar B A, Martin L W 2014 Cryst. Growth Des. 14 1981

    [38]

    Nakamura I, Negishi N, Kutsuna S, Ihara T, Sugihara S, Takeuchi E 2000 J. Mol. Catal. A-Chem. 161 205

    [39]

    Eperon G E, Burlakov V M, Goriely A, Snaith H J 2014 ACS Nano 8 591

    [40]

    Chen Q, Zhou H P, Hong Z R, Luo S, Duan H S, Wang H H, Liu Y S, Li G, Yang Y 2014 J. Am. Chem. Soc. 136 622

    [41]

    Wojciechowski K, Saliba M, Leijtens T, Abate A, Snaith H J 2014 Energy Environ. Sci. 7 1142

    [42]

    Conings B, Baeten L, Jacobs T, Dera R, D'Haen J, Manca J, Boyen H G 2014 APL Mater. 2 081505

    [43]

    Pournami P V, Marykutty T, George K C 2012 J. Appl. Phys. 112 104308

    [44]

    Docampo P, Ball J M, Darwich M, Eperon G E, Snaith H J 2013 Nat. Commun. 4 2761

    [45]

    Small C E, Chen S, Subbiah J, Amb C M, Tsang S W, Lai T H, Reynolds J R, So F 2012 Nat. Photonics 6 115

    [46]

    Kim H S, Lee J W, Yantara N, Boix P P, Kulkarni S A, Mhaisalkar S, Graätzel M, Park N G 2013 Nano Lett. 13 2412

    [47]

    Dharani S, Mulmudi H K, Yantara N, Trang P T T, Park N G, Graetzel M, Mhaisalkar S, Mathews N, Boix P P 2014 Nanoscale 6 1675

    [48]

    Tang H, Prasad K, Sanjines R, Schmid P E, Levy F 1994 J. Appl. Phys. 75 2042

    [49]

    Zhang Q F, Dandeneau C S, Zhou X Y, Cao G Z 2009 Adv. Mater. 21 4087

    [50]

    Ariyanto N P, Abdullah H, Syarif J, Yuliarto B, Shaari S 2010 Funct. Mater. Lett. 3 303

    [51]

    Keis K, Magnusson E, Lindström H, Lindquist S, Hagfeldt A A 2002 Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 73 51

    [52]

    Goncalves A S, Goes M S, Fabregat-Santiago F, Moehl T, Davolos M R, Bisquert J, Yanagidad S, Nogueirac A F, Bueno P R 2011 Electrochim. Acta 56 6503

    [53]

    Son D Y, Im J H, Kim H S, Park N G 2014 J. Phy. Chem. C 118 16567

    [54]

    Kumar M H, Yantara N, Dharani S, Graätzel M, Mhaisalkar S, Boix P P, Mathews N 2013 Chem. Commun. 49 11089

    [55]

    Liu D, Kelly T L 2014 Nat. Photonics 8 133

    [56]

    Bi D Q, Boschloo G, Schwarzmller S, Yang L, Johanssona E, Hagfeldt A 2013 Nanoscale 5 11686

    [57]

    Zheng H D, Tachibana Y, Kalantar-zadeh K 2010 Langmuir 26 19148

    [58]

    Mahmood K, Swain BS, Kirmania A R, Amassian A 2014 J. Mater. Chem. A DOI: 10.1039/C4TA04883K

    [59]

    Sakai N, Miyasaka T, Murakami T N 2013 J. Phys. Chem. C 117 10949

    [60]

    Oh L S, Kim D H, Lee J A, Shin S S, Lee J W, Park I J, Ko M J, Park N G, Pyo S G, Hong K S, Kim J Y 2014 J. Phys. Chem. C 118 22991

    [61]

    Yong S M, Nikolay T, Ahn B T, Kim D K 2013 J. Alloys Compd. 547 113

    [62]

    Haddon R C, Perel A S, Morris R C, Palstra T T M, Hebard A F, Fleming R M 1995 Appl. Phys. Lett. 67 121

    [63]

    Kobayashi S, Takenobu T, Mori S, Fujiwara A, Iwasa Y 2003 Appl. Phys. Lett. 82 4581

    [64]

    Jeng J Y, Chiang Y F, Lee M H, Peng S R, Guo T F, Chen P, Wen T C 2013 Adv. Mater. 25 3727

    [65]

    Liang P W, Liao C Y, Chueh C C, Zuo F, Williams S T, Xin X K, Lin J J, Jen A K Y 2014 Adv. Mater. 26 3748

    [66]

    Wang Q, Shao Y C, Dong Q F, Xiao Z G, Yuan Y B, Huang J S 2014 Energy Environ. Sci. 7 2359

    [67]

    Gao Z, Qu B, Xiao L X, Chen Z J, Zhang L P, Gong Q H 2014 Appl. Phys. Lett. 104 103301

    [68]

    Qu B, Gao Z, Yang H S, Xiao L X, Chen Z J, Gong Q H 2014 Appl. Phys. Lett. 104 043305

    [69]

    2006 Nano Lett 6 755

    [70]

    Savenije T J, Huijser A, Vermeulen M J W, Katoh R 2008 Chem. Phys. Lett. 461 93

    [71]

    Fravventura M C, Deligiannis D, Schins J M, Siebbeles L D A, Savenije T J 2013 J. Phys. Chem. C 117 8032.

    [72]

    Mei A Y, Li X, Liu L F, Ku Z L, Liu T F, Rong Y G, Xu M, Hu M, Chen J Z, Yang Y, Graätzel M, Han H W 2014 Science 345 295

    [73]

    Ogomi Y, Kukihara K, Qing S, Toyoda T, Yoshino K, Pandey S, Momose H, Hayase S 2014 ChemPhysChem 15 1062

    [74]

    Abrusci A, Stranks S D, Docampo P, Yip H L, Jen A K-Y, Snaith H J 2013 Nano Lett. 1 3

    [75]

    Ito S, Tanaka S, Manabe K, Nishino H 2014 J. Phys. Chem. C 118 16995

    [76]

    Wang J T-W, Ball J M, Barea E M, Abate A, Alexander-Webber J A, Huang J, Saliba M, Mora-Sero I, Bisquert J, Snaith H J 2014 Nano Lett. 14 724

    [77]

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2014-10-21
  • 修回日期:  2014-11-18
  • 刊出日期:  2015-02-05

钙钛矿太阳能电池中电子传输材料的研究进展

  • 1. 北京大学物理学院, 人工微结构和介观物理国家重点实验室, 北京 100871;
  • 2. 烟台开发区高级中学, 烟台 264006
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金(批准号: 61177020, 11121091)资助的课题.

摘要: 有机-无机杂化的卤素钙钛矿材料在2009年首次应用在光伏器件中, 而后有关此类型太阳能电池的报道数量呈井喷式增长. 至2014年5月钙钛矿电池光电转化效率已接近20%, 已超过有机及染料敏化太阳能电池的效率, 且有望达到单晶硅太阳能的水平, 成为光伏发电领域中的希望之星. 在钙钛矿电池中, 电子传输材料与吸收层的电子选择性接触对提高光电转化效率起到重要作用, 尤其在正置结构器件中, 电子传输层的介观结构直接影响钙钛矿的生长情况. 同时, 电子传输层的化学性质及其界面也会对电池的稳定性和寿命产生影响. 本文总结了电子传输材料在该类电池中的研究现状和热点, 并按材料的化学组分不同, 将电子传输材料分为三类: 金属氧化物、有机小分子和复合材料, 详细地介绍了电子传输材料在钙钛矿太阳能电池中的作用和近来的最新进展.

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