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低频标准真空涨落的测量

薛佳 秦际良 张玉驰 李刚 张鹏飞 张天才 彭堃墀

低频标准真空涨落的测量

薛佳, 秦际良, 张玉驰, 李刚, 张鹏飞, 张天才, 彭堃墀
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  • 采用自平衡零拍方案, 对低频段的标准量子真空涨落进行了测量. 实验确定了该系统的饱和光功率约为3.2 mW. 在10 Hz400 kHz的频率范围内, 系统的共模抑制比平均为55 dB, 在100 Hz处高达63 dB, 对激光经典技术噪声具有很强的抑制作用. 当入射光功率为400 W 时, 真空涨落噪声达到11 dB. 此低频量子真空噪声探测系统可广泛应用于量子计量和量子光学等研究领域.
      通信作者: 张玉驰, yczhang@sxu.edu.cn;tczhang@sxu.edu.cn ; 张天才, yczhang@sxu.edu.cn;tczhang@sxu.edu.cn
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号: 91336107, 61227902, 61275210)和山西省自然科学基金(批准号: 2014021011-2)资助的课题.
    [1]

    Caves C M 1981 Phys. Rev. D 23 1693

    [2]

    Goda K, Miyakawa O, Mikhailov E E, Saraf S, Adhikari R, McKenzie K, Ward R, Vass S, Weinstein A J, Mavalvala N 2008 Nat. Phys. 4 472

    [3]

    Chelkowski S 2007 Ph. D. Dissertation (Hannover: Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universitt)

    [4]

    Koschorreck M, Napolitano M, Dubost B, Mitchell M W 2010 Phys. Rev. Lett. 104 093602

    [5]

    Wolfgramm F, Cer A, Beduini F A, Predojević A, Koschorreck M, 2010 Phys. Rev. Lett. 105 053601

    [6]

    Horrom T, Singh R, Dowling J P, Mikhailov E E 2012 Phys. Rev. A 86 023803

    [7]

    Banaszek K, Demkowicz-Dobrzański R, Walmsley I A 2009 Nat. Photon. 3 673

    [8]

    Slusher R E, Hollberg L W, Yurke B, Mertz J C, Valley J F 1985 Phys. Rev. Lett. 55 2409

    [9]

    Mehmet M, Ast S, Eberle T, Steinlechner S, Vahlbruch H, Schnabel R 2011 Opt. Express 19 25763

    [10]

    Zhang T C, Zhang J X, Xie C D, Peng K C 1998 Acta Phys. Sin. 7 340 (Overseas Edition)

    [11]

    Zhang T C, Li T Y, Effenterre D V, Xie C D, Peng K C 1998 Acta Phys. Sin. 47 1498 (in Chinese) [张天才, 李廷鱼, Effenterre D V, 谢常德, 彭堃墀 1998 物理学报 47 1498]

    [12]

    Dong R F, Zhang J X, Zhang T C, Zhang J, Xie C D, Peng K C 2001 Acta Phys. Sin. 50 462 (in Chinese) [董瑞芳, 张俊香, 张天才, 张 靖, 谢常德, 彭堃墀 2001 物理学报 50 462]

    [13]

    Zhou Q Q, Liu J L, Zhang K S 2010 Acta Sin. Quantum Opt. 16 152 (in Chinese) [周倩倩, 刘建丽, 张宽收 2010 量子光学学报 16 152]

    [14]

    Wang J J, Jia X J, Peng K C 2012 Acta Opt. Sin. 31 0127001 (in Chinese) [王金晶, 贾晓军, 彭堃墀 2012 光学学报 31 0127001]

    [15]

    McKenzie K 2008 Ph. D. Dissertation (Canberra: Australian National University)

    [16]

    Vahlbruch H, Chelkowski S, Danzmann K, Schnabel R 2007 New J. Phys. 9 371

    [17]

    Vahlbruch H 2008 Ph. D. Dissertation (Hannover: The Albert Einstein Institute and the Institute of Gravitational Physics of Leibniz Universitt Hannover)

    [18]

    Stefszky M S, Mow-Lowry C M, Chua S S Y, Shaddock D A, Buchler B C, Vahlbruch H, Khalaidovski A, Schnabel R, Lam P K, McClelland D E 2012 Class. Quantum Grav. 29 145015

    [19]

    Dwyer S E 2013 Ph. D. Dissertation (Cambridge: Massachusetts Institute of Technology)

    [20]

    The LIGO Scientific Collaboration 2011 Nat. Phys. 7 962

    [21]

    Stefszky M S 2012 Ph. D. Dissertation (Canberra: Australian National University)

    [22]

    Rogalski A (translated by Zhou H X, Cheng Y F) 2014 Infrared Detectors (Beijing: China Machine Press) pp47, 48 (in Chinese) [罗格尔斯基 A 著 (周海宪, 程云芳 译) 2014 红外探测器(北京: 机械工业出版社)第47, 48页]

  • [1]

    Caves C M 1981 Phys. Rev. D 23 1693

    [2]

    Goda K, Miyakawa O, Mikhailov E E, Saraf S, Adhikari R, McKenzie K, Ward R, Vass S, Weinstein A J, Mavalvala N 2008 Nat. Phys. 4 472

    [3]

    Chelkowski S 2007 Ph. D. Dissertation (Hannover: Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universitt)

    [4]

    Koschorreck M, Napolitano M, Dubost B, Mitchell M W 2010 Phys. Rev. Lett. 104 093602

    [5]

    Wolfgramm F, Cer A, Beduini F A, Predojević A, Koschorreck M, 2010 Phys. Rev. Lett. 105 053601

    [6]

    Horrom T, Singh R, Dowling J P, Mikhailov E E 2012 Phys. Rev. A 86 023803

    [7]

    Banaszek K, Demkowicz-Dobrzański R, Walmsley I A 2009 Nat. Photon. 3 673

    [8]

    Slusher R E, Hollberg L W, Yurke B, Mertz J C, Valley J F 1985 Phys. Rev. Lett. 55 2409

    [9]

    Mehmet M, Ast S, Eberle T, Steinlechner S, Vahlbruch H, Schnabel R 2011 Opt. Express 19 25763

    [10]

    Zhang T C, Zhang J X, Xie C D, Peng K C 1998 Acta Phys. Sin. 7 340 (Overseas Edition)

    [11]

    Zhang T C, Li T Y, Effenterre D V, Xie C D, Peng K C 1998 Acta Phys. Sin. 47 1498 (in Chinese) [张天才, 李廷鱼, Effenterre D V, 谢常德, 彭堃墀 1998 物理学报 47 1498]

    [12]

    Dong R F, Zhang J X, Zhang T C, Zhang J, Xie C D, Peng K C 2001 Acta Phys. Sin. 50 462 (in Chinese) [董瑞芳, 张俊香, 张天才, 张 靖, 谢常德, 彭堃墀 2001 物理学报 50 462]

    [13]

    Zhou Q Q, Liu J L, Zhang K S 2010 Acta Sin. Quantum Opt. 16 152 (in Chinese) [周倩倩, 刘建丽, 张宽收 2010 量子光学学报 16 152]

    [14]

    Wang J J, Jia X J, Peng K C 2012 Acta Opt. Sin. 31 0127001 (in Chinese) [王金晶, 贾晓军, 彭堃墀 2012 光学学报 31 0127001]

    [15]

    McKenzie K 2008 Ph. D. Dissertation (Canberra: Australian National University)

    [16]

    Vahlbruch H, Chelkowski S, Danzmann K, Schnabel R 2007 New J. Phys. 9 371

    [17]

    Vahlbruch H 2008 Ph. D. Dissertation (Hannover: The Albert Einstein Institute and the Institute of Gravitational Physics of Leibniz Universitt Hannover)

    [18]

    Stefszky M S, Mow-Lowry C M, Chua S S Y, Shaddock D A, Buchler B C, Vahlbruch H, Khalaidovski A, Schnabel R, Lam P K, McClelland D E 2012 Class. Quantum Grav. 29 145015

    [19]

    Dwyer S E 2013 Ph. D. Dissertation (Cambridge: Massachusetts Institute of Technology)

    [20]

    The LIGO Scientific Collaboration 2011 Nat. Phys. 7 962

    [21]

    Stefszky M S 2012 Ph. D. Dissertation (Canberra: Australian National University)

    [22]

    Rogalski A (translated by Zhou H X, Cheng Y F) 2014 Infrared Detectors (Beijing: China Machine Press) pp47, 48 (in Chinese) [罗格尔斯基 A 著 (周海宪, 程云芳 译) 2014 红外探测器(北京: 机械工业出版社)第47, 48页]

  • 引用本文:
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-12-11
  • 修回日期:  2015-12-29
  • 刊出日期:  2016-02-05

低频标准真空涨落的测量

    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金(批准号: 91336107, 61227902, 61275210)和山西省自然科学基金(批准号: 2014021011-2)资助的课题.

摘要: 采用自平衡零拍方案, 对低频段的标准量子真空涨落进行了测量. 实验确定了该系统的饱和光功率约为3.2 mW. 在10 Hz400 kHz的频率范围内, 系统的共模抑制比平均为55 dB, 在100 Hz处高达63 dB, 对激光经典技术噪声具有很强的抑制作用. 当入射光功率为400 W 时, 真空涨落噪声达到11 dB. 此低频量子真空噪声探测系统可广泛应用于量子计量和量子光学等研究领域.

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