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仿生多尺度超浸润界面材料

王鹏伟 刘明杰 江雷

仿生多尺度超浸润界面材料

王鹏伟, 刘明杰, 江雷
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  • 仿生多尺度超浸润界面材料是20世纪90年代末以来迅速发展起来的一类新型功能材料,该研究领域突出的特点是基础研究和应用研究密切结合、仿生理念与材料制备技术密切结合. 近年来,研究人员围绕仿生多尺度超浸润界面材料的构筑与应用中的若干关键科学问题开展了深入研究,取得了一系列有特色、有创新意义的研究成果,开发出了一系列的材料制备新方法和新技术. 本文首先介绍仿生多尺度超浸润界面材料的发展历程和固体表面浸润性的理论基础;然后讨论对自然界中具有特殊浸润性能的功能表面的原理揭示和仿生设计;对仿生多尺度超浸润界面材料的典型应用领域,例如自清洁、集水、防冰、油水分离以及化学反应等进行了总结;最后对仿生多尺度超浸润界面材料的发展前景进行了讨论.
      通信作者: 刘明杰, liumj@buaa.edu.cn;jianglei@iccas.ac.cn ; 江雷, liumj@buaa.edu.cn;jianglei@iccas.ac.cn
    • 基金项目: 国家重点基础研究发展计划(批准号:2013CB933000)、国家自然科学基金(批准号:21421061,21431009,21434009,21504098)、中国科学院重点部署项目(批准号:KJZD-EW-M03)和111项目(批准号:B14009)资助的课题.
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    All Nobel Laureates in Chemistry, Nobelprize.org

    [3]

    Barthlott W, Neinhuis C 1997 Planta 2021

    [4]

    Li H J, Wang X, Song Y L, Liu Y Q, Li Q S, Jiang L, Zhu D B 2001 Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 113 1793

    [5]

    Feng L, Li S H, Li Y S, Li H J, Zhang L J, Zhai J, Song Y L, Liu B Q, Jiang L, Zhu D B 2002 Adv. Mater. 14 1857

    [6]

    Wenzel R N 1936 Ind. Eng. Chem. 28 988

    [7]

    Cassie A B D, Baxter S 1944 Trans. Faraday Soc. 40 546

    [8]

    Verho T, Korhonen J T, Sainiemi L, Jokinen V, Bower C, Franze K, Franssila S, Andrew P, Ikkala O, Ras R H A 2012 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 109 10210

    [9]

    Zheng Y M, Gao X F, Jiang L 2007 Soft Matter 3 178

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    Liu M J, Wang S T, Wei Z X, Song Y L, Jiang L 2009 Adv. Mater. 21 665

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    Wong T S, Kang S H, Tang S K, Smythe E J, Hatton B D, Grinthal A, Aizenberg J 2011 Nature 477 443

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    Liu M J, Xue Z X, Liu H, Jiang L 2012 Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 51 8348

    [13]

    Su B, Wu Y C, Jiang L 2012 Phys. Chem. Soc. Rev. 41 7832

    [14]

    Tian Y, Su B, Jiang L 2014 Adv. Mater. 26 6872

    [15]

    Young T 1805 Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London 95 65

    [16]

    Vogler E A 1998 Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. Lett. 74 69

    [17]

    Neinhuis C, Barthlott W 1997 Ann. Bot. 79 667

    [18]

    Malvadkar N A, Hancock M J, Sekeroglu K, Dressick W J, Demirel M C 2010 Nat. Mater. 9 1023

    [19]

    Chu K H, Xiao R, Wang E N 2010 Nat. Mater. 9 413

    [20]

    Cai Y, Lin L, Xue Z X, Liu M J, Wang S T, Jiang L 2014 Adv. Funct. Mater. 24 809

    [21]

    Feng L, Zhang Y N, Xi J M, Zhu Y, Wang N, Xia F, Jiang L 2008 Langmuir 24 4114

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    Bhushan B, Her E K 2010 Langmuir 26 8207

    [23]

    Jin M H, Feng X J, Feng L, Sun T L, Zhai J, Li T J, Jiang L 2005 Adv. Mater. 17 1977

    [24]

    Gao X F, Yan X, Yao X, Xu L, Zhang K, Zhang J H, Yang B, Jiang L 2007 Adv. Mater. 19 2213

    [25]

    Sun Z Q, Liao T, Liu K S, Jiang L, Kim J H, Dou S X 2014 Small 15 3001

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    Hu D L, Chan B, Bush J W 2003 Nature 424 663

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    Gao X F, Jiang L 2004 Nature 432 36

    [28]

    Koh J S, Yang E J, Jung G P, Jung S P, Son J H, Lee S I, Jablonski P G, Wood R J, Kim H Y, Cho K J 2015 Science 349 517

    [29]

    Su B, Wang S T, Song Y L, Jiang L 2011 Soft Matter 7 5144

    [30]

    Chen H W, Zhang P F, Zhang L W, Liu H L, Jiang Y, Zhang D Y, Han Z W, Jiang L 2016 Nature 532 85

    [31]

    Seymour R S, Hetz S K 2011 J. Exp. Biol. 214 2157

    [32]

    Chen X, Wu Y C, Su B, Wang J M, Song Y L, Jiang L 2012 Adv. Mater. 24 5884

    [33]

    Zheng Y M, Bai H, Huang Z B, Tian X L, Nie F Q, Zhao Y, Zhai J, Jiang L 2010 Nature 463 640

    [34]

    Chen Y, Zheng Y M 2014 Nanoscale 6 7703

    [35]

    Bai H, Sun R Z, Ju J, Yao X, Zheng Y M, Jiang L 2011 Small 7 3429

    [36]

    Bai H, Tian X L, Zheng Y M, Ju J, Zhao Y, Jiang L 2010 Adv. Mater. 22 5521

    [37]

    Xue Y, Chen Y, Wang T, Jiang L, Zheng Y M 2014 J. Mater. Chem. A 2 7156

    [38]

    Feng S L, Hou Y P, Xue Y, Gao L C, Jiang L, Zheng Y M 2013 Soft Matter 9 9294

    [39]

    Du M, Zhao Y, Tian Y, Li K, Jiang L 2016 Small 121000

    [40]

    Ju J, Bai H, Zheng Y M, Zhao T Y, Fang R C, Jiang L 2012 Nat.Commun. 3 1247

    [41]

    Ju J, Xiao K, Yao X, Bai H, Jiang L 2013 Adv. Mater. 25 5937

    [42]

    Cao M Y, Ju J, Li K, Dou S X, Liu K S, Jiang L 2014 Adv. Fount. Mater. 24 3235

    [43]

    Li K, Ju J, Xue Z X, Ma J, Feng L, Gao S, Jiang L 2013 Nat. Commun. 4 2276

    [44]

    Yu C M, Cao M Y, Dong Z C, Wang J M, Li K, Jiang L 2016 Adv. Funct. Mater. DOI:10.1002/adfm.201505234

    [45]

    Wang Q B, Su B, Liu H, Jiang L 2014 Adv. Mater. 26 4889

    [46]

    Wang Q B, Meng Q A, Chen M, Liu H, Jiang L 2014 ACS Nano 8 8757

    [47]

    Wang Q B, Meng Q A, Wang P W, Liu H, Jiang L 2015 ACS Nano 9 4362

    [48]

    Meng Q A, Wang Q B, Liu H, Jiang L 2014 NPG Asia Mater. 6 e125

    [49]

    Cyranoski 2001 Nature 414 240

    [50]

    Xu Q, Wan Y Y, Hu T S, Liu T X, Tao D S, Niewiarowski P H, Tian Y, Liu Y, Dai L M, Yang Y Q, Xia Z H 2015 Nat. Commun. 6 8949

    [51]

    Liu X L, Zhou J, Xue Z X, Gao J, Meng J X, Wang S T, Jiang L 2012 Adv. Mater. 24 3401

    [52]

    Xu L P, Zhao J, Su B, Liu X L, Peng J T, Liu Y B, Liu H L, Yang G, Jiang L, Wen Y Q, Zhang X J, Wang S T 2013 Adv. Mater. 25 606

    [53]

    Xu L P, Peng J T, Liu Y B, Wen Y Q, Zhang X J, Jiang L, Wang S T 2013 ACS Nano 7 5077

    [54]

    Zhang F, Chen S G, Dong L H, Lei Y H, Liu T, Yin Y S 2011 Appl. Surf. Sci. 257 2587

    [55]

    Yuan S J, Pehkonen S O, Liang B, Ting Y P, Neoh K G, Kang E T 2011 Corros. Sci. 53 2738

    [56]

    Li J, Zhu J, Gao X F 2014 Small 10 2578

    [57]

    Park J T, Kim J H, Lee D 2014 Nanoscale 6 7362

    [58]

    Feng L, Zhang Z Y, Mai Z H, Ma Y M, Liu B Q, Jiang L, Zhu D B 2004 Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 43 2012

    [59]

    Zhang J P, Seeger S 2011 Adv. Funct. Mater. 21 4699

    [60]

    Zhang Y L, Wei S, Liu F J, Du Y C, Liu S, Ji Y Y, Yokoi T, Tatsumi T, Xiao F S 2009 Nano Today 4 135

    [61]

    Sun H Y, Xu Z, Gao C 2013 Adv. Mater. 25 2632

    [62]

    Zhang L, Wu J J, Wang Y X, Long Y H, Zhao N, Xu J 2012 J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134 9879

    [63]

    Xue Z X, Wang S T, Lin L, Chen L, Liu M J, Feng L, Jiang L 2011 Adv. Mater. 23 4270

    [64]

    Gao X F, Xu L P, Xue Z X, Feng L, Peng J T, Wen Y Q, Wang S T, Zhang X J 2014 Adv. Mater. 26 1771

    [65]

    Wang G, He Y, Wang H, Zhang L, Yu Q Y, Peng S S, Wu X D, Ren T H, Zeng Z X, Xue Q J 2015 Green Chem. 17 3093

    [66]

    Tourkine P, Le M M, Qur D 2009 Langmuir 25 7214

    [67]

    Zhang Q L, He M, Chen J, Wang J J, Song Y L, Jiang L 2013 Chem. Commun. 49 4516

    [68]

    Chen J, Liu J, He M, Li K Y, Cui D P, Zhang Q L, Zeng X P, Zhang Y F, Wang J J, Song Y L 2012 Appl. Phys. Lett. 101 111603

    [69]

    Chen J, Dou R M, Cui D P, Zhang Q L, Zhang Y F, Xu F J, Zhou X, Wang J J, Song Y L, Jiang L 2013 Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5 4026

    [70]

    Dou R M, Chen J, Zhang Y F, Wang X P, Cui D P, Song Y L, Jiang L, Wang J J 2014 Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6 6998

    [71]

    Lu Z Y, Zhu W, Yu X Y, Zhang H C, Li Y J, Sun X M, Wang X W, Wang H, Wang J M, Luo J, Lei XD, Jiang L 2014 Adv. Mater. 26 2683

    [72]

    Lu Z Y, Sun M, Xu T H, Li Y J, Xu W W, Chang Z, Ding Y, Sun X M, Jiang L 2015 Adv. Mater. 27 2361

    [73]

    Lei Y J, Sun R, Zhang X C, Feng X J, Jiang L 2016 Adv. Mater. 28 1477

    [74]

    Wu Y C, Liu K S, Su B, Jiang L 2014 Adv. Mater. 26 1124

    [75]

    Wang S S, Wu Y C, Kan X N, Su B, Jiang L 2014 Adv. Funct. Mater. 24 7007

    [76]

    Ding C M, L M L, Zhu Y, Jiang L, Liu H 2015 Angew. Chem. 127 1466

    [77]

    Nakata K, Nishimoto S, Kubo A, Tryk D, Ochiai T, Murakami T, Fujishima A 2009 Chem. Asian J. 4 984

    [78]

    Tian D L, Chen Q W, Nie F Q, Xu J J, Song Y L, Jiang L 2009 Adv. Mater. 21 3744

    [79]

    Tian D L, Song Y L, Jiang L 2013 Chem. Soc. Rev. 42 5184

    [80]

    Zhang P C, Chen L, Xu T L, Liu H L, Liu X L, Meng J X, Yang G, Jiang L, Wang S T 2013 Adv. Mater. 25 3566

    [81]

    Yang G, Liu H L, Liu X L, Zhang P C, Huang C, Xu T L, Jiang L, Wang S T 2014 Adv. Healthcare Mater. 3 332

    [82]

    Li Y Y, Lu Q H, Liu H L, Wang J F, Zhang P C, Liang H G, Jiang L, Wang S T 2015 Adv. Mater. 27 6848

    [83]

    Liu X L, Chen L, Liu H L, Yang G, Zhang P C, Han D, Wang S T, Jiang L 2013 NPG Asia Mater. 5 e63

    [84]

    Mumm F, Helvoort A T J V, Sikorski P 2009 Acs Nano 3 2647

  • [1]

    Adams J, Pendlebury D 2011 Global Research Report: Materials Science and Technology, Thomson Reuters Science Watch

    [2]

    All Nobel Laureates in Chemistry, Nobelprize.org

    [3]

    Barthlott W, Neinhuis C 1997 Planta 2021

    [4]

    Li H J, Wang X, Song Y L, Liu Y Q, Li Q S, Jiang L, Zhu D B 2001 Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 113 1793

    [5]

    Feng L, Li S H, Li Y S, Li H J, Zhang L J, Zhai J, Song Y L, Liu B Q, Jiang L, Zhu D B 2002 Adv. Mater. 14 1857

    [6]

    Wenzel R N 1936 Ind. Eng. Chem. 28 988

    [7]

    Cassie A B D, Baxter S 1944 Trans. Faraday Soc. 40 546

    [8]

    Verho T, Korhonen J T, Sainiemi L, Jokinen V, Bower C, Franze K, Franssila S, Andrew P, Ikkala O, Ras R H A 2012 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 109 10210

    [9]

    Zheng Y M, Gao X F, Jiang L 2007 Soft Matter 3 178

    [10]

    Liu M J, Wang S T, Wei Z X, Song Y L, Jiang L 2009 Adv. Mater. 21 665

    [11]

    Wong T S, Kang S H, Tang S K, Smythe E J, Hatton B D, Grinthal A, Aizenberg J 2011 Nature 477 443

    [12]

    Liu M J, Xue Z X, Liu H, Jiang L 2012 Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 51 8348

    [13]

    Su B, Wu Y C, Jiang L 2012 Phys. Chem. Soc. Rev. 41 7832

    [14]

    Tian Y, Su B, Jiang L 2014 Adv. Mater. 26 6872

    [15]

    Young T 1805 Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London 95 65

    [16]

    Vogler E A 1998 Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. Lett. 74 69

    [17]

    Neinhuis C, Barthlott W 1997 Ann. Bot. 79 667

    [18]

    Malvadkar N A, Hancock M J, Sekeroglu K, Dressick W J, Demirel M C 2010 Nat. Mater. 9 1023

    [19]

    Chu K H, Xiao R, Wang E N 2010 Nat. Mater. 9 413

    [20]

    Cai Y, Lin L, Xue Z X, Liu M J, Wang S T, Jiang L 2014 Adv. Funct. Mater. 24 809

    [21]

    Feng L, Zhang Y N, Xi J M, Zhu Y, Wang N, Xia F, Jiang L 2008 Langmuir 24 4114

    [22]

    Bhushan B, Her E K 2010 Langmuir 26 8207

    [23]

    Jin M H, Feng X J, Feng L, Sun T L, Zhai J, Li T J, Jiang L 2005 Adv. Mater. 17 1977

    [24]

    Gao X F, Yan X, Yao X, Xu L, Zhang K, Zhang J H, Yang B, Jiang L 2007 Adv. Mater. 19 2213

    [25]

    Sun Z Q, Liao T, Liu K S, Jiang L, Kim J H, Dou S X 2014 Small 15 3001

    [26]

    Hu D L, Chan B, Bush J W 2003 Nature 424 663

    [27]

    Gao X F, Jiang L 2004 Nature 432 36

    [28]

    Koh J S, Yang E J, Jung G P, Jung S P, Son J H, Lee S I, Jablonski P G, Wood R J, Kim H Y, Cho K J 2015 Science 349 517

    [29]

    Su B, Wang S T, Song Y L, Jiang L 2011 Soft Matter 7 5144

    [30]

    Chen H W, Zhang P F, Zhang L W, Liu H L, Jiang Y, Zhang D Y, Han Z W, Jiang L 2016 Nature 532 85

    [31]

    Seymour R S, Hetz S K 2011 J. Exp. Biol. 214 2157

    [32]

    Chen X, Wu Y C, Su B, Wang J M, Song Y L, Jiang L 2012 Adv. Mater. 24 5884

    [33]

    Zheng Y M, Bai H, Huang Z B, Tian X L, Nie F Q, Zhao Y, Zhai J, Jiang L 2010 Nature 463 640

    [34]

    Chen Y, Zheng Y M 2014 Nanoscale 6 7703

    [35]

    Bai H, Sun R Z, Ju J, Yao X, Zheng Y M, Jiang L 2011 Small 7 3429

    [36]

    Bai H, Tian X L, Zheng Y M, Ju J, Zhao Y, Jiang L 2010 Adv. Mater. 22 5521

    [37]

    Xue Y, Chen Y, Wang T, Jiang L, Zheng Y M 2014 J. Mater. Chem. A 2 7156

    [38]

    Feng S L, Hou Y P, Xue Y, Gao L C, Jiang L, Zheng Y M 2013 Soft Matter 9 9294

    [39]

    Du M, Zhao Y, Tian Y, Li K, Jiang L 2016 Small 121000

    [40]

    Ju J, Bai H, Zheng Y M, Zhao T Y, Fang R C, Jiang L 2012 Nat.Commun. 3 1247

    [41]

    Ju J, Xiao K, Yao X, Bai H, Jiang L 2013 Adv. Mater. 25 5937

    [42]

    Cao M Y, Ju J, Li K, Dou S X, Liu K S, Jiang L 2014 Adv. Fount. Mater. 24 3235

    [43]

    Li K, Ju J, Xue Z X, Ma J, Feng L, Gao S, Jiang L 2013 Nat. Commun. 4 2276

    [44]

    Yu C M, Cao M Y, Dong Z C, Wang J M, Li K, Jiang L 2016 Adv. Funct. Mater. DOI:10.1002/adfm.201505234

    [45]

    Wang Q B, Su B, Liu H, Jiang L 2014 Adv. Mater. 26 4889

    [46]

    Wang Q B, Meng Q A, Chen M, Liu H, Jiang L 2014 ACS Nano 8 8757

    [47]

    Wang Q B, Meng Q A, Wang P W, Liu H, Jiang L 2015 ACS Nano 9 4362

    [48]

    Meng Q A, Wang Q B, Liu H, Jiang L 2014 NPG Asia Mater. 6 e125

    [49]

    Cyranoski 2001 Nature 414 240

    [50]

    Xu Q, Wan Y Y, Hu T S, Liu T X, Tao D S, Niewiarowski P H, Tian Y, Liu Y, Dai L M, Yang Y Q, Xia Z H 2015 Nat. Commun. 6 8949

    [51]

    Liu X L, Zhou J, Xue Z X, Gao J, Meng J X, Wang S T, Jiang L 2012 Adv. Mater. 24 3401

    [52]

    Xu L P, Zhao J, Su B, Liu X L, Peng J T, Liu Y B, Liu H L, Yang G, Jiang L, Wen Y Q, Zhang X J, Wang S T 2013 Adv. Mater. 25 606

    [53]

    Xu L P, Peng J T, Liu Y B, Wen Y Q, Zhang X J, Jiang L, Wang S T 2013 ACS Nano 7 5077

    [54]

    Zhang F, Chen S G, Dong L H, Lei Y H, Liu T, Yin Y S 2011 Appl. Surf. Sci. 257 2587

    [55]

    Yuan S J, Pehkonen S O, Liang B, Ting Y P, Neoh K G, Kang E T 2011 Corros. Sci. 53 2738

    [56]

    Li J, Zhu J, Gao X F 2014 Small 10 2578

    [57]

    Park J T, Kim J H, Lee D 2014 Nanoscale 6 7362

    [58]

    Feng L, Zhang Z Y, Mai Z H, Ma Y M, Liu B Q, Jiang L, Zhu D B 2004 Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 43 2012

    [59]

    Zhang J P, Seeger S 2011 Adv. Funct. Mater. 21 4699

    [60]

    Zhang Y L, Wei S, Liu F J, Du Y C, Liu S, Ji Y Y, Yokoi T, Tatsumi T, Xiao F S 2009 Nano Today 4 135

    [61]

    Sun H Y, Xu Z, Gao C 2013 Adv. Mater. 25 2632

    [62]

    Zhang L, Wu J J, Wang Y X, Long Y H, Zhao N, Xu J 2012 J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134 9879

    [63]

    Xue Z X, Wang S T, Lin L, Chen L, Liu M J, Feng L, Jiang L 2011 Adv. Mater. 23 4270

    [64]

    Gao X F, Xu L P, Xue Z X, Feng L, Peng J T, Wen Y Q, Wang S T, Zhang X J 2014 Adv. Mater. 26 1771

    [65]

    Wang G, He Y, Wang H, Zhang L, Yu Q Y, Peng S S, Wu X D, Ren T H, Zeng Z X, Xue Q J 2015 Green Chem. 17 3093

    [66]

    Tourkine P, Le M M, Qur D 2009 Langmuir 25 7214

    [67]

    Zhang Q L, He M, Chen J, Wang J J, Song Y L, Jiang L 2013 Chem. Commun. 49 4516

    [68]

    Chen J, Liu J, He M, Li K Y, Cui D P, Zhang Q L, Zeng X P, Zhang Y F, Wang J J, Song Y L 2012 Appl. Phys. Lett. 101 111603

    [69]

    Chen J, Dou R M, Cui D P, Zhang Q L, Zhang Y F, Xu F J, Zhou X, Wang J J, Song Y L, Jiang L 2013 Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5 4026

    [70]

    Dou R M, Chen J, Zhang Y F, Wang X P, Cui D P, Song Y L, Jiang L, Wang J J 2014 Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6 6998

    [71]

    Lu Z Y, Zhu W, Yu X Y, Zhang H C, Li Y J, Sun X M, Wang X W, Wang H, Wang J M, Luo J, Lei XD, Jiang L 2014 Adv. Mater. 26 2683

    [72]

    Lu Z Y, Sun M, Xu T H, Li Y J, Xu W W, Chang Z, Ding Y, Sun X M, Jiang L 2015 Adv. Mater. 27 2361

    [73]

    Lei Y J, Sun R, Zhang X C, Feng X J, Jiang L 2016 Adv. Mater. 28 1477

    [74]

    Wu Y C, Liu K S, Su B, Jiang L 2014 Adv. Mater. 26 1124

    [75]

    Wang S S, Wu Y C, Kan X N, Su B, Jiang L 2014 Adv. Funct. Mater. 24 7007

    [76]

    Ding C M, L M L, Zhu Y, Jiang L, Liu H 2015 Angew. Chem. 127 1466

    [77]

    Nakata K, Nishimoto S, Kubo A, Tryk D, Ochiai T, Murakami T, Fujishima A 2009 Chem. Asian J. 4 984

    [78]

    Tian D L, Chen Q W, Nie F Q, Xu J J, Song Y L, Jiang L 2009 Adv. Mater. 21 3744

    [79]

    Tian D L, Song Y L, Jiang L 2013 Chem. Soc. Rev. 42 5184

    [80]

    Zhang P C, Chen L, Xu T L, Liu H L, Liu X L, Meng J X, Yang G, Jiang L, Wang S T 2013 Adv. Mater. 25 3566

    [81]

    Yang G, Liu H L, Liu X L, Zhang P C, Huang C, Xu T L, Jiang L, Wang S T 2014 Adv. Healthcare Mater. 3 332

    [82]

    Li Y Y, Lu Q H, Liu H L, Wang J F, Zhang P C, Liang H G, Jiang L, Wang S T 2015 Adv. Mater. 27 6848

    [83]

    Liu X L, Chen L, Liu H L, Yang G, Zhang P C, Han D, Wang S T, Jiang L 2013 NPG Asia Mater. 5 e63

    [84]

    Mumm F, Helvoort A T J V, Sikorski P 2009 Acs Nano 3 2647

  • 引用本文:
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-06-22
  • 修回日期:  2016-08-01
  • 刊出日期:  2016-09-05

仿生多尺度超浸润界面材料

    基金项目: 

    国家重点基础研究发展计划(批准号:2013CB933000)、国家自然科学基金(批准号:21421061,21431009,21434009,21504098)、中国科学院重点部署项目(批准号:KJZD-EW-M03)和111项目(批准号:B14009)资助的课题.

摘要: 仿生多尺度超浸润界面材料是20世纪90年代末以来迅速发展起来的一类新型功能材料,该研究领域突出的特点是基础研究和应用研究密切结合、仿生理念与材料制备技术密切结合. 近年来,研究人员围绕仿生多尺度超浸润界面材料的构筑与应用中的若干关键科学问题开展了深入研究,取得了一系列有特色、有创新意义的研究成果,开发出了一系列的材料制备新方法和新技术. 本文首先介绍仿生多尺度超浸润界面材料的发展历程和固体表面浸润性的理论基础;然后讨论对自然界中具有特殊浸润性能的功能表面的原理揭示和仿生设计;对仿生多尺度超浸润界面材料的典型应用领域,例如自清洁、集水、防冰、油水分离以及化学反应等进行了总结;最后对仿生多尺度超浸润界面材料的发展前景进行了讨论.

English Abstract

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