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电学方法调控磁化翻转和磁畴壁运动的研究进展

张楠 张保 杨美音 蔡凯明 盛宇 李予才 邓永城 王开友

电学方法调控磁化翻转和磁畴壁运动的研究进展

张楠, 张保, 杨美音, 蔡凯明, 盛宇, 李予才, 邓永城, 王开友
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  • 电学方法调控磁性材料及器件的磁性是当前自旋电子学研究的热点之一.本综述简要介绍利用电学方法调控磁化翻转和磁畴壁运动的研究进展.首先简述了自旋极化电流的产生、自旋流与局域磁矩之间的作用原理以及对应的Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert-Slonczewski磁动力学方程;然后分别讨论了单层磁性材料、铁磁层/重金属、铁磁层/非磁金属/铁磁层等不同结构中的电流诱导磁化翻转或驱动畴壁运动;最后介绍了利用压电效应、磁电耦合效应和栅极电场效应三种电压方式对磁矩的调控.在此基础上,对电学方法调控磁化翻转和磁畴壁运动进行了总结和展望.
      通信作者: 王开友, kywang@semi.ac.cn
    • 基金项目: 国家重点基础研究发展计划(批准号:2014CB643903)和国家自然科学基金(批准号:61225021,11174272,11474272)资助的课题.
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    Yagami K, Tulapurkar A, Fukushima A, Suzuki Y 2004 Appl. Phys. Lett. 85 5634

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    Yan Y, Zhou X, Li F, Cui B, Wang Y, Wang G, Pan F, Song C 2015 Appl. Phys. Lett. 107 122407

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  • [1]

    Slonczewski J C 1996 J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 159 L1

    [2]

    Thiaville A, Nakatani Y, Miltat J, Suzuki Y 2005 Europhys. Lett. 69 990

    [3]

    Li Z, Zhang S 2004 Phys. Rev. B 70 024417

    [4]

    Zhang S, Li Z 2004 Phys. Rev. Lett. 93 127204

    [5]

    Berger L 1978 J. Appl. Phys. 49 2156

    [6]

    Freitas P, Berger L 1985 J. Appl. Phys. 57 1266

    [7]

    Wang K, Irvine A, Wunderlich J, Edmonds K, Rushforth A, Campion R, Foxon C, Williams D, Gallagher B 2008 New J. Phys. 10 085007

    [8]

    Yamanouchi M, Chiba D, Matsukura F, Ohno H 2004 Nature 428 539

    [9]

    Wang K, Irvine A, Campion R, Foxon C, Wunderlich J, Williams D, Gallagher B 2009 J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 321 971

    [10]

    Wang K, Edmonds K, Irvine A, Tatara G, de Ranieri E, Wunderlich J, Olejnik K, Rushforth A, Campion R, Williams D 2010 Appl. Phys. Lett. 97 262102

    [11]

    Bauer U, Emori S, Beach G S 2013 Nature Nanotech. 8 411

    [12]

    Miron I M, Moore T, Szambolics H, Buda-Prejbeanu L D, Auffret S, Rodmacq B, Pizzini S, Vogel J, Bonfim M, Schuhl A 2011 Nature Mater. 10 419

    [13]

    Parkin S S 2004 US Patent 6834005[2004]

    [14]

    Parkin S S, Hayashi M, Thomas L 2008 Science 320 190

    [15]

    Thomas L, Yang S H, Ryu K S, Hughes B, Rettner C, Wang D S, Tsai C H, Shen K H, Parkin S S P 2009 Nature Phys. 5 656

    [16]

    Endo M, Matsukura F, Ohno H 2010 Appl. Phys. Lett. 97 222501

    [17]

    Fang D, Kurebayashi H, Wunderlich J, Vyborny K, Zarbo L, Campion R, Casiraghi A, Gallagher B, Jungwirth T, Ferguson A 2011 Nature Nanotech. 6 413

    [18]

    Li Y, Cao Y, Wei G, Li Y, Ji Y, Wang K, Edmonds K, Campion R, Rushforth A, Foxon C 2013 Appl. Phys. Lett. 103 022401

    [19]

    Marti X, Fina I, Frontera C, Liu J, Wadley P, He Q, Paull R, Clarkson J, Kudrnovsky J, Turek I 2014 Nature Mater. 13 367

    [20]

    Jungwirth T, Marti X, Wadley P, Wunderlich J 2016 Nature Nanotech. 11 231

    [21]

    Keffer F, Kittel C 1952 Phys. Rev. 85 329

    [22]

    Jonietz F, Mhlbauer S, Pfleiderer C, Neubauer A, Mnzer W, Bauer A, Adams T, Georgii R, Böni P, Duine R 2010 Science 330 1648

    [23]

    Yu X, Kanazawa N, Zhang W, Nagai T, Hara T, Kimoto K, Matsui Y, Onose Y, Tokura Y 2012 Nat. Commun. 3 988

    [24]

    Wei Z Y, Liu E K, Li Y, Xu G Z, Zhang X M, Liu G D, Xi X K, Zhang H W, Wang W H, Wu G H 2015 Adv. Electron. Mater. 1 1500076

    [25]

    Wang W, Zhang Y, Xu G, Peng L, Ding B, Wang Y, Hou Z, Zhang X, Li X, Liu E 2016 Adv. Mater. 28 6887

    [26]

    Miron I M, Garello K, Gaudin G, Zermatten P J, Costache M V, Auffret S, Bandiera S, Rodmacq B, Schuhl A, Gambardella P 2011 Nature 476 189

    [27]

    Miron I M, Gaudin G, Auffret S, Rodmacq B, Schuhl A, Pizzini S, Vogel J, Gambardella P 2010 Nature Mater. 9 230

    [28]

    Liu L, Pai C F, Li Y, Tseng H, Ralph D, Buhrman R 2012 Science 336 555

    [29]

    Liu L, Lee O, Gudmundsen T, Ralph D, Buhrman R 2012 Phys. Rev. Lett. 109 096602

    [30]

    Fan X, Wu J, Chen Y, Jerry M J, Zhang H, Xiao J Q 2013 Nat. Commun. 4 1799

    [31]

    Yang M, Cai K, Ju H, Edmonds K W, Yang G, Liu S, Li B, Zhang B, Sheng Y, Wang S 2016 Sci. Rep. 6 20778

    [32]

    Lee O, Liu L, Pai C, Li Y, Tseng H, Gowtham P, Park J, Ralph D, Buhrman R 2014 Phys. Rev. B 89 024418

    [33]

    Bhowmik D, You L, Salahuddin S 2014 Nature Nanotech. 9 59

    [34]

    Qiu X, Narayanapillai K, Wu Y, Deorani P, Yang D H, Noh W S, Park J H, Lee K J, Lee H W, Yang H 2015 Nature Nanotech. 10 333

    [35]

    Emori S, Bauer U, Ahn S M, Martinez E, Beach G S 2013 Nature Mater. 12 611

    [36]

    Yu G, Upadhyaya P, Fan Y, Alzate J G, Jiang W, Wong K L, Takei S, Bender S A, Chang L T, Jiang Y 2014 Nature Nanotech. 9 548

    [37]

    Pai C F, Mann M, Tan A J, Beach G S 2016 arXiv:1601.05854[cond-mat.mtrl-sci]

    [38]

    Yu G, Chang L T, Akyol M, Upadhyaya P, He C, Li X, Wong K L, Amiri P K, Wang K L 2014 Appl. Phys. Lett. 105 102411

    [39]

    Akyol M, Yu G, Alzate J G, Upadhyaya P, Li X, Wong K L, Ekicibil A, Amiri P K, Wang K L 2015 Appl. Phys. Lett. 106 162409

    [40]

    You L, Lee O, Bhowmik D, Labanowski D, Hong J, Bokor J, Salahuddin S 2015 Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 112 10310

    [41]

    Torrejon J, Garcia-Sanchez F, Taniguchi T, Sinha J, Mitani S, Kim J V, Hayashi M 2015 Phys. Rev. B 91 214434

    [42]

    Brink A V D, Vermijs, G, Solignac A, Koo J, Kohlhepp J T, Swagten H J, Koopmans B 2016 Nat. Commun. 7 10854

    [43]

    Fukami S, Zhang C, Dutta Gupta S, Kurenkov A, Ohno H 2016 Nature Mater. 15 535

    [44]

    Cai K, Yang M, Ju H, Edmonds K W, Li B, Sheng Y, Zhang B, Zhang N, Liu S, Ji Y 2016 arXiv:1604.05561[cond-mat.mtrl-sci]

    [45]

    Katine J, Albert F, Buhrman R, Myers E, Ralph D 2000 Phys. Rev. Lett. 84 3149

    [46]

    Huai Y, Albert F, Nguyen P, Pakala M, Valet T 2004 Appl. Phys. Lett. 84 3118

    [47]

    Fuchs G, Emley N, Krivorotov I, Braganca P, Ryan E, Kiselev S, Sankey J, Katine J, Ralph D, Buhrman R 2004 Appl. Phys. Lett. 85 1205

    [48]

    Sun J Z 2000 Phys. Rev. B 62 570

    [49]

    Mangin S, Ravelosona D, Katine J, Carey M, Terris B, Fullerton E E 2006 Nature Mater. 5 210

    [50]

    Yagami K, Tulapurkar A, Fukushima A, Suzuki Y 2004 Appl. Phys. Lett. 85 5634

    [51]

    Khvalkovskiy A, Apalkov D, Watts S, Chepulskii R, Beach R, Ong A, Tang X, Driskill-Smith A, Butler W, Visscher P 2013 J. Phys. D:Appl. Phys. 46 074001

    [52]

    Albert F, Emley N, Myers E, Ralph D, Buhrman R 2002 Phys. Rev. Lett. 89 226802

    [53]

    Jiang Y, Abe S, Ochiai T, Nozaki T, Hirohata A, Tezuka N, Inomata K 2004 Phys. Rev. Lett. 92 167204

    [54]

    Jiang Y, Nozaki T, Abe S, Ochiai T, Hirohata A, Tezuka N, Inomata K 2004 Nature Mater. 3 361

    [55]

    Hosomi M, Yamagishi H, Yamamoto T, Bessho K, Higo Y, Yamane K, Yamada H, Shoji M, Hachino H, Fukumoto C 2005 IEDM Tech. Dig. IEEE Int. Washington, D.C, US, December 5-72005, p459

    [56]

    Eerenstein W, Mathur N, Scott J F 2006 Nature 442 759

    [57]

    Li Y, Luo W, Zhu L, Zhao J, Wang K, Wang K Y 2015 J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 375 148

    [58]

    Zhang B, Meng K K, Yang M Y, Edmonds K, Zhang H, Cai K M, Sheng Y, Zhang N, Ji Y, Zhao J H, Zheng H Z, Wang K Y 2016 Sci. Rep. 6 28458

    [59]

    Hu J M, Yang T, Wang J, Huang H, Zhang J, Chen L Q, Nan C W 2015 Nano Lett. 15 616

    [60]

    Li P, Chen A, Li D, Zhao Y, Zhang S, Yang L, Liu Y, Zhu M, Zhang H, Han X 2014 Adv. Mater. 26 4320

    [61]

    Zhang S, Zhao Y, Li P, Yang J, Rizwan S, Zhang J, Seidel J, Qu T, Yang Y, Luo Z 2012 Phys. Rev. Lett. 108 137203

    [62]

    Moubah R, Magnus F, Hjörvarsson B, Andersson G 2014 J. Appl. Phys. 115 053905

    [63]

    Wu H, Chai G, Zhou T, Zhang Z, Kitamura T, Zhou H 2014 J. Appl. Phys. 115 114105

    [64]

    Wang J, Hu J, Yang T, Feng M, Zhang J, Chen L, Nan C 2014 Sci. Rep. 4 4553

    [65]

    Rushforth A, de Ranieri E, Zemen J, Wunderlich J, Edmonds K, King C, Ahmad E, Campion R, Foxon C, Gallagher B 2008 Phys. Rev. B 78 085314

    [66]

    Lei N, Devolder T, Agnus G, Aubert P, Daniel L, Kim J V, Zhao W, Trypiniotis T, Cowburn R P, Chappert C 2013 Nat. Commun. 4 1378

    [67]

    Dean J, Bryan M, Schrefl T, Allwood D 2011 J. Appl. Phys. 109 023915

    [68]

    Wu T, Zurbuchen M, Saha S, Wang R V, Streiffer S, Mitchell J 2006 Phys. Rev. B 73 134416

    [69]

    Duan C G, Jaswal S S, Tsymbal E Y 2006 Phys. Rev. Lett. 97 047201

    [70]

    Cherifi R O, Ivanovskaya V, Phillips L C, Zobelli A, Infante I C, Jacquet E, Garcia V, Fusil S, Briddon P R, Guiblin N, Mougin, Unal A A, Kronast F, Valencia, Dkhil B, Barthelemy A, Bibes M 2014 Nature Mater. 13 345

    [71]

    Nan T, Zhou Z, Liu M, Yang X, Gao Y, Assaf B A, Lin H, Velu S, Wang X, Luo H 2014 Sci. Rep. 4 3688

    [72]

    Maruyama T, Shiota Y, Nozaki T, Ohta K, Toda N, Mizuguchi M, Tulapurkar A, Shinjo T, Shiraishi M, Mizukami S 2009 Nature Nanotech. 4 158

    [73]

    Yan Y, Zhou X, Li F, Cui B, Wang Y, Wang G, Pan F, Song C 2015 Appl. Phys. Lett. 107 122407

    [74]

    Wang W G, Li M, Hageman S, Chien C 2012 Nature Mater. 11 64

    [75]

    Kita K, Abraham D W, Gajek M J, Worledge D 2012 J. Appl. Phys. 112 033919

    [76]

    Li X, Yu G, Wu H, Ong P, Wong K, Hu Q, Ebrahimi F, Upadhyaya P, Akyol M, Kioussis N 2015 Appl. Phys. Lett. 107 142403

    [77]

    Chiba D, Kawaguchi M, Fukami S, Ishiwata N, Shimamura K, Kobayashi K, Ono T 2012 Nat. Commun. 3 888

    [78]

    Bauer U, Emori S, Beach G S 2012 Appl. Phys. Lett. 100 192408

    [79]

    Bauer U, Emori S, Beach G S 2012 Appl. Phys. Lett. 101 172403

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-10-11
  • 修回日期:  2016-11-28
  • 刊出日期:  2017-01-20

电学方法调控磁化翻转和磁畴壁运动的研究进展

  • 1. 中国科学院半导体研究所, 半导体超晶格国家重点实验室, 北京 100083;
  • 2. 北京科技大学物理系, 北京 100048
  • 通信作者: 王开友, kywang@semi.ac.cn
    基金项目: 

    国家重点基础研究发展计划(批准号:2014CB643903)和国家自然科学基金(批准号:61225021,11174272,11474272)资助的课题.

摘要: 电学方法调控磁性材料及器件的磁性是当前自旋电子学研究的热点之一.本综述简要介绍利用电学方法调控磁化翻转和磁畴壁运动的研究进展.首先简述了自旋极化电流的产生、自旋流与局域磁矩之间的作用原理以及对应的Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert-Slonczewski磁动力学方程;然后分别讨论了单层磁性材料、铁磁层/重金属、铁磁层/非磁金属/铁磁层等不同结构中的电流诱导磁化翻转或驱动畴壁运动;最后介绍了利用压电效应、磁电耦合效应和栅极电场效应三种电压方式对磁矩的调控.在此基础上,对电学方法调控磁化翻转和磁畴壁运动进行了总结和展望.

English Abstract

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