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ZnO-Bi2O3系压敏陶瓷缺陷弛豫特性的研究进展

赵小强 赵学童 许超 李巍巍 任路路 廖瑞金 李建英

ZnO-Bi2O3系压敏陶瓷缺陷弛豫特性的研究进展

赵小强, 赵学童, 许超, 李巍巍, 任路路, 廖瑞金, 李建英
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  • 由于具有良好的非欧姆特性,ZnO压敏陶瓷被广泛用于电子线路和电力系统的浪涌吸收和瞬态过电压抑制,因此,ZnO压敏陶瓷材料的发展一直备受国内外学者和业界的关注.然而,ZnO压敏陶瓷内部的缺陷结构及其引起的弛豫过程与ZnO压敏陶瓷电性能之间的关联还不清楚,一直是研发新型ZnO压敏陶瓷所要面临的挑战.本文综述了ZnO压敏陶瓷的缺陷类型、理论计算,着重分析了不同缺陷的相应弛豫表征方法,并对ZnO压敏陶瓷的缺陷弛豫机理及其与电老化特性的关联等方面进行了评述.
      通信作者: 赵学童, zxt201314@cqu.edu.cn
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金青年科学基金(批准号:51407019)、中央高校基本科研业务费(批准号:106112015CDJZR155509)和输变电装备及系统安全与新技术国家重点实验室培育基金(批准号:2007DA10512716302)资助的课题.
    [1]

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    [2]

    Clarke D R 1999 J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 82 485

    [3]

    Wang Z L, Li S T 2009 Manufacture and Application of ZnO Varistor Ceramics (Beijing:Science Press) pp1-3(in Chinese)[王振林, 李盛涛2009氧化锌压敏陶瓷制造及应用(北京:科学出版社)第1–3页]

    [4]

    Levinson L M, Philipp H R 1975 J. Appl. Phys. 46 1332

    [5]

    Matsuoka M 1971 Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 10 736

    [6]

    Mahan G D, Levinson L M, Philipp H R 1979 J. Appl. Phys. 50 2799

    [7]

    Pike G E 1981 Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 5 369

    [8]

    Blatter G, Greuter F 1986 Phys. Rev. B 34 8555

    [9]

    Choi J S, Yo C H 1976 J. Phys. Chem. Solids 37 1149

    [10]

    Allsopp H J, Roberts J P 1959 Trans. Faraday Soc. 55 1386

    [11]

    DupontPavlovsky N, Caralp F, Delhaes P, Amiell J 1976 Phys. Status Solidi A 35 615

    [12]

    Li S T, Cheng P F, Wang Y P, Zhu B 2007 Insulators and Surge Arresters 5 19 (in Chinese)[李盛涛, 成鹏飞, 王玉平, 朱斌2007电瓷避雷器5 19]

    [13]

    Levin J D 1975 CRC Crit. Rev. Sol. Stat. Sci. 5 597

    [14]

    Blatter G, Greuter F 1986 Phys. Rev. B 33 3952

    [15]

    Castro M S, Aldao C M 1993 Appl. Phys. Lett. 63 1077

    [16]

    Gupta T K 1990 J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 73 1817

    [17]

    He J L, Cheng C L, Hu J 2016 AIP Adv. 6 030701

    [18]

    Li J Y, Li S T, Cheng P F, Alim M A 2015 J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 26 4782

    [19]

    Levinson L M, Philipp H R 1976 J. Appl. Phys. 47 1117

    [20]

    Chiou B S, Chung M C 1991 J. Electron. Mater. 20 885

    [21]

    Zhang M R, Liu F Y, Liu Z Y 1991 Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Properties and Applications of Dielectric Materials Tokyo, Japan July 8-12, 1991 p513

    [22]

    Tsuda K, Mukae K 1989 J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 97 1211

    [23]

    Oba F, Nishitani S R, Isotani S, Adachi H, Tanaka I 2001 J. Appl. Phys. 90 824

    [24]

    Look D C, Claflin B 2001 Phys. Status Soldi 41 624

    [25]

    Lin J J, Li S T, He J Q, Liu W F 2016 Int. J. Inorg. Mater. 31 981 (in Chinese)[蔺家骏, 李盛涛, 何锦强, 刘文凤2016无机材料学报31 981]

    [26]

    Li J Y, Li S T, Liu F Y, Alim M A 2006 J. Mater. Sci.:Mater. Electron. 17 211

    [27]

    Zhao X T, Li J Y, Jia R, Li S T 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 077701 (in Chinese)[赵学童, 李建英, 贾然, 李盛涛2013物理学报62 077701]

    [28]

    Zhao X T, Li J Y, Li H, Li S T 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 153103 (in Chinese)[赵学童, 李建英, 李欢, 李盛涛2012物理学报61 153103]

    [29]

    Addison W E 1953 Structural Principles in Inorganic Compounds (New York:Wiley) p57

    [30]

    Erhart P, Albe K, Klein A 2006 Phys. Rev. B 73 205203

    [31]

    Janotti A, van de WAlle C G 2007 Phys. Rev. B 76 165202

    [32]

    Janotti A, van de Walle G G 2005 Appl. Phys. Lett. 87 122

    [33]

    Eda K, Iga A, Matsuoka M 1979 Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 18 997

    [34]

    Eda K, Iga A, Matsuoka M 1980 J. Appl. Phys. 51 2678

    [35]

    Kohan A F, Ceder G, Morgan D, van de Walle C G 2000 Phys. Rev. B 61 15019

    [36]

    Gupta T K, Carlson W G 1985 J. Mater. Sci. 20 3487

    [37]

    Levinson L M, Phillipp H R 1974 Appl. Phys. Lett. 24 75

    [38]

    Zhao X T, Liao R J, Liang N C, Yang L J, Li J, Li J Y 2014 J. Appl. Phys. 116 014103

    [39]

    Eda K 1989 IEEE Electr. Insul. Mag. 5 28

    [40]

    Selim A F, Gupta T K, Hower P L, Carlson W G 1980 J. Appl. Phys. 51 765

    [41]

    Levine J D 1971 J. Appl. Phys. 42 3991

    [42]

    Levinson L M, Philipp H R 1978 J. Appl. Phys. 49 6142

    [43]

    Cordaro J F, Shim Y, May J E 1986 J. Appl. Phys. 60 4186

    [44]

    Cheng P F, Li S T, Zhang L, Li J 2008 Appl. Phys. Lett. 93 012902

    [45]

    Greuter F, Blatter G 1990 Semicond. Sci. Technol. 5 111

    [46]

    Shim Y, Cordaro J F 1988 J. Appl. Phys. 64 3994

    [47]

    Shim Y, Cordaro J F 1988 J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 71 184

    [48]

    Wang Y P, Lee W I, Tseng T Y 1996 Appl. Phys. Lett. 69 1807

    [49]

    Lee W I, Young R L 1996 Appl. Phys. Lett. 69 526

    [50]

    Shohata N, Matsumura T, Ohno T 1980 Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 19 1793

    [51]

    Simpson J C, Cordaro J F 1988 J. Appl. Phys. 63 1781

    [52]

    Leach C, Vernon-Parry K D, Ali N K 2010 J. Electroceram. 25 188

    [53]

    Rohatgi A, Pang S K, Gupta T K, Straub W D 1988 J. Appl. Phys. 63 5375

    [54]

    Ohbuchi Y, Yoshino J, Okamoto Y, Morimoto J 1999 J. Appl. Phys. 38 899

    [55]

    Fan J, Freer R 1994 J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 77 2663

    [56]

    Winston R A, Cordaro J F 1990 J. Appl. Phys. 68 6495

    [57]

    Han J, Mantas P Q, Senos A M R 2002 J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 22 49

    [58]

    Levinson L M, Philipp H R 1986 J. Am. Ceram. Soc. Bull. 65 639

    [59]

    Chen J D, Liu Z Y 1982 Dielectric Physics (Beijing:Mechanical Industry Press) p151(in Chinese)[陈季丹, 刘子玉1982电介质物理学(北京:机械工业出版社)第151页]

    [60]

    Tsonos C, Kanapitsas A, Triantis D, Anastasiadis C, Stavrakas I, Pissis P, Neagu E 2011 Ceram. Int. 37 207

    [61]

    Hong Y W, Kim J H 2004 Ceram. Int. 30 1307

    [62]

    Andres-Verges M, West A R 1997 J. Electroceram. 1 125

    [63]

    Li S T, Wang H, Lin C J, Li J Y 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 087701 (in Chinese)[李盛涛, 王辉, 林春江, 李建英2013物理学报62 087701]

    [64]

    Pathmanathan K, Stevens J R 1990 J. Appl. Phys. 68 5128

    [65]

    Davidson D W 1961 Can. J. Chem. 39 571

    [66]

    Zhao X T, Li J Y, Li H, Li S T 2012 J. Appl. Phys. 111 124106

    [67]

    Gupta T K, Carlson W G, Hower P L 1981 J. Appl. Phys. 52 4104

    [68]

    Chen Z X, Lin G C, Fu G A 1998 Sci. China Ser. A:Math. Phys. Astron. 41 71

    [69]

    Sinclair D C, West A R 1989 J. Appl. Phys. 66 3850

    [70]

    Al Abdullah K, Bui A, Loubiere A 1991 J. Appl. Phys. 69 4046

  • [1]

    Moulson A J, Herbert J M 2003 Electroceramics (Vol. 2) (Chichester:Wiley) pp150-156

    [2]

    Clarke D R 1999 J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 82 485

    [3]

    Wang Z L, Li S T 2009 Manufacture and Application of ZnO Varistor Ceramics (Beijing:Science Press) pp1-3(in Chinese)[王振林, 李盛涛2009氧化锌压敏陶瓷制造及应用(北京:科学出版社)第1–3页]

    [4]

    Levinson L M, Philipp H R 1975 J. Appl. Phys. 46 1332

    [5]

    Matsuoka M 1971 Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 10 736

    [6]

    Mahan G D, Levinson L M, Philipp H R 1979 J. Appl. Phys. 50 2799

    [7]

    Pike G E 1981 Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 5 369

    [8]

    Blatter G, Greuter F 1986 Phys. Rev. B 34 8555

    [9]

    Choi J S, Yo C H 1976 J. Phys. Chem. Solids 37 1149

    [10]

    Allsopp H J, Roberts J P 1959 Trans. Faraday Soc. 55 1386

    [11]

    DupontPavlovsky N, Caralp F, Delhaes P, Amiell J 1976 Phys. Status Solidi A 35 615

    [12]

    Li S T, Cheng P F, Wang Y P, Zhu B 2007 Insulators and Surge Arresters 5 19 (in Chinese)[李盛涛, 成鹏飞, 王玉平, 朱斌2007电瓷避雷器5 19]

    [13]

    Levin J D 1975 CRC Crit. Rev. Sol. Stat. Sci. 5 597

    [14]

    Blatter G, Greuter F 1986 Phys. Rev. B 33 3952

    [15]

    Castro M S, Aldao C M 1993 Appl. Phys. Lett. 63 1077

    [16]

    Gupta T K 1990 J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 73 1817

    [17]

    He J L, Cheng C L, Hu J 2016 AIP Adv. 6 030701

    [18]

    Li J Y, Li S T, Cheng P F, Alim M A 2015 J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 26 4782

    [19]

    Levinson L M, Philipp H R 1976 J. Appl. Phys. 47 1117

    [20]

    Chiou B S, Chung M C 1991 J. Electron. Mater. 20 885

    [21]

    Zhang M R, Liu F Y, Liu Z Y 1991 Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Properties and Applications of Dielectric Materials Tokyo, Japan July 8-12, 1991 p513

    [22]

    Tsuda K, Mukae K 1989 J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 97 1211

    [23]

    Oba F, Nishitani S R, Isotani S, Adachi H, Tanaka I 2001 J. Appl. Phys. 90 824

    [24]

    Look D C, Claflin B 2001 Phys. Status Soldi 41 624

    [25]

    Lin J J, Li S T, He J Q, Liu W F 2016 Int. J. Inorg. Mater. 31 981 (in Chinese)[蔺家骏, 李盛涛, 何锦强, 刘文凤2016无机材料学报31 981]

    [26]

    Li J Y, Li S T, Liu F Y, Alim M A 2006 J. Mater. Sci.:Mater. Electron. 17 211

    [27]

    Zhao X T, Li J Y, Jia R, Li S T 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 077701 (in Chinese)[赵学童, 李建英, 贾然, 李盛涛2013物理学报62 077701]

    [28]

    Zhao X T, Li J Y, Li H, Li S T 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 153103 (in Chinese)[赵学童, 李建英, 李欢, 李盛涛2012物理学报61 153103]

    [29]

    Addison W E 1953 Structural Principles in Inorganic Compounds (New York:Wiley) p57

    [30]

    Erhart P, Albe K, Klein A 2006 Phys. Rev. B 73 205203

    [31]

    Janotti A, van de WAlle C G 2007 Phys. Rev. B 76 165202

    [32]

    Janotti A, van de Walle G G 2005 Appl. Phys. Lett. 87 122

    [33]

    Eda K, Iga A, Matsuoka M 1979 Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 18 997

    [34]

    Eda K, Iga A, Matsuoka M 1980 J. Appl. Phys. 51 2678

    [35]

    Kohan A F, Ceder G, Morgan D, van de Walle C G 2000 Phys. Rev. B 61 15019

    [36]

    Gupta T K, Carlson W G 1985 J. Mater. Sci. 20 3487

    [37]

    Levinson L M, Phillipp H R 1974 Appl. Phys. Lett. 24 75

    [38]

    Zhao X T, Liao R J, Liang N C, Yang L J, Li J, Li J Y 2014 J. Appl. Phys. 116 014103

    [39]

    Eda K 1989 IEEE Electr. Insul. Mag. 5 28

    [40]

    Selim A F, Gupta T K, Hower P L, Carlson W G 1980 J. Appl. Phys. 51 765

    [41]

    Levine J D 1971 J. Appl. Phys. 42 3991

    [42]

    Levinson L M, Philipp H R 1978 J. Appl. Phys. 49 6142

    [43]

    Cordaro J F, Shim Y, May J E 1986 J. Appl. Phys. 60 4186

    [44]

    Cheng P F, Li S T, Zhang L, Li J 2008 Appl. Phys. Lett. 93 012902

    [45]

    Greuter F, Blatter G 1990 Semicond. Sci. Technol. 5 111

    [46]

    Shim Y, Cordaro J F 1988 J. Appl. Phys. 64 3994

    [47]

    Shim Y, Cordaro J F 1988 J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 71 184

    [48]

    Wang Y P, Lee W I, Tseng T Y 1996 Appl. Phys. Lett. 69 1807

    [49]

    Lee W I, Young R L 1996 Appl. Phys. Lett. 69 526

    [50]

    Shohata N, Matsumura T, Ohno T 1980 Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 19 1793

    [51]

    Simpson J C, Cordaro J F 1988 J. Appl. Phys. 63 1781

    [52]

    Leach C, Vernon-Parry K D, Ali N K 2010 J. Electroceram. 25 188

    [53]

    Rohatgi A, Pang S K, Gupta T K, Straub W D 1988 J. Appl. Phys. 63 5375

    [54]

    Ohbuchi Y, Yoshino J, Okamoto Y, Morimoto J 1999 J. Appl. Phys. 38 899

    [55]

    Fan J, Freer R 1994 J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 77 2663

    [56]

    Winston R A, Cordaro J F 1990 J. Appl. Phys. 68 6495

    [57]

    Han J, Mantas P Q, Senos A M R 2002 J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 22 49

    [58]

    Levinson L M, Philipp H R 1986 J. Am. Ceram. Soc. Bull. 65 639

    [59]

    Chen J D, Liu Z Y 1982 Dielectric Physics (Beijing:Mechanical Industry Press) p151(in Chinese)[陈季丹, 刘子玉1982电介质物理学(北京:机械工业出版社)第151页]

    [60]

    Tsonos C, Kanapitsas A, Triantis D, Anastasiadis C, Stavrakas I, Pissis P, Neagu E 2011 Ceram. Int. 37 207

    [61]

    Hong Y W, Kim J H 2004 Ceram. Int. 30 1307

    [62]

    Andres-Verges M, West A R 1997 J. Electroceram. 1 125

    [63]

    Li S T, Wang H, Lin C J, Li J Y 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 087701 (in Chinese)[李盛涛, 王辉, 林春江, 李建英2013物理学报62 087701]

    [64]

    Pathmanathan K, Stevens J R 1990 J. Appl. Phys. 68 5128

    [65]

    Davidson D W 1961 Can. J. Chem. 39 571

    [66]

    Zhao X T, Li J Y, Li H, Li S T 2012 J. Appl. Phys. 111 124106

    [67]

    Gupta T K, Carlson W G, Hower P L 1981 J. Appl. Phys. 52 4104

    [68]

    Chen Z X, Lin G C, Fu G A 1998 Sci. China Ser. A:Math. Phys. Astron. 41 71

    [69]

    Sinclair D C, West A R 1989 J. Appl. Phys. 66 3850

    [70]

    Al Abdullah K, Bui A, Loubiere A 1991 J. Appl. Phys. 69 4046

  • 引用本文:
    Citation:
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-10-06
  • 修回日期:  2016-11-01
  • 刊出日期:  2017-01-20

ZnO-Bi2O3系压敏陶瓷缺陷弛豫特性的研究进展

  • 1. 重庆大学电气工程学院, 输变电装备及系统安全与新技术国家重点实验室, 重庆 400044;
  • 2. 重庆大学计算机学院, 重庆 400044;
  • 3. 国网四川省电力公司电力科学研究院, 成都 610072;
  • 4. 西安交通大学电气工程学院, 电力设备电气绝缘国家重点实验室, 西安 710049
  • 通信作者: 赵学童, zxt201314@cqu.edu.cn
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金青年科学基金(批准号:51407019)、中央高校基本科研业务费(批准号:106112015CDJZR155509)和输变电装备及系统安全与新技术国家重点实验室培育基金(批准号:2007DA10512716302)资助的课题.

摘要: 由于具有良好的非欧姆特性,ZnO压敏陶瓷被广泛用于电子线路和电力系统的浪涌吸收和瞬态过电压抑制,因此,ZnO压敏陶瓷材料的发展一直备受国内外学者和业界的关注.然而,ZnO压敏陶瓷内部的缺陷结构及其引起的弛豫过程与ZnO压敏陶瓷电性能之间的关联还不清楚,一直是研发新型ZnO压敏陶瓷所要面临的挑战.本文综述了ZnO压敏陶瓷的缺陷类型、理论计算,着重分析了不同缺陷的相应弛豫表征方法,并对ZnO压敏陶瓷的缺陷弛豫机理及其与电老化特性的关联等方面进行了评述.

English Abstract

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