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石墨烯纳米带的制备与电学特性调控

张辉 蔡晓明 郝振亮 阮子林 卢建臣 蔡金明

石墨烯纳米带的制备与电学特性调控

张辉, 蔡晓明, 郝振亮, 阮子林, 卢建臣, 蔡金明
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  • 石墨烯由于其独特的晶体结构展现出了特殊的电学特性,其导带与价带相交于第一布里渊区的六个顶点处,形成带隙为零的半金属材料,具有优异的电子传输特性的同时也限制了其在电子学器件中的使用.因而科研人员尝试各种方法来打开其带隙并调控其能带特性,主要有利用缺陷、应力、掺杂、表面吸附、结构调控等手段.其中石墨烯纳米带由于量子边界效应和限制效应,存在带隙.本综述主要介绍了制备各类石墨烯纳米带的方法,并通过精确调控其细微结构,从而对其进行精确的能带调控,改变其电学特性,为其在电子学器件中的应用提供一些可行的方向.
      通信作者: 蔡金明, j.cai@kmust.edu.cn
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号:11674136)和云南省中青年学术带头人预备人才项目(批准号:2017HB010)资助的课题.
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  • [1]

    Novoselov K S, Gei A K, Morozov S V, Jiang D, Zhang Y, Dubonos S V, Grigorieva I V, Firsov A A 2004 Science 306 666

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    [4]

    Balandin A A, Ghost S, Bao W Z, Calizo I, Teweldebrhan D, Miao F, Lau C N 2008 Nano Lett. 8 902

    [5]

    Nair R R, Blake P, Grigorenko A N, Novoselov K S, Booth T J, Stauber T, Peres N M R, Geim A K 2008 Science 320 1308

    [6]

    Young R J, Kinloch I A, Gong L, Novoselov K S 2012 Compos. Sci. Technol. 72 1459

    [7]

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    [8]

    Joshi R K, Gomez H, Alvi F, Kumar A 2010 J. Phys. Chem. 114 6610

    [9]

    Traversi F, Raillon C, Benameur S M, Liu K, Khlybov S, Tosun M, Krasnozhon D, Kis A, Radenovic A 2013 Nat. Nanotechnol. 8 939

    [10]

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    [11]

    Xu Y, Shi G 2011 J. Mater. Chem. 21 3311

    [12]

    Zhu H W, Xu Z P, Xie D 2011 Graphene-Structure, Preparation Methods and Properties Characterization (Beijing: Tsinghua University Press) pp120-121 (in Chinese) [朱宏伟, 徐志平, 谢丹 2011 石墨烯: 结构、制备方法与性能表征 (北京: 清华大学出版社) 第120121页]

    [13]

    Castro N A H, Guinea F, Peres N M R, Novoselov K S, Geim A K 2009 Rev. Mod. Phys. 81 109

    [14]

    Ugeda M M, Brihuega I, Guinea F, Gmez-Rodrguez J M 2010 Phys. Rev. Lett. 104 096804

    [15]

    Lahiri J, Lin Y, Bozkurt P, Oleynik I I, Batzill M 2010 Nat. Nanotechnol. 5 326

    [16]

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    [19]

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  • 收稿日期:  2017-08-29
  • 修回日期:  2017-09-25
  • 刊出日期:  2017-11-05

石墨烯纳米带的制备与电学特性调控

  • 1. 昆明理工大学材料科学与工程学院, 昆明 650093;
  • 2. 昆明理工大学机电工程学院, 昆明 650500
  • 通信作者: 蔡金明, j.cai@kmust.edu.cn
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金(批准号:11674136)和云南省中青年学术带头人预备人才项目(批准号:2017HB010)资助的课题.

摘要: 石墨烯由于其独特的晶体结构展现出了特殊的电学特性,其导带与价带相交于第一布里渊区的六个顶点处,形成带隙为零的半金属材料,具有优异的电子传输特性的同时也限制了其在电子学器件中的使用.因而科研人员尝试各种方法来打开其带隙并调控其能带特性,主要有利用缺陷、应力、掺杂、表面吸附、结构调控等手段.其中石墨烯纳米带由于量子边界效应和限制效应,存在带隙.本综述主要介绍了制备各类石墨烯纳米带的方法,并通过精确调控其细微结构,从而对其进行精确的能带调控,改变其电学特性,为其在电子学器件中的应用提供一些可行的方向.

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