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核磁共振量子信息处理研究的新进展

孔祥宇 朱垣晔 闻经纬 辛涛 李可仁 龙桂鲁

核磁共振量子信息处理研究的新进展

孔祥宇, 朱垣晔, 闻经纬, 辛涛, 李可仁, 龙桂鲁
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  • 过去的二十年中,量子信息相关研究取得了显著的进展,重要的理论和实验工作不断涌现.与其他量子信息处理系统相比,基于自旋动力学的核磁共振系统,不仅具有丰富而且成熟的控制技术,还拥有相干时间长、脉冲操控精确、保真度高等优点.这也是核磁共振体量子系统能够精确操控多达12比特的量子系统的原因.因此,核磁共振量子处理器在量子信息领域一直扮演着重要角色.本文介绍核磁共振量子计算的基本原理和一些新研究进展.研究的新进展主要包括量子噪声注入技术、量子机器学习在核磁共振平台上的实验演示、高能物理和拓扑序的量子模拟以及核磁共振量子云平台等.最后讨论了液态核磁共振的发展前景和发展瓶颈,并对未来发展方向提出展望.
      通信作者: 龙桂鲁, gllong@tsinghua.edu.cn
    • 基金项目: 国家重点基础研究发展计划(批准号:2011CB9216002)、国家重点研发计划(批准号:2017YFA0303700)和国家自然科学基金(批准号:91221205,11774197,61727801)资助的课题.
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2018-04-20
  • 修回日期:  2018-05-24
  • 刊出日期:  2018-11-20

核磁共振量子信息处理研究的新进展

  • 1. 清华大学物理系, 低维量子物理国家重点实验室, 北京 100084;
  • 2. 量子物质科学协同创新中心, 北京 100084
  • 通信作者: 龙桂鲁, gllong@tsinghua.edu.cn
    基金项目: 

    国家重点基础研究发展计划(批准号:2011CB9216002)、国家重点研发计划(批准号:2017YFA0303700)和国家自然科学基金(批准号:91221205,11774197,61727801)资助的课题.

摘要: 过去的二十年中,量子信息相关研究取得了显著的进展,重要的理论和实验工作不断涌现.与其他量子信息处理系统相比,基于自旋动力学的核磁共振系统,不仅具有丰富而且成熟的控制技术,还拥有相干时间长、脉冲操控精确、保真度高等优点.这也是核磁共振体量子系统能够精确操控多达12比特的量子系统的原因.因此,核磁共振量子处理器在量子信息领域一直扮演着重要角色.本文介绍核磁共振量子计算的基本原理和一些新研究进展.研究的新进展主要包括量子噪声注入技术、量子机器学习在核磁共振平台上的实验演示、高能物理和拓扑序的量子模拟以及核磁共振量子云平台等.最后讨论了液态核磁共振的发展前景和发展瓶颈,并对未来发展方向提出展望.

English Abstract

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