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Effect of the non-nearest-neighbor hopping on the electronic structure of armchair graphene nanoribbons

Jin Zi-Fei Tong Guo-Ping Jiang Yong-Jin

Effect of the non-nearest-neighbor hopping on the electronic structure of armchair graphene nanoribbons

Jin Zi-Fei, Tong Guo-Ping, Jiang Yong-Jin
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  • Received Date:  30 March 2009
  • Accepted Date:  05 May 2009
  • Published Online:  20 December 2009

Effect of the non-nearest-neighbor hopping on the electronic structure of armchair graphene nanoribbons

  • 1. 浙江师范大学数理与信息工程学院,金华 321004

Abstract: Based on the tight-binding model, the non-nearest-neighbor hopping terms of electrons are taken into account and the energy spectra of the armchair graphene nanoribbons (AGRNs) are given analytically. The changes of the energy band and the gap with the non-nearest-neighbor terms are discussed. The results show that the next-nearest-neighbor term can increase the gap and the third-nearest-neighbor term can narrow the gap. The competition relationship between the edge relaxation and the non-neighbor term is compared. When the width n is odd, the van Hove singularity from graphene sheets leads to the dispersion-less band. When the width of AGRNs goes to infinity, the spectrum of AGRNs tends to that of graphene sheets.

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