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A new differential phase shift quantum key distribution system with Faraday-Michelson interferometer

Wan Wei Wei Zheng-Jun Wang Jin-Dong Liao Chang-Jun Liu Song-Hao

A new differential phase shift quantum key distribution system with Faraday-Michelson interferometer

Wan Wei, Wei Zheng-Jun, Wang Jin-Dong, Liao Chang-Jun, Liu Song-Hao
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  • A new differential phase shift quantum key distribution system based on the intensity modulator with Faraday-Michelson interferometer is demonstrated experimentally. Some technologies are employed to improve the performance of the quantum key distribution system. These technologies include the clock generation technology of arbitrary frequency by a small scale frequency-split and phase locked loop scheme, the new method to acquire the half-wave voltage of the phase modulator with a high accuracy in the condition of the single photon count, and the auto-compensated polarization technology by the Faraday-Michelson interferometer. Finally, the quantum key distribution is achieved with a quantum bit error rate of 3.9% when the transmission distance reaches 50 km.
    • Funds:
    [1]

    Wiesner S 1983 SIGACT News 15 78

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    Bennett C H, Brassard G 1984 Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computers, Systems, and Signal Processing, Bangalore, India,New York: IEEE 1984 p175

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    Wang J D, Qin X J, Zhang H N, Wei Z J, Liao C J, Liu S H 2009 Optics Communications 282 3379

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    Wang J D, Wei Z J, Zhang H, Xiao J Q,Liu X B,Zhang Z M,Liao C J,Liu S H 2010 J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 43 095504

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    Inoue K, Waks E, Yamamoto Y 2002 Phys. Rev. Lett. 89 037902

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    Honjo T, Inoue K, Takahashi H 2004 Optics Lett. 29 2797

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    Eleni D, Hiroki T, Carsten L, Fejer M M, Yamamoto Y 2006 Optics Experss 14 13073

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    Zhang Q, Takesue H, Honjo T, Wen K, Hirohata T, Suyama M, Takiguchi Y, Kamada H, Tokura Y, Tadanaga O, Nishida Y, Asobe M, Yamamoto Y 2009 New Journal of Physics 11 045010

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    Mo X F, Zhu B, Han Z F, Gui Y Z, Guo G C 2005 Optics Lett. 30 2632

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    Takesue H, Sae W N, Qiang Z, Robert H, Toshimori H, Kiyoshi T, Yamamoto Y 2007 Nat. Photonics 1 343

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    Zhao Y B, Fung F C, Han Z F, Guo G C 2008 Phys. Rev. A 78 042330

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    A Eusebi, S Mancini 2009 Quant Inf Comp 9 950

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    Zhou N R, Wang L J, Ding J, Gong L H 2010 Physica Scripta 81 045009

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    Zhou N R, Wang L J, Ding J, Gong L H 2010 International Journal of Theoretical Physics 49 2035

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    Zhong P P, Zhang H N, Wang J D, Qin X J, Wei Z J, Chen S, Liu S H 2011 Chin. Phys. B 20 050307

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    Toshimori Honjo, Atsushi Uchida, Kazuya Amano, Kunihito Hirano, Hiroyuki Someya, Haruka Okumura, Kazuyuki Yoshimura, Peter Davis and Yasuhiro Tokura 2009 Optics Express 17 9053

    [45]
  • [1]

    Wiesner S 1983 SIGACT News 15 78

    [2]

    Bennett C H, Brassard G 1984 Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computers, Systems, and Signal Processing, Bangalore, India,New York: IEEE 1984 p175

    [3]
    [4]
    [5]

    Hwang W Y 2003 Phys. Rev. Lett. 91 057901

    [6]
    [7]

    Tobias S M, Henning W, Martin F, Rupert U, Felix T, Thomas S, Josep P, Zoran S, Christian K, John G R, Anton Z, Harald W 2007 Phys. Rev. Lett. 98 010504

    [8]

    Hiskett P A, Rosenberg D, Peterson C G, Hughes R J, Nam S W, Lita A E, Miller A J, Nordholt J E 2006 New J. Phys. 8 193

    [9]
    [10]
    [11]

    Wang J D, Lu W, Zhao F, Liu X B, Guo B H, Zhang J, Huang Y X, Lu Y Q, Liu S H 2008 Acta Phys. Sin. 57 4214 (in Chinese) [王金东、路 巍、赵 峰、刘小宝、郭邦红、张 静、黄宇娴、路轶群、刘颂豪 2008 物理学报 57 4214]

    [12]
    [13]

    Hu H P, Zhang J, Wang J D, Huang Y X, Lu Y Q, Liu S H, Lu W 2008 Acta Phys. Sin. 57 5605 (in Chinese) [胡华鹏、张 静、王金东、黄宇娴、路轶群、刘颂豪、路 巍 2008 物理学报 57 5605]

    [14]
    [15]

    Wang J D, Qin X J, Zhang H N, Wei Z J, Liao C J, Liu S H 2009 Optics Communications 282 3379

    [16]

    Wang J D, Wei Z J, Zhang H, Xiao J Q,Liu X B,Zhang Z M,Liao C J,Liu S H 2010 J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 43 095504

    [17]
    [18]
    [19]

    Gisin N, Ribordy G, Tittel W, Zbinden H 2002 Rev. Mod. Phys. 74 145

    [20]
    [21]

    Inoue K, Waks E, Yamamoto Y 2002 Phys. Rev. Lett. 89 037902

    [22]
    [23]

    Honjo T, Inoue K, Takahashi H 2004 Optics Lett. 29 2797

    [24]
    [25]

    Eleni D, Hiroki T, Carsten L, Fejer M M, Yamamoto Y 2006 Optics Experss 14 13073

    [26]
    [27]

    Zhang Q, Takesue H, Honjo T, Wen K, Hirohata T, Suyama M, Takiguchi Y, Kamada H, Tokura Y, Tadanaga O, Nishida Y, Asobe M, Yamamoto Y 2009 New Journal of Physics 11 045010

    [28]

    Mo X F, Zhu B, Han Z F, Gui Y Z, Guo G C 2005 Optics Lett. 30 2632

    [29]
    [30]
    [31]

    Wang J D, Qin x J, Liu X B, Liao C J, Liu S H 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 281 (in Chinese) [王金东、秦晓娟、刘小宝、廖常俊、刘颂豪 2010 物理学报 59 281]

    [32]
    [33]

    Takesue H, Sae W N, Qiang Z, Robert H, Toshimori H, Kiyoshi T, Yamamoto Y 2007 Nat. Photonics 1 343

    [34]
    [35]

    Zhao Y B, Fung F C, Han Z F, Guo G C 2008 Phys. Rev. A 78 042330

    [36]
    [37]

    A Eusebi, S Mancini 2009 Quant Inf Comp 9 950

    [38]

    Zhou N R, Wang L J, Ding J, Gong L H 2010 Physica Scripta 81 045009

    [39]
    [40]

    Zhou N R, Wang L J, Ding J, Gong L H 2010 International Journal of Theoretical Physics 49 2035

    [41]
    [42]
    [43]

    Zhong P P, Zhang H N, Wang J D, Qin X J, Wei Z J, Chen S, Liu S H 2011 Chin. Phys. B 20 050307

    [44]

    Toshimori Honjo, Atsushi Uchida, Kazuya Amano, Kunihito Hirano, Hiroyuki Someya, Haruka Okumura, Kazuyuki Yoshimura, Peter Davis and Yasuhiro Tokura 2009 Optics Express 17 9053

    [45]
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  • Received Date:  07 February 2011
  • Accepted Date:  09 April 2011
  • Published Online:  15 September 2011

A new differential phase shift quantum key distribution system with Faraday-Michelson interferometer

  • 1. (1)Guangdong Radio&TV University,Guangzhou 510091,China; (2)Laboratory of Photonic Information Technology SIPSE & LQIT, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510006, China

Abstract: A new differential phase shift quantum key distribution system based on the intensity modulator with Faraday-Michelson interferometer is demonstrated experimentally. Some technologies are employed to improve the performance of the quantum key distribution system. These technologies include the clock generation technology of arbitrary frequency by a small scale frequency-split and phase locked loop scheme, the new method to acquire the half-wave voltage of the phase modulator with a high accuracy in the condition of the single photon count, and the auto-compensated polarization technology by the Faraday-Michelson interferometer. Finally, the quantum key distribution is achieved with a quantum bit error rate of 3.9% when the transmission distance reaches 50 km.

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