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Routing protocol for wireless ad hoc quantum communication network based on quantum teleportation

Yu Xu-Tao Xu Jin Zhang Zai-Chen

Routing protocol for wireless ad hoc quantum communication network based on quantum teleportation

Yu Xu-Tao, Xu Jin, Zhang Zai-Chen
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  • A concept of wireless ad hoc quantum communication network is proposed and a routing protocol is designed for wireless quantum communicaiton network with complex structure. The routing protocol is on-demand and the routing metric is based on the number of entangled particle pairs. The node that wants to send information carried by quantum state can initiate a route request and establishment procedure. The destination node chooses path by the routing metric and sends route reply message along the selected path. During the information transmission, if the quantum channel or the wirless channel between any neighbors in the selected path is broken, a route discovery process is reinitiated to set up a new route. Nodes in the selected path use a both-end approximation algorithm to establish a quantum channel. After the quantum channel is established, the quantum state is transferred by quantum teleportation and the information transfer between any two nodes in wireless ad hoc quantum communication network is finished.
    • Funds: Project supported by the Young Scientists Fund of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 60902010), and the State Key Laboratory of Mobile Communications, Southeast University, China (Grant No. 2012A03).
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    Mattle K, Weinfurter H, Kwiat P G, Zeilinger A 1996 Phys. Rev. Lett. 76 4656

    [3]

    Gisin N, Ribordy G, Tittel W, Zbinden H 2002 Rev. Modern Phys. 74 145

    [4]

    Klauck H, Nayak A, Ta-Shma A, Zuckerman D 2007 IEEE Trans. Info. Theory 53 1970

    [5]

    Bennett C H, Brassard G, Crepeau C, Jozsa R, Peres A, Wooters W K 1993 Phys. Rev. Lett. 70 1895

    [6]

    Bartlett S D, Rudolph T, Spekkens R W 2003 Phys. Rev. Lett. 91 027901

    [7]

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    Bouwmeester D, Pan J W, Mattle K, Eibl M, Weinfurter H, Zeilinger A 1997 Nature 390 575

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    Pan J W, Bouwmeester D, Weinfurter H, Zeilinger A 1998 Phys. Rev. Lett. 80 3891

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    [11]

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    [12]

    Zhao Z, Yang T, Chen Y A, Zhang A N, Zukowski M, Pan J W 2003 Phys. Rev. Lett. 91 180401

    [13]

    Jin X M, Ren J G, Yang B, Yi Z H, Zhou F, Xu X F, Wang S K, Yang D, Hu Y F, Jiang S, Yang T, Chen K, Peng C Z, Pan J W 2010 Nat. Photonics 4 376

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    Dupuis F, Hayden P, Li K 2010 IEEE Trans. Info. Theory 56 2946

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    Hsieh M H, Wilde M M 2010 IEEE Trans. Info. Theory 56 4682

    [16]

    Zhou N R, Zeng G H, Gong L H, Liu S Q 2007 Acta Phys. Sin. 56 5066 (in Chinese) [周南润, 曾贵华,龚黎华,刘三秋 2007 物理学报 56 5066]

    [17]

    Zhou N R, Zeng B Y, Wang L J, Gong L H 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 2193 ( in Chinese) [周南润,曾宾阳,王立军,龚黎华 2010 物理学报 59 2193]

    [18]

    Zhou X Q, Wu Y W, Zhao H 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 40304 (in Chinese) [周小清,邬云文,赵晗 2011 物理学报 60 40304]

    [19]

    Cheng S T, Wang C Y, Tao M H 2005 IEEE J. Sel. Area. Comm 23 1424

    [20]

    Zhou N R, Zeng G H, Zhu F C, Liu S Q 2006 J. Shanghai Jiaotong Univ. 40 1885 (in Chinese) [周南润, 曾贵华, 朱甫臣, 刘三秋2006 上海交通大学学报 40 1885]

    [21]

    Li J, Paul S, Jain R 2011 IEEE Comm. Mag. 49 26

    [22]

    Zhao Q, Tong L 2007 IEEE J. Sel. Area. Comm. 25 589

    [23]

    Zhou L D, Haas Z J 1999 IEEE Network 13 24

    [24]

    Bennett C H 1992 Phys. Rev. Letter. 69 2881

    [25]

    Royer E M, Toh C K 1999 IEEE Pers. Comm. 6 46

    [26]

    Kannhavong B, Nakayama H, Nemoto Y, Kato N, Jamalipour A 2007IEEE Wirel. Comm. 14 85

  • [1]

    Nielsen M A, Chuang I L 2000 Quantum Computation and Quantum Information (1st Ed.) (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) p3

    [2]

    Mattle K, Weinfurter H, Kwiat P G, Zeilinger A 1996 Phys. Rev. Lett. 76 4656

    [3]

    Gisin N, Ribordy G, Tittel W, Zbinden H 2002 Rev. Modern Phys. 74 145

    [4]

    Klauck H, Nayak A, Ta-Shma A, Zuckerman D 2007 IEEE Trans. Info. Theory 53 1970

    [5]

    Bennett C H, Brassard G, Crepeau C, Jozsa R, Peres A, Wooters W K 1993 Phys. Rev. Lett. 70 1895

    [6]

    Bartlett S D, Rudolph T, Spekkens R W 2003 Phys. Rev. Lett. 91 027901

    [7]

    Zukowski M 1993 Phys. Lett. A 177 290

    [8]

    Bouwmeester D, Pan J W, Mattle K, Eibl M, Weinfurter H, Zeilinger A 1997 Nature 390 575

    [9]

    Pan J W, Bouwmeester D, Weinfurter H, Zeilinger A 1998 Phys. Rev. Lett. 80 3891

    [10]

    Briegel H J, Duer W, Cirac J 1998Phys. Rev. Lett. 81 5932

    [11]

    Yang C P, Guo G C 2000 Chin. Phys. Lett. 17 162

    [12]

    Zhao Z, Yang T, Chen Y A, Zhang A N, Zukowski M, Pan J W 2003 Phys. Rev. Lett. 91 180401

    [13]

    Jin X M, Ren J G, Yang B, Yi Z H, Zhou F, Xu X F, Wang S K, Yang D, Hu Y F, Jiang S, Yang T, Chen K, Peng C Z, Pan J W 2010 Nat. Photonics 4 376

    [14]

    Dupuis F, Hayden P, Li K 2010 IEEE Trans. Info. Theory 56 2946

    [15]

    Hsieh M H, Wilde M M 2010 IEEE Trans. Info. Theory 56 4682

    [16]

    Zhou N R, Zeng G H, Gong L H, Liu S Q 2007 Acta Phys. Sin. 56 5066 (in Chinese) [周南润, 曾贵华,龚黎华,刘三秋 2007 物理学报 56 5066]

    [17]

    Zhou N R, Zeng B Y, Wang L J, Gong L H 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 2193 ( in Chinese) [周南润,曾宾阳,王立军,龚黎华 2010 物理学报 59 2193]

    [18]

    Zhou X Q, Wu Y W, Zhao H 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 40304 (in Chinese) [周小清,邬云文,赵晗 2011 物理学报 60 40304]

    [19]

    Cheng S T, Wang C Y, Tao M H 2005 IEEE J. Sel. Area. Comm 23 1424

    [20]

    Zhou N R, Zeng G H, Zhu F C, Liu S Q 2006 J. Shanghai Jiaotong Univ. 40 1885 (in Chinese) [周南润, 曾贵华, 朱甫臣, 刘三秋2006 上海交通大学学报 40 1885]

    [21]

    Li J, Paul S, Jain R 2011 IEEE Comm. Mag. 49 26

    [22]

    Zhao Q, Tong L 2007 IEEE J. Sel. Area. Comm. 25 589

    [23]

    Zhou L D, Haas Z J 1999 IEEE Network 13 24

    [24]

    Bennett C H 1992 Phys. Rev. Letter. 69 2881

    [25]

    Royer E M, Toh C K 1999 IEEE Pers. Comm. 6 46

    [26]

    Kannhavong B, Nakayama H, Nemoto Y, Kato N, Jamalipour A 2007IEEE Wirel. Comm. 14 85

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    [8] Zhao Han, Zhou Xiao-Qing, Yang Xiao-Lin. Establishment of multi-user quantum channel of entangled multi-atom based on cavity QED. Acta Physica Sinica, 2009, 58(9): 5970-5977. doi: 10.7498/aps.58.5970
    [9] Yang Zhi-Yong, An Yu-Ying, Wang Ju-Xia. The entanglement states transfer and preservation in the process of two-level atoms interacting with multi-mode light fields. Acta Physica Sinica, 2007, 56(11): 6420-6426. doi: 10.7498/aps.56.6420
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Publishing process
  • Received Date:  12 April 2012
  • Accepted Date:  07 June 2012
  • Published Online:  20 November 2012

Routing protocol for wireless ad hoc quantum communication network based on quantum teleportation

  • 1. State Key Laboratory of Millimeter Waves, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China;
  • 2. Department of Physics, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China;
  • 3. State Key Laboratory of Mobile Communications, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
Fund Project:  Project supported by the Young Scientists Fund of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 60902010), and the State Key Laboratory of Mobile Communications, Southeast University, China (Grant No. 2012A03).

Abstract: A concept of wireless ad hoc quantum communication network is proposed and a routing protocol is designed for wireless quantum communicaiton network with complex structure. The routing protocol is on-demand and the routing metric is based on the number of entangled particle pairs. The node that wants to send information carried by quantum state can initiate a route request and establishment procedure. The destination node chooses path by the routing metric and sends route reply message along the selected path. During the information transmission, if the quantum channel or the wirless channel between any neighbors in the selected path is broken, a route discovery process is reinitiated to set up a new route. Nodes in the selected path use a both-end approximation algorithm to establish a quantum channel. After the quantum channel is established, the quantum state is transferred by quantum teleportation and the information transfer between any two nodes in wireless ad hoc quantum communication network is finished.

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