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A new mini-magnetic lens proposal for coverging the clod atoms

Xu Xin-Ping Zhang Hai-Chao Wang Yu-Zhu

A new mini-magnetic lens proposal for coverging the clod atoms

Xu Xin-Ping, Zhang Hai-Chao, Wang Yu-Zhu
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  • A mini-magnetic lens for laser-cooled rubidium atoms is experimentally demonstrated in this paper. The key component of the mini-magnetic lens is a mini-coil with a radius of 2 mm. When the cold atomic clouds are transported in the vicinity of the coil along its axial, they are compressed in the longitudinal direction due to the interaction with the non-uniform magnetic field of the coil. Given a current carrying time of about 10 ms, the atomic clouds tend to be gradually compressed in the axial direction with the increase of the coil current. When the coil current is greater than 0.9 A, the atomic clouds begin to expand. At a threshold value of 0.9 A, the focus length of the mini-magnetic lens is determined to be about 1.3 mm. Compared with the case that no current passes through the mini-coil, the dimension of the focused atom clouds is one order of magnitude smaller. Moreover, the focus length can be controlled by both the coil current and its carrying time. Numerical simulations are also given which are in agreement with the experimental results.
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2006CB921202), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 10974210).
    [1]

    Cohen-Tannoudji C N 1998 Rev. Mod. Phys. 70 707

    [2]

    Xu Z, Zhou S Y, Qu Q Z, Liu H, Zhou S Y, Wang Y Z 2006 Acta Phys. Sin. 55 5643 ( in Chinese) [徐震, 周蜀渝, 屈求智, 刘华, 周善钰, 王育竹 2006 物理学报 55 5643]

    [3]

    Adams C S, Sigel M, Mlynek J 1994 Phys. Rep. 240 143

    [4]

    Roach T M, Abele H, Boshier M G, Grossman H L, Hinds E A 1995 Phys. Rev. Lett. 75 629

    [5]

    Duan Z L, Zhang W P, Li S Q, Zhou Z Y, Feng Y Y, Zhu R 2005 Acta Phys. Sin. 54 5622 (in Chinese) [段正路, 张卫平, 李师群, 周兆英, 冯焱颖, 朱荣 2004 物理学报 54 5622]

    [6]

    Berman P 1997 Atom Interferometry (San Diego: Academic Press)

    [7]

    Fortagh J, Zimmermann C 2007 Rev. Mod. Phys. 79 235

    [8]

    Folman R, Kruger P, Schmiedmayer J, Denschlag J, Henkel C 2002 Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 48 263

    [9]

    Liu Y, Yun M, Yin J P 2006 Chin. Phys. Lett. 23 1698

    [10]

    Mewes M O, Andrews M R, Kurn D M, Durfee D M, Durfee C G, Townsend C G, Ketterle W 1997 Phys. Rev. Lett. 78 582

    [11]

    Drodofsky U, Stuhler J, Brezger B, Schulze T, Drewsen M, Pfau T, Mlynek J 1997 Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 65 755

    [12]

    Meschede D, Metcalf H 2003 J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 36 R17

    [13]

    Bjorkholm E, Freeman R R, Ashkin A, Pearson D B 1978 Phys. Rev. Lett. 41 1361

    [14]

    Lu X D, Li T B, Ma Y, Wang L D 2009 Acta Phys. Sin. 58 8205 (in Chinese) [卢向东, 李同保, 马艳, 汪黎栋 2009 物理学报 58 8205]

    [15]

    Meschede D, Mlynek J 2000 Appl. Phys. B 70 649

    [16]

    Kaenders W G, Lison F, Müller I, Richter A, Wynands R, Meschede D 1996 Phys. Rev. A 54 5067

    [17]

    Cornell E A, Monroe C, Wieman C E 1991 Phys. Rev. Lett. 67 2439

    [18]

    Miossec T, Barbé R, Keller J C, Gorceix O 2002 Opt. Commun. 209 349

    [19]

    Pritchard M J, Arnold A S, Smith D A, Hughes I G 2004 J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 37 4435

    [20]

    Arnold A S, Pritchard M J, Smith D A, Hughes I G 2006 New J. Phys. 8 53

    [21]

    Bergeman T, Frez G, Metcalf H J 1987 Phys. Rev. A 35 1535

    [22]

    Chen D Y, Zhang H C, Xu X P, Li T, Wang Y Z 2010 Appl. Phys. Lett. 96 134103

    [23]

    Zhou S Y, Duan Z L, Qian J, Xu Z, Zhang W P, Wang Y Z 2009 Phys. Rev. A 80 033411

  • [1]

    Cohen-Tannoudji C N 1998 Rev. Mod. Phys. 70 707

    [2]

    Xu Z, Zhou S Y, Qu Q Z, Liu H, Zhou S Y, Wang Y Z 2006 Acta Phys. Sin. 55 5643 ( in Chinese) [徐震, 周蜀渝, 屈求智, 刘华, 周善钰, 王育竹 2006 物理学报 55 5643]

    [3]

    Adams C S, Sigel M, Mlynek J 1994 Phys. Rep. 240 143

    [4]

    Roach T M, Abele H, Boshier M G, Grossman H L, Hinds E A 1995 Phys. Rev. Lett. 75 629

    [5]

    Duan Z L, Zhang W P, Li S Q, Zhou Z Y, Feng Y Y, Zhu R 2005 Acta Phys. Sin. 54 5622 (in Chinese) [段正路, 张卫平, 李师群, 周兆英, 冯焱颖, 朱荣 2004 物理学报 54 5622]

    [6]

    Berman P 1997 Atom Interferometry (San Diego: Academic Press)

    [7]

    Fortagh J, Zimmermann C 2007 Rev. Mod. Phys. 79 235

    [8]

    Folman R, Kruger P, Schmiedmayer J, Denschlag J, Henkel C 2002 Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 48 263

    [9]

    Liu Y, Yun M, Yin J P 2006 Chin. Phys. Lett. 23 1698

    [10]

    Mewes M O, Andrews M R, Kurn D M, Durfee D M, Durfee C G, Townsend C G, Ketterle W 1997 Phys. Rev. Lett. 78 582

    [11]

    Drodofsky U, Stuhler J, Brezger B, Schulze T, Drewsen M, Pfau T, Mlynek J 1997 Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 65 755

    [12]

    Meschede D, Metcalf H 2003 J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 36 R17

    [13]

    Bjorkholm E, Freeman R R, Ashkin A, Pearson D B 1978 Phys. Rev. Lett. 41 1361

    [14]

    Lu X D, Li T B, Ma Y, Wang L D 2009 Acta Phys. Sin. 58 8205 (in Chinese) [卢向东, 李同保, 马艳, 汪黎栋 2009 物理学报 58 8205]

    [15]

    Meschede D, Mlynek J 2000 Appl. Phys. B 70 649

    [16]

    Kaenders W G, Lison F, Müller I, Richter A, Wynands R, Meschede D 1996 Phys. Rev. A 54 5067

    [17]

    Cornell E A, Monroe C, Wieman C E 1991 Phys. Rev. Lett. 67 2439

    [18]

    Miossec T, Barbé R, Keller J C, Gorceix O 2002 Opt. Commun. 209 349

    [19]

    Pritchard M J, Arnold A S, Smith D A, Hughes I G 2004 J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 37 4435

    [20]

    Arnold A S, Pritchard M J, Smith D A, Hughes I G 2006 New J. Phys. 8 53

    [21]

    Bergeman T, Frez G, Metcalf H J 1987 Phys. Rev. A 35 1535

    [22]

    Chen D Y, Zhang H C, Xu X P, Li T, Wang Y Z 2010 Appl. Phys. Lett. 96 134103

    [23]

    Zhou S Y, Duan Z L, Qian J, Xu Z, Zhang W P, Wang Y Z 2009 Phys. Rev. A 80 033411

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  • Received Date:  31 October 2011
  • Accepted Date:  05 June 2012
  • Published Online:  20 November 2012

A new mini-magnetic lens proposal for coverging the clod atoms

  • 1. Key Laboratory for Quantum Optics, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Center for Cold Atom Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800, China
Fund Project:  Project supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2006CB921202), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 10974210).

Abstract: A mini-magnetic lens for laser-cooled rubidium atoms is experimentally demonstrated in this paper. The key component of the mini-magnetic lens is a mini-coil with a radius of 2 mm. When the cold atomic clouds are transported in the vicinity of the coil along its axial, they are compressed in the longitudinal direction due to the interaction with the non-uniform magnetic field of the coil. Given a current carrying time of about 10 ms, the atomic clouds tend to be gradually compressed in the axial direction with the increase of the coil current. When the coil current is greater than 0.9 A, the atomic clouds begin to expand. At a threshold value of 0.9 A, the focus length of the mini-magnetic lens is determined to be about 1.3 mm. Compared with the case that no current passes through the mini-coil, the dimension of the focused atom clouds is one order of magnitude smaller. Moreover, the focus length can be controlled by both the coil current and its carrying time. Numerical simulations are also given which are in agreement with the experimental results.

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