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Optical bistability via active Raman gain in an n-type atomic medium

Yang Jin-Jin Li Hui-Jun Wen Wen Huang Guo-Xiang

Optical bistability via active Raman gain in an n-type atomic medium

Yang Jin-Jin, Li Hui-Jun, Wen Wen, Huang Guo-Xiang
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  • We study the optical bistability (OB) in an active Raman gain atomic medium by means of a unidirectional ring cavity. The system considered is a resonant n-type four-level atomic ensemble, which can be realized at room temperature and not only have a lot of tunable parameters, such as detuning, atomic concentration, pump and control field, but also possess gain-free (or little gain) transparent windows. We discuss the conditions and the range of these parameters for realizing OB, and also the condition for realizing optical multistability. Our results will provide the theoretical basis for experimental realization.
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11174080, 11175158, 11105039), the NSF-Zhejiang Province, China (Grant No. Y6100355), and the Doctoral Foundation of ZJNU.
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    Szoke A, Daneu V, Goldhar J, Kurnit N 1969 Appl. Phys. Lett. 15 376

    [2]

    Lugiato L A 1984 Optical bistability, edited by Wolf E in Progress in Optics (North-Holland:Amsterdam) 21 71

    [3]

    Qian S X, Wang G M 2001 Nonlinear Optics-The Principles and Progresses (Shanghai: Fudan University Press) p303 (in Chinese) [钱士雄, 王恭明 2001 非线性光学-原理与进展(上海:复旦大学出版社) 第303页]

    [4]

    Li C F 2010 The Principles of All-Optical Switching (Beijing: Science Press) p47 (in Chinese) [李淳飞 2010 全光开关原理 (北京:科学出版社) 第47页]

    [5]

    Harshawardhan W, Agarwal G S 1996 Phys. Rev. A 53 1812

    [6]

    Chen Z, Du C, Gong S, Xu Z 1999 Phys. Lett. A 259 15

    [7]

    Wang H, Goorskey, Xiao M 2002 Opt. Lett. 27 1354

    [8]

    Chang H, Wu H, Xie C, Wang H 2004 Phys. Rev. Lett. 93 213901

    [9]

    Li J 2007 Phys. Rev. B 75 155329

    [10]

    Zhang J M, Cui F C, Zhou D L, Liu W M 2009 Phys. Rev. A 79 033401

    [11]

    Wang Z P, Xu M C 2009 Opt. Commun. 282 1574

    [12]

    Hu X M, Zhang L A, Zhang X H, Kong L F 2010 J. Opt. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 43 185502

    [13]

    Wu J, Lu X Y, Zheng L L 2010 J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 43 161003

    [14]

    Peng Y D, Niu Y P, Cui N, Gong S Q 2011 Opt. Commun. 284 824

    [15]

    Harris S E, Field J E, Imanoglu A 1990 Phys. Rev. Lett. 64 1107

    [16]

    Harris S E 1997 Phys. Today 50 36

    [17]

    Huang G X, Hang C, Zhu C J 2011 Acta Optica Sinica 31 0900133(in Chinese) [黄国翔, 杭超, 朱成杰 2011光学学报 31 0900133]

    [18]

    Wang L J, Kuzmich A, Pogariu 2000 Nature 406 277

    [19]

    Deng L, Payne M G 2007 Phys. Rev. Lett. 98 253902

    [20]

    Hang C, Guo X H 2010 Opt. Express 18 2952

    [21]

    Li H, Dong L W, Hang C, Huang G X 2011 Phys. Rev. A 83 023816

  • [1]

    Szoke A, Daneu V, Goldhar J, Kurnit N 1969 Appl. Phys. Lett. 15 376

    [2]

    Lugiato L A 1984 Optical bistability, edited by Wolf E in Progress in Optics (North-Holland:Amsterdam) 21 71

    [3]

    Qian S X, Wang G M 2001 Nonlinear Optics-The Principles and Progresses (Shanghai: Fudan University Press) p303 (in Chinese) [钱士雄, 王恭明 2001 非线性光学-原理与进展(上海:复旦大学出版社) 第303页]

    [4]

    Li C F 2010 The Principles of All-Optical Switching (Beijing: Science Press) p47 (in Chinese) [李淳飞 2010 全光开关原理 (北京:科学出版社) 第47页]

    [5]

    Harshawardhan W, Agarwal G S 1996 Phys. Rev. A 53 1812

    [6]

    Chen Z, Du C, Gong S, Xu Z 1999 Phys. Lett. A 259 15

    [7]

    Wang H, Goorskey, Xiao M 2002 Opt. Lett. 27 1354

    [8]

    Chang H, Wu H, Xie C, Wang H 2004 Phys. Rev. Lett. 93 213901

    [9]

    Li J 2007 Phys. Rev. B 75 155329

    [10]

    Zhang J M, Cui F C, Zhou D L, Liu W M 2009 Phys. Rev. A 79 033401

    [11]

    Wang Z P, Xu M C 2009 Opt. Commun. 282 1574

    [12]

    Hu X M, Zhang L A, Zhang X H, Kong L F 2010 J. Opt. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 43 185502

    [13]

    Wu J, Lu X Y, Zheng L L 2010 J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 43 161003

    [14]

    Peng Y D, Niu Y P, Cui N, Gong S Q 2011 Opt. Commun. 284 824

    [15]

    Harris S E, Field J E, Imanoglu A 1990 Phys. Rev. Lett. 64 1107

    [16]

    Harris S E 1997 Phys. Today 50 36

    [17]

    Huang G X, Hang C, Zhu C J 2011 Acta Optica Sinica 31 0900133(in Chinese) [黄国翔, 杭超, 朱成杰 2011光学学报 31 0900133]

    [18]

    Wang L J, Kuzmich A, Pogariu 2000 Nature 406 277

    [19]

    Deng L, Payne M G 2007 Phys. Rev. Lett. 98 253902

    [20]

    Hang C, Guo X H 2010 Opt. Express 18 2952

    [21]

    Li H, Dong L W, Hang C, Huang G X 2011 Phys. Rev. A 83 023816

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    [2] Mao Qing-He, Feng Su-Juan, Jiang Jian, Zhu Zong-Jiu, Liu Wen-Qing. Bistability-mapping of L-band dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on fiber loop mirror. Acta Physica Sinica, 2007, 56(1): 296-300. doi: 10.7498/aps.56.296
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    [4] Dong Li-Juan, Xue Chun-Hua, Sun Yong, Deng Fu-Sheng, Shi Yun-Long. Loss-induced localized field enhancement and optical bistable state in heterostructure containing single-negative materials. Acta Physica Sinica, 2016, 65(11): 114207. doi: 10.7498/aps.65.114207
    [5] Chen Ai-Xi, Chen De-Hai, Wang Zhi-Ping. Optical bistability and multistability in ladder-type four-level atomic coherence medium. Acta Physica Sinica, 2009, 58(8): 5450-5454. doi: 10.7498/aps.58.5450
    [6] WANG YING-HAI, HU CHENG-SHENG, WANG ZHI-CHENG. TEMPORAL ASPECTS OF ABSORPTIVE TWO-PHOTON OPTICAL BISTABILITY. Acta Physica Sinica, 1992, 41(10): 1598-1604. doi: 10.7498/aps.41.1598
    [7] Hua Cun-Cai, Lu Qi-Shao. . Acta Physica Sinica, 2000, 49(4): 733-740. doi: 10.7498/aps.49.733
    [8] CHENG RUI-HUA, LUAN SHAO-JIN, SHEN HONG-WEI, TAN WEI-HAN. OPTICAL BISTABILITY OF InSb. Acta Physica Sinica, 1985, 34(9): 1212-1214. doi: 10.7498/aps.34.1212
    [9] ZHU SHI-YAO. STUDY OF TWO-PHOTON OPTICAL BISTABILITY. Acta Physica Sinica, 1984, 33(1): 16-24. doi: 10.7498/aps.33.16
    [10] DAI JIAN-HUA, ZHANG HONG-JUN, WANG PENG-YE, JIN CHAO-DING. BIFURCATION DIAGRAMS IN LIQUID CRYSTAL HYBRID OPTICAL B1STABILITY. Acta Physica Sinica, 1985, 34(8): 992-999. doi: 10.7498/aps.34.992
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  • Received Date:  15 March 2012
  • Accepted Date:  12 June 2012
  • Published Online:  20 November 2012

Optical bistability via active Raman gain in an n-type atomic medium

  • 1. Department of Physics, and Institute of Nonlinear Physics, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua 321004, China;
  • 2. Department of Mathematics and Physics, Hohai University, Changzhou Campus, Changzhou 213022, China;
  • 3. Department of Physics, and State Key Laboratory of Precision Spectroscopy, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200061, China
Fund Project:  Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11174080, 11175158, 11105039), the NSF-Zhejiang Province, China (Grant No. Y6100355), and the Doctoral Foundation of ZJNU.

Abstract: We study the optical bistability (OB) in an active Raman gain atomic medium by means of a unidirectional ring cavity. The system considered is a resonant n-type four-level atomic ensemble, which can be realized at room temperature and not only have a lot of tunable parameters, such as detuning, atomic concentration, pump and control field, but also possess gain-free (or little gain) transparent windows. We discuss the conditions and the range of these parameters for realizing OB, and also the condition for realizing optical multistability. Our results will provide the theoretical basis for experimental realization.

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