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Synthesis and properties of multiple boride Pr1-xCexB6 cathodes by reactive spark plasma sintering

Li Xiao-Na Zhang Xin Zhang Jiu-Xing Bao Li-Hong Zhang Ning Zhang Fan-Xing

Synthesis and properties of multiple boride Pr1-xCexB6 cathodes by reactive spark plasma sintering

Li Xiao-Na, Zhang Xin, Zhang Jiu-Xing, Bao Li-Hong, Zhang Ning, Zhang Fan-Xing
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  • The polycrystalline Pr1-xCexB6 (x = 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8) hexaborides are prepared by the reactive spark plasma sintering (SPS) method using mixed powder of CeH2, PrH2 and B. The effects of Ce doping on the phase composition, the mechanical properties and the thermionic emission properties of the hexaboride are investigated. The single-phased hexaborides CexPr1-xB6 bulks are sintered at a temperature of 1450℃, pressure of 50MPa and holding time of 5 min, and the sintered samples show high value of Vickers hardness (24.34 GPa) and bend strength (226.02 MPa). The thermionic emission results show that with the increase of Ce content, the thermionic emission current density increases linearly and the maximum value of Pr0.4Ce0.6B6 reaches 47.3 A·cm-2 under an applied voltage of 950 V at 1973 K, which is much higher than that obtained by traditional method. Thus, the SPS technique represents a suitable method to synthesize the dense rare-earth hexaborides with excellent properties.
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 50871002), the Beijing Municipal Natural Science Foundation (Grant No. 2112007), and the Funding Project for Academic Human Resource Development in Institutions of Higher Learning Under the Jurisdiction of Beijing Municipality (Grant No. PHR20110812).
    [1]

    Chen C H, Aizawa T, Iyi N, Sato A, Otain S 2004 J. Alloys and Compds. 366 L6

    [2]

    Hossain F M, Riley D P, Murch G E 2005 Phys. Revi. B 72 235101

    [3]

    Takeda M, Fukuda T, Kurita Y 2003 Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Thermoelectric La Grande Motte, France, August 17-21, 2003 p259

    [4]

    Tanaka T, Nishitani R, Oshima C, Kawai S 1980 J. Appl. Phys. 51 3877

    [5]

    Etourneau J, Hagenmuller P 1985Philosophical Magazine B 52 589

    [6]

    Lafferty J M. 1951 J. Appl. Phys. 22 299

    [7]

    Schmidt P H, Joy D C 1978 J. Vac. Sci. Technol. 15 1809

    [8]

    Futamoto M Nakazawa M Kawabe U 1980 Surf. Sci. 100 470

    [9]

    Takeda M Fukuda T Domingo F Miura T 2004 J. Solid State Chem. 177 471

    [10]

    Togawa K, Shintake T, Inagaki T, Tanaka T 2007 Phys. Review Special Topics-Accelerators and Beams 10 020703

    [11]

    Chen CH Xuan Y Otani S. 2003 J. Alloy Compd. 350 L4

    [12]

    Chen C M, Zhou W C, Zhang L T 1998 J. Cryst. Growth 191 875

    [13]

    Zhou S H, Zhang J X, Liu D M, Bao L H 2009 J. Inorg. Mater. 24 793 (in Chinese) [周身林, 张久兴, 刘丹敏, 包黎红 2009 无机材料学报 24 793]

    [14]

    Ma R G 2010 Ph. M. (Beijing: Beijing University of Technology) (in Chinese) [马汝广 2010 硕士学位论文 (北京:北京工业大学)]

    [15]

    Zhou S L, Zhang J X, Liu D M, Lin Z L, Huang Q Z, Bao L H, Ma R G, Wei Y F 2010 Acta Mater. 58 4978

    [16]

    Bao L H, Zhang J X, Zhou S L 2011 J. Rare Earths 29 580

    [17]

    Wang H B, Xu Z, Lu H P, Deng R P, Yang X, Gan K Y, Jin X, Li M, Liu X S 2005 High Power Laser and Particle Beams 17 932 (in Chinese) [王汉斌, 许州, 卢和平, 邓仁培, 杨肖, 甘孔银, 金晓, 黎明, 刘锡三 2005 强激光与粒子束 17 932]

    [18]

    Gesley M, Swanson L W 1984 Surf. Sci. 146 589

    [19]

    Zhou S L Zhang J X and Liu D M 2010 High Power Laser and Particle Beams 22 171 (in Chinese) [周身林, 张久兴, 刘丹敏 2010 强激光与粒子束 22 171]

    [20]

    Liu X Q 1980 Cathodes Electronics (Beijing: Science Press) p233 (in Chinese) 刘学悫 1980 阴极电子学 (北京: 科学出版社) p233

  • [1]

    Chen C H, Aizawa T, Iyi N, Sato A, Otain S 2004 J. Alloys and Compds. 366 L6

    [2]

    Hossain F M, Riley D P, Murch G E 2005 Phys. Revi. B 72 235101

    [3]

    Takeda M, Fukuda T, Kurita Y 2003 Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Thermoelectric La Grande Motte, France, August 17-21, 2003 p259

    [4]

    Tanaka T, Nishitani R, Oshima C, Kawai S 1980 J. Appl. Phys. 51 3877

    [5]

    Etourneau J, Hagenmuller P 1985Philosophical Magazine B 52 589

    [6]

    Lafferty J M. 1951 J. Appl. Phys. 22 299

    [7]

    Schmidt P H, Joy D C 1978 J. Vac. Sci. Technol. 15 1809

    [8]

    Futamoto M Nakazawa M Kawabe U 1980 Surf. Sci. 100 470

    [9]

    Takeda M Fukuda T Domingo F Miura T 2004 J. Solid State Chem. 177 471

    [10]

    Togawa K, Shintake T, Inagaki T, Tanaka T 2007 Phys. Review Special Topics-Accelerators and Beams 10 020703

    [11]

    Chen CH Xuan Y Otani S. 2003 J. Alloy Compd. 350 L4

    [12]

    Chen C M, Zhou W C, Zhang L T 1998 J. Cryst. Growth 191 875

    [13]

    Zhou S H, Zhang J X, Liu D M, Bao L H 2009 J. Inorg. Mater. 24 793 (in Chinese) [周身林, 张久兴, 刘丹敏, 包黎红 2009 无机材料学报 24 793]

    [14]

    Ma R G 2010 Ph. M. (Beijing: Beijing University of Technology) (in Chinese) [马汝广 2010 硕士学位论文 (北京:北京工业大学)]

    [15]

    Zhou S L, Zhang J X, Liu D M, Lin Z L, Huang Q Z, Bao L H, Ma R G, Wei Y F 2010 Acta Mater. 58 4978

    [16]

    Bao L H, Zhang J X, Zhou S L 2011 J. Rare Earths 29 580

    [17]

    Wang H B, Xu Z, Lu H P, Deng R P, Yang X, Gan K Y, Jin X, Li M, Liu X S 2005 High Power Laser and Particle Beams 17 932 (in Chinese) [王汉斌, 许州, 卢和平, 邓仁培, 杨肖, 甘孔银, 金晓, 黎明, 刘锡三 2005 强激光与粒子束 17 932]

    [18]

    Gesley M, Swanson L W 1984 Surf. Sci. 146 589

    [19]

    Zhou S L Zhang J X and Liu D M 2010 High Power Laser and Particle Beams 22 171 (in Chinese) [周身林, 张久兴, 刘丹敏 2010 强激光与粒子束 22 171]

    [20]

    Liu X Q 1980 Cathodes Electronics (Beijing: Science Press) p233 (in Chinese) 刘学悫 1980 阴极电子学 (北京: 科学出版社) p233

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  • Received Date:  25 May 2012
  • Accepted Date:  18 June 2012
  • Published Online:  20 November 2012

Synthesis and properties of multiple boride Pr1-xCexB6 cathodes by reactive spark plasma sintering

  • 1. Key Laboratory of Advanced Functional Materials Ministry of Education College of Materials Science and Engineering Beijing University ofTechnology Beijing 100124, China
Fund Project:  Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 50871002), the Beijing Municipal Natural Science Foundation (Grant No. 2112007), and the Funding Project for Academic Human Resource Development in Institutions of Higher Learning Under the Jurisdiction of Beijing Municipality (Grant No. PHR20110812).

Abstract: The polycrystalline Pr1-xCexB6 (x = 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8) hexaborides are prepared by the reactive spark plasma sintering (SPS) method using mixed powder of CeH2, PrH2 and B. The effects of Ce doping on the phase composition, the mechanical properties and the thermionic emission properties of the hexaboride are investigated. The single-phased hexaborides CexPr1-xB6 bulks are sintered at a temperature of 1450℃, pressure of 50MPa and holding time of 5 min, and the sintered samples show high value of Vickers hardness (24.34 GPa) and bend strength (226.02 MPa). The thermionic emission results show that with the increase of Ce content, the thermionic emission current density increases linearly and the maximum value of Pr0.4Ce0.6B6 reaches 47.3 A·cm-2 under an applied voltage of 950 V at 1973 K, which is much higher than that obtained by traditional method. Thus, the SPS technique represents a suitable method to synthesize the dense rare-earth hexaborides with excellent properties.

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