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GaP terahertz emitter with micro-pyramid anti-reflection layer

Liu Feng Hu Xiao-Kun Li Yan-Feng Xing Qi-Rong Hu Ming-Lie Chai Lu Wang Ching-Yue

GaP terahertz emitter with micro-pyramid anti-reflection layer

Liu Feng, Hu Xiao-Kun, Li Yan-Feng, Xing Qi-Rong, Hu Ming-Lie, Chai Lu, Wang Ching-Yue
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  • We present the generation of terahertz pulses from a bulk GaP emitter fabricated with a micro-pyramid anti-reflection output coupling layer. The anti-reflection layer is designed by the graded effective refractive index principle. The micro-pyramid structure is manufactured by micro fabrication technique. The experimental results demonstrate that the micro structure layer can not only increase the output coupling efficiency but also scatter the transmitted pump power.
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant Nos. 2007CB310408, 2010CB327604 and 2011CB808101), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 61077083, 61027013, 60838004 and 61078028), the Specialized Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education of China (Grant No. 200800560026), FANEDD (Grant No. 2007B34), 111 Project (Grant No. B07014), and NCET (Grant No. NCET-07-0597).
    [1]

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    Yang Y P, Feng S, Feng H, Pan X C, Wang Y Q, Wang W Z 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 027802 (in Chinese) [杨玉平, 冯帅, 冯辉, 潘学聪, 王义全, 王文忠 2011 物理学报 60 027802]

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    Blanchard F, Razzari L, Bandulet H C, Sharma G, Morandotti R, Kieffer J C, Ozaki T, Reid M, Tiedje H F, Haugen H K, Hegmann F A 2007 Opt. Express 15 13212

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    Liu F, Song Y J, Xing Q R, Hu M L, Li Y F, Wang C L, Chai L, Zhang W L, Zheltikov A M, Wang C Y 2010 IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22 814

    [12]

    Walsh D A, Browne P G, Dunn M H, Rae C F 2010 Opt. Express 18 13951

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    Vodopyanov K L 2008 Laser & Photon. Rev. 2 11

    [14]

    Naftaly M, Dudley R 2009 Opt. Lett. 34 674

    [15]

    Fülöp J A, Pálfalvi L, Almási G, Hebling J 2010 Opt. Express 18 12311

    [16]

    Gatesman A J, Waldman J, Ji M, Musante C, Yngvesson S 2000 IEEE Microw. Guided W. 10 264

    [17]

    Chen YW, Han P Y, Zhang X C 2009 Appl. Phys. Lett. 94 041106

    [18]

    Kuroo S, Oyama S, Shiraishi K, Sasho H, Fukushima K 2010 Appl. Opt. 49 2806

    [19]

    Zhou C L, Li X D, Wang W J, Zhao L, Li H L, Diao H W, Cao X N 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 038201 (in Chinese) [周春兰, 励旭东, 王文静, 赵 雷, 李海玲, 刁宏伟, 曹晓宁 2011 物理学报 60 038201]

    [20]

    Brückner C, Pradarutti B, Stenzel O, Steinkopf R, Riehemann S, Notni G, Tünnermann A 2007 Opt. Express 15 779

    [21]

    Fang F Z, Xiong Z, Hu X T 2006 J. Micromech. Microeng. 16 214

    [22]

    Wang Y B, Wang C L, Xing Q R, Liu F, Li Y F, Chai L, Wang Q Y, Fang F Z, Zhang X D 2009 Appl. Opt. 48 1998

    [23]

    Zhang X , Hu M L , Song Y J , Chai L , Wang C Y 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 1863 (in Chinese) [张鑫, 胡明列, 宋有建, 柴路, 王清月 2010 物理学报 59 1863]

    [24]

    Zhang Y Y , Zhang C , Hu M L , Wang S J , Song Y J , Chai L , Wang C Y 2010 Chin. Phys. B 19 014212

    [25]

    Hoffmann M C, Turchinovich 2010 Appl. Phys. Lett. 96 151110

    [26]

    Liu F, Li Y F, Xing Q R, Wang C L, Hu M L, Chai L, Wang C Y 2011 Chin. Opt. Lett. 9 S10201

  • [1]

    Tonouchi M 2007 Nature Photon. 1 97

    [2]

    Hebling J, Yeh K L, Hoffmann M C, Nelson K A 2008 IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14 345

    [3]

    Lang L Y, Xing Q R, Li S X, Mao F L, Chai L, Wang Q Y 2004 Chin. Opt. Lett. 2 677

    [4]

    Han P Y, Tani M, Usami M, Kono S, Kersting R, Zhang X C 2001 J. Appl. Phys. 89 2357

    [5]

    Ralph S E, Perkowitz S, Katzenellenbogen N, Grischkowsky D 1994 J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11 2528

    [6]

    Wang C, Gong J, Xing Q, Li Y, Liu F, Zhao X, Chai L, Wang C, Zheltikov A M 2010 J. Biophot. 3 641

    [7]

    Chen H, Wang L 2009 Chin. Phys. B 18 2785

    [8]

    Yang Y P, Feng S, Feng H, Pan X C, Wang Y Q, Wang W Z 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 027802 (in Chinese) [杨玉平, 冯帅, 冯辉, 潘学聪, 王义全, 王文忠 2011 物理学报 60 027802]

    [9]

    He Y T, Jiang W S, Zhang Y D, Fan G L 2010 Chin. Opt. Lett. 8 162

    [10]

    Blanchard F, Razzari L, Bandulet H C, Sharma G, Morandotti R, Kieffer J C, Ozaki T, Reid M, Tiedje H F, Haugen H K, Hegmann F A 2007 Opt. Express 15 13212

    [11]

    Liu F, Song Y J, Xing Q R, Hu M L, Li Y F, Wang C L, Chai L, Zhang W L, Zheltikov A M, Wang C Y 2010 IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22 814

    [12]

    Walsh D A, Browne P G, Dunn M H, Rae C F 2010 Opt. Express 18 13951

    [13]

    Vodopyanov K L 2008 Laser & Photon. Rev. 2 11

    [14]

    Naftaly M, Dudley R 2009 Opt. Lett. 34 674

    [15]

    Fülöp J A, Pálfalvi L, Almási G, Hebling J 2010 Opt. Express 18 12311

    [16]

    Gatesman A J, Waldman J, Ji M, Musante C, Yngvesson S 2000 IEEE Microw. Guided W. 10 264

    [17]

    Chen YW, Han P Y, Zhang X C 2009 Appl. Phys. Lett. 94 041106

    [18]

    Kuroo S, Oyama S, Shiraishi K, Sasho H, Fukushima K 2010 Appl. Opt. 49 2806

    [19]

    Zhou C L, Li X D, Wang W J, Zhao L, Li H L, Diao H W, Cao X N 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 038201 (in Chinese) [周春兰, 励旭东, 王文静, 赵 雷, 李海玲, 刁宏伟, 曹晓宁 2011 物理学报 60 038201]

    [20]

    Brückner C, Pradarutti B, Stenzel O, Steinkopf R, Riehemann S, Notni G, Tünnermann A 2007 Opt. Express 15 779

    [21]

    Fang F Z, Xiong Z, Hu X T 2006 J. Micromech. Microeng. 16 214

    [22]

    Wang Y B, Wang C L, Xing Q R, Liu F, Li Y F, Chai L, Wang Q Y, Fang F Z, Zhang X D 2009 Appl. Opt. 48 1998

    [23]

    Zhang X , Hu M L , Song Y J , Chai L , Wang C Y 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 1863 (in Chinese) [张鑫, 胡明列, 宋有建, 柴路, 王清月 2010 物理学报 59 1863]

    [24]

    Zhang Y Y , Zhang C , Hu M L , Wang S J , Song Y J , Chai L , Wang C Y 2010 Chin. Phys. B 19 014212

    [25]

    Hoffmann M C, Turchinovich 2010 Appl. Phys. Lett. 96 151110

    [26]

    Liu F, Li Y F, Xing Q R, Wang C L, Hu M L, Chai L, Wang C Y 2011 Chin. Opt. Lett. 9 S10201

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  • Received Date:  14 April 2011
  • Accepted Date:  09 May 2011
  • Published Online:  15 April 2012

GaP terahertz emitter with micro-pyramid anti-reflection layer

  • 1. Ultrafast Laser Laboratory, Center for Terahertz Waves, College of Precision Instrument and Opto-electronics Engineering, Key Laboratory of Opto-Electronics Information Technology (Ministry of Education), Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China
Fund Project:  Project supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant Nos. 2007CB310408, 2010CB327604 and 2011CB808101), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 61077083, 61027013, 60838004 and 61078028), the Specialized Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education of China (Grant No. 200800560026), FANEDD (Grant No. 2007B34), 111 Project (Grant No. B07014), and NCET (Grant No. NCET-07-0597).

Abstract: We present the generation of terahertz pulses from a bulk GaP emitter fabricated with a micro-pyramid anti-reflection output coupling layer. The anti-reflection layer is designed by the graded effective refractive index principle. The micro-pyramid structure is manufactured by micro fabrication technique. The experimental results demonstrate that the micro structure layer can not only increase the output coupling efficiency but also scatter the transmitted pump power.

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