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Electronic theory of the mechanism of corrosion of Pb-Mg-Al alloy

Duan Yong-Hua Sun Yong He Jian-Hong Peng Ming-Jun Guo Zhong-Zheng

Electronic theory of the mechanism of corrosion of Pb-Mg-Al alloy

Duan Yong-Hua, Sun Yong, He Jian-Hong, Peng Ming-Jun, Guo Zhong-Zheng
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  • The cohesive energies, Fermi energies and local density of states (LDOS) are calculated by the first-principles based on pseudopotential plane wave method in this paper to investigate the physical nature of corrosion of Pb-Mg-Al alloy. The mechanism of electrochemical corrosion is analyzed according to the calculated electronic structure parameters. The results show that the stable phase in Pb-Mg-Al alloy is Mg17Al12>Mg2Pb>Mg. The Fermi energy (Ef) values of these phases with Ef(Mg)>Ef(Mg2Pb)>Ef (Mg17Al12) indicate that Mg is most likely to lose electrons while Mg17Al12 is difficult. LDOS result reveals that Mg and Mg2Pb phases are unstable compared with Mg17Al12 in the same external conditions, they are more likely to lose electrons and easier to corrod. The difference in Fermi energy between different phases in Pb-Mg-Al alloy forms the electrodynamic force of the electrochemical corrosion, which leads electrons to flow from the Mg and Mg2Pb phases with higher Fermi energy to Mg17Al12 phase with lower Fermi energy, further to corrode in Pb-Mg-Al alloy.
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 50871049).
    [1]

    Hofmann W 1970 Lead and lead alloys(New York: Springar- Verlag) p263

    [2]

    Blaskett D R, Boxall D 1990 Lead and its alloys(West Sussex: Ellis Horwood Ltd) p15

    [3]

    Moseley P T 1996 Journal of Power Sources 59 81

    [4]

    Zhong S, Liu H K, Dou S X, Skyllas-Kazacos M 1996 Journal of Power Sources 59 123

    [5]

    Duan Y H, Sun Y, Peng M J 2009 Materials Review 23 47 (in Chinese) [段永华, 孙勇, 彭明军 2009 材料导报 23 47]

    [6]

    Cacciamani G, Borzone G, Saccone A, Ferro R 1989 Journal of the Less-Common Metals 154 109

    [7]

    Wang R J, Zhao H F 2007 Res. Studies Foundry Equip. 2 6 (in Chinese) [王瑞吉, 赵浩峰 2007 铸造设备研究 2 6]

    [8]

    Wang N G,Wang R Ch, Peng Ch Q, Feng Y, Zhang X Y 2011 The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals 21 1314(in Chinese) [王乃光, 王日初, 彭超群, 冯艳, 张翔宇 2011 中国有色金属学报 21 1314]

    [9]

    Wang N G, Wang R Ch, Peng Ch Q, Feng Y, Zhang X Y 2010 Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China 20 1936

    [10]

    Zhang G Y, Zhang H, Fang G L, Yang L N 2009 Acta. Metallurgica Sinica 45 687(in Chinese) [张国英, 张辉, 方戈亮, 杨丽娜 2009 金属学报 45 687]

    [11]

    Zhang G Y, Zhang H, Zhao Z F, Li Y C 2006 Acta Phys. Sin. 55 2439 (in Chinese) [张国英, 张辉, 赵子夫, 李昱材 2006 物理学报 55 2439]

    [12]

    Zhang G Y, Zhang H, Fang G L, Li Y C 2005 Acta Phys. Sin. 54 5288(in Chinese) [张国英, 张辉, 方戈亮, 李昱材 2006 物理学报 54 5288]

    [13]

    Zhang G Y, Zhang H, Liu Y X, Zhao Z F, Li Y C 2007 China Foundry Machinery Technology 4 13 (in Chinese) [张国英, 张辉, 刘艳侠, 赵子夫, 李昱材 2007 中国铸造装备与技术 4 13]

    [14]

    Lu L, Sun Y, Duan Y H, Zhao R L, Yin G X 2010 Metallic Functional Materials 17 25 (in Chinese) [鲁俐, 孙勇, 段永华, 赵如龙, 殷国祥 2010 金属功能材料 17 25]

    [15]

    Segall M D, Lindan P J D, Probert M J, Pickard C J, Hasnip P J, Clark S J, Payne M C 2002 J Phys: Condens Matter 14 2717

    [16]

    Marlo M, Milman V 2000 Phys. Rev. B 62 2899

    [17]

    Ren C Y, Shein K I, Ivannovskii A L 2004 Physica B 349 136

    [18]

    Duan Y H, Sun Y, Feng J, Peng M J 2010 Physica B 405 701

    [19]

    Ramachandran V, Ibrahim M Md 1982 Journal of Temperature Physics 47 351

    [20]

    Zhang M X, Kelly P M 2005 Acta Mater 53 1085

    [21]

    Zhou D W, Peng P, Zhuang H L, Hu Y J, Liu J Sh 2004 The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals 15 546 (in Chinese) [周惦武, 彭平, 庄厚龙, 胡艳军, 刘金水 2004 中国有色金属学报 15 546]

    [22]

    Li Y C, Zhang G Y, Wei D, He J Q 2007 Journal of Shenyang Normal University (Natural Science) 25 25 (in Chinese) [李昱才, 张国英, 魏丹, 何君琦 2007 沈阳师范大学学报(自然科学版) 25 25]

    [23]

    Zhou X H, Wei Zh L, Chen Q R, Chen K Sh, Huang Y W 2006 Corrosion and Protection 27 487 (in Chinese) [周学华, 卫中领, 陈秋荣,, 陈开生, 黄元伟 2006 腐蚀与防护 27 487]

    [24]

    Ding W J, Xiang Y Z, Chang J W, Peng Y H 2009 The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals 19 1713 (in Chinese) [丁文江, 向亚贞, 常建卫, 彭颖红 2009 中国有色金属学报 19 1713]

  • [1]

    Hofmann W 1970 Lead and lead alloys(New York: Springar- Verlag) p263

    [2]

    Blaskett D R, Boxall D 1990 Lead and its alloys(West Sussex: Ellis Horwood Ltd) p15

    [3]

    Moseley P T 1996 Journal of Power Sources 59 81

    [4]

    Zhong S, Liu H K, Dou S X, Skyllas-Kazacos M 1996 Journal of Power Sources 59 123

    [5]

    Duan Y H, Sun Y, Peng M J 2009 Materials Review 23 47 (in Chinese) [段永华, 孙勇, 彭明军 2009 材料导报 23 47]

    [6]

    Cacciamani G, Borzone G, Saccone A, Ferro R 1989 Journal of the Less-Common Metals 154 109

    [7]

    Wang R J, Zhao H F 2007 Res. Studies Foundry Equip. 2 6 (in Chinese) [王瑞吉, 赵浩峰 2007 铸造设备研究 2 6]

    [8]

    Wang N G,Wang R Ch, Peng Ch Q, Feng Y, Zhang X Y 2011 The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals 21 1314(in Chinese) [王乃光, 王日初, 彭超群, 冯艳, 张翔宇 2011 中国有色金属学报 21 1314]

    [9]

    Wang N G, Wang R Ch, Peng Ch Q, Feng Y, Zhang X Y 2010 Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China 20 1936

    [10]

    Zhang G Y, Zhang H, Fang G L, Yang L N 2009 Acta. Metallurgica Sinica 45 687(in Chinese) [张国英, 张辉, 方戈亮, 杨丽娜 2009 金属学报 45 687]

    [11]

    Zhang G Y, Zhang H, Zhao Z F, Li Y C 2006 Acta Phys. Sin. 55 2439 (in Chinese) [张国英, 张辉, 赵子夫, 李昱材 2006 物理学报 55 2439]

    [12]

    Zhang G Y, Zhang H, Fang G L, Li Y C 2005 Acta Phys. Sin. 54 5288(in Chinese) [张国英, 张辉, 方戈亮, 李昱材 2006 物理学报 54 5288]

    [13]

    Zhang G Y, Zhang H, Liu Y X, Zhao Z F, Li Y C 2007 China Foundry Machinery Technology 4 13 (in Chinese) [张国英, 张辉, 刘艳侠, 赵子夫, 李昱材 2007 中国铸造装备与技术 4 13]

    [14]

    Lu L, Sun Y, Duan Y H, Zhao R L, Yin G X 2010 Metallic Functional Materials 17 25 (in Chinese) [鲁俐, 孙勇, 段永华, 赵如龙, 殷国祥 2010 金属功能材料 17 25]

    [15]

    Segall M D, Lindan P J D, Probert M J, Pickard C J, Hasnip P J, Clark S J, Payne M C 2002 J Phys: Condens Matter 14 2717

    [16]

    Marlo M, Milman V 2000 Phys. Rev. B 62 2899

    [17]

    Ren C Y, Shein K I, Ivannovskii A L 2004 Physica B 349 136

    [18]

    Duan Y H, Sun Y, Feng J, Peng M J 2010 Physica B 405 701

    [19]

    Ramachandran V, Ibrahim M Md 1982 Journal of Temperature Physics 47 351

    [20]

    Zhang M X, Kelly P M 2005 Acta Mater 53 1085

    [21]

    Zhou D W, Peng P, Zhuang H L, Hu Y J, Liu J Sh 2004 The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals 15 546 (in Chinese) [周惦武, 彭平, 庄厚龙, 胡艳军, 刘金水 2004 中国有色金属学报 15 546]

    [22]

    Li Y C, Zhang G Y, Wei D, He J Q 2007 Journal of Shenyang Normal University (Natural Science) 25 25 (in Chinese) [李昱才, 张国英, 魏丹, 何君琦 2007 沈阳师范大学学报(自然科学版) 25 25]

    [23]

    Zhou X H, Wei Zh L, Chen Q R, Chen K Sh, Huang Y W 2006 Corrosion and Protection 27 487 (in Chinese) [周学华, 卫中领, 陈秋荣,, 陈开生, 黄元伟 2006 腐蚀与防护 27 487]

    [24]

    Ding W J, Xiang Y Z, Chang J W, Peng Y H 2009 The Chinese Journal of Nonferrous Metals 19 1713 (in Chinese) [丁文江, 向亚贞, 常建卫, 彭颖红 2009 中国有色金属学报 19 1713]

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  • Received Date:  31 May 2011
  • Accepted Date:  04 July 2011
  • Published Online:  15 April 2012

Electronic theory of the mechanism of corrosion of Pb-Mg-Al alloy

  • 1. Faculty of Material Science and Technology, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650093, China;
  • 2. Key Lab of Advanced Materials of Yunnan Province, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650093, China
Fund Project:  Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 50871049).

Abstract: The cohesive energies, Fermi energies and local density of states (LDOS) are calculated by the first-principles based on pseudopotential plane wave method in this paper to investigate the physical nature of corrosion of Pb-Mg-Al alloy. The mechanism of electrochemical corrosion is analyzed according to the calculated electronic structure parameters. The results show that the stable phase in Pb-Mg-Al alloy is Mg17Al12>Mg2Pb>Mg. The Fermi energy (Ef) values of these phases with Ef(Mg)>Ef(Mg2Pb)>Ef (Mg17Al12) indicate that Mg is most likely to lose electrons while Mg17Al12 is difficult. LDOS result reveals that Mg and Mg2Pb phases are unstable compared with Mg17Al12 in the same external conditions, they are more likely to lose electrons and easier to corrod. The difference in Fermi energy between different phases in Pb-Mg-Al alloy forms the electrodynamic force of the electrochemical corrosion, which leads electrons to flow from the Mg and Mg2Pb phases with higher Fermi energy to Mg17Al12 phase with lower Fermi energy, further to corrode in Pb-Mg-Al alloy.

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