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Characterization and comparison of 7-core and 19-core large-mode-area few-mode fibers

Lin Zhen Zheng Si-Wen Ren Guo-Bin Jian Shui-Sheng

Characterization and comparison of 7-core and 19-core large-mode-area few-mode fibers

Lin Zhen, Zheng Si-Wen, Ren Guo-Bin, Jian Shui-Sheng
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  • A novel multi-core large-mode-area few-mode fiber (MC-LMA-FMF) is proposed in this paper. The special structure of air holes makes it operate in few modes (HE11 and HE21 mode only). Numerical analysis shows that the 7-core-LMA-FMF can maintain a stable dual-mode operation and the effective area of the fundamental mode can reach 866.54 μm2. The regular pattern that fiber structure parameters affect mode characteristics and the effective area is investigated, and the similarities and differences brought in by increasing the number of cores is also analyzed. The advanced 19-core-LMA-FMF inherits the few-mode characteristic, meanwhile, the effective area of the fundamental mode can be as high as 3617.55 μm2. Compared with the reported few-mode fibers, MC-LMA-FMF obtains a large effective area and good bending characteristics. These advantages enable this new type of fiber to be a potential candidate for high-speed large-capacity optical fiber transmission systems or high power fiber amplifiers and lasers.
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2010CB328206), the Key Program of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61275092), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61178008), the Foundation for Key Program of Ministry of Education, China (Grant No. 210267), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities of Ministry of Education of China.
    [1]

    Garth S J, Pask C 1992 J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9 243

    [2]

    Yaman F, Bai N, Huang Y K, Huang M F, Zhu B, Wang T, Li G F 2010 Opt. Express 18 21342

    [3]

    Yaman F, Bai N, Zhu B Y, Wang T, Li G F 2010 Opt. Express 18 13250

    [4]

    Bai N, Ip E, Huang Y K, Mateo E, Yaman F 2012 Opt. Express 20 2668

    [5]

    Randel S, Ryf R, Sierra A, Winzer P J, Gnauck A H, Bolle C A, Essiambre R J, Peckham D W, McCurdy A, Lingle R 2011 Opt. Express 19 16697

    [6]

    Wang C C, Zhang F, Tong Z, Ning T G, Jian S S 2008 Acta Phys. Sin. 57 5035 (in Chinese) [王春灿, 张帆, 童治, 宁提纲, 简水生 2008 物理学报 57 5035]

    [7]

    Hayashi T, Taru T, Shimakawa O, Sasaki T, Sasaoka E 2011 Opt. Express 19 16576

    [8]

    Fini J M, Zhu B, Taunay T F, Yan M F 2010 Opt. Express 18 15122

    [9]

    Fini J M 2011 Opt. Express 19 4042

    [10]

    Vogel M M, Abdou-Ahmed M, Voss A, Graf T 2009 Opt. Lett. 34 2876

    [11]

    Hayashi T, Sasaki T, Sasaoka E 2012 Optical Fiber Communication Conference Los Angeles, U.S.A, March 6-8, 2012 pOTu1D.4

    [12]

    Takenaga K, Matsuo S, Saitoh K, Koshiba M 2012 Optical Fiber Communication Conference Los Angeles, U.S.A, March 6-8, 2012 pOTu1D.5

    [13]

    Zhu B, Taunay T F, Yan M F, Fini J M, Fisheyn M, Monberg E M, Dimarcello F V 2010 Opt. Express 18 11117

    [14]

    Zhu B, Taunay T, Fisheyn M, Liu X, Chandrasekhar S, Yan M, Fini J, Monberg E, Dimarcello F 2011 Optical Fiber Communication Conference Los Angeles, U.S.A, March 6-8, 2012 pPDPB.7

    [15]

    Richardson D J, Britton P, Taverner D 1997 Elec. Lett. 33 1955

    [16]

    Guo Y Y, Hou L T 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 4036 (in Chinese) [郭艳艳, 侯蓝田 2010 物理学报 59 4036]

  • [1]

    Garth S J, Pask C 1992 J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9 243

    [2]

    Yaman F, Bai N, Huang Y K, Huang M F, Zhu B, Wang T, Li G F 2010 Opt. Express 18 21342

    [3]

    Yaman F, Bai N, Zhu B Y, Wang T, Li G F 2010 Opt. Express 18 13250

    [4]

    Bai N, Ip E, Huang Y K, Mateo E, Yaman F 2012 Opt. Express 20 2668

    [5]

    Randel S, Ryf R, Sierra A, Winzer P J, Gnauck A H, Bolle C A, Essiambre R J, Peckham D W, McCurdy A, Lingle R 2011 Opt. Express 19 16697

    [6]

    Wang C C, Zhang F, Tong Z, Ning T G, Jian S S 2008 Acta Phys. Sin. 57 5035 (in Chinese) [王春灿, 张帆, 童治, 宁提纲, 简水生 2008 物理学报 57 5035]

    [7]

    Hayashi T, Taru T, Shimakawa O, Sasaki T, Sasaoka E 2011 Opt. Express 19 16576

    [8]

    Fini J M, Zhu B, Taunay T F, Yan M F 2010 Opt. Express 18 15122

    [9]

    Fini J M 2011 Opt. Express 19 4042

    [10]

    Vogel M M, Abdou-Ahmed M, Voss A, Graf T 2009 Opt. Lett. 34 2876

    [11]

    Hayashi T, Sasaki T, Sasaoka E 2012 Optical Fiber Communication Conference Los Angeles, U.S.A, March 6-8, 2012 pOTu1D.4

    [12]

    Takenaga K, Matsuo S, Saitoh K, Koshiba M 2012 Optical Fiber Communication Conference Los Angeles, U.S.A, March 6-8, 2012 pOTu1D.5

    [13]

    Zhu B, Taunay T F, Yan M F, Fini J M, Fisheyn M, Monberg E M, Dimarcello F V 2010 Opt. Express 18 11117

    [14]

    Zhu B, Taunay T, Fisheyn M, Liu X, Chandrasekhar S, Yan M, Fini J, Monberg E, Dimarcello F 2011 Optical Fiber Communication Conference Los Angeles, U.S.A, March 6-8, 2012 pPDPB.7

    [15]

    Richardson D J, Britton P, Taverner D 1997 Elec. Lett. 33 1955

    [16]

    Guo Y Y, Hou L T 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 4036 (in Chinese) [郭艳艳, 侯蓝田 2010 物理学报 59 4036]

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    [5] Liao Wen-Ying, Fan Wan-De, Li Yuan, Chen Jun, Bu Fan-Hua, Li Hai-Peng, Wang Xin-Ya, Huang Ding-Ming. Investigation of a novel all-solid large-mode-area photonic quasi-crystal fiber. Acta Physica Sinica, 2014, 63(3): 034206. doi: 10.7498/aps.63.034206
    [6] Lou Shu-Qin, Lu Wen-Liang, Wang Xin. A novel bend-resistant large-mode-area photonic crystal fiber. Acta Physica Sinica, 2013, 62(4): 044201. doi: 10.7498/aps.62.044201
    [7] Fang Xiao-Hui, Hu Ming-Lie, Song You-Jian, Xie Chen, Chai Lu, Wang Qing-Yue. Mode locked multi-core photonic crystal fiber laser. Acta Physica Sinica, 2011, 60(6): 064208. doi: 10.7498/aps.60.064208
    [8] Zhang Yin, Chen Ming-Yang, Zhou Jun, Zhang Yong-Kang. Investigation on large-mode-area flat-topped optical fiber with microstructured core and its transmission characteristics. Acta Physica Sinica, 2013, 62(17): 174211. doi: 10.7498/aps.62.174211
    [9] Chen Yan, Zhou Gui-Yao, Xia Chang-Ming, Hou Zhi-Yun, Liu Hong-Zhan, Wang Chao. Analysis of a novel dual-mode large-mode-area micro-structured fiber. Acta Physica Sinica, 2014, 63(1): 014701. doi: 10.7498/aps.63.014701
    [10] Han Wei-Tao, Geng Peng-Cheng, Hou Lan-Tian. Numerical and experimental study on coherent combining of double cladding multi-core photonic crystal fiber. Acta Physica Sinica, 2010, 59(10): 7091-7095. doi: 10.7498/aps.59.7091
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Publishing process
  • Received Date:  30 August 2012
  • Accepted Date:  19 October 2012
  • Published Online:  20 March 2013

Characterization and comparison of 7-core and 19-core large-mode-area few-mode fibers

  • 1. Key Laboratory of All Optical Network and Advanced Telecommunication Network of EMC, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China;
  • 2. Institute of Lightwave Technology, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China
Fund Project:  Project supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2010CB328206), the Key Program of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61275092), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61178008), the Foundation for Key Program of Ministry of Education, China (Grant No. 210267), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities of Ministry of Education of China.

Abstract: A novel multi-core large-mode-area few-mode fiber (MC-LMA-FMF) is proposed in this paper. The special structure of air holes makes it operate in few modes (HE11 and HE21 mode only). Numerical analysis shows that the 7-core-LMA-FMF can maintain a stable dual-mode operation and the effective area of the fundamental mode can reach 866.54 μm2. The regular pattern that fiber structure parameters affect mode characteristics and the effective area is investigated, and the similarities and differences brought in by increasing the number of cores is also analyzed. The advanced 19-core-LMA-FMF inherits the few-mode characteristic, meanwhile, the effective area of the fundamental mode can be as high as 3617.55 μm2. Compared with the reported few-mode fibers, MC-LMA-FMF obtains a large effective area and good bending characteristics. These advantages enable this new type of fiber to be a potential candidate for high-speed large-capacity optical fiber transmission systems or high power fiber amplifiers and lasers.

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