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Control of electron localization in the dissociation of H2+ using attosecond and two-color femtosecond pulses

Xu Tian-Yu He Feng

Control of electron localization in the dissociation of H2+ using attosecond and two-color femtosecond pulses

Xu Tian-Yu, He Feng
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  • We study the control of electron localization in the dissociation of H2+ using three laser pulses by numerically simulating the time-dependent Schrödinger equation. First, we use an attosecond pulse to excite the wave packet of H2+ from 1sσg to 2pσu. Then, two-color femtosecond pulses (800 nm+400 nm) are used to control the dissociation of H2+. By manipulating the phases of two femtosecond pulses, the electron localization can be controlled effectively. For the proper laser parameters, the maximal probability that the electron is located on the selective nucleus is up to 90%. This theoretical scheme can be realized by the state-of-art laser technology.
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11104180, 11175120), the Pu-Jiang Scolar Foundation of Shanghai, China (Grant No. 11PJ1404800), the Natural Science Foundation of Shanghai, China (Grant No. 11ZR1417100), and the Fok Ying-Tong Education Foundation for Young Teachers in the Higher Education Institutions of China (Grant No. 131010).
    [1]

    Rosker M J, Dantus M, Zewail A H 1988 Science 241 1200

    [2]

    Krausz F, Ivanov M 2009 Rev. Mod. Phys. 81 163

    [3]

    Sansone G, Benedetti, Calegari F, Vozzi C, Avaldi L, Flammini R, Poletto L, Villoresi P, Altucci C, Velotta R, Stagira S, Silvestri D S, Nisoli M 2006 Science 314 443

    [4]

    Guo F M, Yang Y J, Jin M X, Ding D J, Zhu Q R 2009 Chin. Phys. Lett. 26 053201

    [5]

    Suzor G A, He X, Atabek O, Mies F H 1990 Phys. Rev. Lett. 64 515

    [6]

    Bandrauk A D, Sink M L 1981 J. Chem. Phys. 74 1110

    [7]

    Bucksbaum P H, Zavriyev A, Muller H G, Schumacher D W 1990 Phys. Rev. Lett. 64 1883

    [8]

    Frasinski L J, Posthumus J H, Plumridge J, Codling K 1999 Phys. Rev. Lett. 83 3625

    [9]

    McPherson A, Gibson G, Jara H, Johann U, Luk T S, Mcintyre I A, Boyer K, Rhodes C K 1987 J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4 495

    [10]

    Ferray M, L'Huillier A, Li X F, LompréL A, Mainfray G, Manus C 1988 J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 21 L31

    [11]

    Zeng Z N, Li R X, Xie X H, Xu Z Z 2004 Acta Phys. Sin. 53 2316 (in Chinese) [曾志男, 李儒新, 谢新华, 徐至展 2004 物理学报 53 2316]

    [12]

    Zhang F S, Cui L, Zeng X H, Gu B 2006 Acta Phys. Sin. 55 2972 (in Chinese) [张丰收, 崔磊, 曾祥华, 顾斌 2006 物理学报 55 2972]

    [13]

    Zair A, Torres R, Plaja L 2012 New Trends in Attosecond Physics (1st Ed.) (Berlin: Springer-Verlag)

    [14]

    He F, Becker A 2008 J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 41 074017

    [15]

    He F, Thumm U 2010 Phys. Rev. A 81 053413

    [16]

    He F, Becker A, Thumm U 2008 Phys. Rev. Lett. 101 213002

    [17]

    Wang R, Niu Y Y, Cong S L 2007 Chin. Phys. Lett. 24 3400

    [18]

    Roudnev V, Esry B D, Itzhak I B 2004 Phys. Rev. Lett. 93 163601

    [19]

    Kling M F, Siedschlag C, Verhoef A J, Khan J I, Schultze M, Uphues T, Ni Y, Uiberacker M, Drescher M, Krausz F, Vrakking J J M 2006 Science 312 246

    [20]

    He F, Ruiz C, Becker A 2007 Phys. Rev. Lett. 99 083002

    [21]

    Sansone G, Kelkensberg F, Pére-Torres J F, Morales F, Kling M F, Siu W, Ghafur O, Johnsson P, Swoboda M, Benedetti E, Ferrari F, Lépine F, Sanz-Vicario J L, Zherebtsov S, Znakovskaya I, L'Huillier A, Ivanov M Y, Nisoli M, Martin F, Vrakking M J J 2010 Science 465 763

    [22]

    He F, Ruiz C, Becker A 2008 J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 41 081003

    [23]

    Singh K P, He F, Ranitovic P, Cao W, De S, Ray D, Chen S, Thumm U, Becker A, Murnane M M, Kapteyn H C, Litvinyuk I V, Cocke C L 2010 Phys. Rev. Lett. 104 023001

    [24]

    Ray D, He F, De S, Cao W, Mashiko H, Ranitovic P, Singh K P, Znakovskaya I, Thumm U, Paulus G G, Kling M F, Litvinyuk I V, Cocke C L 2009 Phys. Rev. Lett. 103 223201

    [25]

    Castrillo A G, Palacios A, Bachau H, Martín F 2012 Phys. Rev. Lett. 108 063009

    [26]

    Su Q Z, Niu Y Y, Cong S L 2010 Chin. Phys. Lett. 27 093401

    [27]

    McKenna J, Sayler A M, Gaire B, Johnson N G, Parke E, Carnes K D, Esry B D, Ben-Itzhak I 2008 Phys. Rev. A 77 063422

    [28]

    Znakovskaya I, von den Hoff P, Zherebtsov S, Wirth A, Heerrwerth O, Vrakking M J J, de Vivie-Riedle R, Kling M F 2009 Phys. Rev. Lett. 103 103002

    [29]

    Betsch K J, Pinkham D W, Jones R R 2010 Phys. Rev. Lett. 105 223002

    [30]

    Zohrabi M, Mckenna J, Gaire B, Johnson N G, Carnes K D, De S, Bocharova I A, Magrakvelidze M, Ray D, Litvinyuk I V, Cocke C L, Ben-Itzhak I 2011 Phys. Rev. Lett. 83 053405

    [31]

    Liu Y, Liu X, Deng Y, Wu C, Jiang H, Gong Q 2011 Phys. Rev. Lett. 106 073004

    [32]

    Ammosov M V, Delone N B, Krainov V P 1986 Sov. Phys. JETP 64 1191

    [33]

    Bates D R, Ledsham K, Stewart A L 1953 Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. A 246 215

    [34]

    Charron E, GiustiSuzor A, Meis F H 1995 J. Chem. Phys. 103 7359

    [35]

    Born M, Oppenheimer J R 1927 Ann. Phys. 84 457

    [36]

    He F, Ruiz C, Becker A 2007 Phys. Rev. A 75 053407

  • [1]

    Rosker M J, Dantus M, Zewail A H 1988 Science 241 1200

    [2]

    Krausz F, Ivanov M 2009 Rev. Mod. Phys. 81 163

    [3]

    Sansone G, Benedetti, Calegari F, Vozzi C, Avaldi L, Flammini R, Poletto L, Villoresi P, Altucci C, Velotta R, Stagira S, Silvestri D S, Nisoli M 2006 Science 314 443

    [4]

    Guo F M, Yang Y J, Jin M X, Ding D J, Zhu Q R 2009 Chin. Phys. Lett. 26 053201

    [5]

    Suzor G A, He X, Atabek O, Mies F H 1990 Phys. Rev. Lett. 64 515

    [6]

    Bandrauk A D, Sink M L 1981 J. Chem. Phys. 74 1110

    [7]

    Bucksbaum P H, Zavriyev A, Muller H G, Schumacher D W 1990 Phys. Rev. Lett. 64 1883

    [8]

    Frasinski L J, Posthumus J H, Plumridge J, Codling K 1999 Phys. Rev. Lett. 83 3625

    [9]

    McPherson A, Gibson G, Jara H, Johann U, Luk T S, Mcintyre I A, Boyer K, Rhodes C K 1987 J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4 495

    [10]

    Ferray M, L'Huillier A, Li X F, LompréL A, Mainfray G, Manus C 1988 J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 21 L31

    [11]

    Zeng Z N, Li R X, Xie X H, Xu Z Z 2004 Acta Phys. Sin. 53 2316 (in Chinese) [曾志男, 李儒新, 谢新华, 徐至展 2004 物理学报 53 2316]

    [12]

    Zhang F S, Cui L, Zeng X H, Gu B 2006 Acta Phys. Sin. 55 2972 (in Chinese) [张丰收, 崔磊, 曾祥华, 顾斌 2006 物理学报 55 2972]

    [13]

    Zair A, Torres R, Plaja L 2012 New Trends in Attosecond Physics (1st Ed.) (Berlin: Springer-Verlag)

    [14]

    He F, Becker A 2008 J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 41 074017

    [15]

    He F, Thumm U 2010 Phys. Rev. A 81 053413

    [16]

    He F, Becker A, Thumm U 2008 Phys. Rev. Lett. 101 213002

    [17]

    Wang R, Niu Y Y, Cong S L 2007 Chin. Phys. Lett. 24 3400

    [18]

    Roudnev V, Esry B D, Itzhak I B 2004 Phys. Rev. Lett. 93 163601

    [19]

    Kling M F, Siedschlag C, Verhoef A J, Khan J I, Schultze M, Uphues T, Ni Y, Uiberacker M, Drescher M, Krausz F, Vrakking J J M 2006 Science 312 246

    [20]

    He F, Ruiz C, Becker A 2007 Phys. Rev. Lett. 99 083002

    [21]

    Sansone G, Kelkensberg F, Pére-Torres J F, Morales F, Kling M F, Siu W, Ghafur O, Johnsson P, Swoboda M, Benedetti E, Ferrari F, Lépine F, Sanz-Vicario J L, Zherebtsov S, Znakovskaya I, L'Huillier A, Ivanov M Y, Nisoli M, Martin F, Vrakking M J J 2010 Science 465 763

    [22]

    He F, Ruiz C, Becker A 2008 J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 41 081003

    [23]

    Singh K P, He F, Ranitovic P, Cao W, De S, Ray D, Chen S, Thumm U, Becker A, Murnane M M, Kapteyn H C, Litvinyuk I V, Cocke C L 2010 Phys. Rev. Lett. 104 023001

    [24]

    Ray D, He F, De S, Cao W, Mashiko H, Ranitovic P, Singh K P, Znakovskaya I, Thumm U, Paulus G G, Kling M F, Litvinyuk I V, Cocke C L 2009 Phys. Rev. Lett. 103 223201

    [25]

    Castrillo A G, Palacios A, Bachau H, Martín F 2012 Phys. Rev. Lett. 108 063009

    [26]

    Su Q Z, Niu Y Y, Cong S L 2010 Chin. Phys. Lett. 27 093401

    [27]

    McKenna J, Sayler A M, Gaire B, Johnson N G, Parke E, Carnes K D, Esry B D, Ben-Itzhak I 2008 Phys. Rev. A 77 063422

    [28]

    Znakovskaya I, von den Hoff P, Zherebtsov S, Wirth A, Heerrwerth O, Vrakking M J J, de Vivie-Riedle R, Kling M F 2009 Phys. Rev. Lett. 103 103002

    [29]

    Betsch K J, Pinkham D W, Jones R R 2010 Phys. Rev. Lett. 105 223002

    [30]

    Zohrabi M, Mckenna J, Gaire B, Johnson N G, Carnes K D, De S, Bocharova I A, Magrakvelidze M, Ray D, Litvinyuk I V, Cocke C L, Ben-Itzhak I 2011 Phys. Rev. Lett. 83 053405

    [31]

    Liu Y, Liu X, Deng Y, Wu C, Jiang H, Gong Q 2011 Phys. Rev. Lett. 106 073004

    [32]

    Ammosov M V, Delone N B, Krainov V P 1986 Sov. Phys. JETP 64 1191

    [33]

    Bates D R, Ledsham K, Stewart A L 1953 Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. A 246 215

    [34]

    Charron E, GiustiSuzor A, Meis F H 1995 J. Chem. Phys. 103 7359

    [35]

    Born M, Oppenheimer J R 1927 Ann. Phys. 84 457

    [36]

    He F, Ruiz C, Becker A 2007 Phys. Rev. A 75 053407

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  • Received Date:  05 September 2012
  • Accepted Date:  19 October 2012
  • Published Online:  20 March 2013

Control of electron localization in the dissociation of H2+ using attosecond and two-color femtosecond pulses

  • 1. Key Laboratory for Laser Plasma (Ministry of Education), Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
Fund Project:  Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11104180, 11175120), the Pu-Jiang Scolar Foundation of Shanghai, China (Grant No. 11PJ1404800), the Natural Science Foundation of Shanghai, China (Grant No. 11ZR1417100), and the Fok Ying-Tong Education Foundation for Young Teachers in the Higher Education Institutions of China (Grant No. 131010).

Abstract: We study the control of electron localization in the dissociation of H2+ using three laser pulses by numerically simulating the time-dependent Schrödinger equation. First, we use an attosecond pulse to excite the wave packet of H2+ from 1sσg to 2pσu. Then, two-color femtosecond pulses (800 nm+400 nm) are used to control the dissociation of H2+. By manipulating the phases of two femtosecond pulses, the electron localization can be controlled effectively. For the proper laser parameters, the maximal probability that the electron is located on the selective nucleus is up to 90%. This theoretical scheme can be realized by the state-of-art laser technology.

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