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Study of inhomogeneous tissue equivalent water thickness correction method in proton therapy

Xie Zhao Zou Lian Hou Qing Zheng Xia

Study of inhomogeneous tissue equivalent water thickness correction method in proton therapy

Xie Zhao, Zou Lian, Hou Qing, Zheng Xia
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  • Received Date:  19 October 2012
  • Accepted Date:  12 November 2012
  • Published Online:  20 March 2013

Study of inhomogeneous tissue equivalent water thickness correction method in proton therapy

  • 1. Sichuan Academy of Medical Sciences and Sichuan Provincial People’s Hospital, Joint Laboratory for Medical Physics, Radiation Oncology Center, Chengdu 610072, China;
  • 2. Key Laboratory for Radiation Physics and Technology of Ministry of Education, Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China;
  • 3. Sichuan Academy of Medical Sciences and Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital, Emergency Department, Chengdu 610072, China

Abstract: The inhomogeneous tissue equivalent water thickness correction method is an important part of research in proton radiotherapy. In this paper, we simulate the transport processes of a high-energy proton beam being injected into the water and other materials using Monte-Carlo multi-particle transport code Fluka, and according to the energy deposition distribution we obtain the depth of the Bragg peak when the protons are injected into different materials. Then we fit an analytic formula (R = αE0p) to the relationship between initial proton energy and the depth of the proton Bragg peak in different materials. It is found that for the different energies of proton beam being injected into non-uniform organization, the difference between the Bragg peak depth from fitting and the depth of the proton beam Bragg peaks from Fluka program is less than 1 mm. If we can establish a database about the relationship of Bragg peak ratio between medium and water, with electron density, then the equivalent water thickness correction method will be able to applied to the dose calculation of for homogeneous medium in proton therapy.

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