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Summer precipitation response to the length of the preceding winter over yangtze-huaihe river valley

Su Tao Zhang Shi-Xuan Zhi Rong Chen Li-Juan

Summer precipitation response to the length of the preceding winter over yangtze-huaihe river valley

Su Tao, Zhang Shi-Xuan, Zhi Rong, Chen Li-Juan
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  • By using NCEP/NCAR reanalysis datasets, the length of preceding winter (LPW) in the Yangtze-Huaihe River valley (YHRV) from 1961 to 2011 is derived. We investigate the variation of LPW and the relationship between LPW and following summer precipitation, and the results indicate that LPW clearly displays interannual and decadal changes in the period of 1961-2011. The variation of LPW is closely related to temperature, pressure and meridional wind speed, statistical analysis indicates that a longer LPW corresponds to a lower temperature, a higher pressure and a stronger meridional wind, which shows that temperature, pressure, meridional wind are probably the key factors of adjusting the LPW. These characteristics also vary from region to region. There is significantly positive correlation between the summer precipitation and LPW. The statistical analysis also indicates that the longer (shorter) the LPW, the more (less) the summer precipitation in YHRV is. The comprehensive analysis of the circulation field indicates that when LPW is significantly longer than climatic status, a blocking situation is formed easily in the region of Ural Mountains and the Sea of Okhotsk in the summer, which will affect the summer rainfall in YHRV. By using singular value decomposition method, it is found that the relationship between summer precipitation and LPW is also very significant.
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 41175067, 41105055, 41275073), the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2012CB955902), Special Scientific Research Fund of Meteorological Public Welfare Profession of China (Grant Nos. GYHY200806005, GYHY201106016).
    [1]

    Tao S Y, Xu S Y 1962 Acta Meteor. Sin. 32 1 (in Chinese) [陶诗言, 徐淑英 1962气象学报 32 1]

    [2]

    Xuan S L, Zhang Q Y, Sun S Q 2011 Climat. Environ. Res. 16 231 (in Chinese) [宣守丽, 张庆云, 孙淑清 2011气候与环境研究 16 231]

    [3]

    Zhao L, Zou L, Wang C L, Yin H B 2006 J. Tropical Meteorol. 22 360 (in Chinese) [赵亮, 邹力, 王成林, 尹洪波 2006热带气象学报 22 360]

    [4]

    Zhao L, Zou L, Wang E H 2007 Sci. Meteorol. Sin. 27 618 (in Chinese) [赵亮, 邹力, 王恩华2007气象科学 27 618]

    [5]

    Zhao Y, Qian Y F 2007 Chin. J. Atmos. Sci. 37 154 (in Chinese) [赵勇, 钱永甫 2007大气科学 37 154]

    [6]

    Si D, Ding Y H, Liu Y J 2010 Chin. Sci. Bull. 55 68 (in Chinese) [司东, 丁一汇, 柳艳菊2010 科学通报 55 68]

    [7]

    Jiang Z H, Liang Z R, Liu Z Y, Zhu Y L 2011 Chin. J. Atmos. Sci. 35 361 (in Chinese) [江志红, 梁卓然, 刘征宇, 朱云来 2011 大气科学 35 361]

    [8]

    Zhang S X, Zhi R, Feng G L, Shen B Z 2012 Chinese J. Atmos. Sci. 36 564 (in Chinese) [张世轩, 支蓉, 封国林, 沈柏竹2012 大气科学 36 564]

    [9]

    Wang Z Y 2004 M.S. Dissertation (Nanjing: Nanjing Institute of Meteorology) (in Chinese) [王遵娅 2004 硕士学位论文 (南京: 南京气象学院)]

    [10]

    Hou W, Sun S P, Zhang S X, Zhao J H, Feng G L 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 109201 (in Chinese) [侯威, 孙树鹏, 张世轩, 赵俊虎, 封国林2011物理学报 60 109201]

    [11]

    Sun S P, Zhang L, Hou W, Feng G L 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 029201 (in Chinese) [孙树鹏, 张璐, 侯威, 封国林 2011 物理学报 60 029201]

    [12]

    Shi N, Gu W B 1993 Meteorological Monthly 19 32 (in Chinese) [施能, 古文保1993气象 19 32]

    [13]

    Wu Z W, Li J P, Jiang Z H, Ma T T 2012 J. Climate 25 2481

    [14]

    Shi N, Gu J Q, Huang X X, Liu J X, Gu Z 2004 Chin. J. Atmos. Sci. 28 950 (in Chinese) [施能, 顾骏强, 黄先香, 刘锦绣, 顾泽 2004 大气科学 28 950]

    [15]

    Chen L T, Wu R G 1998 Chin. J. Atmos. Sci. 22 849 (in Chinese) [陈烈庭, 吴仁广 1998 大气科学 22 849]

    [16]

    Huang R H, Chen J L, Huang G, Zhang Q L 2006 Chin. J. Atmos. Sci. 30 545 (in Chinese) [黄荣辉, 陈际龙, 黄刚, 张启龙2006 大气科学 30 545]

    [17]

    Shen L L, He J H, Zhou X J, Chen L X, Zhu C W 2010 Acta Meteor. Sin. 68 918 (in Chinese) [申乐琳, 何金海, 周秀骥, 陈隆勋, 祝从文 2010 气象学报 68 918]

    [18]

    Shi X Y, Shi X H, Mao J F 2009 Acta Geograph. Sin. 64 861 (in Chinese) [施小英, 施晓晖, 毛嘉富2009 地理学报 64 861]

    [19]

    Zhou X X, Ding Y H, Wang P X 2008 Acta Meteor. Sin. 66 59 (in Chinese) [周晓霞, 丁一汇, 王盘兴 2008 气象学报 66 59]

    [20]

    Dai X G, Wang P, Zhang K J 2012 Chin. Phys. B 21 119201

    [21]

    Zhang Q Y, Tao S Y 1998 Acta Meteor. Sin. 56 199 (in Chinese) [张庆云, 陶诗言1998 气象学报 56 199]

    [22]

    Zhang C J, Song L C, Li Y H 2004 Acta Meteor. Sin. 62 119 (in Chinese) [张存杰, 宋连春, 李耀辉 2004 气象学报 62 119]

    [23]

    Lu R Y, Huang R H 1999 Chin. J. Atmos. Sci. 23 533 (in Chinese) [陆日宇, 黄荣辉 1999 大气科学 23 533]

    [24]

    Wei F Y, Cao H X 1997 Plateau Meteorology 16 174 (in Chinese) [魏凤英, 曹鸿兴1997 高原气象 16 174]

    [25]

    Wei D M, Li C Y, Tan Y K 2011 Climat. Environ. Res. 16 255 (in Chinese) [韦道明, 李崇银, 谭言科2011气候与环境研究 16 255]

    [26]

    Zhao J H, Feng G L, Zhang S X, Sun S P 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 099205 (in Chinese) [赵俊虎, 封国林, 张世轩, 孙树鹏2011物理学报 60 099205]

    [27]

    Dong W J, Jiang Y D, Yang S 2010 Climatic Change 99 81

    [28]

    Thomson D J 2009 Climatic Change 22 391

    [29]

    Choi G Y, Robinson D A, Kang S Y 2010 Journal of Climate 23 5305

    [30]

    Trenberth K E 1983 Bulletin American Meteorological Society 64 1276

    [31]

    Wang Z Y, Ding Y H 2009 Chin. J. Geophys. 52 20 (in Chinese) [王遵娅, 丁一汇 2009 地球物理学报 52 20]

    [32]

    Huang J Y, Gao S T 2003 Progress in Natural Science 13 206 (in Chinese) [黄嘉佑, 高守亭2003自然科学进展 13 206]

    [33]

    Zhang D Q, Feng G L, Hu J G 2008 Chin. Phys. B 17 0736

    [34]

    Li F, Ding Y H 2004 Acta Meteor. Sin. 62 347 (in Chinese) [李峰, 丁一汇 2004 气象学报 62 347]

    [35]

    Shen B Z, Zhang S X, Yang H W, Wang K, Feng G L 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 109202 (in Chinese) [沈柏竹, 张世轩, 杨涵洧, 王阔, 封国林 2012物理学报 61 109202]

  • [1]

    Tao S Y, Xu S Y 1962 Acta Meteor. Sin. 32 1 (in Chinese) [陶诗言, 徐淑英 1962气象学报 32 1]

    [2]

    Xuan S L, Zhang Q Y, Sun S Q 2011 Climat. Environ. Res. 16 231 (in Chinese) [宣守丽, 张庆云, 孙淑清 2011气候与环境研究 16 231]

    [3]

    Zhao L, Zou L, Wang C L, Yin H B 2006 J. Tropical Meteorol. 22 360 (in Chinese) [赵亮, 邹力, 王成林, 尹洪波 2006热带气象学报 22 360]

    [4]

    Zhao L, Zou L, Wang E H 2007 Sci. Meteorol. Sin. 27 618 (in Chinese) [赵亮, 邹力, 王恩华2007气象科学 27 618]

    [5]

    Zhao Y, Qian Y F 2007 Chin. J. Atmos. Sci. 37 154 (in Chinese) [赵勇, 钱永甫 2007大气科学 37 154]

    [6]

    Si D, Ding Y H, Liu Y J 2010 Chin. Sci. Bull. 55 68 (in Chinese) [司东, 丁一汇, 柳艳菊2010 科学通报 55 68]

    [7]

    Jiang Z H, Liang Z R, Liu Z Y, Zhu Y L 2011 Chin. J. Atmos. Sci. 35 361 (in Chinese) [江志红, 梁卓然, 刘征宇, 朱云来 2011 大气科学 35 361]

    [8]

    Zhang S X, Zhi R, Feng G L, Shen B Z 2012 Chinese J. Atmos. Sci. 36 564 (in Chinese) [张世轩, 支蓉, 封国林, 沈柏竹2012 大气科学 36 564]

    [9]

    Wang Z Y 2004 M.S. Dissertation (Nanjing: Nanjing Institute of Meteorology) (in Chinese) [王遵娅 2004 硕士学位论文 (南京: 南京气象学院)]

    [10]

    Hou W, Sun S P, Zhang S X, Zhao J H, Feng G L 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 109201 (in Chinese) [侯威, 孙树鹏, 张世轩, 赵俊虎, 封国林2011物理学报 60 109201]

    [11]

    Sun S P, Zhang L, Hou W, Feng G L 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 029201 (in Chinese) [孙树鹏, 张璐, 侯威, 封国林 2011 物理学报 60 029201]

    [12]

    Shi N, Gu W B 1993 Meteorological Monthly 19 32 (in Chinese) [施能, 古文保1993气象 19 32]

    [13]

    Wu Z W, Li J P, Jiang Z H, Ma T T 2012 J. Climate 25 2481

    [14]

    Shi N, Gu J Q, Huang X X, Liu J X, Gu Z 2004 Chin. J. Atmos. Sci. 28 950 (in Chinese) [施能, 顾骏强, 黄先香, 刘锦绣, 顾泽 2004 大气科学 28 950]

    [15]

    Chen L T, Wu R G 1998 Chin. J. Atmos. Sci. 22 849 (in Chinese) [陈烈庭, 吴仁广 1998 大气科学 22 849]

    [16]

    Huang R H, Chen J L, Huang G, Zhang Q L 2006 Chin. J. Atmos. Sci. 30 545 (in Chinese) [黄荣辉, 陈际龙, 黄刚, 张启龙2006 大气科学 30 545]

    [17]

    Shen L L, He J H, Zhou X J, Chen L X, Zhu C W 2010 Acta Meteor. Sin. 68 918 (in Chinese) [申乐琳, 何金海, 周秀骥, 陈隆勋, 祝从文 2010 气象学报 68 918]

    [18]

    Shi X Y, Shi X H, Mao J F 2009 Acta Geograph. Sin. 64 861 (in Chinese) [施小英, 施晓晖, 毛嘉富2009 地理学报 64 861]

    [19]

    Zhou X X, Ding Y H, Wang P X 2008 Acta Meteor. Sin. 66 59 (in Chinese) [周晓霞, 丁一汇, 王盘兴 2008 气象学报 66 59]

    [20]

    Dai X G, Wang P, Zhang K J 2012 Chin. Phys. B 21 119201

    [21]

    Zhang Q Y, Tao S Y 1998 Acta Meteor. Sin. 56 199 (in Chinese) [张庆云, 陶诗言1998 气象学报 56 199]

    [22]

    Zhang C J, Song L C, Li Y H 2004 Acta Meteor. Sin. 62 119 (in Chinese) [张存杰, 宋连春, 李耀辉 2004 气象学报 62 119]

    [23]

    Lu R Y, Huang R H 1999 Chin. J. Atmos. Sci. 23 533 (in Chinese) [陆日宇, 黄荣辉 1999 大气科学 23 533]

    [24]

    Wei F Y, Cao H X 1997 Plateau Meteorology 16 174 (in Chinese) [魏凤英, 曹鸿兴1997 高原气象 16 174]

    [25]

    Wei D M, Li C Y, Tan Y K 2011 Climat. Environ. Res. 16 255 (in Chinese) [韦道明, 李崇银, 谭言科2011气候与环境研究 16 255]

    [26]

    Zhao J H, Feng G L, Zhang S X, Sun S P 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 099205 (in Chinese) [赵俊虎, 封国林, 张世轩, 孙树鹏2011物理学报 60 099205]

    [27]

    Dong W J, Jiang Y D, Yang S 2010 Climatic Change 99 81

    [28]

    Thomson D J 2009 Climatic Change 22 391

    [29]

    Choi G Y, Robinson D A, Kang S Y 2010 Journal of Climate 23 5305

    [30]

    Trenberth K E 1983 Bulletin American Meteorological Society 64 1276

    [31]

    Wang Z Y, Ding Y H 2009 Chin. J. Geophys. 52 20 (in Chinese) [王遵娅, 丁一汇 2009 地球物理学报 52 20]

    [32]

    Huang J Y, Gao S T 2003 Progress in Natural Science 13 206 (in Chinese) [黄嘉佑, 高守亭2003自然科学进展 13 206]

    [33]

    Zhang D Q, Feng G L, Hu J G 2008 Chin. Phys. B 17 0736

    [34]

    Li F, Ding Y H 2004 Acta Meteor. Sin. 62 347 (in Chinese) [李峰, 丁一汇 2004 气象学报 62 347]

    [35]

    Shen B Z, Zhang S X, Yang H W, Wang K, Feng G L 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 109202 (in Chinese) [沈柏竹, 张世轩, 杨涵洧, 王阔, 封国林 2012物理学报 61 109202]

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  • Received Date:  19 October 2012
  • Accepted Date:  01 November 2012
  • Published Online:  20 March 2013

Summer precipitation response to the length of the preceding winter over yangtze-huaihe river valley

  • 1. College of Atmospheric Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China;
  • 2. National Climate Center, Laboratory for Climate Studies of China Meteorological Administration, Beijing 100081, China
Fund Project:  Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 41175067, 41105055, 41275073), the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2012CB955902), Special Scientific Research Fund of Meteorological Public Welfare Profession of China (Grant Nos. GYHY200806005, GYHY201106016).

Abstract: By using NCEP/NCAR reanalysis datasets, the length of preceding winter (LPW) in the Yangtze-Huaihe River valley (YHRV) from 1961 to 2011 is derived. We investigate the variation of LPW and the relationship between LPW and following summer precipitation, and the results indicate that LPW clearly displays interannual and decadal changes in the period of 1961-2011. The variation of LPW is closely related to temperature, pressure and meridional wind speed, statistical analysis indicates that a longer LPW corresponds to a lower temperature, a higher pressure and a stronger meridional wind, which shows that temperature, pressure, meridional wind are probably the key factors of adjusting the LPW. These characteristics also vary from region to region. There is significantly positive correlation between the summer precipitation and LPW. The statistical analysis also indicates that the longer (shorter) the LPW, the more (less) the summer precipitation in YHRV is. The comprehensive analysis of the circulation field indicates that when LPW is significantly longer than climatic status, a blocking situation is formed easily in the region of Ural Mountains and the Sea of Okhotsk in the summer, which will affect the summer rainfall in YHRV. By using singular value decomposition method, it is found that the relationship between summer precipitation and LPW is also very significant.

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