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Configuration of the antiferromagnetic magnetization and the exchange anisotropy in exchange-biased bilayers

Xu Xiao-Yong Pan Jing Hu Jing-Guo

Configuration of the antiferromagnetic magnetization and the exchange anisotropy in exchange-biased bilayers

Xu Xiao-Yong, Pan Jing, Hu Jing-Guo
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Publishing process
  • Received Date:  24 January 2007
  • Accepted Date:  23 February 2007
  • Published Online:  20 September 2007

Configuration of the antiferromagnetic magnetization and the exchange anisotropy in exchange-biased bilayers

  • 1. 扬州大学物理科学与技术学院,扬州 225002

Abstract: The phases of the antiferromagnetic magnetization and the corresponding exchange bias and coercivity in exchange-biased bilayers(FM/AF) with interface quadratic and biquadratic exchange coupling have been studied comprehensively. The results show that there are four possible cases for the antiferromagnetic magnetization, namely the reversible recovering case, irreversible half-rotating case, irreversible reversing and irreversible half-reversing cases. However, the realization of the cases strongly depends on interface quadratic coupling, interface biquadratic coupling and AF thickness. In the reversible recovering case the exchange coupling between FM and AF results in the exchange bias, and there is no exchange bias in the other cases. Specially, for exchange-biased bilayers without interface quadratic coupling, there exists a critical value of the biquadratic coupling constant J2crit=0.1σw(σw denotes AF domain wall energy), below which the positive exchange bias appears, otherwise there is no exchange bias, and the coercivity can be enhanced. For the FM/AF bilayers with interface quadratic and biquadratic coupling, the interface biquadratic coupling can weaken or eliminate the exchange bias, but always enhances the coercivity.

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