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Experimental generation of 58 MeV quasi-monoenergetic electron beam by ultra-intense femto-second laser wakefield

Wang Xiao-Fang Dong Ke-Gong Gu Yu-Qiu Zhu Bin Wu Yu-Chi Cao Lei-Feng He Ying-Ling Liu Hong-Jie Hong Wei Zhou Wei-Min Zhao Zong-Qing Jiao Chun-Ye Wen Xian-Lun Zhang Bao-Han

Experimental generation of 58 MeV quasi-monoenergetic electron beam by ultra-intense femto-second laser wakefield

Wang Xiao-Fang, Dong Ke-Gong, Gu Yu-Qiu, Zhu Bin, Wu Yu-Chi, Cao Lei-Feng, He Ying-Ling, Liu Hong-Jie, Hong Wei, Zhou Wei-Min, Zhao Zong-Qing, Jiao Chun-Ye, Wen Xian-Lun, Zhang Bao-Han
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  • Monoenergetic electron bunches can be generated by the interaction between the ultra-intense laser and underdense plasma on the mm scale. In the experiment conducted on the SILEX-Ⅰ, by the interaction between an ultra-intense femtosecond laser pulse and 2.7 mm supersonic He gas jet, a 58 MeV quasi-monoenergetic electron beam with 15.5% energy spread and 15 mrad beam divergence is produced. The total charge of the electron beam is about 15.4 nC when the laser power is 70 TW. In this paper the experimental conditions, the method and main results are presented.
    • Funds:
    [1]

    Tajima T, Dawson J M 1979 Phys. Rev. Lett. 43 267

    [2]

    Esarey E, Sprangle P, Krall J, Ting A 1996 IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 24 252

    [3]

    Chang W W, Zhang L F, Shao F Q 1991 Acta Phys. Sin. 40 182 (in Chinese) [常文蔚、张立夫、邵福球 1991 物理学报 40 182] 〖4] Xu H, Sheng Z M, Zhang J 2007 Acta Phys. Sin. 56 968 (in Chinese) [徐 慧、盛政明、张 杰 2007 物理学报 56 968]

    [4]

    Kneip S, Nagel S R, Martins S F, Mangles S P D, Bellei C, Chekhlov O, Clarke R J, Delerue N, Divall E J, Doucas G, Ertel K, Fiuza F, Fonseca R, Foster P, Hooker C J, Krushelnick K, Mori W B, Streeter M J V, Urner D, Vieira J, Silva L O, Najmudin Z 2009 Phys. Rev. Lett. 103 035002

    [5]

    Froula D H, Clayton C E, Doppner T, Marsh K A, Barty C P J, Divol L, Fonseca R A, Glenzer S H, Joshi C, Lu W, Martins S F, Michel P, Mori W B, Palastro J P, Pollock B B, Pak A,Ralph J E, Ross J S, Siders C W, Silva L O, Wang T 2009 Phys. Rev. Lett. 103 215006

    [6]

    Mangles S P D, Murphy C D, Najmudin Z, Thomas A G R, Collier J L, Dangor A B, Divall E J, Foster P S, Gallacher J G, Hooker C J, Jaroszyanski D A, Langley A J, Mori W B, Norreys P A, Tsung F S, Viskup R, Walton B R, Krushelnick K 2004 Nature 431 535

    [7]

    Geddes C G R, Toth C, Tilborg J V, Esarey E, Schroeder C B, Bruhwiler D L, Nieter C, Cary J R, Leemans W P 2004 Nature 431 538

    [8]

    Faure J, Glinec Y, Pukhov A, Kiselev S, Gordienko S, Lefebvre E, Rousseau J P, Burgy F, Malka V 2004 Nature 431 541

    [9]

    Pukhov A, Meyer-Ter-Vehn J 2002 Appl. Phys. B 74 355

    [10]

    Lu W, Tzoufras M, Joshi C, Tsung F S, Mori W B, Vieira J, Fonseca R A, Silva L O 2007 Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. 10 061301

    [11]

    Thomas A G R, Najmudin Z, Mangles S P D, Murphy C D, Dangor A E, Kamperidis C, Lancaster K L, Mori W B, Norreys P A, Rozmus W, Krushelnick K 2007 Phys. Rev. Lett. 98 095004

    [12]

    Thomas A G R, Mangles S P D, Murphy C D, Dangor A E,Foster P S 2009 Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 51 024010

    [13]

    Chen L M, Kotaki H, Nakajima K, Koga J, Bulanov S V, Tajima T, Gu Y Q, Peng H S, Wang X X, Wen T S, Liu H J, Jiao C Y, Zhang C G, Huang X J, Guo Y, Zhou K N, Hua J F, An W M, Tang C X, Lin Y Z 2007 Phys. Plasmas 14 040703

    [14]

    Wu Y C, Wang L, Wang H B 2007 High Power and Particle Beams 19 1129 (in Chinese) [吴玉迟、王 磊、王红斌 2007 强激光与粒子束 19 1129]

    [15]

    Hafz N A M, Jeong T M, Choi W, Lee S K, Pae K H, Victor V 2008 Nat. Photon. 2 571

    [16]

    Malka V, Faure J, Glinec Y, Pukhov A, Rousseau J P 2005 Phys. Plasmas 12 056702

    [17]

    Esarey E, Schroeder C B, Leemans W P 2009 Rev. Mod. Phys. 81 1229

    [18]

    Katsouleas T, Wilks S, Chen P, Dawson J M, Su J J 1987 Part. Accel. 22 81

    [19]

    Nakamura K, Nagler B, Toth C, Geddes C G R, Schroeder C B, Esarey E, Leemans W P, Gonsalvese A J, Hooker S M 2007 Phys. Plasmas 14 056708

    [20]

    Gibbon P 2005 Short Pulse Laser Interactions with Matter (London: Academic) p61

  • [1]

    Tajima T, Dawson J M 1979 Phys. Rev. Lett. 43 267

    [2]

    Esarey E, Sprangle P, Krall J, Ting A 1996 IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 24 252

    [3]

    Chang W W, Zhang L F, Shao F Q 1991 Acta Phys. Sin. 40 182 (in Chinese) [常文蔚、张立夫、邵福球 1991 物理学报 40 182] 〖4] Xu H, Sheng Z M, Zhang J 2007 Acta Phys. Sin. 56 968 (in Chinese) [徐 慧、盛政明、张 杰 2007 物理学报 56 968]

    [4]

    Kneip S, Nagel S R, Martins S F, Mangles S P D, Bellei C, Chekhlov O, Clarke R J, Delerue N, Divall E J, Doucas G, Ertel K, Fiuza F, Fonseca R, Foster P, Hooker C J, Krushelnick K, Mori W B, Streeter M J V, Urner D, Vieira J, Silva L O, Najmudin Z 2009 Phys. Rev. Lett. 103 035002

    [5]

    Froula D H, Clayton C E, Doppner T, Marsh K A, Barty C P J, Divol L, Fonseca R A, Glenzer S H, Joshi C, Lu W, Martins S F, Michel P, Mori W B, Palastro J P, Pollock B B, Pak A,Ralph J E, Ross J S, Siders C W, Silva L O, Wang T 2009 Phys. Rev. Lett. 103 215006

    [6]

    Mangles S P D, Murphy C D, Najmudin Z, Thomas A G R, Collier J L, Dangor A B, Divall E J, Foster P S, Gallacher J G, Hooker C J, Jaroszyanski D A, Langley A J, Mori W B, Norreys P A, Tsung F S, Viskup R, Walton B R, Krushelnick K 2004 Nature 431 535

    [7]

    Geddes C G R, Toth C, Tilborg J V, Esarey E, Schroeder C B, Bruhwiler D L, Nieter C, Cary J R, Leemans W P 2004 Nature 431 538

    [8]

    Faure J, Glinec Y, Pukhov A, Kiselev S, Gordienko S, Lefebvre E, Rousseau J P, Burgy F, Malka V 2004 Nature 431 541

    [9]

    Pukhov A, Meyer-Ter-Vehn J 2002 Appl. Phys. B 74 355

    [10]

    Lu W, Tzoufras M, Joshi C, Tsung F S, Mori W B, Vieira J, Fonseca R A, Silva L O 2007 Phys. Rev. Spec. Top. 10 061301

    [11]

    Thomas A G R, Najmudin Z, Mangles S P D, Murphy C D, Dangor A E, Kamperidis C, Lancaster K L, Mori W B, Norreys P A, Rozmus W, Krushelnick K 2007 Phys. Rev. Lett. 98 095004

    [12]

    Thomas A G R, Mangles S P D, Murphy C D, Dangor A E,Foster P S 2009 Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 51 024010

    [13]

    Chen L M, Kotaki H, Nakajima K, Koga J, Bulanov S V, Tajima T, Gu Y Q, Peng H S, Wang X X, Wen T S, Liu H J, Jiao C Y, Zhang C G, Huang X J, Guo Y, Zhou K N, Hua J F, An W M, Tang C X, Lin Y Z 2007 Phys. Plasmas 14 040703

    [14]

    Wu Y C, Wang L, Wang H B 2007 High Power and Particle Beams 19 1129 (in Chinese) [吴玉迟、王 磊、王红斌 2007 强激光与粒子束 19 1129]

    [15]

    Hafz N A M, Jeong T M, Choi W, Lee S K, Pae K H, Victor V 2008 Nat. Photon. 2 571

    [16]

    Malka V, Faure J, Glinec Y, Pukhov A, Rousseau J P 2005 Phys. Plasmas 12 056702

    [17]

    Esarey E, Schroeder C B, Leemans W P 2009 Rev. Mod. Phys. 81 1229

    [18]

    Katsouleas T, Wilks S, Chen P, Dawson J M, Su J J 1987 Part. Accel. 22 81

    [19]

    Nakamura K, Nagler B, Toth C, Geddes C G R, Schroeder C B, Esarey E, Leemans W P, Gonsalvese A J, Hooker S M 2007 Phys. Plasmas 14 056708

    [20]

    Gibbon P 2005 Short Pulse Laser Interactions with Matter (London: Academic) p61

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  • Received Date:  20 August 2009
  • Accepted Date:  24 May 2010
  • Published Online:  15 December 2010

Experimental generation of 58 MeV quasi-monoenergetic electron beam by ultra-intense femto-second laser wakefield

  • 1. (1)Key Laboratory of Basic Plasma Physics of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Department of Modern Physics,University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China; (2)Key Laboratory of Basic Plasma Physics of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Department of Modern Physics,University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China;Research Center of Laser Fusion, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900,; (3)Research Center of Laser Fusion, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900, China

Abstract: Monoenergetic electron bunches can be generated by the interaction between the ultra-intense laser and underdense plasma on the mm scale. In the experiment conducted on the SILEX-Ⅰ, by the interaction between an ultra-intense femtosecond laser pulse and 2.7 mm supersonic He gas jet, a 58 MeV quasi-monoenergetic electron beam with 15.5% energy spread and 15 mrad beam divergence is produced. The total charge of the electron beam is about 15.4 nC when the laser power is 70 TW. In this paper the experimental conditions, the method and main results are presented.

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