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Measuring femtosecond pulse in space-time domain

Liu Wen-Jun Ren Shou-Tian Qu Shi-Liang

Measuring femtosecond pulse in space-time domain

Liu Wen-Jun, Ren Shou-Tian, Qu Shi-Liang
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  • We analyze theory of the spatiotemporal coupling in the electric field of a femtosecond pulse. The complete spatiotemporal characterization of femtosecnd pulse is realized by use of spatially and spectrally resolved intensity and phase evaluation device. The apparatus combines the spatially and spectrally resolved interferometry. The unknown and reference pulses pass through a 2D diffraction grating, generating a tilted 2D array of holograms. A tilted bandpass filter separates the beam pairs so that each hologram contains a single, unique frequency. A single camera frame records all of the holograms, from which the complete spatiotemporal field of the unknown pulse can be reconstructed.
    • Funds:
    [1]

    [1]Feurer T, Vaughan J C, Nelson K A 2003 Science 299 374

    [2]

    [2]Tian P, Keusters D, Suzaki Y, Warren W S 2003 Science 300 1553

    [3]

    [3]Li B, Zhao J, Onda K, Jordan K D, Yang J, Petek H 2006 Science 311 1436

    [4]

    [4]Sandhu A S, Gagnon E, Santra R, Sharma V, Li W, Ho P, Ranitovic P, Cocke C L, Murnane M M, Kapteyn H C 2008 Science 322 1081

    [5]

    [5]Takeuchi S, Ruhman S, Tsuneda T, Chiba M, Taketsugu T, Tahara T 2008 Science 322 1073

    [6]

    [6]Cao S Y, Zhang Z G, Chai L, Wang Q Y 2008 Acta Phys. Sin. 57 2971 (in Chinese) [曹士英、 张志刚、 柴路、 王清月 2008 物理学报 57 2971]

    [7]

    [7]Liu W J, Cao W, Guo J X, Liu H L, Qu S L 2008 Acta Phys. Sin. 57 2192 (in Chinese) [刘文军、 曹武刚、 郭金鑫、 刘海磊、 曲士良 2008 物理学报 57 2192]

    [8]

    [8]Zhao H, Zhao Y Y, Tian J R, Wang P, Zhu J F, Ling W J, Wei Z Y 2008 Acta Phys. Sin. 57 892 (in Chinese) [赵环、 赵研英、 田金荣、 王鹏、 朱江峰、 令维军、 魏志义 2008 物理学报 57 892]

    [9]

    [9]Sun H Q, Zhao G Z, Zhang C L, Yang G Z 2008 Acta Phys. Sin. 57 790 (in Chinese) [孙红起、 赵国忠、 张存林、 杨国桢 2008 物理学报 57 790]

    [10]

    ]Zhu J F, Du Q, Wang X L, Teng H, Han H N,Wei Z Y, Hou X 2008 Acta Phys. Sin. 57 7753 (in Chinese) [朱江峰、 杜强、 王向林、 滕浩、 韩海年、 魏志义、 侯洵 2008 物理学报 57 7753]

    [11]

    ]Zhao H M, Wang L X 2009 Acta Phys. Sin. 58 1332 (in Chinese) [赵红敏、 王鹿霞 2009 物理学报 58 1332]

    [12]

    ]Bowlan P, Gabolde P, Shreenath A, McGresham K, Trebino R, Akturk S 2006 Opt. Express 14 11892

    [13]

    ]Bowlan P, Gabolde P, Coughlan M A, Trebino R, Levis R J 2008 J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25 A81

    [14]

    ]Fuchs U, Zeitner U D, Tuennermann A 2005 Opt. Express 13 3852

    [15]

    ]Bowlan P, Gabolde P, Trebino R 2007 Opt. Express 15 10219

    [16]

    ]Sala K L, Kenney-Wallace G A, Hall G E 1980 IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16 990

    [17]

    ]Trebino R 2002 Frequency-resolved Optical Gating: The measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulse (Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers)

    [18]

    ]Akturk S, Gu X, Zeek E, Trebino R 2004 Opt. Express 12 4399

    [19]

    ]Gabolde P, Trebino R 2006 Opt. Express 14 11460

  • [1]

    [1]Feurer T, Vaughan J C, Nelson K A 2003 Science 299 374

    [2]

    [2]Tian P, Keusters D, Suzaki Y, Warren W S 2003 Science 300 1553

    [3]

    [3]Li B, Zhao J, Onda K, Jordan K D, Yang J, Petek H 2006 Science 311 1436

    [4]

    [4]Sandhu A S, Gagnon E, Santra R, Sharma V, Li W, Ho P, Ranitovic P, Cocke C L, Murnane M M, Kapteyn H C 2008 Science 322 1081

    [5]

    [5]Takeuchi S, Ruhman S, Tsuneda T, Chiba M, Taketsugu T, Tahara T 2008 Science 322 1073

    [6]

    [6]Cao S Y, Zhang Z G, Chai L, Wang Q Y 2008 Acta Phys. Sin. 57 2971 (in Chinese) [曹士英、 张志刚、 柴路、 王清月 2008 物理学报 57 2971]

    [7]

    [7]Liu W J, Cao W, Guo J X, Liu H L, Qu S L 2008 Acta Phys. Sin. 57 2192 (in Chinese) [刘文军、 曹武刚、 郭金鑫、 刘海磊、 曲士良 2008 物理学报 57 2192]

    [8]

    [8]Zhao H, Zhao Y Y, Tian J R, Wang P, Zhu J F, Ling W J, Wei Z Y 2008 Acta Phys. Sin. 57 892 (in Chinese) [赵环、 赵研英、 田金荣、 王鹏、 朱江峰、 令维军、 魏志义 2008 物理学报 57 892]

    [9]

    [9]Sun H Q, Zhao G Z, Zhang C L, Yang G Z 2008 Acta Phys. Sin. 57 790 (in Chinese) [孙红起、 赵国忠、 张存林、 杨国桢 2008 物理学报 57 790]

    [10]

    ]Zhu J F, Du Q, Wang X L, Teng H, Han H N,Wei Z Y, Hou X 2008 Acta Phys. Sin. 57 7753 (in Chinese) [朱江峰、 杜强、 王向林、 滕浩、 韩海年、 魏志义、 侯洵 2008 物理学报 57 7753]

    [11]

    ]Zhao H M, Wang L X 2009 Acta Phys. Sin. 58 1332 (in Chinese) [赵红敏、 王鹿霞 2009 物理学报 58 1332]

    [12]

    ]Bowlan P, Gabolde P, Shreenath A, McGresham K, Trebino R, Akturk S 2006 Opt. Express 14 11892

    [13]

    ]Bowlan P, Gabolde P, Coughlan M A, Trebino R, Levis R J 2008 J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25 A81

    [14]

    ]Fuchs U, Zeitner U D, Tuennermann A 2005 Opt. Express 13 3852

    [15]

    ]Bowlan P, Gabolde P, Trebino R 2007 Opt. Express 15 10219

    [16]

    ]Sala K L, Kenney-Wallace G A, Hall G E 1980 IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16 990

    [17]

    ]Trebino R 2002 Frequency-resolved Optical Gating: The measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulse (Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers)

    [18]

    ]Akturk S, Gu X, Zeek E, Trebino R 2004 Opt. Express 12 4399

    [19]

    ]Gabolde P, Trebino R 2006 Opt. Express 14 11460

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    [8] Deng Li, Liao Rui, Liu Ye-Xin, Shou Qian, Wen Jin-Hui, Lin Wei-Zhu. Diagnostics and compression of sub-10 femtosecond laser pulses. Acta Physica Sinica, 2003, 52(8): 1938-1942. doi: 10.7498/aps.52.1938
    [9] Han Xiang-Lin, Zhao Zhen-Jiang, Cheng Rong-Jun, Mo Jia-Qi. Solution of the transfer models of femtosecond pulse laser for nano metal film. Acta Physica Sinica, 2013, 62(11): 110202. doi: 10.7498/aps.62.110202
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  • Received Date:  06 March 2009
  • Accepted Date:  28 July 2009
  • Published Online:  15 May 2010

Measuring femtosecond pulse in space-time domain

  • 1. 哈尔滨工业大学(威海)光电科学系,威海 264209

Abstract: We analyze theory of the spatiotemporal coupling in the electric field of a femtosecond pulse. The complete spatiotemporal characterization of femtosecnd pulse is realized by use of spatially and spectrally resolved intensity and phase evaluation device. The apparatus combines the spatially and spectrally resolved interferometry. The unknown and reference pulses pass through a 2D diffraction grating, generating a tilted 2D array of holograms. A tilted bandpass filter separates the beam pairs so that each hologram contains a single, unique frequency. A single camera frame records all of the holograms, from which the complete spatiotemporal field of the unknown pulse can be reconstructed.

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