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Adiabatic tunneling of Bose-Einstein condensatein double-well potential

Huang Fang Li Hai-Bin

Adiabatic tunneling of Bose-Einstein condensatein double-well potential

Huang Fang, Li Hai-Bin
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  • Received Date:  09 February 2010
  • Accepted Date:  16 May 2010
  • Published Online:  15 February 2011

Adiabatic tunneling of Bose-Einstein condensatein double-well potential

  • 1. Department of Applied Physics, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310023, China

Abstract: We studied the adiabatic tunneling of Bose-Einstein condensates (BEC) in double-well potential with circle adiabatic variation of energy level spacing. We found that the adiabatic theorem is violated during the evolution of BEC, when the initial state is chosen such that all condensate atoms are in the shallow well and the interaction between atoms is strong enough. Furthermore, we found that the condensates can return to the initial state or not, depending on the evolution periods. In addition, we also found the evolution is dependent on the choice of initial state, which indicates an asymmetric character. With the help of the graph of energy levels and the phase diagram, we explained the results obtained.

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