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Electron spin studies of nitrogen vacancy centers in nanodiamonds

Liu Dong-Qi Chang Yan-Chun Liu Gang-Qin Pan Xin-Yu

Electron spin studies of nitrogen vacancy centers in nanodiamonds

Liu Dong-Qi, Chang Yan-Chun, Liu Gang-Qin, Pan Xin-Yu
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  • Fluorescent nanodiamonds containing nitrogen vacancy centers are created by electron irradiation. The values of spin echo coherence time T2 of nitrogen vacancy centers in nanodiamonds are very small, which are between 0.86 s and 5.6 s. The results of Ramsey interference fringes show that the values of dephasing time T2* differ from each other and the T2* of nitrogen vacancy center NV1 is biggest (0.7 s). Its inhomogeneous linewidth obtained from Fourier transform frequency spectrum of Ramsey interference fringes is 1.05 MHz. The hyperfine structure for the nitrogen vacancy center electron spin coupled to the host nitrogen-14 nuclear spin can be detected by the electron spin resonance spectrum in nitrogen vacancy center NV1. It is important for the realization of the manipulation of nuclear spins and quantum gates of multiqubit in nanodiamonds.
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2009CB929103) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 10974251).
    [1]

    Aharonovich I, Castelletto S, Simpson D A, Su C, Greentree A D, Prawer S 2011 Rep. Prog. Phys. 74 076501

    [2]

    Chen Q, Feng M, Du J F, Hai W H 2011 Chin. Phys. B 20 010308

    [3]

    Puzyr A P, Baron A V, Purtov K V, Bortnikov E V, Skobelev N N, Moginaya O A, Bondar V S 2007 Diamond Relat. Mater. 16 2124

    [4]

    Hartl A, Schmich E, Garrido J A, Hernando J, Catharino S C R, Walter S, Feulner P, Kromka A, Steinmuller D, Stutzmann M 2004 Nat. Mater. 3 736

    [5]

    Krueger A 2008 Chem. Eur. J. 14 1382

    [6]

    Maze J R, Stanwix P L, Hodges J S, Hong S, Taylor J M, Cappellaro P, Jiang L, Gurudev Dutt M V, Togan E, Zibrov A S, Yacoby A, Walsworth R L, Lukin M D 2008 Nature 455 644

    [7]

    Balasubramanian G, Chan I Y, Kolesov R, Al-Hmoud M, Tisler J, Shin C, Kim C, Wojcik A, Hemmer P R, Krueger A, Hanke T, Leitenstorfer A, Bratschitsch R, Jelezko F, Wrachtrup J 2008 Nature 455 648

    [8]

    Taylor J M, Cappellaro P, Childress L, Jiang L, Budker D, Hemmer P R, Yacoby A, Walsworth R, Lukin M D 2008 Nat. Phys. 4 810

    [9]

    Rondin L, Tetienne J P, Spinicelli P, Dal Savio C, Karrai K, Dantelle G, Thiaville A, Rohart S, Roch J F, Jacques V 2012 Appl. Phys. Lett. 100 153118

    [10]

    Shi F, Rong X, Xu N, Wang Y, Wu J, Chong B, Peng X H, Kniepert J, Schoenfeld R S, Harneit W, Feng M, Du J F 2010 Phys. Rev. Lett. 105 040504

    [11]

    Pan X Y, Liu G Q, Yang L L, Fan H 2011 Appl. Phys. Lett. 99 051113

    [12]

    Chang Y C, Liu G Q, Liu D Q, Fan H, Pan X Y 2013 Sci. Rep. 3 1498

    [13]

    Kolesov R, Grotz B, Balasubramanian G, Stohr R J, Nicolet A A L, Hemmer P R, Jelezko F, Wrachtrup J 2009 Nat. Phys. 5 470

    [14]

    Lassen E A, Simpson D A, Gibson B C, Trpkovski S, Hossain F M, Huntington S T, Ganesan K, Hollenberg L C, Prawer S 2011 Opt. Express 17 9588

    [15]

    Marcos D, Wubs M, Taylor J M, Aguado R, Lukin M D, Sorensen A S 2010 Phys. Rev. Lett. 105 210501

    [16]

    Schrand A M, Hens S A C, Shenderova O A 2009 Crit. Rev. Solid State Mater. Sci. 34 18

    [17]

    Wang K Y, Li Z H, Gao K, Zhu Y M 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 097803 (in Chinese) [王凯悦, 李志宏, 高凯, 朱玉梅 2012 物理学报 61 097803]

    [18]

    Hu X, Liu D Q, Pan X Y 2011 Chin. Phys. B 20 117801

    [19]

    Gruber A, Drabenstedt A, Tietz C, Fleury L, Wrachtrup J, von Borczyskowski C 1997 Science 276 2012

    [20]

    Vandersypen L M K, Chuang I L 2005 Rev. Mod. Phys. 76 1037

    [21]

    Cui J M, Chen X D, Fan L L, Gong Z J, Zou C W, Sun F W, Han Z F, Guo G C 2012 Chin. Phys. Lett. 29 036103

    [22]

    Scully M O, Zubairy M S 1997 Quantum Optics (UK, Cambrige: Cambridge University Press)

    [23]

    Ryan C A, Hodges J S, Cory D G 2010 Phys. Rev. Lett. 105 200402

    [24]

    Rondin L, Dantelle G, Slablab A, Grosshans F, Treussart F, Bergonzo P, Perruchas S, Gacoin T, Chaigneau M, Chang H C, Jacques V, Roch J F 2010 Phys. Rev. B 82 115449

    [25]

    Tisler J, Balasubramanian G, Naydenov B, Kolesov R, Grotz B, Reuter R, Boudou J P, Curmi P A, Sennour M, Thorel A, Borsch M, Aulenbacher K, Erdmann R, Hemmer P R, Jelezko F, Wrachtrup J 2009 ACS Nano 3 1959

    [26]

    Laraoui A, Hodges J S, Meriles C A 2012 Nano Lett. 12 3477

    [27]

    Hanson R, Dobrovitski V V, Feiguin A E, Gywat O, Awschalom D D 2008 Science 320 352

    [28]

    Dreau A, Lesik M, Rondin L, Spinicelli P, Arcizet O, Roch J F, Jacques V 2011 Phys. Rev. B 84 195204

    [29]

    Rabeau J R, Reichart P, Wrachtrup J 2006 Appl. Phys. Lett. 88 023113

    [30]

    Smeltzer B, Childress L, Gali A 2011 New J. Phys. 13 025021

    [31]

    Steiner M, Neumann P, Beck J, Jelezko F, Wrachtrup J 2010 Phys. Rev. B 81 035205

    [32]

    Fuchs G D, Dobrovitski V V, Toyli D M, Heremans F J, Awschalom D D 2009 Science 326 1520

    [33]

    Hahn E L 1950 Phys. Rev. 80 580

    [34]

    Lange G D, Wang Z, Riste D, Dobrovitski V, Hanson R 2010 Science 330 60

    [35]

    Childress L, Gurudev Dutt M V, Taylor J M, Zibrov A S, Jelezko F, Wrachtrup J, Hemmer P R, Lukin M D 2006 Science 314 281

    [36]

    Jahnke K D, Naydenov B, Teraji T, Koizumi S, Umeda T, Isoya J, Jelezko F 2012 Appl. Phys. Lett. 101 012405

    [37]

    Boudou J, Curmi P, Jelezko F, Wrachtrup J, Aubert P, Sennour M, Balasubramanian G, Reuter R, Thorel A, Gaffet E 2009 Nanotechnology 20 235602

  • [1]

    Aharonovich I, Castelletto S, Simpson D A, Su C, Greentree A D, Prawer S 2011 Rep. Prog. Phys. 74 076501

    [2]

    Chen Q, Feng M, Du J F, Hai W H 2011 Chin. Phys. B 20 010308

    [3]

    Puzyr A P, Baron A V, Purtov K V, Bortnikov E V, Skobelev N N, Moginaya O A, Bondar V S 2007 Diamond Relat. Mater. 16 2124

    [4]

    Hartl A, Schmich E, Garrido J A, Hernando J, Catharino S C R, Walter S, Feulner P, Kromka A, Steinmuller D, Stutzmann M 2004 Nat. Mater. 3 736

    [5]

    Krueger A 2008 Chem. Eur. J. 14 1382

    [6]

    Maze J R, Stanwix P L, Hodges J S, Hong S, Taylor J M, Cappellaro P, Jiang L, Gurudev Dutt M V, Togan E, Zibrov A S, Yacoby A, Walsworth R L, Lukin M D 2008 Nature 455 644

    [7]

    Balasubramanian G, Chan I Y, Kolesov R, Al-Hmoud M, Tisler J, Shin C, Kim C, Wojcik A, Hemmer P R, Krueger A, Hanke T, Leitenstorfer A, Bratschitsch R, Jelezko F, Wrachtrup J 2008 Nature 455 648

    [8]

    Taylor J M, Cappellaro P, Childress L, Jiang L, Budker D, Hemmer P R, Yacoby A, Walsworth R, Lukin M D 2008 Nat. Phys. 4 810

    [9]

    Rondin L, Tetienne J P, Spinicelli P, Dal Savio C, Karrai K, Dantelle G, Thiaville A, Rohart S, Roch J F, Jacques V 2012 Appl. Phys. Lett. 100 153118

    [10]

    Shi F, Rong X, Xu N, Wang Y, Wu J, Chong B, Peng X H, Kniepert J, Schoenfeld R S, Harneit W, Feng M, Du J F 2010 Phys. Rev. Lett. 105 040504

    [11]

    Pan X Y, Liu G Q, Yang L L, Fan H 2011 Appl. Phys. Lett. 99 051113

    [12]

    Chang Y C, Liu G Q, Liu D Q, Fan H, Pan X Y 2013 Sci. Rep. 3 1498

    [13]

    Kolesov R, Grotz B, Balasubramanian G, Stohr R J, Nicolet A A L, Hemmer P R, Jelezko F, Wrachtrup J 2009 Nat. Phys. 5 470

    [14]

    Lassen E A, Simpson D A, Gibson B C, Trpkovski S, Hossain F M, Huntington S T, Ganesan K, Hollenberg L C, Prawer S 2011 Opt. Express 17 9588

    [15]

    Marcos D, Wubs M, Taylor J M, Aguado R, Lukin M D, Sorensen A S 2010 Phys. Rev. Lett. 105 210501

    [16]

    Schrand A M, Hens S A C, Shenderova O A 2009 Crit. Rev. Solid State Mater. Sci. 34 18

    [17]

    Wang K Y, Li Z H, Gao K, Zhu Y M 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 097803 (in Chinese) [王凯悦, 李志宏, 高凯, 朱玉梅 2012 物理学报 61 097803]

    [18]

    Hu X, Liu D Q, Pan X Y 2011 Chin. Phys. B 20 117801

    [19]

    Gruber A, Drabenstedt A, Tietz C, Fleury L, Wrachtrup J, von Borczyskowski C 1997 Science 276 2012

    [20]

    Vandersypen L M K, Chuang I L 2005 Rev. Mod. Phys. 76 1037

    [21]

    Cui J M, Chen X D, Fan L L, Gong Z J, Zou C W, Sun F W, Han Z F, Guo G C 2012 Chin. Phys. Lett. 29 036103

    [22]

    Scully M O, Zubairy M S 1997 Quantum Optics (UK, Cambrige: Cambridge University Press)

    [23]

    Ryan C A, Hodges J S, Cory D G 2010 Phys. Rev. Lett. 105 200402

    [24]

    Rondin L, Dantelle G, Slablab A, Grosshans F, Treussart F, Bergonzo P, Perruchas S, Gacoin T, Chaigneau M, Chang H C, Jacques V, Roch J F 2010 Phys. Rev. B 82 115449

    [25]

    Tisler J, Balasubramanian G, Naydenov B, Kolesov R, Grotz B, Reuter R, Boudou J P, Curmi P A, Sennour M, Thorel A, Borsch M, Aulenbacher K, Erdmann R, Hemmer P R, Jelezko F, Wrachtrup J 2009 ACS Nano 3 1959

    [26]

    Laraoui A, Hodges J S, Meriles C A 2012 Nano Lett. 12 3477

    [27]

    Hanson R, Dobrovitski V V, Feiguin A E, Gywat O, Awschalom D D 2008 Science 320 352

    [28]

    Dreau A, Lesik M, Rondin L, Spinicelli P, Arcizet O, Roch J F, Jacques V 2011 Phys. Rev. B 84 195204

    [29]

    Rabeau J R, Reichart P, Wrachtrup J 2006 Appl. Phys. Lett. 88 023113

    [30]

    Smeltzer B, Childress L, Gali A 2011 New J. Phys. 13 025021

    [31]

    Steiner M, Neumann P, Beck J, Jelezko F, Wrachtrup J 2010 Phys. Rev. B 81 035205

    [32]

    Fuchs G D, Dobrovitski V V, Toyli D M, Heremans F J, Awschalom D D 2009 Science 326 1520

    [33]

    Hahn E L 1950 Phys. Rev. 80 580

    [34]

    Lange G D, Wang Z, Riste D, Dobrovitski V, Hanson R 2010 Science 330 60

    [35]

    Childress L, Gurudev Dutt M V, Taylor J M, Zibrov A S, Jelezko F, Wrachtrup J, Hemmer P R, Lukin M D 2006 Science 314 281

    [36]

    Jahnke K D, Naydenov B, Teraji T, Koizumi S, Umeda T, Isoya J, Jelezko F 2012 Appl. Phys. Lett. 101 012405

    [37]

    Boudou J, Curmi P, Jelezko F, Wrachtrup J, Aubert P, Sennour M, Balasubramanian G, Reuter R, Thorel A, Gaffet E 2009 Nanotechnology 20 235602

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  • Received Date:  16 April 2013
  • Accepted Date:  24 April 2013
  • Published Online:  20 August 2013

Electron spin studies of nitrogen vacancy centers in nanodiamonds

  • 1. Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
Fund Project:  Project supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2009CB929103) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 10974251).

Abstract: Fluorescent nanodiamonds containing nitrogen vacancy centers are created by electron irradiation. The values of spin echo coherence time T2 of nitrogen vacancy centers in nanodiamonds are very small, which are between 0.86 s and 5.6 s. The results of Ramsey interference fringes show that the values of dephasing time T2* differ from each other and the T2* of nitrogen vacancy center NV1 is biggest (0.7 s). Its inhomogeneous linewidth obtained from Fourier transform frequency spectrum of Ramsey interference fringes is 1.05 MHz. The hyperfine structure for the nitrogen vacancy center electron spin coupled to the host nitrogen-14 nuclear spin can be detected by the electron spin resonance spectrum in nitrogen vacancy center NV1. It is important for the realization of the manipulation of nuclear spins and quantum gates of multiqubit in nanodiamonds.

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