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Numerical simulation of generation and radiation of super-radiation from relativistic backward wave oscillators

Chen Zai-Gao Wang Jian-Guo Wang Yue Zhu Xiang-Qin Zhang Dian-Hui Qiao Hai-Liang

Numerical simulation of generation and radiation of super-radiation from relativistic backward wave oscillators

Chen Zai-Gao, Wang Jian-Guo, Wang Yue, Zhu Xiang-Qin, Zhang Dian-Hui, Qiao Hai-Liang
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  • This paper studies the issues about the X-band super-radiance from a relativistic backward wave oscillator (RBWO) with the central frequency of 9.25 GHz, and the output port of the RBWO is directly connected to a vlasov antenna. The particle simulation code UNIPIC and the self-developed antenna simulation code are combined to simulate the full process of the generation and the radiation of the microwave pulse. Effects of natural gas at difference pressures and injected voltage pulse on the working characteristics of RBWO are simulated and discussed. Simulated results indicate that the peak value of the output power can achieve 3.68 GW, and the instantaneous efficiency can exceed 100%. When the tilted angle of vlasov antenna is 20 degrees, the gain of the antenna is 15.5 dB. The power density can reach 0.728 W/cm2 at the far distance of 1 km.
    [1]

    Barker R J and Schamiloglu E 2001 High-Power Microwave Sources and Technologies (IEEE Press, New York) pp7–32, pp376–437

    [2]

    Shao H, Liu G Z 2001 Acta Phys. Sin. 50 2387 (in Chinese) [邵浩, 刘国治 2001 物理学报 50 2387]

    [3]

    Lu Z G, Gong Y B, Wei Y Y, Wang W X 2006 Chin. Phys. 15 2661

    [4]

    Song W, Lin Y Z, Liu G Z, Shao H 2008 Chin. Phys. B 17 939

    [5]

    Li W, Liu Y G, Yang J H 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 038401(in Chinese)[李伟, 刘永贵, 杨建华2012 物理学报 61 038401]

    [6]

    Ginzburg N S, Novozhilova N Y, Zotova I V, Sergeev A S, Peskov N Y, Phelps A D, Wiggins S M, Cross A W, Ronald K, He W, Shpak V G, Yalandin M I, Shunailov S A, Ulmaskulov M R, Tarakanov V P 1999 Phys. Rev. E 60 3297

    [7]

    Zhang H, Wang J G, Tong C J, Li X Z, Wang G Q 2009 Phys. Plasmas 16 123104

    [8]

    Song W, Zhang X, Chen C, Sun J, Song Z 2013 IEEE Trans. Electron Dev. 60 494

    [9]

    Wang J, Zhang D, Liu C, Li Y, Wang Y, Wang H, Qiao H, Li X 2009 Phys. Plasmas 16 033108

    [10]

    Wang J, Wang Y, and Zhang D 2006 IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 34 681

    [11]

    Li X Z, Wang J G, Tong C J, Zhang H 2008 Acta Phys. Sin. 57 4613(in Chinese)[李小泽, 王建国, 童长江, 张海2008物理学报 57 4613]

    [12]

    Liu G Z, Yang Z F, Sun J, et al. 2009 IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science 37 2048

    [13]

    Xiao R, Song W, Song Z, Sun J, Shao H, Chen C 2010 Phys. Plasmas 17 043109

    [14]

    Chen Z G, Wang J G, Wang Y, Qiao H L, Guo W J, Zhang D H 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 168402(in Chinese)[陈再高, 王建国, 王玥, 乔海亮, 郭伟杰, 张殿辉 2013 物理学报 62 168402]

    [15]

    Li X Z, Wang J G, Song Z M, Chen C H, Sun J, Zhang X W, Zhang Y C 2012 Phys. Plasmas 19 083111

    [16]

    Wang G, Wang J, Tong C, Li X, Wang X, Li S, Lu X 2013 Phys. Plasmas 20 043105

    [17]

    Li S, Wang J, Tong C, Wang G, Lu X, Wang X 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 120703(in Chinese)[李爽, 王建国, 童长江, 王光强, 陆希成, 王雪锋2013物理学报 62 120703]

    [18]

    Wang G, Wang J, Li S, Wang X, Tong C, Lu X 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 150701(in Chinese)[王光强, 王建国, 李爽, 王雪锋, 童长江, 陆希成 2013物理学报 62 150701]

    [19]

    Wang Y, Chen Z G, Lei Y A 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 125204(in Chinese)[王宇, 陈再高, 雷奕安2013物理学报 62 125204]

    [20]

    Li X, Wang J, Sun J, Song Z, Ye H, Zhang Y, Zhang L, Zhang L 2013 IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices 60 2931

    [21]

    Birdsall C K, Langdon A B 1981 Plasma Physics via Computer Simulation (New York: McGraw-Hill)

    [22]

    Wang J G 2013 Modern Applied Physics 4 251 (in Chinese)[王建国 2013 现代应用物理 4 251]

    [23]

    Wang J G, Liu G Z, Zhou J S 2003 High Power Laser and Particle Beams 15 1093 (in Chinese) [王建国, 刘国治, 周金山 2003 强激光与粒子束 15 1093]

    [24]

    Wang J, Cai L, Zhu X, Wang Y, Xuan C 2010 Phys. Plasmas 17 063503

    [25]

    Liu X H, He W, Yang F, Wang H Y, Liao R J, Xiao H G 2012 Chin. Phys. B 21 075201

    [26]

    Cai L, Wang J 2009 Acta Phys. Sin. 58 3268(in Chinese)[蔡利兵, 王建国 2009 物理学报 58 3268]

    [27]

    Wang J, Tian C, Liu X, Ge D 2001 High Power Laser and Particle Beams 13 732 (in Chinese)[王建国, 田春明, 刘小龙, 葛德彪 2001 强激光与粒子束 13 732]

    [28]

    Johnson J M, Rahmat-Samii Y 1997 IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag. 39 7

    [29]

    Weile D S, Michielssen E 1997 IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 45 343

    [30]

    Rahmat-Samii Y, Michielssen E 1999 Electromagnetic Optimization by Genetic Algorithms (New York: Wiley)

    [31]

    Wang J, Chen Z, Wang Y, Zhang D, Liu C, Li Y, Wang H, Qiao H, Fu M, Yuan Y 2010 Phys. Plasmas 17 073107

  • [1]

    Barker R J and Schamiloglu E 2001 High-Power Microwave Sources and Technologies (IEEE Press, New York) pp7–32, pp376–437

    [2]

    Shao H, Liu G Z 2001 Acta Phys. Sin. 50 2387 (in Chinese) [邵浩, 刘国治 2001 物理学报 50 2387]

    [3]

    Lu Z G, Gong Y B, Wei Y Y, Wang W X 2006 Chin. Phys. 15 2661

    [4]

    Song W, Lin Y Z, Liu G Z, Shao H 2008 Chin. Phys. B 17 939

    [5]

    Li W, Liu Y G, Yang J H 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 038401(in Chinese)[李伟, 刘永贵, 杨建华2012 物理学报 61 038401]

    [6]

    Ginzburg N S, Novozhilova N Y, Zotova I V, Sergeev A S, Peskov N Y, Phelps A D, Wiggins S M, Cross A W, Ronald K, He W, Shpak V G, Yalandin M I, Shunailov S A, Ulmaskulov M R, Tarakanov V P 1999 Phys. Rev. E 60 3297

    [7]

    Zhang H, Wang J G, Tong C J, Li X Z, Wang G Q 2009 Phys. Plasmas 16 123104

    [8]

    Song W, Zhang X, Chen C, Sun J, Song Z 2013 IEEE Trans. Electron Dev. 60 494

    [9]

    Wang J, Zhang D, Liu C, Li Y, Wang Y, Wang H, Qiao H, Li X 2009 Phys. Plasmas 16 033108

    [10]

    Wang J, Wang Y, and Zhang D 2006 IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 34 681

    [11]

    Li X Z, Wang J G, Tong C J, Zhang H 2008 Acta Phys. Sin. 57 4613(in Chinese)[李小泽, 王建国, 童长江, 张海2008物理学报 57 4613]

    [12]

    Liu G Z, Yang Z F, Sun J, et al. 2009 IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science 37 2048

    [13]

    Xiao R, Song W, Song Z, Sun J, Shao H, Chen C 2010 Phys. Plasmas 17 043109

    [14]

    Chen Z G, Wang J G, Wang Y, Qiao H L, Guo W J, Zhang D H 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 168402(in Chinese)[陈再高, 王建国, 王玥, 乔海亮, 郭伟杰, 张殿辉 2013 物理学报 62 168402]

    [15]

    Li X Z, Wang J G, Song Z M, Chen C H, Sun J, Zhang X W, Zhang Y C 2012 Phys. Plasmas 19 083111

    [16]

    Wang G, Wang J, Tong C, Li X, Wang X, Li S, Lu X 2013 Phys. Plasmas 20 043105

    [17]

    Li S, Wang J, Tong C, Wang G, Lu X, Wang X 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 120703(in Chinese)[李爽, 王建国, 童长江, 王光强, 陆希成, 王雪锋2013物理学报 62 120703]

    [18]

    Wang G, Wang J, Li S, Wang X, Tong C, Lu X 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 150701(in Chinese)[王光强, 王建国, 李爽, 王雪锋, 童长江, 陆希成 2013物理学报 62 150701]

    [19]

    Wang Y, Chen Z G, Lei Y A 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 125204(in Chinese)[王宇, 陈再高, 雷奕安2013物理学报 62 125204]

    [20]

    Li X, Wang J, Sun J, Song Z, Ye H, Zhang Y, Zhang L, Zhang L 2013 IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices 60 2931

    [21]

    Birdsall C K, Langdon A B 1981 Plasma Physics via Computer Simulation (New York: McGraw-Hill)

    [22]

    Wang J G 2013 Modern Applied Physics 4 251 (in Chinese)[王建国 2013 现代应用物理 4 251]

    [23]

    Wang J G, Liu G Z, Zhou J S 2003 High Power Laser and Particle Beams 15 1093 (in Chinese) [王建国, 刘国治, 周金山 2003 强激光与粒子束 15 1093]

    [24]

    Wang J, Cai L, Zhu X, Wang Y, Xuan C 2010 Phys. Plasmas 17 063503

    [25]

    Liu X H, He W, Yang F, Wang H Y, Liao R J, Xiao H G 2012 Chin. Phys. B 21 075201

    [26]

    Cai L, Wang J 2009 Acta Phys. Sin. 58 3268(in Chinese)[蔡利兵, 王建国 2009 物理学报 58 3268]

    [27]

    Wang J, Tian C, Liu X, Ge D 2001 High Power Laser and Particle Beams 13 732 (in Chinese)[王建国, 田春明, 刘小龙, 葛德彪 2001 强激光与粒子束 13 732]

    [28]

    Johnson J M, Rahmat-Samii Y 1997 IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag. 39 7

    [29]

    Weile D S, Michielssen E 1997 IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 45 343

    [30]

    Rahmat-Samii Y, Michielssen E 1999 Electromagnetic Optimization by Genetic Algorithms (New York: Wiley)

    [31]

    Wang J, Chen Z, Wang Y, Zhang D, Liu C, Li Y, Wang H, Qiao H, Fu M, Yuan Y 2010 Phys. Plasmas 17 073107

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  • Received Date:  23 September 2013
  • Accepted Date:  25 October 2013
  • Published Online:  05 February 2014

Numerical simulation of generation and radiation of super-radiation from relativistic backward wave oscillators

  • 1. School of Electronic and Information Engineering, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China;
  • 2. Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi’an 710024, China

Abstract: This paper studies the issues about the X-band super-radiance from a relativistic backward wave oscillator (RBWO) with the central frequency of 9.25 GHz, and the output port of the RBWO is directly connected to a vlasov antenna. The particle simulation code UNIPIC and the self-developed antenna simulation code are combined to simulate the full process of the generation and the radiation of the microwave pulse. Effects of natural gas at difference pressures and injected voltage pulse on the working characteristics of RBWO are simulated and discussed. Simulated results indicate that the peak value of the output power can achieve 3.68 GW, and the instantaneous efficiency can exceed 100%. When the tilted angle of vlasov antenna is 20 degrees, the gain of the antenna is 15.5 dB. The power density can reach 0.728 W/cm2 at the far distance of 1 km.

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