Search

Article

x

留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

Zeeman slowing and magneto-optically trapping of lithium atoms in atomic interferometry experiments

Yang Wei Sun Da-Li Zhou Lin Wang Jin Zhan Ming-Sheng

Zeeman slowing and magneto-optically trapping of lithium atoms in atomic interferometry experiments

Yang Wei, Sun Da-Li, Zhou Lin, Wang Jin, Zhan Ming-Sheng
PDF
Get Citation

(PLEASE TRANSLATE TO ENGLISH

BY GOOGLE TRANSLATE IF NEEDED.)

  • To prepare cold lithium atoms for atomic interferometry experiments, we have carried out experimental researches on Zeeman deceleration and magneto-optical trap (MOT) of lithium atoms. We have also designed and implemented a compact adjustable Zeeman slower with an inner water cooling chamber, to decelerate the velocity of the 7Li atom beam from 600 m/s down to 60 m/s, and load them into the MOT. The loading rate is 5108 /s, the total trapped atom number is 1109 , and the lowest temperature of the atom cloud is 220 30 K. Then we investigate the dependence of lifetime of 7Li atoms in optical molasses on the detuning of trapping laser beams. The above results lay a foundation for further sub-Doppler cooling, optical trap based on evaporative cooling, and atomic interferometry experiments.
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2010CB832805), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11074281, 11227803).
    [1]
    [2]

    Navon N, Piatecki S, Günter K, Rem B, Nguyen T C, Chevy F, Krauth W, Salomon C 2011 Phys. Rev. Lett. 107 135301

    [3]

    Nascimbène S, Navon N, Jiang K J, Chevy F, Salomon C 2010 Nature 463 1057

    [4]
    [5]

    Bradley C C, Sackett C A, Hulet R G 1997 Phys. Rev. Lett. 78 985

    [6]
    [7]

    Cetina M, Grier A T, and Vuleti V 2012 Phys. Rev. Lett. 109 253201

    [8]
    [9]
    [10]

    Lepoutre S, Gauguet A, Trénec G, Büchner M, Vigué J 2012 Phys. Rev. Lett. 109 120404

    [11]
    [12]

    Cronin A D, Schmiedmayer J, Pritchard D E 2009 Rev. Mod. Phys. 81 1051

    [13]

    Delhuille R, Champenois C, Büchner M, Jozefowski L, Rizzo C, Trénec G, Vigué J 2002 Appl. Phys. B 74 489

    [14]
    [15]
    [16]

    Miffre A, Jacquey M, Büchner M, Trénec G, Vigué J 2006 Phys. Rev. A 73 011603

    [17]
    [18]

    Jacquey M, Büchner M, Trénec G, Vigué J 2007 Phys. Rev. Lett. 98 240405

    [19]

    Hohensee M A, Müller H 2011 J. Mod. Opt. 58 2021

    [20]
    [21]
    [22]

    Hamilton P, Kim G, Ossiander M, Mukharjee B, Tiarks D, Müller H 2012 The 23rd International Conference on Atomic Physics Palaiseau, France, July 23-27, 2012 p283

    [23]

    Zhou L, Xiong Z Y, Yang W, Tang B, Peng W C, Hao K, Li R B, Liu M, Wang J, Zhan M S 2011 Gen. Relativ. Gravit. 43 1931

    [24]
    [25]

    Phillips W D, Metcalf H 1982 Phys. Rev. Lett. 48 596

    [26]
    [27]
    [28]

    Bradley C C, Story J G, Tollett J J, Chen J, Ritchie N W M, Hulet R G 1992 Opt. Lett. 17 349

    [29]

    Tiecke T G, Gensemer S D, Ludewig A, Walraven J T M 2009 Phys. Rev. A 80 013409

    [30]
    [31]

    Lin Z, Shimizu K, Zhan M S, Shimizu F, Takuma H 1991 Jap. J. App. Phys. 30 L1324

    [32]
    [33]
    [34]

    Okano M, Hara H, Muramatsu M, Doi K, Uetake S, Takasu Y, Takahashi Y 2010 Appl Phys B 98 691

    [35]

    Zhao P Y, Xiong Z X, Long Y, He L X, Lü B L 2009 Chin. Phys. Lett 26 083702

    [36]
    [37]

    Wang S K, Wang Q, Lin Y G, Wang M M, Lin B K, Zang E J, Li T C, Fang Z J 2009 Chin. Phys. Lett 26 93202

    [38]
    [39]

    Wang Q, Lin B K, Zhao Y, Li Y, Wang S K, Wang M M, Zang E J, Li T C, Fang Z J 2011 Chin. Phys. Lett. 28 03321

    [40]
    [41]
    [42]

    Tian X, Chang H, Wang X L, Zhang S G 2010 Acta Opt. Sin. 30 898 (in Chinese) [田晓, 常宏, 王心亮, 张首刚 2010 光学学报 30 898]

    [43]
    [44]

    Schünemann U, Engler H, Zielonkowski M, Weidemüller M, and Grimm R 1998 Opt. Commun. 158 263

    [45]
    [46]

    Mewes M, Ferrari G, Schreck F, Sinatra A, and Salomon C 1999 Phys. Rev. A 61 011403

    [47]

    Grier A T, Ferrier-Barbut I, Rem B S, Delehaye M, Khaykovich L, Chevy F, Salomon C 2013 Phys. Rev. A 87 063411

    [48]
    [49]

    Hamilton P, Kim G, Joshi T, Mukherjee B, Tiarks D, Müller H 2014 Phys. Rev. A 89 023409

    [50]
    [51]
    [52]

    Zhang Y Y, Fang Z J, Zhang Z G 2010 Acta Opt. Sin. 30 935 (in Chinese) [张远洋, 方占军, 张志刚 2010 光学学报 30 935]

    [53]

    Wang X L, Ma Z, Wang J B, Tian X, Gao F, Zhang S G, Chang H 2011 Acta Sin. Quan. Opt. 17 124 (in Chinese) [王心亮, 马喆, 王靖斌, 田晓, 高峰, 张首刚, 常宏 2011 量子光学学报 17 124]

    [54]
    [55]
    [56]

    Savard T A 1998 Ph. D. Dissertation (Durhan: Duke University)

    [57]

    Xiong Z X, Long Y, Xiao H X, Zhang X, He L X, Lü B L 2011 Chin. Opt. Lett. 9 010201

    [58]
    [59]

    Wang Y Q 2007 Laser cooling and trapping of atoms (Beijing: Peking University Press) p122 (in Chinese) [王义遒2007原子的激光冷却与陷俘(北京: 北京大学出版社)第122页]

    [60]
    [61]
    [62]

    Jiang K J, Li K, Wang J, Zhan M S 2006 Acta Phys. Sin. 55 125 (in Chinese) [江开军, 李可, 王谨, 詹明生 2006 物理学报 55 125]

    [63]

    Wang Y H, Yang H J, Zhang T C, Wang J M 2006 Acta Phys. Sin. 55 3403 (in Chinese) [王彦华, 杨海菁, 张天才, 王军民 2006 物理学报 55 3403]

    [64]
    [65]

    Geng T, Yan S B, Wang Y H, Yang H J, Zhang T C, Wang J M 2005 Acta Phys. Sin. 54 5104 (in Chinese) [耿涛, 闫树斌, 王彦华, 杨海菁, 张天才, 王军民 2005 物理学报 54 5104]

    [66]
  • [1]
    [2]

    Navon N, Piatecki S, Günter K, Rem B, Nguyen T C, Chevy F, Krauth W, Salomon C 2011 Phys. Rev. Lett. 107 135301

    [3]

    Nascimbène S, Navon N, Jiang K J, Chevy F, Salomon C 2010 Nature 463 1057

    [4]
    [5]

    Bradley C C, Sackett C A, Hulet R G 1997 Phys. Rev. Lett. 78 985

    [6]
    [7]

    Cetina M, Grier A T, and Vuleti V 2012 Phys. Rev. Lett. 109 253201

    [8]
    [9]
    [10]

    Lepoutre S, Gauguet A, Trénec G, Büchner M, Vigué J 2012 Phys. Rev. Lett. 109 120404

    [11]
    [12]

    Cronin A D, Schmiedmayer J, Pritchard D E 2009 Rev. Mod. Phys. 81 1051

    [13]

    Delhuille R, Champenois C, Büchner M, Jozefowski L, Rizzo C, Trénec G, Vigué J 2002 Appl. Phys. B 74 489

    [14]
    [15]
    [16]

    Miffre A, Jacquey M, Büchner M, Trénec G, Vigué J 2006 Phys. Rev. A 73 011603

    [17]
    [18]

    Jacquey M, Büchner M, Trénec G, Vigué J 2007 Phys. Rev. Lett. 98 240405

    [19]

    Hohensee M A, Müller H 2011 J. Mod. Opt. 58 2021

    [20]
    [21]
    [22]

    Hamilton P, Kim G, Ossiander M, Mukharjee B, Tiarks D, Müller H 2012 The 23rd International Conference on Atomic Physics Palaiseau, France, July 23-27, 2012 p283

    [23]

    Zhou L, Xiong Z Y, Yang W, Tang B, Peng W C, Hao K, Li R B, Liu M, Wang J, Zhan M S 2011 Gen. Relativ. Gravit. 43 1931

    [24]
    [25]

    Phillips W D, Metcalf H 1982 Phys. Rev. Lett. 48 596

    [26]
    [27]
    [28]

    Bradley C C, Story J G, Tollett J J, Chen J, Ritchie N W M, Hulet R G 1992 Opt. Lett. 17 349

    [29]

    Tiecke T G, Gensemer S D, Ludewig A, Walraven J T M 2009 Phys. Rev. A 80 013409

    [30]
    [31]

    Lin Z, Shimizu K, Zhan M S, Shimizu F, Takuma H 1991 Jap. J. App. Phys. 30 L1324

    [32]
    [33]
    [34]

    Okano M, Hara H, Muramatsu M, Doi K, Uetake S, Takasu Y, Takahashi Y 2010 Appl Phys B 98 691

    [35]

    Zhao P Y, Xiong Z X, Long Y, He L X, Lü B L 2009 Chin. Phys. Lett 26 083702

    [36]
    [37]

    Wang S K, Wang Q, Lin Y G, Wang M M, Lin B K, Zang E J, Li T C, Fang Z J 2009 Chin. Phys. Lett 26 93202

    [38]
    [39]

    Wang Q, Lin B K, Zhao Y, Li Y, Wang S K, Wang M M, Zang E J, Li T C, Fang Z J 2011 Chin. Phys. Lett. 28 03321

    [40]
    [41]
    [42]

    Tian X, Chang H, Wang X L, Zhang S G 2010 Acta Opt. Sin. 30 898 (in Chinese) [田晓, 常宏, 王心亮, 张首刚 2010 光学学报 30 898]

    [43]
    [44]

    Schünemann U, Engler H, Zielonkowski M, Weidemüller M, and Grimm R 1998 Opt. Commun. 158 263

    [45]
    [46]

    Mewes M, Ferrari G, Schreck F, Sinatra A, and Salomon C 1999 Phys. Rev. A 61 011403

    [47]

    Grier A T, Ferrier-Barbut I, Rem B S, Delehaye M, Khaykovich L, Chevy F, Salomon C 2013 Phys. Rev. A 87 063411

    [48]
    [49]

    Hamilton P, Kim G, Joshi T, Mukherjee B, Tiarks D, Müller H 2014 Phys. Rev. A 89 023409

    [50]
    [51]
    [52]

    Zhang Y Y, Fang Z J, Zhang Z G 2010 Acta Opt. Sin. 30 935 (in Chinese) [张远洋, 方占军, 张志刚 2010 光学学报 30 935]

    [53]

    Wang X L, Ma Z, Wang J B, Tian X, Gao F, Zhang S G, Chang H 2011 Acta Sin. Quan. Opt. 17 124 (in Chinese) [王心亮, 马喆, 王靖斌, 田晓, 高峰, 张首刚, 常宏 2011 量子光学学报 17 124]

    [54]
    [55]
    [56]

    Savard T A 1998 Ph. D. Dissertation (Durhan: Duke University)

    [57]

    Xiong Z X, Long Y, Xiao H X, Zhang X, He L X, Lü B L 2011 Chin. Opt. Lett. 9 010201

    [58]
    [59]

    Wang Y Q 2007 Laser cooling and trapping of atoms (Beijing: Peking University Press) p122 (in Chinese) [王义遒2007原子的激光冷却与陷俘(北京: 北京大学出版社)第122页]

    [60]
    [61]
    [62]

    Jiang K J, Li K, Wang J, Zhan M S 2006 Acta Phys. Sin. 55 125 (in Chinese) [江开军, 李可, 王谨, 詹明生 2006 物理学报 55 125]

    [63]

    Wang Y H, Yang H J, Zhang T C, Wang J M 2006 Acta Phys. Sin. 55 3403 (in Chinese) [王彦华, 杨海菁, 张天才, 王军民 2006 物理学报 55 3403]

    [64]
    [65]

    Geng T, Yan S B, Wang Y H, Yang H J, Zhang T C, Wang J M 2005 Acta Phys. Sin. 54 5104 (in Chinese) [耿涛, 闫树斌, 王彦华, 杨海菁, 张天才, 王军民 2005 物理学报 54 5104]

    [66]
  • [1] Wang Jin, Zhan Ming-Sheng, Jiang Kai-Jun, Li Ke. Dependence of number of trapped atoms on the experimental parameters of Rb magneto-optical trap. Acta Physica Sinica, 2006, 55(1): 125-129. doi: 10.7498/aps.55.125
    [2] Wang Xin-Liang, Chen Jie, Wang Ye-Bing, Gao Feng, Zhang Shou-Gang, Liu Hai-Feng, Chang Hong. Measurement of velocity distribution for strontium atom beam by Zeeman Scanning technology. Acta Physica Sinica, 2011, 60(10): 103201. doi: 10.7498/aps.60.103201
    [3] Yuan Yuan, Lu Xiao-Gang, Bai Jin-Hai, Li Jian-Jun, Wu Ling-An, Fu Pan-Ming, Wang Ru-Quan, Zuo Zhan-Chun. One-dimensional far-detuned optical lattice realized with a multimode 1064 nm laser. Acta Physica Sinica, 2016, 65(4): 043701. doi: 10.7498/aps.65.043701
    [4] Xu Zhen, Zhou Shu-Yu, Qu Qiu-Zhi, Liu Hua, Zhou Shan-Yu, Wang Yu-Zhu. Direct observation of Bose-Einstein condensation transition in 87Rb atomic gases in tightly confinement QUIC trap. Acta Physica Sinica, 2006, 55(11): 5643-5647. doi: 10.7498/aps.55.5643
    [5] Gou Wei, Liu Kang-Kang, Fu Xiao-Hu, Zhao Ru-Chen, Sun Jian-Fang, Xu Zhen. Optimization of the loading rate of magneto-optical trap for neutral mercury atom. Acta Physica Sinica, 2016, 65(13): 130201. doi: 10.7498/aps.65.130201
    [6] Wang Yan-Hua, Yang Hai-Jing, Zhang Tian-Cai, Wang Jun-Min. Measurement of the number of cold atoms trapped in cesium magneto-optical trap via probe absorption. Acta Physica Sinica, 2006, 55(7): 3403-3407. doi: 10.7498/aps.55.3403
    [7] Wang Jie-Ying, Liu Bei, Diao Wen-Ting, Jin Gang, He Jun, Wang Jun-Min. Optimization of the light-induced-fluorescence signals of single atoms and efficient loading of single atoms into a magneto-optical trap. Acta Physica Sinica, 2014, 63(5): 053202. doi: 10.7498/aps.63.053202
    [8] Xu Run-Dong, Liu Wen-Liang, Wu Ji-Zhou, Ma Jie, Xiao Lian-Tuan, Jia Suo-Tang. Ultracold collisions in a dual species 23Na-133Cs magneto-optical trap. Acta Physica Sinica, 2016, 65(9): 093201. doi: 10.7498/aps.65.093201
    [9] Geng Tao, Yan Shu-Bin, Wang Yan-Hua, Yang Hai-Jing, Zhang Tian-Cai, Wang Jun-Min. Temperature measurement of cold atoms in a cesium magneto-optical trap by means of short-distance time-of-flight absorption spectrum. Acta Physica Sinica, 2005, 54(11): 5104-5108. doi: 10.7498/aps.54.5104
    [10] Zhang Peng-Fei, Li Gang, Zhang Yu-Chi, Yang Rong-Can, Guo Yan-Qiang, Wang Jun-Min, Zhang Tian-Cai. Investigation of dynamics of magneto-optical trap loading by light-induced atom desorption. Acta Physica Sinica, 2010, 59(9): 6423-6429. doi: 10.7498/aps.59.6423
    [11] Zhang Peng-Fei, Xu Xin-Ping, Zhang Hai-Chao, Zhou Shan-Yu, Wang Yu-Zhu. UV light-induced atom desorption for magnetic trap in single vacuum chamber. Acta Physica Sinica, 2007, 56(6): 3205-3211. doi: 10.7498/aps.56.3205
    [12] Qiu Ying, He Jun, Wang Yan-Hua, Wang Jing, Zhang Tian-Cai, Wang Jun-Min. Loading and cooling of cesium atoms in 3D optical lattice. Acta Physica Sinica, 2008, 57(10): 6227-6232. doi: 10.7498/aps.57.6227
    [13] Wang Li-Rong, Ma Jie, Zhang Lin-Jie, Xiao Lian-Tuan, Jia Suo-Tang. Experimental study of ultracold cesium atom photoassociation spectrum using an amplitude modulation technique. Acta Physica Sinica, 2007, 56(11): 6373-6377. doi: 10.7498/aps.56.6373
    [14] Zhu Chang-Xing, Feng Yan-Ying, Ye Xiong-Ying, Zhou Zhao-Ying, Zhou Yong-Jia, Xue Hong-Bo. The absolute rotation measurement of atom interferometer by phase modulation. Acta Physica Sinica, 2008, 57(2): 808-815. doi: 10.7498/aps.57.808
    [15] Wang Jin, Zhan Ming-Sheng. Test of weak equivalence principle of microscopic particles based on atom interferometers. Acta Physica Sinica, 2018, 67(16): 160402. doi: 10.7498/aps.67.20180621
    [16] Wen Rui-Juan, Du Jin-Jin, Li Wen-Fang, Li Gang, Zhang Tian-Cai. Construction of a strongly coupled cavity quantum electrodynamics system with easy accessibility of single or multiple intra-cavity atoms. Acta Physica Sinica, 2014, 63(24): 244203. doi: 10.7498/aps.63.244203
    [17] Wu Bin, Zhou Yin, Cheng Bing, Zhu Dong, Wang Kai-Nan, Zhu Xin-Xin, Chen Pei-Jun, Weng Kan-Xing, Yang Qiu-Hai, Lin Jia-Hong, Zhang Kai-Jun, Wang He-Lin, Lin Qiang. Static measurement of absolute gravity in truck based on atomic gravimeter. Acta Physica Sinica, 2020, 69(6): 060302. doi: 10.7498/aps.69.20191765
    [18] Wu Bin, Cheng Bing, Fu Zhi-Jie, Zhu Dong, Zhou Yin, Weng Kan-Xing, Wang Xiao-Long, Lin Qiang. Measurement of absolute gravity based on cold atom gravimeter at large tilt angle. Acta Physica Sinica, 2018, 67(19): 190302. doi: 10.7498/aps.67.20181121
    [19] Chen Bin, Long Jin-Bao, Xie Hong-Tai, Chen Luo-Kan, Chen Shuai. A mobile three-dimensional active vibration isolator and its application to cold atom interferometry. Acta Physica Sinica, 2019, 68(18): 183301. doi: 10.7498/aps.68.20190443
    [20] Yuan Jin-Peng, Ji Zhong-Hua, Yang Yan, Zhang Hong-Shan, Zhao Yan-Ting, Ma Jie, Wang Li-Rong, Xiao Lian-Tuan, Jia Suo-Tang. Experimental investigation on ionized ultracold molecules formed in a magneto-optical trap by time-of-flight mass spectroscopy. Acta Physica Sinica, 2012, 61(18): 183301. doi: 10.7498/aps.61.183301
  • Citation:
Metrics
  • Abstract views:  1309
  • PDF Downloads:  710
  • Cited By: 0
Publishing process
  • Received Date:  27 February 2014
  • Accepted Date:  06 April 2014
  • Published Online:  05 August 2014

Zeeman slowing and magneto-optically trapping of lithium atoms in atomic interferometry experiments

  • 1. State Key Laboratory of Magnetic Resonance and Atomic and Molecular Physics, Wuhan Institute of Physics and Mathematics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430071, China;
  • 2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
  • 3. Center for Cold Atom Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430071, China
Fund Project:  Project supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2010CB832805), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11074281, 11227803).

Abstract: To prepare cold lithium atoms for atomic interferometry experiments, we have carried out experimental researches on Zeeman deceleration and magneto-optical trap (MOT) of lithium atoms. We have also designed and implemented a compact adjustable Zeeman slower with an inner water cooling chamber, to decelerate the velocity of the 7Li atom beam from 600 m/s down to 60 m/s, and load them into the MOT. The loading rate is 5108 /s, the total trapped atom number is 1109 , and the lowest temperature of the atom cloud is 220 30 K. Then we investigate the dependence of lifetime of 7Li atoms in optical molasses on the detuning of trapping laser beams. The above results lay a foundation for further sub-Doppler cooling, optical trap based on evaporative cooling, and atomic interferometry experiments.

Reference (66)

Catalog

    /

    返回文章
    返回