[1] Gilmer G H, Huang H, Roland C 1998 Comput. Mater. Sci. 12 354
[2] Seifert W, Carlsson N, Miller M, Pistol M E, Samuelson L, Wallenberg L R 1996 Prog. Cryst. Growth Charact. Mater. 33 423
[3] Sarkar J, Khan G G, Basumallick A 2007 Bull. Mater. Sci. 30 271
[4] Craihead H G 2000 Science 290 1532
[5] Goldstein A N, Echer C M, Alivisatos A P 1992 Science 256 1425
[6] Wen Y H, Zhu Z Z, Zhu R, Shao G F 2004 Physica E 25 47
[7] Liu Z, Sakamoto Y, Ohsuna T, Hiraga K, Terasaki O, Ko C H, Shin H J, Ryoo R 2000 Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 39 3107
[8] Xia Y, Yang Y, Sun Y, Wu Y, Mayers B, Gates B, Yin Y, Kim F, Yan H 2003 Adv. Mater. 15 353
[9] Bilalbegovic G 2000 Solid State Commun. 115 73
[10] Wang B L, Wang G H, Chen X S 2003 Phys. Rev. B 67 193403
[11] Link S, Wang Z L, El-Sayed M A 2000 J. Phys. Chem. B 104 7867
[12] Wang J L, Chen X S, Wang G H, Wang B L, Wei L, Zhao J J 2002 Phys. Rev. B 66 085408
[13] Wen Y H, Zheng Y, Zhu Z Z, Sun S G 2009 Acta Phys. Sin. 58 2585
[14] Tian H C, Liu L, Wen Y H 2009 Acta Phys. Sin. 58 4080
[15] He A M, Qin C S, Shao J L, Wang P 2009 Acta Phys. Sin. 58 2667 (in Chinese) [何安民, 秦承森, 邵建立, 王裴 2009 物理学报 58 2667]
[16] Finnis M W, Sinclair J E 1984 Philos. Mag. A 50 45
[17] Ackland G J, Vitek V 1990 Phys. Rev. B 41 10324
[18] Lu M, Liu W Q, Luo F, Wei W H 2009 Chin. J. Coput. Phys. 26 121 (in Chinese) [卢敏, 刘维清, 罗飞, 魏望和 2009 计算物理 26 121]
[19] Lu M, Xu W B, Liu W Q, Hou C J, Liu Z Y 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 6377 (in Chinese) [卢敏, 许卫兵, 刘维清, 侯春菊, 刘志勇 2010 物理学报 59 6377]
[20] Nakamura K, Kitagawa T, Osari K, Takahashi K, Ono K 2006 Vacuum 80 761
[21] Zhou L, Zhou N G, Song Z D 2008 Acta Metall. Sin. 44 34 (in Chinese) [周浪, 周耐根, 宋照东 2008 金属学报 44 34]
[22] Leach A R 2001 Molecular Modelling: Principles and Applications (London: Prentice-Hall) p36
[23] Parrinello M, Rahman A 1981 J. Appl. Phys. 52 7182
[24] Gear C W 1971 Numerial Initial Value Problems in Ordinary Differential Equation Englewood Cliffs (NJ: Prentice-Hall) p54
[25] Liu H B, Ascencio J A, Perez-Alvarez 2001 Surf. Sci. 491 88