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自辐射场下PuO分子光谱研究

谢安东 周玲玲 阮文 伍冬兰 罗文浪

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自辐射场下PuO分子光谱研究

谢安东, 周玲玲, 阮文, 伍冬兰, 罗文浪

Spectrum of PuO under inner radiation fields

Xie An-Dong, Zhou Ling-Ling, Ruan Wen, Wu Dong-Lan, Luo Wen-Lang
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  • 在相对论有效原子实势近似下, 以Pu为SDD基组、O为6-311+G*基组, 采用优选的密度泛函B3LYP方法, 研究了用电场摸拟钚本身产生自辐射场(-0.0050.005 a.u.) 作用下氧化钚(PuO)基态分子的最高占据轨道(HOMO)能级EH、最低空轨道(LUMO)能级EL、能隙Eg和费米能级EF. 结果表明: 在所加的电场范围内, EH随着电场的增加均逐渐减少, EF随着电场的增加均逐渐增大, Eg始终处于增大的趋势, 费米能级EF上升, 占据轨道的电子难以被激发至空轨道而形成激发态, PuO分子在自辐射场中更趋于稳定, 可以阻止O2, H2等扩散到表面内层而腐蚀钚表面, 有利于了钚在自辐射场中抗腐蚀.
    A density functional method DFT/B3LYP with SDD basis for Pu and 6-311+G* basis for O is used to study HOMO energy level, LUMO energy level, energy gap, and harmonic frequency of PuO ground state molecule under different inner radiation fields ranging from -0.005 to 0.005 a.u.. The results show that the magnitude and the direction of the electric field have important effects on these characteristics of PuO molecule. The HOMO energy level is found to decrease, but the LUMO energy level, energy gap and Fermi energy level are found to increase with the increase of electric field. The electron which occupies orbital is difficult to stimulate to empty orbital and transform into excited state. The PuO molecule is more stable in inner radiation field, and it can prevent O2, H2 and so on from proliferating to superficial inner layer and corroding the plutonium surface, which contributes to the plutonium corrosion prevention in inner radiation field.
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号: 10965002)和江西省教育厅科技项目(批准号: GJJ11540)资助的课题.
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 10965002), and the Scientific Research Program of the Education Bureau of Jiangxi Province (Grant No. GJJ11540).
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  • [1]

    Larson D T, Haschke J M 1981 Inorg. Chem. 20 1945

    [2]

    Almeida T, Cox L E, Ward J W 1993 Surf. Sci. 287 141

    [3]

    Stakebake J L, Larson D T, Haschke J M 1993 J. Alloys Compd. 202 251

    [4]

    Haschke J M, Richetts T E 1997 J. Alloys Compd. 252 148

    [5]

    Haschke J M, Oversby V M 2002 J. Nuclear Materials 305 187

    [6]

    Morel J, Bickel M, Hill C 2004 Apllied Radiation and Isotopes 60 607

    [7]

    Roussel D S 2005 J. Environmental Radioactivity 79 171

    [8]

    GREEN D W, REEDY G T 1978 J. Chem. Phys. 69 544

    [9]

    Haire R G 1994 J. Alloys Compd. 213/214 185

    [10]

    Hay P J, Martin R L 1998 J. Chem. 109 3875

    [11]

    Zhu Z H, Yu H G 1997 Molecular Structure and Molecular Potential Energy Function (Beijing :Science Press) p6 (in Chinese) [朱正和, 俞华根 1997 分子结构与分子势能函数 (北京: 科学出版社) 第6页]

    [12]

    Xu G L, Liu Y F, Sun J F, Zhang X Z, Zhu Z H 2007 Acta Phys. Sin. 56 5704 (in Chinese) [徐国亮, 刘玉芳, 孙金锋, 张现周, 朱正和 2007 物理学报 56 5704]

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计量
  • 文章访问数:  5542
  • PDF下载量:  367
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2010-08-25
  • 修回日期:  2011-03-30
  • 刊出日期:  2012-02-05

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