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一种脉冲星周期的时域估计新方法

李建勋 柯熙政 赵宝升

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一种脉冲星周期的时域估计新方法

李建勋, 柯熙政, 赵宝升

A new time-domain estimation method for period of pulsars

Li Jian-Xun, Ke Xi-Zheng, Zhao Bao-Sheng
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  • 脉冲星信号的周期估计在脉冲星搜索、观测以及定时研究中具有重要作用.在分析脉冲星周期频域识别方法的基础上,基于脉冲星观测信号的二阶循环平稳模型,提出了一种周期估计的时域新方法最大相关方差搜索法.通过对观测信号按假定周期(可变)分组,计算分组后不同时刻的相关系数,进一步得到系数的方差,然后寻找不同周期下的方差最大值,即可得到脉冲星的辐射周期估计.分别对单峰脉冲星(PSRJ0437-4715)的实测信号、双峰脉冲星(PSRB1821-24)的仿真信号以及ATNFEPN数据库中的多颗脉冲星数据进行了周期估计,均得到了令人满意的结果.对众多脉冲星的计算结果表明,与傅里叶频谱法相比,该时域方法对噪声不敏感,尤其在低信噪比情况下仍表现出较优越的性能;与双谱相干统计量方法[6]相比,运算复杂度更低;尽管其在处理非连续观测数据时能力不足,但仍然可为微弱脉冲星的实时周期估计提供有力参考.
    The estimation of pulsar period is important for pulsar searching, observation and timing. In this paper, the frequency-domain method which is popular in periodicity searches is analyzed, and further more, a novel method in time-domain is proposed to estimate the cyclo-period of pulsars based on the second-order cyclo-stationary model of the radiation signal. Firstly, the discrete-time observing signal is blocked by assumed period which is alterable. Then, the correlation estimations and their sample variances are computed each as a function of blocking operator index, where the largest peaks display a periodic pattern, from which the cyclo-period can be obtained. Using this method, the period of PSR J0437-4715 with single pulse is estimated well based on original signal, and the period of PSR B1821-24 with double pulses is also estimated based on the simulated signal. The same work is done for the observed data from ATNF EPN pulsar database. The simulation results and the experimental results for many pulsars show that compared with the classical Fourier-transform method, this algorithm is non-sensitive to the noise, and it is effective even though in the case of low signal-to-noise ratio. And it is of low computation complexity compared with the bispectrum coherence method. This method possesses higher popularization value in real-time observation and processing for weak pulsar signal, though it does not work well in dealing with noncontinuous observing data.
      通信作者: 李建勋, Ljx088@xaut.edu.cn
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号: 61004122)、 数学天元基金(批准号: 11026051)、 陕西省自然科学基金(批准号: 2010JQ8002)、 陕西省教育厅项目(批准号: 2010JK724)、江苏省博士集聚计划(批准号: 201062)和西安理工大学高层次人员科研基金(批准号: 105-210919)资助的课题.
      Corresponding author: Li Jian-Xun, Ljx088@xaut.edu.cn
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61004122), the Tian Yuan Special Foundation (Grant No. 11026051), the Natural Science Foundation of Shaanxi Province, China (Grant No. 2010JQ8002), the Scientific Research Fund of Education Department of Shaanxi Province, China (Grant No. 2010JK724), Doctor-aggregating Project of Jiangsu Province, China (Grant Nos. 201062) and the Science Foundation for Specialists With High Education Level of Xian University of Technology, China (Grant No. 105-210919).
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    Li J X, Ke X Z 2009 Sci. China G: Phys. Mech. Astron. 52 303

    [3]
    [4]

    Nan R D 2006 Sci. China G: Phys. Mech. Astron. 49 129

    [5]
    [6]

    Belczynski K, Kalogera V M, Bulik T 2002 Astrophys. J. 572 407

    [7]
    [8]

    Stairs I H 2006 J. Phys. G: Nucl. Phys. 32 259

    [9]

    Kramer M, Xilouris K M, Fernando C 1999 Astrophys. J. 520 324

    [10]
    [11]
    [12]

    Li J X, Ke X Z 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 8305 (in Chinese) [李建勋, 柯熙政 2010 物理学报 59 8305]

    [13]

    Lyne A G, Smith F G 1998 Pulsar Astronomy (Cambridge: Cam-bridge University Press) p106

    [14]
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    Hu H J, Zhao B S, Sheng L Z, Yan Q R 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 857 (in Chinese) [胡慧君, 赵宝升, 盛立志, 鄢秋荣 2011 物理学报 60 857]

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    Zhong C X, Yang T G 2007 Acta Phys. Sin. 56 6157 (in Chinese) [仲崇霞, 杨廷高 2007 物理学报 56 6157]

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    [19]

    Xie Z H, Xu L P, Ni G R 2008 Acta Phys. Sin. 57 6683 (in Chinese) [谢振华, 许录平, 倪广仁 2008 物理学报 57 6683]

    [20]
    [21]

    Zhang H, Xu L P, Xie Q, Luo N 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 822 (in Chinese) [张华, 许录平, 谢强, 罗楠 2011 物理学报 60 822]

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    Zhang H, Xu L P 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 816 (in Chinese) [张华, 许录平 2011 物理学报 60 816]

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    [26]

    Lorimer D R, Kramer M 2005 Handbook of Pulsar Astronomy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) p127

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    [28]

    Giannakis G B 1999 Digital Signal Processing Handbook (Boca Raton: CRC Press LLC) p168

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    Wang J D, Chen T W, Huang B 2006 IEEE Trans. Signal Proces. 54 83

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    Lorimer D R 1998 arXiv: 9801091 [astro-ph]

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    Hurd H L, Gerr N L 1991 J. Times Ser. Anal. 12 337

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    Lii K S, Rosenblatt M 2006 Ann. Stat. 34 1115

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    Van Straten W 2003 Ph.D. dissertation (Swinburne University of Technology)

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    Hanson J E, Sheikh S I, Graven P H the 2008 IEEE-ION PLANS Symposium Monterey, USA May 58, 2008 p704

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2011-05-08
  • 修回日期:  2011-07-16
  • 刊出日期:  2012-03-05

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