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基于现役装置的冲击点火可行性概念研究

袁强 魏晓峰 张小民 张鑫 赵军普 黄文会 胡东霞

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基于现役装置的冲击点火可行性概念研究

袁强, 魏晓峰, 张小民, 张鑫, 赵军普, 黄文会, 胡东霞

Conceptual research on modifications of indirect drive laser facilities for shock ignition

Yuan Qiang, Wei Xiao-Feng, Zhang Xiao-Min, Zhang Xin, Zhao Jun-Pu, Huang Wen-Hui, Hu Dong-Xia
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  • 以冲击点火物理特性的研究为基础, 分析冲击点火对高功率激光驱动器的物理需求, 然后从总体层面概括给出基于现役装置(神光III等间接驱动中心点火高功率激光装置) 研究冲击点火面临的关键技术问题. 研究表明, 基于现役装置的冲击点火主要面临两个层面的问题, 首先是非均匀光路排布下实现均匀辐照的工程层面问题, 其次是在现役装置上高效实现冲击点火激光脉冲的激光技术层面问题. 通过研究 分别对两个层面的问题提出相应的解决思路, 为后续研究奠定基础.
    Shock ignition is a new concept for assembling and igniting thermonuclear fuel, in which compressed fusion fuel is separately ignited by a strong convergent shock launched in the target at the end of compression phase by a final intense laser pulse. Because of compression and ignition decoupling, target implosion velocities are significantly lower than those required for conventional hotspot ignition. As a result, shock ignition has the advantages of a low ignition energy threshold, high gain and good hydrodynamic stability properties. It offers a possibility for a high gain inertial confinement fusion to be used as green energy in the future, and could be tested on the projecting indirect drive laser fusion facilities like Shenguang-III facility (SG-III) in China. In this paper, we present the requirements for laser system used for shock ignition, delineate the critical issues and describe the research and development program that must be performed in order to test the high gain shock ignition in the future term.
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号: 11074225, 10904132) 资助的课题.
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11074225, 10904132).
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  • [1]

    Betti R, Zhou C D, Anderson K S, Perkins L J, Theobald W, Solodov A A 2007 Phys. Rev. Lett. 98 155001

    [2]
    [3]

    Tabak M, Hammer J, Glinsky M E, Kruer W L, Wilks S C, Woodworth J, Campbell E M, Perry M D, Mason R J 1994 Phys. Plasmas 1 1626

    [4]
    [5]

    Kodama R, Shiraga H, Shigemori K, Toyama Y, Fujioka S, Azechi H, Fujita H, Habara H, Hall T, Izawa Y, Jitsuno T, Kitagawa Y, Krushelnick K M, Lancaster K L, Mima K, Nagai K, Nakai M, Nishimura H, Norimatsu T, Norreys P A, Sakabe S, Tanaka K A, Youssef A, Zepf M, Yamanaka T 2002 Nature 418 933

    [6]
    [7]

    Kodama R, Norreys P A, Mima K, Dangor A E, Evans R G, Fujita H, Kitagawa Y, Krushelnick K, Miyakoshi T, Miyanaga N, Norimatsu T, Rose S J, Shozaki T, Shigemori K, Sunahara A, Tampo M, Tanaka K A, Toyama Y, Yamanaka T, Zepf M 2001 Nature 412 798

    [8]
    [9]

    Nuckolls J O, Wood L O, Thiessen A L, Zimmerman G E 1972 Nature 239 139

    [10]
    [11]

    Lindl J D, Amendt P, Berger R L, Glendinning S G, Glenzer S H, Haan S W, Kauffman R L, Landen O L, Suter L J 2004 Phys. Plasmas 11 339

    [12]
    [13]

    Lindl J 1995 Phys. Plasmas 2 3933

    [14]
    [15]

    Theobald W, Betti R, Stoeckl C, Anderson K S, Delettrez J A, Glebov V Y, Goncharov V N, Marshall F J, Maywar D N, Mccrory R L, Meyerhofer D D, Radha P B, Sangster T C, Seka W, Shvarts D, Smalyuk V A, Solodov A A, Yaakobi B, Zhou C D, Frenje J A, Li C K, Seguin F H, Petrasso R D, Perkins L J 2008 Phys. Plasmas 15 56301

    [16]

    Theobald W 2009 LLE Rev. 119 117

    [17]
    [18]
    [19]

    Theobald W, Anderson K S, Betti R, Craxton R S, Delettrez J A, Frenje J A, Glebov V Y, Gotchev O V, Kelly J H, Li C K, Mackinnon A J, Marshall F J, Mccrory R L, Meyerhofer D D, Myatt J F, Norreys P A, Nilson P M, Patel P K, Petrasso R D, Radha P B, Ren C, Sangster T C, Seka W, Smalyuk V A, Solodov A A, Stephens R B, Stoeckl C, Yaakobi B 2009 Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 51 124012

    [20]

    Ribeyre X, Schurtz G, Lafon M, Galera S, Weber S 2009 Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 51 15013

    [21]
    [22]

    Ribeyre X, Lafon M, Schurtz G, Olazabal-Loume M, Breil J, Galera S, Weber S 2009 Plasma Phys. Contr. Fusion 51 124030

    [23]
    [24]
    [25]

    Atzeni S, Davies J R, Hallo L, Honrubia J J, Maire P H, Olazabal-Loume M, Feugeas J L, Ribeyre X, Schiavi A, Schurtz G, Breil J, Nicolai P 2009 Nucl. Fusion 49 55008

    [26]

    Perkins L J, Betti R, Lafortune K N, Williams W H 2009 Phys. Rev. Lett. 103 45004

    [27]
    [28]

    Perkins L J, Betti R, Schurtz G P, Craxton R S, Dunne A M, Mackinnon A J, Lafortune K N, Schmitt A J, Mckenty P W, Bailey D S, Lambert M A, Ribeyre X, Theobald W R, Strozzi D J, Harding D R, Casner A, Erbert G V, Andersen K S, Murakami M, Comley A J, Atzeni S, Cook R C, Stephens R B 2010 LLNL Technical Report (UCRL-TR-428513)

    [29]
    [30]

    Perkins L J, Schurtz G P, Betti R, Craxton R S, Lafortune K N, Casner A, Hamza A V, Comley A J, Ribeyre X, Mackinnon A J, Mckenty P W, Strozzi D J, Blackfield D T, Ma T, Bailey D S, Lambert M A, Atzeni S, Anderson K S, Cook R C, Erbert G V 2010 LLNL Technical Report (UCRL-TR-432811)

    [31]
    [32]
    [33]

    Schmitt A J, Bates J W, Obenschain S R, Zalesak S T, Fyfe D E, Betti R 2009 Fusion Sci. Technol. 56 377

    [34]
    [35]

    Schmitt A J, Bates J W, Obenschain S P, Zalesak S T, Fyfe D E 2010 Phys. Plasmas 17 42701

    [36]
    [37]

    Canaud B, Temporal M 2010 New J. Phys. 12 43037

    [38]

    Canaud B, Laffite S, Temporal M 2011 Nucl. Fusion 51 62001

    [39]
    [40]
    [41]

    Zheng W, Zhang X, Wei X, Jing F, Sui Z, Zheng K, Yuan X, Jiang X, Su J, Zhou H, Li M, Wang J, Hu D, He S, Xiang Y, Peng Z, Feng B, Guo L, Li X, Zhu Q, Yu H, You Y, Fan D, Zhang W 2008 J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112 32009

    [42]
    [43]

    Zhang X M, Zheng W G, Wei X F, Jing F, Sui Z, Zheng K X, Xu Q A, Yuan X D, Jiang X D, Yang L M, Ma P, Li M Z, Wang J J, Hu D X, He S B, Li F Q, Peng Z T, Feng B, Zhou H, Guo L F, Li X Q, Zhang X J, Su J Q, Zhu Q H, Yu H W, Zhao R C, Ma C, He H E, Fan D, Zhang W Y 2008 J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112 32008

    [44]
    [45]

    Yuan Q, Hu D X, Zhang X, Zhao J P, Hu S D, Huang W H, Wei X F 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 015202 (in Chinese) [袁强, 胡东霞, 张鑫, 赵军谱, 胡思得, 黄文会, 魏晓峰 2011 物理学报 60 015202]

    [46]

    Yuan Q, Hu D X, Zhang X, Zhao J P, Hu S D, Huang W H, Wei X F 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 045207 (in Chinese) [袁强, 胡东霞, 张鑫, 赵军谱, 胡思得, 黄文会, 魏晓峰 2011 物理学报 60 045207]

    [47]
    [48]

    Fan D Y, Zhang X M 2011 Physics 39 589 (in Chinese) [范滇元, 张小民 2011 物理 39 589]

    [49]
    [50]

    Eimerl D, Rothenberg J E, Key M H, Weber S V, Verdon C P, Skupsky S, Soures J M, Craxton R S 1995 Proc. SPIE 2633 170

    [51]
    [52]

    Eimerl D 1995 LLNL Technical Report (UCRL-ID-120758)

    [53]
    [54]

    Craxton R S, Jacobs-Perkins D W 2005 Phys. Rev. Lett. 94 95002

    [55]
    [56]
    [57]

    Skupsky S, Marozas J A, Craxton R S, Betti R, Collins T J B, Delettrez J A, Goncharov V N, Mckenty P W, Radha P B, Boehly T R, Knauer J P, Marshall F J, Harding D R, Kilkenny J D, Meyerhofer D D, Sangster T C, Mccrory R L 2004 Phys. Plasmas 11 2763

    [58]
    [59]

    Canaud B, Garaude F, Clique C, Lecler N, Masson A, Quach R, Van der Vliet J 2007 Nucl. Fusion 47 1652

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2011-08-18
  • 修回日期:  2012-06-04
  • 刊出日期:  2012-06-05

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