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金属橡胶热物理性能理论与试验研究

马艳红 仝小龙 朱彬 张大义 洪杰

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金属橡胶热物理性能理论与试验研究

马艳红, 仝小龙, 朱彬, 张大义, 洪杰

Theoretical and experimental investigation on thermophysical properties of metal rubber

Ma Yan-Hong, Tong Xiao-Long, Zhu Bin, Zhang Da-Yi, Hong Jie
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  • 针对金属橡胶材料在高温环境下的热稳定性能和热传导性能, 基于金属橡胶的内部基本组分以及特殊的编织制作工艺, 构建了两种典型排列微元体结构, 并以此描述微元体在三种接触状态下的热膨胀特性, 提出了金属橡胶热膨胀Schapery分析模型, 从理论上解释了金属橡胶热膨胀的产生机理.根据金属橡胶基本组成单元的传热模式, 研究了金属橡胶的传热过程.利用热电比拟法和有限元法, 分析微元体的导热性能, 结合微元体的分布形式, 提出了金属橡胶的导热分析模型.试验测试了不同相对密度金属橡胶的热膨胀和热传导性能, 验证了金属橡胶热膨胀和导热特性分析理论模型的适用性.所得到的金属橡胶的热膨胀和热传导性能理论模型和试验结果, 为金属橡胶材料在高温环境下的热物理特性分析提供了理论基础和计算分析依据.
    Metal rubber (MR) is a new-type damping material with special raw material and manufacturing process. The helix wire is considered as the geometric unit of MR. The thermal expansion model of the MR is established based on the thermal expansion analyses of micro-springs in different contact states with the Schapery model. Thermal experiments are conducted to analyze the effects of relative density and temperature on the thermal expansion property of metal rubber. The heat transfer process of the MR and the heat transfer model of helix wires are obtained based on MR microstructure. Under certain conditions, the heat transfer can be simplified into the single thermal conductions. Based on the Fourier law, thermal conduction of MR microstructure is analyzed using the thermoelectric analogy method. Combined with the equivalent coefficient law of the thermal conduction, the thermal conduction model of MR is established. The formula of the thermal conduction coefficient is derived. The accuracy of the theoretical model is verified by the experimental results. The theoretical and experimental results of the thermal expansion and heat transfer provide strong theoretical and calculative analytical foundation for the application of the MR in the heat insulation material field at high temperature.
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号:51101008,51105022)和凡舟青年科研基金(批准号:20110402)资助的课题.
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51101008, 51105022) and the Fan Zhou Research Fund, China (Grant No. 20110402).
    [1]

    Al K 2002 Ph. D. Dissertation (TX: Texas A&M University)

    [2]

    Ma Y H, Hong J, Zhang D Y, Wang H 2007 Proceedings of ASME TURBO EXPO Montreal, Canada, May 14-17, 2007 p27585

    [3]

    Ma Y H, Wang H, Li H Y, Hong J 2008 Proceedings of ASME TURBO EXPO Berlin, Germany, June 9-13, 2008 p50961

    [4]

    Ma Y H 2005 Ph. D. Dissertation (Beijing: Beihang University) (in Chinese) [马艳红 2005 博士学位论文(北京: 北京航空航天大学)]

    [5]

    Bugra E, Luo H, Darren H 2009 Proceedings of the 17th American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Palm Springs, California, May 4-7, 2009 p2521

    [6]

    Yan H, Jiang H Y, Liu W J, Hao Z D, Ulannov A M 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 4065 (in Chinese) [闫辉, 姜洪源, 刘文剑, 郝振东, Ulannov A M 2010 物理学报 59 4065]

    [7]

    Chegodayev D E (Translated by Li Z Y) (Russia) 2000 The Designing of Components Made of Metal Rubber (Beijing: Publishing Company of National Defence Industry) p42 (in Chinese) [契戈达耶夫 D E 著 (李中郢译) 2000 金属橡胶构件的设计(北京: 国防工业出版社)第42页]

    [8]

    Fei W D, Wang L D 2004 Mater. Chem. Phys. 85 450

    [9]

    Schapery R A 1968 J. Compos. Mater. 2 380

    [10]

    Kim D K 2008 Ph. D. Dissertation (TX: Texas A&M University)

    [11]

    Li W Z, Wang J 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 114404 (in Chinese) [黎威志, 王军 2012 物理学报 61 114401]

    [12]

    Sanada K, Tada Y, Shindo Y 2009 Composites A: Appl. Sci. Manufact. 40 724

    [13]

    Zhu B, Ma Y H, Zhang D Y, Hong J 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 078101 (in Chinese) [朱彬, 马艳红, 张大义, 洪杰 2012 物理学报 61 078101]

    [14]

    Lü Y F 2006 Ph. D. Dissertation (Hefei: Hefei University of Technology) (in Chinese) [吕艳凤 2006 博士学位论文 (合肥: 合肥工业大学)]

    [15]

    Jing Q, Liu R P, Shao G J, Wang W K 2004 Acta Phys. Sin. 53 1440 (in Chinese) [景勤, 刘日平, 邵光杰, 王文魁 2004 物理学报 53 1440]

    [16]

    Farouki O T 1981 Thermal Properties of Soils (Hanover: U.S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory)

    [17]

    Aduda B O 1996 J. Mater. Sci. 31 6441

  • [1]

    Al K 2002 Ph. D. Dissertation (TX: Texas A&M University)

    [2]

    Ma Y H, Hong J, Zhang D Y, Wang H 2007 Proceedings of ASME TURBO EXPO Montreal, Canada, May 14-17, 2007 p27585

    [3]

    Ma Y H, Wang H, Li H Y, Hong J 2008 Proceedings of ASME TURBO EXPO Berlin, Germany, June 9-13, 2008 p50961

    [4]

    Ma Y H 2005 Ph. D. Dissertation (Beijing: Beihang University) (in Chinese) [马艳红 2005 博士学位论文(北京: 北京航空航天大学)]

    [5]

    Bugra E, Luo H, Darren H 2009 Proceedings of the 17th American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Palm Springs, California, May 4-7, 2009 p2521

    [6]

    Yan H, Jiang H Y, Liu W J, Hao Z D, Ulannov A M 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 4065 (in Chinese) [闫辉, 姜洪源, 刘文剑, 郝振东, Ulannov A M 2010 物理学报 59 4065]

    [7]

    Chegodayev D E (Translated by Li Z Y) (Russia) 2000 The Designing of Components Made of Metal Rubber (Beijing: Publishing Company of National Defence Industry) p42 (in Chinese) [契戈达耶夫 D E 著 (李中郢译) 2000 金属橡胶构件的设计(北京: 国防工业出版社)第42页]

    [8]

    Fei W D, Wang L D 2004 Mater. Chem. Phys. 85 450

    [9]

    Schapery R A 1968 J. Compos. Mater. 2 380

    [10]

    Kim D K 2008 Ph. D. Dissertation (TX: Texas A&M University)

    [11]

    Li W Z, Wang J 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 114404 (in Chinese) [黎威志, 王军 2012 物理学报 61 114401]

    [12]

    Sanada K, Tada Y, Shindo Y 2009 Composites A: Appl. Sci. Manufact. 40 724

    [13]

    Zhu B, Ma Y H, Zhang D Y, Hong J 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 078101 (in Chinese) [朱彬, 马艳红, 张大义, 洪杰 2012 物理学报 61 078101]

    [14]

    Lü Y F 2006 Ph. D. Dissertation (Hefei: Hefei University of Technology) (in Chinese) [吕艳凤 2006 博士学位论文 (合肥: 合肥工业大学)]

    [15]

    Jing Q, Liu R P, Shao G J, Wang W K 2004 Acta Phys. Sin. 53 1440 (in Chinese) [景勤, 刘日平, 邵光杰, 王文魁 2004 物理学报 53 1440]

    [16]

    Farouki O T 1981 Thermal Properties of Soils (Hanover: U.S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory)

    [17]

    Aduda B O 1996 J. Mater. Sci. 31 6441

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2012-06-10
  • 修回日期:  2012-09-10
  • 刊出日期:  2013-02-05

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