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低密度泡沫金激光-X射线转换特性模拟研究

董云松 杨家敏 张璐 尚万里

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低密度泡沫金激光-X射线转换特性模拟研究

董云松, 杨家敏, 张璐, 尚万里

Simulation of laser to X-ray conversion features influenced by low density gold foam

Dong Yun-Song, Yang Jia-Min, Zhang Lu, Shang Wan-Li
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  • 在激光间接驱动惯性约束聚变中, 激光首先与黑腔壁高Z等离子体相互作用转换成强X射线辐射, 再通过高Z腔壁的X射线再辐射而在靶丸表面产生对称辐射以驱动其内爆, 改善腔中激光X射线转换特性非常重要. 利用一维辐射流体程序模拟研究了低密度泡沫金对激光X射线转换特性的影响, 结果表明: 在固定激光参数条件下, 随着Au材料密度降低, 激光X射线转换效率提高, 当泡沫Au密度为0.1 g/cm3时, 转换效率相对提高19%; 同时, 金M带辐射份额随之减少; 对于发光区运动, 存在合适的泡沫Au密度使其得到有效抑制. 从能量平衡的角度分析了转换效率提高的原因: 在激光与低密度泡沫Au作用时, 转换为流体力学动能损耗的能量份额与固体Au相比有所降低, 因而相应的辐射能份额增加. 低密度泡沫Au改善激光X射线转换特性是实现黑腔腔壁优化的一种途径, 模拟结果为进一步开展相应实验研究提供了依据.
    In the laser indirect-driven inertial confinement fusion, laser light is converted into X-rays by laser-plasma interactions in the hohlraum, then at the surface of the capsule the re-emission of hohlraum inner wall would drive a symmetrical radiation source to motivate implosion. It is of great importance to improve the features of laser to X-ray conversion in the hohlraum. The influence of low density gold foam on conversion features was investigated numerically with the help of one-dimensional hydrodynamics code. The numerical simulation results show that conversion efficiency increases with the decrease in gold density under the given laser condition. In particular, it can indeed have more than 19% extra conversion efficiency relatively when solid gold is replaced by gold foam of 0.1 g/cm3 density. In addition, the percentage of M-band decreases. There is an appropriate density of gold foam, at which the movement of plasma are restrained. According to the simulation results of energy balance, we get a higher radiation energy proportion when low density gold foam is selected as the target, and this is due to the decrease of kinetic energy losses compared with solid gold. Anyway, it is an effective approach to optimize the hohlraum by using low density gold foam to improve the features of laser to X-ray conversion, and these simulations would provide a scientific basis for further attempting correlative experiments.
    • 基金项目: 中国工程物理研究院重点发展基金(批准号: 2011A0102005)资助的课题.
    • Funds: Project supported by the Key Item of Science and Technology Foundation of China Academy of Engineering Physics (Grant No. 2011A0102005).
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    Lindl J D, Amendt P, Berger R L, Glendinning S G, Glenzer S H, Haan S W, Kauffman R L, Landen O L, Suter L J 2004 Phys. Plasmas 11 339

    [2]

    Sigel R, Eidmann K, Lavarenne F, Schmalz R F 1990 Phys. Fluids B 2 199

    [3]

    Eidmann K, Schmalz R F, Sigel R 1990 Phys. Fluids B 2 208

    [4]

    Mead W C, Stover E K 1988 Phys. Rev. A 38 5275

    [5]

    Gabl E F, Failor B H, Busch G E, Schroeder R J, Ress D, Suter J 1990 Phys. Fluids B 2 2437

    [6]

    Dahmani F 1992 Phys. Fluids B 4 1943

    [7]

    Zhang J 1990 High Power Lasers and Particle Beams 2 179 (in Chinese) [张钧 1990 强激光与粒子束 2 179]

    [8]

    Li Y S, Huo W Y, Lan K 2011 Phys. Plasmas 18 022701

    [9]

    Huser G, Courtois C, Monteil M C 2009 Phys. Plasmas 16 032703

    [10]

    Yang J M, Meng G W, Zhu T, Zhang J Y, Li J H, He X A, Yi R Q, Xu Y, Hu Z M, Ding Y N, Liu S Y, Ding Y K 2010 Phys. Plasmas 17 062702

    [11]

    Ze F, Kania D R, Langer S H, Kornblum H, Kauffman R, Kilkenny J, Campbell E M, Tietbohl G 1989 J. Appl. Phys. 66 1935

    [12]

    Nishimura H, Endo T, Shiraga H, Kato Y, Nakai S 1992 Appl. Phys. Lett. 62 1344

    [13]

    Rosen M D, Hammer J H 2005 Phys. Rev. E 72 056403

    [14]

    Young P E, Rosen M D, Hammer J H, Hsing W S, Glendinning S G, Turner R E, Kirkwood R, Schein J, Sorce C, Satcher J H, Hamza A, Reibold R A, Hibbard R, Landen O, Reighard A 2008 Phys. Rev. Lett. 101 035001

    [15]

    Zhang L, Ding Y K, Yang J M, Wu S C, Jiang S E 2011 Phys. Plasmas 18 033301

    [16]

    Jones O S, Schein J, Rosen M D, Suter L J, Wallace R J, Dewald E L, Glenzer S H, Campbell K M, Gunther J, Hammel B A, Landen O L, Sorce C M, Olson R E, Rochau G A, Wilkens H L, Kaae J L, Kilkenny J D, Nikroo A, Regan S P 2007 Phys. Plasmas 14 056311

    [17]

    Ramis R, Schmalz R, Meyer-ter-vehn J 1988 Comput. Phys. Commun. 49 475

    [18]

    Atzeni S, Merer-ter-vehn J 2004 The Physics of Inertial Fusion (1st Ed.) (New York: Oxford University Press) p195

    [19]

    Dewald E L, Rosen M D, Glenzer S H, Suter L J, Girard F, Jadaud J P, Schein J, Constantin C, Wagon C, Huser G, Neumayer P, Landen O L 2008 Phys. Plasmas 15 072706

    [20]

    Zhang J, Chang T Q 2004 Fundaments of the Target Physics for Laser Fusion (Beijing: National Defense Industry Press) p164 (in Chinese) [张钧, 常铁强 2004 激光核聚变靶物理基础 (北京: 国防工业出版社) 第164页]

  • [1]

    Lindl J D, Amendt P, Berger R L, Glendinning S G, Glenzer S H, Haan S W, Kauffman R L, Landen O L, Suter L J 2004 Phys. Plasmas 11 339

    [2]

    Sigel R, Eidmann K, Lavarenne F, Schmalz R F 1990 Phys. Fluids B 2 199

    [3]

    Eidmann K, Schmalz R F, Sigel R 1990 Phys. Fluids B 2 208

    [4]

    Mead W C, Stover E K 1988 Phys. Rev. A 38 5275

    [5]

    Gabl E F, Failor B H, Busch G E, Schroeder R J, Ress D, Suter J 1990 Phys. Fluids B 2 2437

    [6]

    Dahmani F 1992 Phys. Fluids B 4 1943

    [7]

    Zhang J 1990 High Power Lasers and Particle Beams 2 179 (in Chinese) [张钧 1990 强激光与粒子束 2 179]

    [8]

    Li Y S, Huo W Y, Lan K 2011 Phys. Plasmas 18 022701

    [9]

    Huser G, Courtois C, Monteil M C 2009 Phys. Plasmas 16 032703

    [10]

    Yang J M, Meng G W, Zhu T, Zhang J Y, Li J H, He X A, Yi R Q, Xu Y, Hu Z M, Ding Y N, Liu S Y, Ding Y K 2010 Phys. Plasmas 17 062702

    [11]

    Ze F, Kania D R, Langer S H, Kornblum H, Kauffman R, Kilkenny J, Campbell E M, Tietbohl G 1989 J. Appl. Phys. 66 1935

    [12]

    Nishimura H, Endo T, Shiraga H, Kato Y, Nakai S 1992 Appl. Phys. Lett. 62 1344

    [13]

    Rosen M D, Hammer J H 2005 Phys. Rev. E 72 056403

    [14]

    Young P E, Rosen M D, Hammer J H, Hsing W S, Glendinning S G, Turner R E, Kirkwood R, Schein J, Sorce C, Satcher J H, Hamza A, Reibold R A, Hibbard R, Landen O, Reighard A 2008 Phys. Rev. Lett. 101 035001

    [15]

    Zhang L, Ding Y K, Yang J M, Wu S C, Jiang S E 2011 Phys. Plasmas 18 033301

    [16]

    Jones O S, Schein J, Rosen M D, Suter L J, Wallace R J, Dewald E L, Glenzer S H, Campbell K M, Gunther J, Hammel B A, Landen O L, Sorce C M, Olson R E, Rochau G A, Wilkens H L, Kaae J L, Kilkenny J D, Nikroo A, Regan S P 2007 Phys. Plasmas 14 056311

    [17]

    Ramis R, Schmalz R, Meyer-ter-vehn J 1988 Comput. Phys. Commun. 49 475

    [18]

    Atzeni S, Merer-ter-vehn J 2004 The Physics of Inertial Fusion (1st Ed.) (New York: Oxford University Press) p195

    [19]

    Dewald E L, Rosen M D, Glenzer S H, Suter L J, Girard F, Jadaud J P, Schein J, Constantin C, Wagon C, Huser G, Neumayer P, Landen O L 2008 Phys. Plasmas 15 072706

    [20]

    Zhang J, Chang T Q 2004 Fundaments of the Target Physics for Laser Fusion (Beijing: National Defense Industry Press) p164 (in Chinese) [张钧, 常铁强 2004 激光核聚变靶物理基础 (北京: 国防工业出版社) 第164页]

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2012-08-14
  • 修回日期:  2012-11-10
  • 刊出日期:  2013-04-05

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