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等离子体合成射流能量效率及工作特性研究

王林 罗振兵 夏智勋 刘冰

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等离子体合成射流能量效率及工作特性研究

王林, 罗振兵, 夏智勋, 刘冰

Energy efficiency and performance characteristics of plasma synthetic jet

Wang Lin, Luo Zhen-Bing, Xia Zhi-Xun, Liu Bing
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  • 基于等离子体激励器工作过程中气体放电的焦耳加热作用, 并结合局部热力学平衡等离子体物理假设, 开展了等离子体合成射流三维唯象数值研究, 获得了完整工作周期内等离子体合成射流流场发展演变过程. 研究结果表明, 单次能量沉积建立的自维持周期性射流中存在有实现激励器腔体"充分" 回填的最大脉冲工作频率––饱和频率. 大的能量沉积、小的激励器出口直径和相同腔体体积下大的径高比都可以产生速度更高的射流, 而射流速度的提高会伴随有饱和频率的降低. 一个饱和周期内, 最多约有16%的初始腔内气体喷出, 吸气复原仅能实现初始腔体质量90%左右的回填.一个大气压条件下, 容性电源供能的等离子体合成射流激励器电能向气体热能和射流动能的转化效率分别约为5%和1.6%.
    Based on the Joule heating effect of gas discharge in the working process of the plasma actuator, the plasma synthetic jet is simulated with a three-dimensional phenomenological model, under the assumption of local thermodynamic equilibrium plasma.The flow field evolution process of the plasma synthetic jet during a whole cycle is obtained. The results show that in the self-sustained periodical jet built by a single energy deposition, there is a maxium pulse frequency–saturated frequency which could relaize that the cavity is recovered sufficiently. Large energy deposition, small exit orifice diameter and high diameter-height ratio with the same cavity volume could induce higher speed jet, and the increase of the jet speed occurs concurrently with the decrease of the saturated frequency. During a saturated cycle, up to 16% of the mass in the cacity is expelled, but the recovery can only achieve about 90% of the initial mass in the cavity. Plasma synthetic jet actuator is supplied by a capacitive power supply at atmospheric pressure, the fractions of power that go into gas heating and jet kinetic energy are 5% and 1.6% respectively.
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号: 11002161)、全国优秀博士论文作者专项基金(批准号: 201058)和高等学校博士学科点专项科研基金(批准号: 20104307110007)资助的课题.
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11002161), the Foundation for the Author of National Excellent Doctor Dissertation of China (Grant No. 201058), and the Specialized Research Fund for the Doctor Program of Higher Education of China (Grant No. 20104307110007).
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    Naghizadeh-Kashani Y, Cressault Y, Gleizes A 2002 J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 35 2925

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    Zhou Q H, Li H, Xu X, Liu F, Guo S F, Chang X J, Guo W K, Xu P 2009 J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 42 015210

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    Akram M 1996 AIAA J. 34 1835

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    Yang S M, Tao W Q 1998 Heat Transfer (Beijing: Higher Education Press) p5 (in Chinese) [杨世铭, 陶文铨 1998 传热学 (北京: 高等教育出版社) 第5页]

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    Greason W D, Kucerovsky Z, Bulach S, Flatley M W 1997 IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl. 33 1519

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    Wang L, Luo Z B, Xia Z X, Liu B, Deng X 2012 Sci. China Tech. Sci. 55 2225

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    Narayanaswamy V 2010 Ph. D. Dissertation (Austin: the University of Texas at Austin)

  • [1]

    Corke T C, Enloe C L, Wilkinson S P 2010 Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. 42 505

    [2]

    Leonov S, Yarantsev D 2008 J. Propul. Power 24 1168

    [3]

    Wang J, Li Y H, Cheng B Q, Su C B, Song H M, Wu Y 2009 J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 42 165503

    [4]

    Grossman K R, Cybyk B Z, van Wie D M 2003 41st Aerospace Science Meeting and Exhibit Reno Nevada, USA, January 6-9, 2003

    [5]

    Roth J 2003 Phys. Plasmas 42 165503

    [6]

    Moreau E 2007 J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 40 605

    [7]

    Zhang P F, Wang J J, Feng L H, Wang G B 2010 AIAA J. 48 249

    [8]

    Li Y H, Wu Y, Liang H, Song H M, Jia M 2010 Chin. Sci. Bull. 55 3060 (in Chinese) [李应红, 吴云, 梁华, 宋慧敏, 贾敏 2010 科学通报 55 3060]

    [9]

    Li G, Li Y M, Xu Y J, Zhang Y, Li H M, Nie C Q, Zhu J Q 2009 Acta Phys. Sin. 58 4026 (in Chinese) [李刚, 李轶明, 徐燕骥, 张翼, 李汉明, 聂超群, 朱俊强 2009 物理学报 58 4026]

    [10]

    Wang J, Li Y H, Cheng B Q, Su C B, Song H M, Wu Y 2009 Acta Phys. Sin. 58 55113 (in Chinese) [王健, 李应红, 程邦勤, 苏长兵, 宋慧敏, 吴云 2009 物理学报 58 5513]

    [11]

    Cheng Y F, Nie W S, Li G Q 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 060510 (in Chinese) [程钰锋, 聂万胜, 李国强 2012 物理学报 61 060510]

    [12]

    Narayanaswamy V, Raia L L, Clemens N T 2010 AIAA J. 48 297

    [13]

    Haack S, Taylor T, Emhoif J, Cybyk B 2010 5th Flow Control Conference Chicago Illinois, USA, June 28-July 1, 2010

    [14]

    Ko H S, Haack S J, Land H B, Cybyk B, Katz J, Kim H J 2010 Flow Meas. Instrum. 21 443

    [15]

    Cybyk B Z, Wilkerson J T, Grossman K R 2004 2nd AIAA Flow Control Conference Portland Oregon, USA, June 28-July 1, 2004

    [16]

    Narayanaswamy V, Raja L L, Clemens N T 2012 AIAA J. 50 246

    [17]

    Anderson K, Knight D D 2012 AIAA J. 50 1855

    [18]

    Caruana D, Barricau P, Hardy P, Cambronne J P, Belinger A 2009 47th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting Inculding the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition Orlando Florida, USA, January 5-8, 2009

    [19]

    Belinger A, Hardy P, Gherardi N, Naudé N, Cambronne J P, Caruana D 2011 IEEE Trans. Plasma. Sci. 39 2334

    [20]

    Belinger A, Hardy P, Barricau P, Cambronne J P, Caruana D 2011 J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 44 365201

    [21]

    Shin J 2010 Chin. J. Aeronaut. 23 518

    [22]

    Shan Y, Zhang J Z, Tan X M 2011 J. Aero. Power 26 551 (in Chinese) [单勇, 张靖周, 谭晓茗 2011 航空动力学报 26 551]

    [23]

    Jia M, Liang H, Song H M, Liu P C, Wu Y 2011 High Voltage Engin. 37 1493 (in Chinese) [贾敏, 梁华, 宋慧敏, 刘朋冲, 吴云 2011 高电压技术 37 1493]

    [24]

    Liu P C, Li J, Jia M, Wen B 2011 J. Air Force Eng. Univ. 12 22 (in Chinese) [刘朋冲, 李军, 贾敏, 文彬 2011 空军工程大学学报 12 22]

    [25]

    Jayaraman B, Shyy W 2008 Prog. Aerospace Sci. 44 139

    [26]

    Cheng Y F, Nie W S, Che X K 2012 Chin. Sci. Bull. 57 2164 (in Chinese) [程钰锋, 聂万胜, 车学科 2012 科学通报 57 2164]

    [27]

    Zhang P F, Liu A B, Wang J J 2010 Sci. China Tech. Sci. 53 2772

    [28]

    Ekici O, Ezekoye O A, Hall M J, Matthewa R D 2007 J. Fluid Eng. ASME. 129 55

    [29]

    D'Angola A, Colonna G, Gorse G, Capitelli M 2008 Eur. Phys. J. D 46 129

    [30]

    Naghizadeh-Kashani Y, Cressault Y, Gleizes A 2002 J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 35 2925

    [31]

    Zhou Q H, Li H, Xu X, Liu F, Guo S F, Chang X J, Guo W K, Xu P 2009 J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 42 015210

    [32]

    Akram M 1996 AIAA J. 34 1835

    [33]

    Yang S M, Tao W Q 1998 Heat Transfer (Beijing: Higher Education Press) p5 (in Chinese) [杨世铭, 陶文铨 1998 传热学 (北京: 高等教育出版社) 第5页]

    [34]

    Greason W D, Kucerovsky Z, Bulach S, Flatley M W 1997 IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl. 33 1519

    [35]

    Wang L, Luo Z B, Xia Z X, Liu B, Deng X 2012 Sci. China Tech. Sci. 55 2225

    [36]

    Narayanaswamy V 2010 Ph. D. Dissertation (Austin: the University of Texas at Austin)

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2013-01-06
  • 修回日期:  2013-01-30
  • 刊出日期:  2013-06-05

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