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星载激光多普勒测风雷达鉴频系统仿真(Ⅱ):基于Fabry-Perot标准具的Rayleigh通道大气风速反演研究

张日伟 孙学金 严卫 赵剑 刘磊 李岩 张传亮 周俊浩

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星载激光多普勒测风雷达鉴频系统仿真(Ⅱ):基于Fabry-Perot标准具的Rayleigh通道大气风速反演研究

张日伟, 孙学金, 严卫, 赵剑, 刘磊, 李岩, 张传亮, 周俊浩

Simulation of frequency discrimination for spaceborne Doppler wind lidar (Ⅱ):Study on the retrieval of atmospheric wind speed for Rayleigh channel based on Fabry-Perot interferometer

Zhang Ri-Wei, Sun Xue-Jin, Yan Wei, Zhao Jian, Liu Lei, Li Yan, Zhang Chuan-Liang, Zhou Jun-Hao
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  • 基于星载激光多普勒测风雷达工作原理,构建了基于连续双通道Fabry-Perot(F-P)标准具的鉴频仿真系统,仿真研究了Rayleigh通道大气风速反演算法,系统分析了Rayleigh-Brillouin效应和Mie干扰信号对Rayleigh通道反演大气视线(LOS)风速的影响,并利用无线电探空数据集仿真结果统计分析了Rayleigh通道大气水平视线(HLOS)风速反演误差. 结果表明,基于连续双通道F-P标准具的Rayleigh通道可反演中高层大气风速;Rayleigh-Brillouin效应和Mie干扰信号影响Rayleigh通道LOS风速反演精度;Rayleigh通道风速反演对温度精度要求最高,在晴空条件下可忽略Mie干扰信号的影响;不考虑Brillouin效应时,高度2 km以下Rayleigh通道无法反演HLOS风速,高度2 km以上Rayleigh通道反演的HLOS风速误差小于0.4 m·s-1,风速标准差在1–4 m·s-1之间;同Mie通道一样,气溶胶和云的分布影响Rayleigh通道HLOS风速反演误差. 研究结果对发展星载激光雷达测风技术具有重要参考意义.
    Based on the principle of spaceborne Doppler wind lidar, a simulation system of frequency discrimination is built based on the double sequential Fabry-Perot (F-P) interferometer. The wind retrieval algorithm of Rayleigh channel is simulated and studied. The influence on the retrieved atmospheric line-of-sight (LOS) wind speed in Rayleigh channel by the Rayleigh-Brillouin effect and Mie contamination is systematically analyzed. The horizontal line-of-sight (HLOS) wind error is analysed using the simulated result of the radiosonde dataset. The results show that the wind speeds of the middle and upper atmosphere can be retrieved in Rayleigh channel based on the double sequential F-P interferometer; the Rayleigh-Brillouin effect and Mie contamination influence the accuracy of LOS wind speed retrieval in Rayleigh channel; the Rayleigh channel requires more accurate temperature; Mie contamination can be ignored in clear atmosphere; when Brillouin effect is not considered, below 2 km, the HLOS wind speed cannot be retrieved in Rayleigh channel, and above 2 km, the HLOS wind speed error in Rayleigh channel is less than 0.4 m/s and its standard deviation is 1-4 m/s. Just as the Mie channel, distributions of aerosol and cloud have an influence on wind error for spaceborne Doppler wind lidar in Rayleigh channel. The research results have an important reference value for the development of spaceborne lidar wind technology.
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号:41205125)资助的课题.
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 41205125).
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    Tang L, Wang C R, Wu H B, Dong J H 2012 Chin. Phys. Lett. 29 014213

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    Du J, Ren D M, Zhao W J, Qu Y C, Chen Z L, Geng L J 2013 Chin. Phys. B 22 024211

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    Shen F H, Sun D S, Liu C L, Qiu C Q, Shu Z F 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 220702 (in Chinese) [沈法华, 孙东松, 刘成林, 仇成群, 舒志峰 2013 物理学报 62 220702]

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    Killeen T L, Hays P B 1984 Appl. Opt. 23 612

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    Xia H Y, Sun D S, Zhong Z Q, Wang B X, Chen M 2006 Laser & Infrared 36 29 (in Chinese) [夏海云, 孙东松, 钟志庆, 王邦新, 陈敏 2006 激光与红外 36 29]

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    Shen F H, Shu Z F, Sun D S, Wang Z C, Xue X H, Chen T D, Dou X K 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 060704 (in Chinese) [沈法华, 舒志峰, 孙东松, 王忠纯, 薛向辉, 陈廷娣, 窦贤康 2011 物理学报 60 060704]

    [13]

    Shen F H, Shu Z F, Sun D S, Wang Z C, Xue X H, Chen T D, Dou X K 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 030702 (in Chinese) [沈法华, 舒志峰, 孙东松, 王忠纯, 薛向辉, 陈廷娣, 窦贤康 2012 物理学报 61 030702]

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    Born M, Wolf E (Translated by Yang J S) 1978 Principles of Optics (Beijing: Science Press) pp424-444 (in Chinese) [玻恩M, 沃耳夫E著 (杨葭荪译) 1978 光学原理 (北京: 科学出版社) 第424–444页]

    [15]

    Flesia C, Korb C. L 1999 Appl. Opt. 38 432

    [16]

    Chi R L, Feng S M, Zhong Z Q, Sun D S, Zhou J, Hu H L 2006 High Power Laser Part. Beams 18 36

    [17]

    Reitebuch O, Lemmerz C, Nagel E, Paffrath U, Durand Y, Endemann M, Fabre F, Chaloupy M 2009 J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech. 26 2501

    [18]

    Paffrath U, Lemmerz C, Reitebuch O, Witschas B, Nikolaus I, Freudenthaler V 2009 J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech. 26 2516

    [19]

    Garnier A, Chanin M L 1992 Appl. Phys. B 55 35

    [20]

    Flesia C, Korb C L 1999 Appl. Opt. 38 432

    [21]

    Marseille G J, Stoffelen A 2003 Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 129 3079

    [22]

    Chanin, M L, Garnier A, Hauchecorne A, Porteneuve J 1989 Geophys. Res. Lett. 16 1273

    [23]

    Dabas A, Denneulin M L, Flamant P, Loth C, Garnier A, Dolfi-Bouteyre A 2008 Tellus 60A 206

    [24]

    Tenti G, Boley C D, Desai R C 1974 Can. J. Phys. 52 285

    [25]

    Sun X J, Zhang R W, Marseille G J, Stoffelen A, Donovan D, Liu L, Zhao J 2014 Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss. 7 1393

  • [1]

    World Meteorological Organization 1998 WMO Satellite Reports SAT-21.WMO/TD No.913

    [2]

    Zhang R W, Sun X J, Yan W, Liu L, Li Y, Zhao J, Yan W X, Li H R 2014 Acta Phys. Sin. 63 140702 (in Chinese) [张日伟, 孙学金, 严卫, 刘磊, 李岩, 赵剑, 颜万祥, 李浩然 2014 物理学报 63 140702]

    [3]

    Mckay J A 1998 Appl. Opt. 37 6480

    [4]

    Sun D S, Zhong Z Q, Zhou J, Hu H L, Kobayashi T 2005 Opt. Rev. 12 409

    [5]

    Tang L, Wang Y T, Shu Z F, Dong J H, Wang G C, Xu W J, Hu D D, Chen T D, Dou X K, Sun D S, Cha H 2010 Chin. Phys. Lett. 27 114207

    [6]

    Zhu X P, Liu J Q, Chen W B 2010 Chin. J. Lasers 37 2005 (in Chinese) [竹孝鹏, 刘继桥, 陈卫标 2010 中国激光 37 2005]

    [7]

    Tang L, Wang C R, Wu H B, Dong J H 2012 Chin. Phys. Lett. 29 014213

    [8]

    Du J, Ren D M, Zhao W J, Qu Y C, Chen Z L, Geng L J 2013 Chin. Phys. B 22 024211

    [9]

    Shen F H, Sun D S, Liu C L, Qiu C Q, Shu Z F 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 220702 (in Chinese) [沈法华, 孙东松, 刘成林, 仇成群, 舒志峰 2013 物理学报 62 220702]

    [10]

    Killeen T L, Hays P B 1984 Appl. Opt. 23 612

    [11]

    Xia H Y, Sun D S, Zhong Z Q, Wang B X, Chen M 2006 Laser & Infrared 36 29 (in Chinese) [夏海云, 孙东松, 钟志庆, 王邦新, 陈敏 2006 激光与红外 36 29]

    [12]

    Shen F H, Shu Z F, Sun D S, Wang Z C, Xue X H, Chen T D, Dou X K 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 060704 (in Chinese) [沈法华, 舒志峰, 孙东松, 王忠纯, 薛向辉, 陈廷娣, 窦贤康 2011 物理学报 60 060704]

    [13]

    Shen F H, Shu Z F, Sun D S, Wang Z C, Xue X H, Chen T D, Dou X K 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 030702 (in Chinese) [沈法华, 舒志峰, 孙东松, 王忠纯, 薛向辉, 陈廷娣, 窦贤康 2012 物理学报 61 030702]

    [14]

    Born M, Wolf E (Translated by Yang J S) 1978 Principles of Optics (Beijing: Science Press) pp424-444 (in Chinese) [玻恩M, 沃耳夫E著 (杨葭荪译) 1978 光学原理 (北京: 科学出版社) 第424–444页]

    [15]

    Flesia C, Korb C. L 1999 Appl. Opt. 38 432

    [16]

    Chi R L, Feng S M, Zhong Z Q, Sun D S, Zhou J, Hu H L 2006 High Power Laser Part. Beams 18 36

    [17]

    Reitebuch O, Lemmerz C, Nagel E, Paffrath U, Durand Y, Endemann M, Fabre F, Chaloupy M 2009 J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech. 26 2501

    [18]

    Paffrath U, Lemmerz C, Reitebuch O, Witschas B, Nikolaus I, Freudenthaler V 2009 J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech. 26 2516

    [19]

    Garnier A, Chanin M L 1992 Appl. Phys. B 55 35

    [20]

    Flesia C, Korb C L 1999 Appl. Opt. 38 432

    [21]

    Marseille G J, Stoffelen A 2003 Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 129 3079

    [22]

    Chanin, M L, Garnier A, Hauchecorne A, Porteneuve J 1989 Geophys. Res. Lett. 16 1273

    [23]

    Dabas A, Denneulin M L, Flamant P, Loth C, Garnier A, Dolfi-Bouteyre A 2008 Tellus 60A 206

    [24]

    Tenti G, Boley C D, Desai R C 1974 Can. J. Phys. 52 285

    [25]

    Sun X J, Zhang R W, Marseille G J, Stoffelen A, Donovan D, Liu L, Zhao J 2014 Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss. 7 1393

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2013-12-25
  • 修回日期:  2014-04-02
  • 刊出日期:  2014-07-05

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