搜索

x

留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

量子点红外探测器在空间光电系统中的应用

周彦平 黎发军 车驰 谭立英 冉启文 于思源 马晶

引用本文:
Citation:

量子点红外探测器在空间光电系统中的应用

周彦平, 黎发军, 车驰, 谭立英, 冉启文, 于思源, 马晶

Application of quantum dot infrared photodetectors in space photoelectric systems

Zhou Yan-Ping, Li Fa-Jun, Che Chi, Tan Li-Ying, Ran Qi-Wen, Yu Si-Yuan, Ma Jing
PDF
导出引用
  • 为了更好地开发和利用空间资源,各国竞相通过向空间发射卫星、空间站、航天飞机等航天器来建立探测站点和通信网络以占据具有最大优势的位置,其中空间光电系统在探索新资源方面起到关键的作用. 点对点的距离远、空间辐射强、温差较大等空间环境因素严重影响着光电系统性能的发挥,也向空间光电系统的稳定性和可靠性提出了挑战. 本文提出将具有较高的探测灵敏度、工作温度、抗辐射能力和响应带宽的新型量子点红外探测器应用于空间光电系统,阐述了量子点红外探测器的基本工作原理和优点,并讨论了量子点红外探测器在空间应用的技术要求,分析了其在空间的激光雷达、卫星光通信和成像或者非成像系统中的应用.
    Space environment and space resources have become a new field of competition among countries, and this field is to be developed. To achieve these purposes, some countries have established the detection sites and communication network by launching satellites, space stations, space shuttles and other spacecrafts into the space. Photoelectric systems in space play a crucial role in developing new fields and exploring new resources. Presently, the space environment factors including point-to-point long distance, intense space radiation, large temperature difference challenge the high requirements of the stability and reliability for the optoelectronic system. A new type of technology with quantum dot infrared photodetector, which may be used in the space, is proposed, which potentially provides higher detectivity, operation temperature, radiation tolerance, responsive bandwidth, etc. The basic working principle and the advantages of the quantum dot infrared photodetectorare discussed. And the basic technical requirements for the quantum dot infrared photodetector in space application are pointed out. Finally, feasible applications of the quantum dot infrared photodetector in the field of space laser radar, satellite optical communications and imaging system are analyzed.
    [1]

    Stiff-roberts A D 2009 J. Nanophoton. 3 31607

    [2]
    [3]

    Tang S, Lin S, Lee S 2002 IEEE Tran. Electron Dev. 49 1341

    [4]

    Liu H 2003 Optoelectron. Rev. 1 1

    [5]
    [6]
    [7]

    Boucaud P, Sauvage S 2003 Comptes Rendus Physique 4 1133

    [8]
    [9]

    Krishna S, Forman D, Annamalai S, Dowd P, Varangis P, Tumolillo T, Gray A, Zilko J, Sun K, Liu M 2005 Appl. Phys. Lett. 86 193501

    [10]
    [11]

    Kim S M, Harris J S 2004 Photon. Technol. Lett. IEEE 16 2538

    [12]

    Esaki L, Tsu R 1970 IBM J. Res. Develop. 14 61

    [13]
    [14]
    [15]

    Martyniuk P, Rogalski A 2008 Prog. Quantum Electron. 32 89

    [16]
    [17]

    Leonard D, Krishnamurthy M, Reaves C, Denbaars S P, Petroff P 1993 Appl. Phys. Lett. 63 3203

    [18]

    Rogalski A 2003 Prog. Quantum Electron. 27 59

    [19]
    [20]
    [21]

    Phillips J, Kamath K, Bhattacharya P 1998 Appl. Phys. Lett. 72 2020

    [22]
    [23]

    Campbell J C, Madhukar A 2007 Proc. IEEE 95 1815

    [24]

    Bhattacharya P, Mi Z 2007 Proc. IEEE 95 1723

    [25]
    [26]

    Stiff-roberts A, Chakrabarti S, Pradhan S, Kochman B, Bhattacharya P 2002 Appl. Phys. Lett. 80 3265

    [27]
    [28]
    [29]

    Tang S, Chiang C, Weng P, Gau Y, Luo J, Yang S, Shih C, Lin S, Lee S 2006 Photon. Technol. Lett. IEEE 18 986

    [30]

    Lu X, Vaillancourt J, Meisner M J 2008 Infrared Technology and Applications XXXIV Orlando, Florida, March 16, 2008 p694007

    [31]
    [32]
    [33]

    Gunapala S D, Bandara S V, Hill C J, Ting D Z, Liu J K, Rafol B, Blazejewski E R, Mumolo J M, Keo S A, Krishna S 2007 Quantum Electron. 43 230

    [34]

    Jiang J, Mi K, Tsao S, Zhang W, Lim H, Osullivan T, Sills T, Razeghi M, Brown G, Tidrow M 2004 Appl. Phys. Lett. 84 2232

    [35]
    [36]
    [37]

    Barve A V, Sengupta S, Kim J O, Montoya J, Klein B, Shirazi M A, Zamiri M, Sharma Y D, Adhikary S, Godoy S E 2012 Quantum Electron. 48 1243

    [38]

    Amtout A, Raghavan S, Rotella P, Von winckel G, Stintz A, Krishna S 2004 J. Appl. Phys. 96 3782

    [39]
    [40]
    [41]

    Krishna S 2005 Infrared Phys. Technol. 47 153

    [42]
    [43]

    Shenoi R, Attaluri R, Siroya A, Shao J, Sharma Y, Stintz A, Vandervelde T, Krishna S 2008 J. Vacuum Sci. Technol. B: Microelectronics and Nanometer Structures 26 1136

    [44]
    [45]

    Su X, Chakrabarti S, Stiff-roberts A, Singh J, Bhattacharya P 2004 Electron. Lett. 40 1082

    [46]
    [47]

    Aivaliotis P, Menzel S, Zibik E, Cockburn J, Wilson L, Hopkinson M 2007 Appl. Phys. Lett. 91 253502

    [48]
    [49]

    Ariyawansa G, Perera A U, Raghavan G, Von winckel G, Stintz A, Krishna S 2005 Photon. Technol. Lett. 17 1064

    [50]
    [51]

    Kim E, Chen Z, Madhukar A 2001 Appl. Phys. Lett. 79 3341

    [52]
    [53]

    Naser M, Deen M, Thompson D 2007 J. Appl. Phys. 102 83108

    [54]
    [55]

    Jolley G, Fu L, Tan H, Jagadish C 2008 Appl. Phys. Lett. 92 193507

    [56]
    [57]

    Aivaliotis P, Vukmirović N, Zibik E A, Cockburn J W, Indjin D, Harrison P, Groves C, David J P, Hopkinson M, Wilson L R 2007 J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 40 5537

    [58]

    Han X, Li J, Wu J, Cong G, Liu X, Zhu Q, Wang Z 2005 J. Appl. Phys. 98 53703

    [59]
    [60]
    [61]

    Wang D Y, Sun H Q, Xie X Y, Zhang P J 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 227303 (in Chinese) [王度阳, 孙慧卿, 解晓宇, 张盼君 2012 物理学报 61 227303]

    [62]

    Peng J, Li S S 2012 Chin. Phys. Lett. 29 047301

    [63]
    [64]

    Kumara N R S, Peter A J, Chang K Y 2013 Chin. Phys. B 22 107106

    [65]
    [66]

    Huang W Q, Miao X J, Huang Z M, Cheng H Q, Shu Q 2013 Chin. Phys. B 22 064207

    [67]
    [68]

    Chang W L, Peter A J 2011 Chin. Phys. B 20 077104

    [69]
    [70]
    [71]

    Yao W J, Yu Z Y, Liu Y M 2010 Chin. Phys. B 19 077101

    [72]

    Liu Y M, Yu Z Y, Ren X M 2009 Chin. Phys. B 18 9

    [73]
    [74]
    [75]

    Zhao W, Yu Z Y, Liu Y M 2010 Chin. Phys. B 19 067302

    [76]

    Ye H, Lu P F, Yu Z Y, Yao W J, Chen Z H, Jia B Y, Liu Y M 2010 Chin. Phys. B 19 047302

    [77]
    [78]

    Cardimona D, Huang D, Cowan V, Morath C 2011 Infrared Phys. Technol. 54 283

    [79]
    [80]
    [81]

    Xiao J, Zhang S, Yang Y, Wang C, Liu Z L, Li T X, Chen P P, Cui H Y, Lu W 2008 Acta Phys. Sin. 57 1155 (in Chinese) [肖军, 张曙, 杨宇, 王茺, 刘昭麟, 李天信, 陈平平, 崔昊杨, 陆卫 2008 物理学报 57 1155]

    [82]
    [83]

    Su X, Chakrabarti S, Bhattacharya P, Ariyawansa G, Perera A U 2005 Quantum Electron. 41 974

    [84]
    [85]

    Stiff-roberts A, Su X, Chakrabarti S, Bhattacharya P 2004 Photon. Technol. Lett. 16 867

    [86]
    [87]

    Wang S, Lin S, Wu H, Lee C 2001 Appl. Phys. Lett. 78 1023

    [88]
    [89]

    Krishna S, Raghavan S, Von winckel G, Rotella P, Stintz A, Morath C, Le D, Kennerly S 2003 Appl. Phys. Lett. 82 2574

    [90]

    Sakoğlu , Tyo J S, Hayat M M, Raghavan S, Krishna S 2004 JOSA B 21 7

    [91]
    [92]

    Chakrabarti S, Su X, Bhattacharya P, Ariyawansa G, Perera A U 2005 Photon. Technol. Lett. 17 178

    [93]
    [94]

    Jiang J, Tsao S, Osullivan T, Zhang W, Lim H, Sills T, Mi K, Razeghi M, Brown G, Tidrow M 2004 Appl. Phys. Lett. 84 2166

    [95]
    [96]
    [97]

    Chakrabarti S, Stiff-roberts A, Bhattacharya P, Gunapala S, Bandara S, Rafol S, Kennerly S 2004 Photon. Technol. Lett. 16 1361

    [98]
    [99]

    Kim J, Oh J, Hong S, Park C, Yoo T 2000 Electron Dev. Lett. 21 329

    [100]
    [101]

    Jiang J, Mi K, Tsao S, Zhang W, Lim H, O'Sullivan T, Sills T, Razeghi M, Brown G J, Tidrow M Z 2004 Appl. Phys. Lett. 84 2232

    [102]
    [103]

    Narsingi K, Li S, Manasreh M O, Weaver B D 2010 Nucl. Sci. 57 2929

    [104]

    Tang S, Hsieh H, Tu H, You T, Lin S, Wang L, Chiang C 2010 Thin Solid Films 518 7425

    [105]
    [106]

    Oktyabrsky S, Tokranov V, Yakimov M, Sergeev A, Mitin V 2012 Nanophotonics and Macrophotonics for Space Environments VI San Diego, California, USA, August 12, 2012 p851907

    [107]
    [108]

    Guidry D, Morath C, Cowan V, Cardimona D 2012 J. Electron. Mater. 41 2679

    [109]
    [110]

    Leon R, Swift G, Magness B, Taylor W, Tang Y, Wang K, Dowd P, Zhang Y 2000 Appl. Phys. Lett. 76 2074

    [111]
    [112]
    [113]

    Žurauskienė N, Dargys A, Goovaerts E, Kundrotas J, Amontas S, Marcinkevičius S, Janssen G, Koenraad P M, Wolter J, Leon R 2004 Solid State Phenom. 99 99

    [114]
    [115]

    Stiff-roberts A D 2009 IEEE-NANO 2009, 9th IEEE Conference on Nanotechnology Genoa, July 26-30, 2009 p444

    [116]

    Liu Y M, Yu Z Y, Yang H B, Huang Y Z 2006 Acta Phys. Sin. 55 5023 (in Chinese) [刘玉敏, 俞重远, 杨红波, 黄永箴 2006 物理学报 55 5023]

    [117]
    [118]

    Asada M, Miyamoto Y, Suematsu Y 1986 Quantum Electron. 22 1915

    [119]
    [120]

    Arakawa Y, Sakaki H 1982 Appl. Phys. Lett. 40 939

    [121]
    [122]

    Cusack M A, Briddon P R, Jaros M 1998 Physica B 253 10

    [123]
    [124]
    [125]

    Ryzhii V, Khmyrova I, Ryzhii M, Mitin V 2004 Semicond. Sci. Technol. 19 8

    [126]
    [127]

    Stiff A D, Krishna S, Bhattacharya P, Kennerly S W 2001 Quantum Electron. 37 1412

    [128]

    Rogalski A, Antoszewski J, Faraone L 2009 J. Appl. Phys. 105 91101

    [129]
    [130]

    Huang J L, Wei Y, Ma W Q, Yang T, Chen L H 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 3099 (in Chinese) [黄建亮, 卫炀, 马文全, 杨涛, 陈良惠 2010 物理学报 59 3099]

    [131]
    [132]

    Krishna S, Gunapala S D, Bandara S V, Hill C, Ting D Z 2007 Proc. IEEE 95 1838

    [133]
    [134]
    [135]

    Phillips J 2002 J. Appl. Phys. 91 4590

    [136]

    Rogalski A 2005 Reports Prog. Phys. 68 2267

    [137]
    [138]

    Tang G H, Xu B, Jiang L W, Kong J X, Kong N, Liang D C, Liang P, Ye X L, Jin P, Liu F Q, Chen Y H, Wang Z G 2010 Chin. Phys. Lett. 27 047801

    [139]
    [140]
    [141]

    Wang Z C, Xu B, Chen Y H, Shi L W, Liang Z M, Wang Z G 2008 Chin. Phys. Lett. 25 2645

    [142]

    Fu L, Lever P, Sears K, Tan H H, Jagadish C 2005 IEEE Electron. Dev. Lett. 26 628

    [143]
    [144]
    [145]

    Wang Z C, Xu B, Chen Y H, Shi L W, Liang Z M, Wang Z G 2008 Chin. Phys. Lett. 25 2645

    [146]

    Kenny J T, Pollock H R 2001 Infrared Phys. Technol. 42 385

    [147]
    [148]

    Rogalski A, Adamiec K, Rutkowski J 2000 Photodetectors: Materials and Devices III San Jose, California, January 24, 1998 p2

    [149]
    [150]

    Kinch M A 2000 J. Electron. Mater. 29 809

    [151]
    [152]
    [153]

    Gao X, Yang S S, Xue Y X, Li K, Li D M, Wang Y, Wang Y F, Feng Z Z 2009 Chin. Phys. B 18 5015

    [154]

    Lauriente M, Vampola A L, Koga R, Hosken R 1999 J. Spacecraft and Rockets 36 902

    [155]
    [156]
    [157]

    Ma J, Che C, Han Q Q, Zhou Y P, Tan L Y 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 214211 (in Chinese) [马晶, 车驰, 韩琦琦, 周彦平, 谭立英 2012 物理学报 61 214211]

    [158]

    Rathod S S, Saxena A, Dasgupta S 2011 IETE Tech. Rev. 28 451

    [159]
    [160]

    Zhang K Y, Zhang F Q, Luo Y H, Guo H X 2013 Chin. Phys. B 22 028501

    [161]
    [162]

    Maurer R H, Fraeman M E, Martin M N, Roth D R 2008 Johns Hopkins APL 28 17

    [163]
    [164]

    Yeniay A, Gao R 2013 Opt. Fiber Technol. 19 88

    [165]
    [166]
    [167]

    Cardimona D, Morath C, Guidry D, Cowan V 2013 Infrared Phys. Technol. 59 93

    [168]
    [169]

    Rogers S 1963 Nucl. Sci. 10 97

    [170]

    Binder D, Smith E, Holman A 1975 Nucl. Sci. 22 2675

    [171]
    [172]

    Passenheim B C, Ginaven R O 1987 Nucl. Sci. 34 1587

    [173]
    [174]

    Li L, Liu H, Wilson P, Buchanan M, Khanna S 1997 Semicond. Sci. Technol. 12 947

    [175]
    [176]

    Chen T, Eng L, Zhao B, Zhuang Y, Sanders S, Morkoc H, Yariv A 1990 Quantum Electron. 26 1183

    [177]
    [178]
    [179]

    Huffaker D, Park G, Zou Z, Shchekin O, Deppe D 1998 Appl. Phys. Lett. 73 2564

    [180]

    Xu S, Chua S, Mei T, Wang X, Zhang X, Karunasiri G, Fan W, Wang C, Jiang J, Wang S 1998 Appl. Phys. Lett. 73 3153

    [181]
    [182]
    [183]

    Tidrow M, Chiang J, Li S S, Bacher K 1997 Appl. Phys. Lett. 70 859

    [184]

    Aroutiounian V M, Petrosyan S, Khachatryan A, Touryan K J 2001 Proceedings of SPIE 4458, Solar and Switching Materials San Diego, California, July 29, 2001 p38

    [185]
    [186]
    [187]

    Yang M, Yamaguchi M 2000 Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 60 19

    [188]

    Krasheninnikov A, Nordlund K 2010 J. Appl. Phys. 107 71301

    [189]
    [190]

    Johnston A 2000 The 4th International Workshop on Radiation Effects on Semiconductor Devices for Space Application Tsukuba, Japan, October 11-13, 2000 p1

    [191]
    [192]
    [193]

    Taylor E W, Le D T, Durstock M F, Taylor B E, Claus R O, Zeng T, Morath C P, Cardimona D A 2002 Proc of SPIE 4823, Photonics for Space Environments VIII Seattle, Washington, July 7, 2002 p42

    [194]

    Taylor E W, Nichter J E, Nash F, Haas F, Szep A A, Michalak R J, Flusche B, Repak P L, Brost G A, Pirich A R 2004 Proceedings of SPIE 5554, Photonics for Space Environments IX Denver, Colorado, August 2, 2004 p15

    [195]
    [196]

    Taylor E W 2006 Proceedings of SPIE 6308, Photonics for Space Environments XI San Diego, California, August 12, 2006 p630807-1

    [197]
    [198]
    [199]

    Turnbull D 1950 J. Appl. Phys. 21 1022

    [200]
    [201]

    Dalpian G M, Chelikowsky J R 2006 Phys. Rev. Lett. 96 226802

    [202]

    Sobolev N 2013 Semiconductors 47 217

    [203]
    [204]

    Fedoseyev A I, Turowski M, Raman A, Balandin A, Shao Q, Hubbard S, Polly S, Taylor E 2009 Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC), 2009 34th IEEE Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, June 7-12, 2009 p462

    [205]
    [206]
    [207]

    Che C 2013 Ph. D. Dissertation (Harbin: Harbin Institute of Technology) (in Chinese) [车驰 2013 博士学位论文 (哈尔滨: 哈尔滨工业大学)]

    [208]

    Fafard S 2000 Appl. Phys.s Lett. 76 2707

    [209]
    [210]

    Liang X, Ni Y, He L 2010 Computat. Mater. Sci. 48 871

    [211]
    [212]
    [213]

    Zwiller V, Aichele T, Benson O 2004 New J. Phys. 6 96

    [214]
    [215]

    Ribbat C, Sellin R, Grundmann M, Bimberg D, Sobolev N, Carmo M 2001 Electron. Lett. 37 174

    [216]
    [217]

    Leon R, Marcinkecius S, Siegert J, Cechavicius B, Magness B, Taylor W, Lobo C 2002 Nucl. Sci. 49 2844

    [218]

    Aierken A, Guo Q, Huhtio T, Sopanen M, He C F, Li Y, Wen L, Ren D 2013 Radiat. Phys. Chem. 83 42

    [219]
    [220]

    Leito J, Sobolev N, Correia M, Carmo M, Stepina N, Yakimov A, Nikiforov A, Magalhes S, Alves E 2008 Thin Solid Films 517 303

    [221]
    [222]
    [223]

    Fonseca A, Sobolev N, Leito J, Alves E, Carmo M, Zakharov N, Werner P, Tonkikh A, Cirlin G 2006 J. Lumin. 121 417

    [224]

    Sobolev N, Cavaco A, Carmo M, Grundmann M, Heinrichsdorff F, Bimberg D 2001 Phys. Status Solidi B 224 93

    [225]
    [226]

    Che C, Liu Q F, Ma J, Zhou Y P 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 094219 (in Chinese) [车驰, 柳青峰, 马晶, 周彦平 2013 物理学报 62 094219]

    [227]
    [228]

    Evans B D, Gossett C, Hager H E, Hong C, Hughlock B W 1993 Opt. Materials Reliability and Testing: Benign and Adverse Environments Boston, Massachusetts, September 8, 1992 p233

    [229]
    [230]

    Takahashi T, Goto K, Higuchi Y 1969 Quantum Electronics 5 328

    [231]
    [232]

    Aliberti K, Ruff W C, Shen H, Newman P G, Giza M M, Sarney W, Stead M R, Dammann J, Mehandru R, Ren F 2004 Proceedings Spie 5412, Laser Radar Technology and Applications IX Orlando, Florida, April 12, 2004 p99

    [233]
    [234]

    Wang L, Sun J F, Wang Q 2010 Chin. Phys. B 19 104203

    [235]
    [236]

    Rogalski A 2008 Opto-electron. Rev. 16 458

    [237]
    [238]

    Tsao S, Lim H, Zhang W, Razeghi M 2007 Appl. Phys. Lett. 90 201109

    [239]
    [240]

    Varley E, Lenz M, Lee S, Brown J, Ramirez D, Stintz A, Krishna S, Reisinger A, Sundaram M 2007 Appl. Phys. Lett. 91 81120

    [241]
    [242]
    [243]

    Tsao S, Myzaferi A, Razeghi M 2010 Optoelectronic Integrated Circuits XII California, February 12, 2010 p76050

    [244]

    Tsao S, Yamanaka T, Pour S A, Park I, Movaghar B, Razeghi M 2009 Quantum Dots, Particles, and Nanoclusters VI San Jose, California, January 24, 2009 p72240

    [245]
    [246]

    Ting D Z, Bandara S V, Gunapala S D, Mumolo J M, Keo S A, Hill C J, Liu J K, Blazejewski E R, Rafol S B, Chang Y 2009 Appl. Phys. Lett. 94 111107

    [247]
    [248]

    Gunapala S, Bandara S, Liu J, Hill C, Rafol S, Mumolo J, Trinh J, Tidrow M, Levan P 2005 Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20 473

    [249]
    [250]
    [251]

    Gunapala S, Ting D, Hill C, Nguyen J, Soibel A, Rafol S, Keo S, Mumolo J, Lee M, Liu J 2011 Infrared Phys. Technol. 54 155

    [252]
    [253]

    Gatenby P, Grant M 1991 Electron. Commun. Engineer. J. 3 280

    [254]

    Barry J, Darien A, Dawkins B, Freedman P, Heitman J M, Kennedy C J, Lyon J, Mattassov G, Matulka D, Whited C, Zack D 1976 Communications 24 470

    [255]
    [256]
    [257]

    Hubbs J E, Arrington D C, Gramer M E, Dole G A 2000 Opt. Engineer. 39 2660

    [258]

    Laird J S, Hirao T, Onoda S, Itoh H 2005 J. Appl. Phys. 98 13530

    [259]
    [260]

    Jackson E, Weaver B, Maisch W, Summers G 1992 Nucl. Sci. 39 1865

    [261]
    [262]
    [263]

    Katsuyoshi A 2012 J. Nat. Institute of Inform. Commun. Technol. 59 5

    [264]

    Popescu A F, Furch B 1993 International Society for Optics and Photonics Los Angeles, California, January 17, 1993 p10

    [265]
    [266]
    [267]

    Shlomi A, Kopeika N S 1995 Opt. Engineer. 34 512

    [268]
    [269]

    Arnon S, Kopeika N 1997 Proc. IEEE 85 1646

    [270]
    [271]

    Arnon S 1999 Appl. Opt. 38 3229

    [272]
    [273]

    Marshalek R G, Mecherle G S, Jordan P 1996 Free-space Laser Communication Technologies VIII San Jose, California, January 27, 1996 p134

    [274]

    Alnaboulsi M C, Sizun H, Defornel F 2004 Reliability of Optical Fiber Components, Devices, Systems, and Networks II Strasbourg, France, April 26, 2004 p168

    [275]
    [276]
    [277]

    Plank T, Czaputa M, Leitgeb E, Muhammad S S, Djaja N, Hillbrand B, Mandl P, Schonhuber M 2011 Proceedings of the 5th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EUCAP) Rome, Italy, April 11-15, 2011 p2508

    [278]
    [279]

    Plank T, Leitgeb E, Pezzei P, Ghassemlooy Z 2012 Networks and Optical Communications (NOC), 2012 17th European Conference on Vilanova I la Geltru, June 20-22, 2012 p1

    [280]

    Roberts W T, Wright M W 2010 The Interplanetary Network Progress Report 42 1

    [281]
    [282]
    [283]

    Patnaik B, Sahu P K 2012 Communications, IET 6 2561

    [284]
    [285]

    Rouvie A, Carpentier D, Lagay N, Decobert J, Pommereau F, Achouche M 2008 Photon. Technol. Lett. 20 455

    [286]
    [287]

    Campbell J, Tsang W, Qua G, Johnson B 1988 Quantum Electron. 24 496

    [288]

    Demiguel S, Zheng X, Li N, Li X, Campbell J, Decobert J, Tscherptner N, Anselm A 2003 Electron. Lett. 39 1848

    [289]
    [290]
    [291]

    Campbell J C 2007 J. Lightwave Technol. 25 109

    [292]

    Duan N, Liow T, Lim A E, Ding L, Lo G 2012 Opt. Express 20 11031

    [293]
    [294]

    Kurtz R M, Alim K A, Pradhan R D, Esterkin V, Savant G D, Venkatasubramanian R, Lee M L, Ghosh S, Calizo I, Balandin A A 2007 Micro (mems) and Nanotechnologies for Defense and Security Orlando, Florida, April 9, 2007 p65560

    [295]
    [296]

    Bielecki Z, Kolosowski W, Mikolajczyk J 2008 PIERS Proceedings Cambridge, USA, July 2-6, 2008 p108

    [297]
    [298]
    [299]

    Achour M 2003 J. Optical Networking 2 127

    [300]

    Nagashima M, Kibe M, Doshida M, Uchiyama Y, Matsukura Y, Nishino H 2010 J. Appl. Phys. 107 54504

    [301]
    [302]
    [303]

    Caplan D O 2007 J. Opt. Fiber Commun. Reports 4 225

    [304]
    [305]

    Sharma V, Kumar N 2013 Opt. Commun. 286 99

    [306]

    Borah D K, Boucouvalas A C, Davis C C, Hranilovic S, Yiannopoulos K 2012 Eurasip J. Wireless Commun. Network. 2012 91

    [307]
    [308]

    Mendenhall J A, Candell L M, Hopman P I, Zogbi G, Boroson D M, Caplan D O, Digenis C J, Hearn D R, Shoup R C 2007 Proc. IEEE 95 2059

    [309]
    [310]
    [311]

    Mendenhall J A, Candell L M, Hopman P I, Zogbi G, Boroson D M, Caplan D O, Digenis C J, Hearn D R, Shoup R C 2007 Proc. IEEE 95 2059

    [312]

    Tolker-nielsen T, Oppenhauser G 2002 Free-space Laser Communication Technologies XIV San Jose, California, January 18,2002 p1

    [313]
    [314]
    [315]

    Horwath J, Fuchs C 2009 Free-space Laser Communication Technologies XXI San Jose, California, January 24, 2009 p719909

    [316]

    Baister G, Kudielka K, Dreischer T, Tchler M 2009 Free-space Laser Communication Technologies XXI San Jose, California, January 24, 2009 p71990

    [317]
    [318]

    Wilson K E, Lesh J R, Araki K, Arimoto Y 1997 Free-Space Laser Communication Technologies IX San Jose, California, February 8, 1997 p23

    [319]
    [320]
    [321]

    Jono T, Takayama Y, Kura N, Ohinata K, Koyama Y, Shiratama K, Sodnik Z, Demelenne B, Bird A, Arai K 2006 Free-space Laser Communication Technologies XVIII San Jose, California, January 21, 2006 p610503

    [322]

    Sodnik Z, Furch B, Lutz H 2010 Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics 16 1051

    [323]
    [324]
    [325]

    Horwath J, Perlot N, Knapek M, Moll F 2007 Int. J. Satellite Commun. Network. 25 501

    [326]
    [327]

    Fujiwara Y, Mokuno M, Jono T, Yamawaki T, Arai K, Toyoshima M, Kunimori H, Sodnik Z, Bird A, Demelenne B 2007 Acta Astronauta 61 163

    [328]

    Perlot N, Knapek M, Giggenbach D, Horwath J, Brechtelsbauer M, Takayama Y, Jono T 2007 Free-space Laser Communication Technologies XIX and Atmospheric Propagation of Electromagnetic Waves San Jose, California, February 12, 2007 p645704

    [329]
    [330]

    Hu G, Chen C, Chen Z 2007 J. Zhejiang Univ. Sci. 8 186

    [331]
    [332]

    Jeganathan M, Toyoshima M, Wilson K E, James J C, Xu G, Lesh J R 1997 Free-space Laser Communication Technologies IX San Jose, California, February 8, 1997 p70

    [333]
    [334]
    [335]

    Toyoshima M, Araki K, Arimoto Y, Toyoda M, Jeganathan M, Wilson K, Lesh J 1996 The Telecommunications and Data Acquisition Progress Report 42-128 Pasadena, California, February 15, 1996 p1

    [336]
    [337]

    Sodnik Z, Lutz H, Furch B, Meyer R 2010 Free-space Laser Communication Technologies XXII San Francisco, California, January 23, 2010 p758705

    [338]

    Suzuki Y, Koishi Y, Hasegawa Y, Hashimoto Y, Murata S, Yamashita T, Shiratama K, Toyoshima M, Takayama Y 2011 Proceedings of 29th International Communications Satellite Systems Conference of Aiaa Nara, Japan, November 28, 2011 p1

    [339]
    [340]

    Wang J, Li W, Chu B, Lee C, Su Z, Zhang G, Wu S, Yan F 2011 Organic Electron. 12 34

    [341]
    [342]

    Konstantatos G, Howard I, Fischer A, Hoogland S, Clifford J, Klem E, Levina L, Sargent E H 2006 Nature 442 180

    [343]
    [344]
    [345]

    Heves E, Ozturk C, Ozguz V, Gurbuz Y 2013 Electron Dev. Lett. 34 662

    [346]
    [347]

    Chakrabarti S, Adhikary S, Halder N, Aytac Y,Perera A 2012 Infrared Technology and Applications XXXVIII Baltimore, Maryland, April 23, 2012 p835338

    [348]
    [349]

    Gong X, Tong M, Xia Y, Cai W, Moon J S, Cao Y, Yu G, Shieh C, Nilsson B, Heeger A J 2009 Science 325 1665

    [350]
    [351]

    Osedach T 2012 Ph.D. Dissertation (Cambridge: Harvard University)

    [352]
    [353]

    Tchernycheva M, Macchadani H, Nevou L, Mangeney J, Julien F, Kandaswamy P, Wirthmller A, Monroy E, Vardi A, Schacham S 2010 Phys. Status Solidi A 207 1421

    [354]
    [355]

    Arnold M S, Zimmerman J D, Renshaw C K, Xu X, Lunt R R, Austin C M, Forrest S R 2009 Nano Lett. 9 3354

    [356]

    Guo J C, Zuo Y H, Zhang Y, Ding W C, Cheng B W, Yu J Z, Wang Q M 2009 Chin. Phys. B 18 2223

    [357]
    [358]

    Xiong F, Yang T, Song Z N, Yang P Z 2013 Chin. Phys. B 22 058104

    [359]
    [360]

    Wang K L, Cha D, Liu J, Chen C 2007 Proc. IEEE 95 1866

    [361]
    [362]

    Yakimov A, Dvurechenskii A, Proskuryakov Y, Nikiforov A, Pchelyakov O, Teys S, Gutakovskii A 1999 Appl. Phys. Lett. 75 1413

    [363]
    [364]

    Yuryev V A, Arapkina L V, Storozhevykh M S, Chapnin V A, Chizh K V, Uvarov O V, Kalinushkin V P, Zhukova E S, Prokhorov A S, Spektor I E 2012 Nanoscale Res. Lett. 7 1

    [365]
    [366]

    Lavchiev V, Holly R, Chen G, Schffler F, Goldhahn R, Jantsch W 2009 Opt. Lett. 34 3785

    [367]
    [368]
    [369]

    Kwak D, Park C, Lee Y, Kim W, Cho H 2009 Nanotechnology 20 55201

    [370]
    [371]

    Wei R, Deng N, Wang M, Zhang S, Chen P, Liu L, Zhang J 2006 1st IEEE International Conference on Nano/micro Engineered and Molecular Systems Zhuhai, China, January 18-21, 2006 p330

    [372]

    Rae B R, Muir K R, Gong Z, Mckendry J, Girkin J M, Gu E, Renshaw D, Dawson M D, Henderson R K 2009 Sensors 9 9255

    [373]
    [374]

    Wang H P, Wang G L, Ni H Q, Xu Y Q, Niu Z C, Gao F Q 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 194205 (in Chinese) [王红培, 王广龙, 倪海桥, 徐应强, 牛智川, 高凤岐 2013 物理学报 62 194205]

    [375]
    [376]
    [377]

    Song H J, Ron C H, Hahn C, Kim H, Kim D H 2006 5th IEEE Conference on Sensors Daegu, Korean, October 22-25, 2006 p197

    [378]
    [379]

    Campbell J C, Wang S, Zheng X, Li X, Li N, Ma F, Sun X, Collins C J, Beck A, Yang B 2003 Active and Passive Optical Components for Wdm Communications III Orlando, Florida, September 7, 2003 p375

    [380]

    Nie H, Baklenov O, Yuan P, Lenox C, Streetman B, Campbell J 1998 Photon. Technol. Lett. 10 1009

    [381]
    [382]

    Krishna S, Kwon O, Hayat M M 2005 IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41 1468

    [383]
    [384]

    Ramirez D A, Shao J, Hayat M M, Krishna S 2009 Advanced Photon Counting Techniques III Orlando, Florida, April 13, 2009 p73200

    [385]
    [386]
    [387]

    Ramirez D A, Shao J, Hayat M M, Krishna S 2010 Phys. Status Solidi C 7 2548

    [388]

    Sandall I, Ng J S, David J P, Tan C H, Wang T, Liu H 2012 Opt. Express 20 10446

    [389]
    [390]

    Murray C B, Sun S, Gaschler W, Doyle H, Betley T A, Kagan C R 2001 IBM J. Res. Develop. 45 47

    [391]
    [392]

    Ginger D, Greenham N 1999 Phys. Rev. B 59 10622

    [393]
    [394]

    Greenham N, Peng X, Alivisatos A 1997 Synthetic Metals 84 545

    [395]
    [396]
    [397]

    Peng Y, Luo X X, Fu Y, Xing M M 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 208105 (in Chinese) [彭勇, 罗昔贤, 付姚, 邢明铭 2013 物理学报 62 208105]

    [398]

    Heves E, Gurbuz Y 2012 Proc. Engineer. 47 1426

    [399]
    [400]

    Heves E, Gurbuz Y 2012 Electro-optical and Infrared Systems: Technology and Applications IX Edinburgh, UK, September 24, 2012 p85411

    [401]
    [402]
    [403]

    Konstantatos G, Badioli M, Gaudreau L, Osmond J, Bernechea M, Dearquer F P G, Gatti F, Koppens F H 2012 Nature Nanotechnol. 7 363

    [404]

    Kuo C, Su M, Hsu Y, Lin H, Wei K 2010 Adv. Function. Mater. 20 3555

    [405]
    [406]
    [407]

    Choudhury K R, Sahoo Y, Ohulchanskyy T, Prasad P 2005 Appl. Phys. Lett. 87 73110

    [408]

    Mcdonald S, Cyr P, Levina L, Sargent E 2004 Appl. Phys. Lett. 85 2089

    [409]
    [410]
    [411]

    Qi D, Fischbein M, Drndic M, Selmic S 2005 Appl. Phys. Lett. 86 93103

    [412]
    [413]

    Clifford J P, Konstantatos G, Johnston K W, Hoogland S, Levina L, Sargent E H 2009 Nature Nanotechnol. 4 40

    [414]

    Rauch T, Bberl M, Tedde S F, Frst J, Kovalenko M V, Hesser G, Lemmer U, Heiss W, Hayden O 2009 Nature Photon. 3 332

    [415]
    [416]

    Klem E J, Lewis J S, Temple D 2010 Infrared Technology and Applications XXXVI Orlando, Florida, April 5, 2010 p76602

    [417]
    [418]

    Le calvez S, Bourvon H, Kanaan H, Meunier-dellagatta S, Philippot C, Reiss P 2011 Infrared Sensors, Devices, and Applications; and Single Photon Imaging II San Diego, Calofornia, August 21, 2011 p815506

    [419]
    [420]

    Sarasqueta G, Choudhury K R, Subbiah J, So F 2011 Adv. Function. Mater. 21 167

    [421]
    [422]

    Andrews J, Jang W, Pezoa J E, Sharma Y D, Lee S J, Noh S K, Hayat M M, Restaino S, Teare S W, Krishna S2009 Infrared Phys. Technol. 52 380

    [423]
    [424]
    [425]

    Vandervelde T E, Lenz M C, Varley E, Barve A, Shao J, Shenoi R V, Ramirez D A, Jan W, Sharma Y D, Krishna S2008 IEEE J. Select. Topics in Quantum Electron. 14 1150

    [426]
    [427]

    Krishna S 2012 Quantum Sensing and Nanophotonic Devices IX San Francisco, California, January 21, 2012 p82680

    [428]
    [429]

    Rogalski A 2010 J. Modern Opt. 57 1716

    [430]

    Rogalski A 2011 Infrared Physics Technology 54 136

    [431]
    [432]

    Gunapala S, Bandara S, Hill C, Ting D, Liu J, Rafol SB, Blazejewski E, Mumolo J, Keo S, Krishna S 2007 Infrared Phys. Technol. 50 149

    [433]
    [434]
    [435]

    Vandervelde T E, Lenz M C, Varley E, Barve A, Shao J, Shenoi R, Ramirez D A, Jang W, Sharma Y D, Krishna S2008 Infrared Technology and Applications XXXIV Orlando, Florida, March 16, 2008 p694003

    [436]
    [437]

    Barve A V, Lee S J, Noh S K, Krishna S 2010 Laser Photon. Rev. 4 738

    [438]
    [439]

    Barve A, Shah S, Shao J, Vandervelde T, Shenoi R, Jang W, Krishna S 2008 Appl. Phys. Lett. 93 131115

    [440]

    Cardimona D, Huang D 2010 Micro- and Nanotechnology Sensors, Systems, and Applications II San Diego, California, July 31, 2010 p58970H-1

    [441]
  • [1]

    Stiff-roberts A D 2009 J. Nanophoton. 3 31607

    [2]
    [3]

    Tang S, Lin S, Lee S 2002 IEEE Tran. Electron Dev. 49 1341

    [4]

    Liu H 2003 Optoelectron. Rev. 1 1

    [5]
    [6]
    [7]

    Boucaud P, Sauvage S 2003 Comptes Rendus Physique 4 1133

    [8]
    [9]

    Krishna S, Forman D, Annamalai S, Dowd P, Varangis P, Tumolillo T, Gray A, Zilko J, Sun K, Liu M 2005 Appl. Phys. Lett. 86 193501

    [10]
    [11]

    Kim S M, Harris J S 2004 Photon. Technol. Lett. IEEE 16 2538

    [12]

    Esaki L, Tsu R 1970 IBM J. Res. Develop. 14 61

    [13]
    [14]
    [15]

    Martyniuk P, Rogalski A 2008 Prog. Quantum Electron. 32 89

    [16]
    [17]

    Leonard D, Krishnamurthy M, Reaves C, Denbaars S P, Petroff P 1993 Appl. Phys. Lett. 63 3203

    [18]

    Rogalski A 2003 Prog. Quantum Electron. 27 59

    [19]
    [20]
    [21]

    Phillips J, Kamath K, Bhattacharya P 1998 Appl. Phys. Lett. 72 2020

    [22]
    [23]

    Campbell J C, Madhukar A 2007 Proc. IEEE 95 1815

    [24]

    Bhattacharya P, Mi Z 2007 Proc. IEEE 95 1723

    [25]
    [26]

    Stiff-roberts A, Chakrabarti S, Pradhan S, Kochman B, Bhattacharya P 2002 Appl. Phys. Lett. 80 3265

    [27]
    [28]
    [29]

    Tang S, Chiang C, Weng P, Gau Y, Luo J, Yang S, Shih C, Lin S, Lee S 2006 Photon. Technol. Lett. IEEE 18 986

    [30]

    Lu X, Vaillancourt J, Meisner M J 2008 Infrared Technology and Applications XXXIV Orlando, Florida, March 16, 2008 p694007

    [31]
    [32]
    [33]

    Gunapala S D, Bandara S V, Hill C J, Ting D Z, Liu J K, Rafol B, Blazejewski E R, Mumolo J M, Keo S A, Krishna S 2007 Quantum Electron. 43 230

    [34]

    Jiang J, Mi K, Tsao S, Zhang W, Lim H, Osullivan T, Sills T, Razeghi M, Brown G, Tidrow M 2004 Appl. Phys. Lett. 84 2232

    [35]
    [36]
    [37]

    Barve A V, Sengupta S, Kim J O, Montoya J, Klein B, Shirazi M A, Zamiri M, Sharma Y D, Adhikary S, Godoy S E 2012 Quantum Electron. 48 1243

    [38]

    Amtout A, Raghavan S, Rotella P, Von winckel G, Stintz A, Krishna S 2004 J. Appl. Phys. 96 3782

    [39]
    [40]
    [41]

    Krishna S 2005 Infrared Phys. Technol. 47 153

    [42]
    [43]

    Shenoi R, Attaluri R, Siroya A, Shao J, Sharma Y, Stintz A, Vandervelde T, Krishna S 2008 J. Vacuum Sci. Technol. B: Microelectronics and Nanometer Structures 26 1136

    [44]
    [45]

    Su X, Chakrabarti S, Stiff-roberts A, Singh J, Bhattacharya P 2004 Electron. Lett. 40 1082

    [46]
    [47]

    Aivaliotis P, Menzel S, Zibik E, Cockburn J, Wilson L, Hopkinson M 2007 Appl. Phys. Lett. 91 253502

    [48]
    [49]

    Ariyawansa G, Perera A U, Raghavan G, Von winckel G, Stintz A, Krishna S 2005 Photon. Technol. Lett. 17 1064

    [50]
    [51]

    Kim E, Chen Z, Madhukar A 2001 Appl. Phys. Lett. 79 3341

    [52]
    [53]

    Naser M, Deen M, Thompson D 2007 J. Appl. Phys. 102 83108

    [54]
    [55]

    Jolley G, Fu L, Tan H, Jagadish C 2008 Appl. Phys. Lett. 92 193507

    [56]
    [57]

    Aivaliotis P, Vukmirović N, Zibik E A, Cockburn J W, Indjin D, Harrison P, Groves C, David J P, Hopkinson M, Wilson L R 2007 J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 40 5537

    [58]

    Han X, Li J, Wu J, Cong G, Liu X, Zhu Q, Wang Z 2005 J. Appl. Phys. 98 53703

    [59]
    [60]
    [61]

    Wang D Y, Sun H Q, Xie X Y, Zhang P J 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 227303 (in Chinese) [王度阳, 孙慧卿, 解晓宇, 张盼君 2012 物理学报 61 227303]

    [62]

    Peng J, Li S S 2012 Chin. Phys. Lett. 29 047301

    [63]
    [64]

    Kumara N R S, Peter A J, Chang K Y 2013 Chin. Phys. B 22 107106

    [65]
    [66]

    Huang W Q, Miao X J, Huang Z M, Cheng H Q, Shu Q 2013 Chin. Phys. B 22 064207

    [67]
    [68]

    Chang W L, Peter A J 2011 Chin. Phys. B 20 077104

    [69]
    [70]
    [71]

    Yao W J, Yu Z Y, Liu Y M 2010 Chin. Phys. B 19 077101

    [72]

    Liu Y M, Yu Z Y, Ren X M 2009 Chin. Phys. B 18 9

    [73]
    [74]
    [75]

    Zhao W, Yu Z Y, Liu Y M 2010 Chin. Phys. B 19 067302

    [76]

    Ye H, Lu P F, Yu Z Y, Yao W J, Chen Z H, Jia B Y, Liu Y M 2010 Chin. Phys. B 19 047302

    [77]
    [78]

    Cardimona D, Huang D, Cowan V, Morath C 2011 Infrared Phys. Technol. 54 283

    [79]
    [80]
    [81]

    Xiao J, Zhang S, Yang Y, Wang C, Liu Z L, Li T X, Chen P P, Cui H Y, Lu W 2008 Acta Phys. Sin. 57 1155 (in Chinese) [肖军, 张曙, 杨宇, 王茺, 刘昭麟, 李天信, 陈平平, 崔昊杨, 陆卫 2008 物理学报 57 1155]

    [82]
    [83]

    Su X, Chakrabarti S, Bhattacharya P, Ariyawansa G, Perera A U 2005 Quantum Electron. 41 974

    [84]
    [85]

    Stiff-roberts A, Su X, Chakrabarti S, Bhattacharya P 2004 Photon. Technol. Lett. 16 867

    [86]
    [87]

    Wang S, Lin S, Wu H, Lee C 2001 Appl. Phys. Lett. 78 1023

    [88]
    [89]

    Krishna S, Raghavan S, Von winckel G, Rotella P, Stintz A, Morath C, Le D, Kennerly S 2003 Appl. Phys. Lett. 82 2574

    [90]

    Sakoğlu , Tyo J S, Hayat M M, Raghavan S, Krishna S 2004 JOSA B 21 7

    [91]
    [92]

    Chakrabarti S, Su X, Bhattacharya P, Ariyawansa G, Perera A U 2005 Photon. Technol. Lett. 17 178

    [93]
    [94]

    Jiang J, Tsao S, Osullivan T, Zhang W, Lim H, Sills T, Mi K, Razeghi M, Brown G, Tidrow M 2004 Appl. Phys. Lett. 84 2166

    [95]
    [96]
    [97]

    Chakrabarti S, Stiff-roberts A, Bhattacharya P, Gunapala S, Bandara S, Rafol S, Kennerly S 2004 Photon. Technol. Lett. 16 1361

    [98]
    [99]

    Kim J, Oh J, Hong S, Park C, Yoo T 2000 Electron Dev. Lett. 21 329

    [100]
    [101]

    Jiang J, Mi K, Tsao S, Zhang W, Lim H, O'Sullivan T, Sills T, Razeghi M, Brown G J, Tidrow M Z 2004 Appl. Phys. Lett. 84 2232

    [102]
    [103]

    Narsingi K, Li S, Manasreh M O, Weaver B D 2010 Nucl. Sci. 57 2929

    [104]

    Tang S, Hsieh H, Tu H, You T, Lin S, Wang L, Chiang C 2010 Thin Solid Films 518 7425

    [105]
    [106]

    Oktyabrsky S, Tokranov V, Yakimov M, Sergeev A, Mitin V 2012 Nanophotonics and Macrophotonics for Space Environments VI San Diego, California, USA, August 12, 2012 p851907

    [107]
    [108]

    Guidry D, Morath C, Cowan V, Cardimona D 2012 J. Electron. Mater. 41 2679

    [109]
    [110]

    Leon R, Swift G, Magness B, Taylor W, Tang Y, Wang K, Dowd P, Zhang Y 2000 Appl. Phys. Lett. 76 2074

    [111]
    [112]
    [113]

    Žurauskienė N, Dargys A, Goovaerts E, Kundrotas J, Amontas S, Marcinkevičius S, Janssen G, Koenraad P M, Wolter J, Leon R 2004 Solid State Phenom. 99 99

    [114]
    [115]

    Stiff-roberts A D 2009 IEEE-NANO 2009, 9th IEEE Conference on Nanotechnology Genoa, July 26-30, 2009 p444

    [116]

    Liu Y M, Yu Z Y, Yang H B, Huang Y Z 2006 Acta Phys. Sin. 55 5023 (in Chinese) [刘玉敏, 俞重远, 杨红波, 黄永箴 2006 物理学报 55 5023]

    [117]
    [118]

    Asada M, Miyamoto Y, Suematsu Y 1986 Quantum Electron. 22 1915

    [119]
    [120]

    Arakawa Y, Sakaki H 1982 Appl. Phys. Lett. 40 939

    [121]
    [122]

    Cusack M A, Briddon P R, Jaros M 1998 Physica B 253 10

    [123]
    [124]
    [125]

    Ryzhii V, Khmyrova I, Ryzhii M, Mitin V 2004 Semicond. Sci. Technol. 19 8

    [126]
    [127]

    Stiff A D, Krishna S, Bhattacharya P, Kennerly S W 2001 Quantum Electron. 37 1412

    [128]

    Rogalski A, Antoszewski J, Faraone L 2009 J. Appl. Phys. 105 91101

    [129]
    [130]

    Huang J L, Wei Y, Ma W Q, Yang T, Chen L H 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 3099 (in Chinese) [黄建亮, 卫炀, 马文全, 杨涛, 陈良惠 2010 物理学报 59 3099]

    [131]
    [132]

    Krishna S, Gunapala S D, Bandara S V, Hill C, Ting D Z 2007 Proc. IEEE 95 1838

    [133]
    [134]
    [135]

    Phillips J 2002 J. Appl. Phys. 91 4590

    [136]

    Rogalski A 2005 Reports Prog. Phys. 68 2267

    [137]
    [138]

    Tang G H, Xu B, Jiang L W, Kong J X, Kong N, Liang D C, Liang P, Ye X L, Jin P, Liu F Q, Chen Y H, Wang Z G 2010 Chin. Phys. Lett. 27 047801

    [139]
    [140]
    [141]

    Wang Z C, Xu B, Chen Y H, Shi L W, Liang Z M, Wang Z G 2008 Chin. Phys. Lett. 25 2645

    [142]

    Fu L, Lever P, Sears K, Tan H H, Jagadish C 2005 IEEE Electron. Dev. Lett. 26 628

    [143]
    [144]
    [145]

    Wang Z C, Xu B, Chen Y H, Shi L W, Liang Z M, Wang Z G 2008 Chin. Phys. Lett. 25 2645

    [146]

    Kenny J T, Pollock H R 2001 Infrared Phys. Technol. 42 385

    [147]
    [148]

    Rogalski A, Adamiec K, Rutkowski J 2000 Photodetectors: Materials and Devices III San Jose, California, January 24, 1998 p2

    [149]
    [150]

    Kinch M A 2000 J. Electron. Mater. 29 809

    [151]
    [152]
    [153]

    Gao X, Yang S S, Xue Y X, Li K, Li D M, Wang Y, Wang Y F, Feng Z Z 2009 Chin. Phys. B 18 5015

    [154]

    Lauriente M, Vampola A L, Koga R, Hosken R 1999 J. Spacecraft and Rockets 36 902

    [155]
    [156]
    [157]

    Ma J, Che C, Han Q Q, Zhou Y P, Tan L Y 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 214211 (in Chinese) [马晶, 车驰, 韩琦琦, 周彦平, 谭立英 2012 物理学报 61 214211]

    [158]

    Rathod S S, Saxena A, Dasgupta S 2011 IETE Tech. Rev. 28 451

    [159]
    [160]

    Zhang K Y, Zhang F Q, Luo Y H, Guo H X 2013 Chin. Phys. B 22 028501

    [161]
    [162]

    Maurer R H, Fraeman M E, Martin M N, Roth D R 2008 Johns Hopkins APL 28 17

    [163]
    [164]

    Yeniay A, Gao R 2013 Opt. Fiber Technol. 19 88

    [165]
    [166]
    [167]

    Cardimona D, Morath C, Guidry D, Cowan V 2013 Infrared Phys. Technol. 59 93

    [168]
    [169]

    Rogers S 1963 Nucl. Sci. 10 97

    [170]

    Binder D, Smith E, Holman A 1975 Nucl. Sci. 22 2675

    [171]
    [172]

    Passenheim B C, Ginaven R O 1987 Nucl. Sci. 34 1587

    [173]
    [174]

    Li L, Liu H, Wilson P, Buchanan M, Khanna S 1997 Semicond. Sci. Technol. 12 947

    [175]
    [176]

    Chen T, Eng L, Zhao B, Zhuang Y, Sanders S, Morkoc H, Yariv A 1990 Quantum Electron. 26 1183

    [177]
    [178]
    [179]

    Huffaker D, Park G, Zou Z, Shchekin O, Deppe D 1998 Appl. Phys. Lett. 73 2564

    [180]

    Xu S, Chua S, Mei T, Wang X, Zhang X, Karunasiri G, Fan W, Wang C, Jiang J, Wang S 1998 Appl. Phys. Lett. 73 3153

    [181]
    [182]
    [183]

    Tidrow M, Chiang J, Li S S, Bacher K 1997 Appl. Phys. Lett. 70 859

    [184]

    Aroutiounian V M, Petrosyan S, Khachatryan A, Touryan K J 2001 Proceedings of SPIE 4458, Solar and Switching Materials San Diego, California, July 29, 2001 p38

    [185]
    [186]
    [187]

    Yang M, Yamaguchi M 2000 Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 60 19

    [188]

    Krasheninnikov A, Nordlund K 2010 J. Appl. Phys. 107 71301

    [189]
    [190]

    Johnston A 2000 The 4th International Workshop on Radiation Effects on Semiconductor Devices for Space Application Tsukuba, Japan, October 11-13, 2000 p1

    [191]
    [192]
    [193]

    Taylor E W, Le D T, Durstock M F, Taylor B E, Claus R O, Zeng T, Morath C P, Cardimona D A 2002 Proc of SPIE 4823, Photonics for Space Environments VIII Seattle, Washington, July 7, 2002 p42

    [194]

    Taylor E W, Nichter J E, Nash F, Haas F, Szep A A, Michalak R J, Flusche B, Repak P L, Brost G A, Pirich A R 2004 Proceedings of SPIE 5554, Photonics for Space Environments IX Denver, Colorado, August 2, 2004 p15

    [195]
    [196]

    Taylor E W 2006 Proceedings of SPIE 6308, Photonics for Space Environments XI San Diego, California, August 12, 2006 p630807-1

    [197]
    [198]
    [199]

    Turnbull D 1950 J. Appl. Phys. 21 1022

    [200]
    [201]

    Dalpian G M, Chelikowsky J R 2006 Phys. Rev. Lett. 96 226802

    [202]

    Sobolev N 2013 Semiconductors 47 217

    [203]
    [204]

    Fedoseyev A I, Turowski M, Raman A, Balandin A, Shao Q, Hubbard S, Polly S, Taylor E 2009 Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC), 2009 34th IEEE Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, June 7-12, 2009 p462

    [205]
    [206]
    [207]

    Che C 2013 Ph. D. Dissertation (Harbin: Harbin Institute of Technology) (in Chinese) [车驰 2013 博士学位论文 (哈尔滨: 哈尔滨工业大学)]

    [208]

    Fafard S 2000 Appl. Phys.s Lett. 76 2707

    [209]
    [210]

    Liang X, Ni Y, He L 2010 Computat. Mater. Sci. 48 871

    [211]
    [212]
    [213]

    Zwiller V, Aichele T, Benson O 2004 New J. Phys. 6 96

    [214]
    [215]

    Ribbat C, Sellin R, Grundmann M, Bimberg D, Sobolev N, Carmo M 2001 Electron. Lett. 37 174

    [216]
    [217]

    Leon R, Marcinkecius S, Siegert J, Cechavicius B, Magness B, Taylor W, Lobo C 2002 Nucl. Sci. 49 2844

    [218]

    Aierken A, Guo Q, Huhtio T, Sopanen M, He C F, Li Y, Wen L, Ren D 2013 Radiat. Phys. Chem. 83 42

    [219]
    [220]

    Leito J, Sobolev N, Correia M, Carmo M, Stepina N, Yakimov A, Nikiforov A, Magalhes S, Alves E 2008 Thin Solid Films 517 303

    [221]
    [222]
    [223]

    Fonseca A, Sobolev N, Leito J, Alves E, Carmo M, Zakharov N, Werner P, Tonkikh A, Cirlin G 2006 J. Lumin. 121 417

    [224]

    Sobolev N, Cavaco A, Carmo M, Grundmann M, Heinrichsdorff F, Bimberg D 2001 Phys. Status Solidi B 224 93

    [225]
    [226]

    Che C, Liu Q F, Ma J, Zhou Y P 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 094219 (in Chinese) [车驰, 柳青峰, 马晶, 周彦平 2013 物理学报 62 094219]

    [227]
    [228]

    Evans B D, Gossett C, Hager H E, Hong C, Hughlock B W 1993 Opt. Materials Reliability and Testing: Benign and Adverse Environments Boston, Massachusetts, September 8, 1992 p233

    [229]
    [230]

    Takahashi T, Goto K, Higuchi Y 1969 Quantum Electronics 5 328

    [231]
    [232]

    Aliberti K, Ruff W C, Shen H, Newman P G, Giza M M, Sarney W, Stead M R, Dammann J, Mehandru R, Ren F 2004 Proceedings Spie 5412, Laser Radar Technology and Applications IX Orlando, Florida, April 12, 2004 p99

    [233]
    [234]

    Wang L, Sun J F, Wang Q 2010 Chin. Phys. B 19 104203

    [235]
    [236]

    Rogalski A 2008 Opto-electron. Rev. 16 458

    [237]
    [238]

    Tsao S, Lim H, Zhang W, Razeghi M 2007 Appl. Phys. Lett. 90 201109

    [239]
    [240]

    Varley E, Lenz M, Lee S, Brown J, Ramirez D, Stintz A, Krishna S, Reisinger A, Sundaram M 2007 Appl. Phys. Lett. 91 81120

    [241]
    [242]
    [243]

    Tsao S, Myzaferi A, Razeghi M 2010 Optoelectronic Integrated Circuits XII California, February 12, 2010 p76050

    [244]

    Tsao S, Yamanaka T, Pour S A, Park I, Movaghar B, Razeghi M 2009 Quantum Dots, Particles, and Nanoclusters VI San Jose, California, January 24, 2009 p72240

    [245]
    [246]

    Ting D Z, Bandara S V, Gunapala S D, Mumolo J M, Keo S A, Hill C J, Liu J K, Blazejewski E R, Rafol S B, Chang Y 2009 Appl. Phys. Lett. 94 111107

    [247]
    [248]

    Gunapala S, Bandara S, Liu J, Hill C, Rafol S, Mumolo J, Trinh J, Tidrow M, Levan P 2005 Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20 473

    [249]
    [250]
    [251]

    Gunapala S, Ting D, Hill C, Nguyen J, Soibel A, Rafol S, Keo S, Mumolo J, Lee M, Liu J 2011 Infrared Phys. Technol. 54 155

    [252]
    [253]

    Gatenby P, Grant M 1991 Electron. Commun. Engineer. J. 3 280

    [254]

    Barry J, Darien A, Dawkins B, Freedman P, Heitman J M, Kennedy C J, Lyon J, Mattassov G, Matulka D, Whited C, Zack D 1976 Communications 24 470

    [255]
    [256]
    [257]

    Hubbs J E, Arrington D C, Gramer M E, Dole G A 2000 Opt. Engineer. 39 2660

    [258]

    Laird J S, Hirao T, Onoda S, Itoh H 2005 J. Appl. Phys. 98 13530

    [259]
    [260]

    Jackson E, Weaver B, Maisch W, Summers G 1992 Nucl. Sci. 39 1865

    [261]
    [262]
    [263]

    Katsuyoshi A 2012 J. Nat. Institute of Inform. Commun. Technol. 59 5

    [264]

    Popescu A F, Furch B 1993 International Society for Optics and Photonics Los Angeles, California, January 17, 1993 p10

    [265]
    [266]
    [267]

    Shlomi A, Kopeika N S 1995 Opt. Engineer. 34 512

    [268]
    [269]

    Arnon S, Kopeika N 1997 Proc. IEEE 85 1646

    [270]
    [271]

    Arnon S 1999 Appl. Opt. 38 3229

    [272]
    [273]

    Marshalek R G, Mecherle G S, Jordan P 1996 Free-space Laser Communication Technologies VIII San Jose, California, January 27, 1996 p134

    [274]

    Alnaboulsi M C, Sizun H, Defornel F 2004 Reliability of Optical Fiber Components, Devices, Systems, and Networks II Strasbourg, France, April 26, 2004 p168

    [275]
    [276]
    [277]

    Plank T, Czaputa M, Leitgeb E, Muhammad S S, Djaja N, Hillbrand B, Mandl P, Schonhuber M 2011 Proceedings of the 5th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EUCAP) Rome, Italy, April 11-15, 2011 p2508

    [278]
    [279]

    Plank T, Leitgeb E, Pezzei P, Ghassemlooy Z 2012 Networks and Optical Communications (NOC), 2012 17th European Conference on Vilanova I la Geltru, June 20-22, 2012 p1

    [280]

    Roberts W T, Wright M W 2010 The Interplanetary Network Progress Report 42 1

    [281]
    [282]
    [283]

    Patnaik B, Sahu P K 2012 Communications, IET 6 2561

    [284]
    [285]

    Rouvie A, Carpentier D, Lagay N, Decobert J, Pommereau F, Achouche M 2008 Photon. Technol. Lett. 20 455

    [286]
    [287]

    Campbell J, Tsang W, Qua G, Johnson B 1988 Quantum Electron. 24 496

    [288]

    Demiguel S, Zheng X, Li N, Li X, Campbell J, Decobert J, Tscherptner N, Anselm A 2003 Electron. Lett. 39 1848

    [289]
    [290]
    [291]

    Campbell J C 2007 J. Lightwave Technol. 25 109

    [292]

    Duan N, Liow T, Lim A E, Ding L, Lo G 2012 Opt. Express 20 11031

    [293]
    [294]

    Kurtz R M, Alim K A, Pradhan R D, Esterkin V, Savant G D, Venkatasubramanian R, Lee M L, Ghosh S, Calizo I, Balandin A A 2007 Micro (mems) and Nanotechnologies for Defense and Security Orlando, Florida, April 9, 2007 p65560

    [295]
    [296]

    Bielecki Z, Kolosowski W, Mikolajczyk J 2008 PIERS Proceedings Cambridge, USA, July 2-6, 2008 p108

    [297]
    [298]
    [299]

    Achour M 2003 J. Optical Networking 2 127

    [300]

    Nagashima M, Kibe M, Doshida M, Uchiyama Y, Matsukura Y, Nishino H 2010 J. Appl. Phys. 107 54504

    [301]
    [302]
    [303]

    Caplan D O 2007 J. Opt. Fiber Commun. Reports 4 225

    [304]
    [305]

    Sharma V, Kumar N 2013 Opt. Commun. 286 99

    [306]

    Borah D K, Boucouvalas A C, Davis C C, Hranilovic S, Yiannopoulos K 2012 Eurasip J. Wireless Commun. Network. 2012 91

    [307]
    [308]

    Mendenhall J A, Candell L M, Hopman P I, Zogbi G, Boroson D M, Caplan D O, Digenis C J, Hearn D R, Shoup R C 2007 Proc. IEEE 95 2059

    [309]
    [310]
    [311]

    Mendenhall J A, Candell L M, Hopman P I, Zogbi G, Boroson D M, Caplan D O, Digenis C J, Hearn D R, Shoup R C 2007 Proc. IEEE 95 2059

    [312]

    Tolker-nielsen T, Oppenhauser G 2002 Free-space Laser Communication Technologies XIV San Jose, California, January 18,2002 p1

    [313]
    [314]
    [315]

    Horwath J, Fuchs C 2009 Free-space Laser Communication Technologies XXI San Jose, California, January 24, 2009 p719909

    [316]

    Baister G, Kudielka K, Dreischer T, Tchler M 2009 Free-space Laser Communication Technologies XXI San Jose, California, January 24, 2009 p71990

    [317]
    [318]

    Wilson K E, Lesh J R, Araki K, Arimoto Y 1997 Free-Space Laser Communication Technologies IX San Jose, California, February 8, 1997 p23

    [319]
    [320]
    [321]

    Jono T, Takayama Y, Kura N, Ohinata K, Koyama Y, Shiratama K, Sodnik Z, Demelenne B, Bird A, Arai K 2006 Free-space Laser Communication Technologies XVIII San Jose, California, January 21, 2006 p610503

    [322]

    Sodnik Z, Furch B, Lutz H 2010 Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics 16 1051

    [323]
    [324]
    [325]

    Horwath J, Perlot N, Knapek M, Moll F 2007 Int. J. Satellite Commun. Network. 25 501

    [326]
    [327]

    Fujiwara Y, Mokuno M, Jono T, Yamawaki T, Arai K, Toyoshima M, Kunimori H, Sodnik Z, Bird A, Demelenne B 2007 Acta Astronauta 61 163

    [328]

    Perlot N, Knapek M, Giggenbach D, Horwath J, Brechtelsbauer M, Takayama Y, Jono T 2007 Free-space Laser Communication Technologies XIX and Atmospheric Propagation of Electromagnetic Waves San Jose, California, February 12, 2007 p645704

    [329]
    [330]

    Hu G, Chen C, Chen Z 2007 J. Zhejiang Univ. Sci. 8 186

    [331]
    [332]

    Jeganathan M, Toyoshima M, Wilson K E, James J C, Xu G, Lesh J R 1997 Free-space Laser Communication Technologies IX San Jose, California, February 8, 1997 p70

    [333]
    [334]
    [335]

    Toyoshima M, Araki K, Arimoto Y, Toyoda M, Jeganathan M, Wilson K, Lesh J 1996 The Telecommunications and Data Acquisition Progress Report 42-128 Pasadena, California, February 15, 1996 p1

    [336]
    [337]

    Sodnik Z, Lutz H, Furch B, Meyer R 2010 Free-space Laser Communication Technologies XXII San Francisco, California, January 23, 2010 p758705

    [338]

    Suzuki Y, Koishi Y, Hasegawa Y, Hashimoto Y, Murata S, Yamashita T, Shiratama K, Toyoshima M, Takayama Y 2011 Proceedings of 29th International Communications Satellite Systems Conference of Aiaa Nara, Japan, November 28, 2011 p1

    [339]
    [340]

    Wang J, Li W, Chu B, Lee C, Su Z, Zhang G, Wu S, Yan F 2011 Organic Electron. 12 34

    [341]
    [342]

    Konstantatos G, Howard I, Fischer A, Hoogland S, Clifford J, Klem E, Levina L, Sargent E H 2006 Nature 442 180

    [343]
    [344]
    [345]

    Heves E, Ozturk C, Ozguz V, Gurbuz Y 2013 Electron Dev. Lett. 34 662

    [346]
    [347]

    Chakrabarti S, Adhikary S, Halder N, Aytac Y,Perera A 2012 Infrared Technology and Applications XXXVIII Baltimore, Maryland, April 23, 2012 p835338

    [348]
    [349]

    Gong X, Tong M, Xia Y, Cai W, Moon J S, Cao Y, Yu G, Shieh C, Nilsson B, Heeger A J 2009 Science 325 1665

    [350]
    [351]

    Osedach T 2012 Ph.D. Dissertation (Cambridge: Harvard University)

    [352]
    [353]

    Tchernycheva M, Macchadani H, Nevou L, Mangeney J, Julien F, Kandaswamy P, Wirthmller A, Monroy E, Vardi A, Schacham S 2010 Phys. Status Solidi A 207 1421

    [354]
    [355]

    Arnold M S, Zimmerman J D, Renshaw C K, Xu X, Lunt R R, Austin C M, Forrest S R 2009 Nano Lett. 9 3354

    [356]

    Guo J C, Zuo Y H, Zhang Y, Ding W C, Cheng B W, Yu J Z, Wang Q M 2009 Chin. Phys. B 18 2223

    [357]
    [358]

    Xiong F, Yang T, Song Z N, Yang P Z 2013 Chin. Phys. B 22 058104

    [359]
    [360]

    Wang K L, Cha D, Liu J, Chen C 2007 Proc. IEEE 95 1866

    [361]
    [362]

    Yakimov A, Dvurechenskii A, Proskuryakov Y, Nikiforov A, Pchelyakov O, Teys S, Gutakovskii A 1999 Appl. Phys. Lett. 75 1413

    [363]
    [364]

    Yuryev V A, Arapkina L V, Storozhevykh M S, Chapnin V A, Chizh K V, Uvarov O V, Kalinushkin V P, Zhukova E S, Prokhorov A S, Spektor I E 2012 Nanoscale Res. Lett. 7 1

    [365]
    [366]

    Lavchiev V, Holly R, Chen G, Schffler F, Goldhahn R, Jantsch W 2009 Opt. Lett. 34 3785

    [367]
    [368]
    [369]

    Kwak D, Park C, Lee Y, Kim W, Cho H 2009 Nanotechnology 20 55201

    [370]
    [371]

    Wei R, Deng N, Wang M, Zhang S, Chen P, Liu L, Zhang J 2006 1st IEEE International Conference on Nano/micro Engineered and Molecular Systems Zhuhai, China, January 18-21, 2006 p330

    [372]

    Rae B R, Muir K R, Gong Z, Mckendry J, Girkin J M, Gu E, Renshaw D, Dawson M D, Henderson R K 2009 Sensors 9 9255

    [373]
    [374]

    Wang H P, Wang G L, Ni H Q, Xu Y Q, Niu Z C, Gao F Q 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 194205 (in Chinese) [王红培, 王广龙, 倪海桥, 徐应强, 牛智川, 高凤岐 2013 物理学报 62 194205]

    [375]
    [376]
    [377]

    Song H J, Ron C H, Hahn C, Kim H, Kim D H 2006 5th IEEE Conference on Sensors Daegu, Korean, October 22-25, 2006 p197

    [378]
    [379]

    Campbell J C, Wang S, Zheng X, Li X, Li N, Ma F, Sun X, Collins C J, Beck A, Yang B 2003 Active and Passive Optical Components for Wdm Communications III Orlando, Florida, September 7, 2003 p375

    [380]

    Nie H, Baklenov O, Yuan P, Lenox C, Streetman B, Campbell J 1998 Photon. Technol. Lett. 10 1009

    [381]
    [382]

    Krishna S, Kwon O, Hayat M M 2005 IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41 1468

    [383]
    [384]

    Ramirez D A, Shao J, Hayat M M, Krishna S 2009 Advanced Photon Counting Techniques III Orlando, Florida, April 13, 2009 p73200

    [385]
    [386]
    [387]

    Ramirez D A, Shao J, Hayat M M, Krishna S 2010 Phys. Status Solidi C 7 2548

    [388]

    Sandall I, Ng J S, David J P, Tan C H, Wang T, Liu H 2012 Opt. Express 20 10446

    [389]
    [390]

    Murray C B, Sun S, Gaschler W, Doyle H, Betley T A, Kagan C R 2001 IBM J. Res. Develop. 45 47

    [391]
    [392]

    Ginger D, Greenham N 1999 Phys. Rev. B 59 10622

    [393]
    [394]

    Greenham N, Peng X, Alivisatos A 1997 Synthetic Metals 84 545

    [395]
    [396]
    [397]

    Peng Y, Luo X X, Fu Y, Xing M M 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 208105 (in Chinese) [彭勇, 罗昔贤, 付姚, 邢明铭 2013 物理学报 62 208105]

    [398]

    Heves E, Gurbuz Y 2012 Proc. Engineer. 47 1426

    [399]
    [400]

    Heves E, Gurbuz Y 2012 Electro-optical and Infrared Systems: Technology and Applications IX Edinburgh, UK, September 24, 2012 p85411

    [401]
    [402]
    [403]

    Konstantatos G, Badioli M, Gaudreau L, Osmond J, Bernechea M, Dearquer F P G, Gatti F, Koppens F H 2012 Nature Nanotechnol. 7 363

    [404]

    Kuo C, Su M, Hsu Y, Lin H, Wei K 2010 Adv. Function. Mater. 20 3555

    [405]
    [406]
    [407]

    Choudhury K R, Sahoo Y, Ohulchanskyy T, Prasad P 2005 Appl. Phys. Lett. 87 73110

    [408]

    Mcdonald S, Cyr P, Levina L, Sargent E 2004 Appl. Phys. Lett. 85 2089

    [409]
    [410]
    [411]

    Qi D, Fischbein M, Drndic M, Selmic S 2005 Appl. Phys. Lett. 86 93103

    [412]
    [413]

    Clifford J P, Konstantatos G, Johnston K W, Hoogland S, Levina L, Sargent E H 2009 Nature Nanotechnol. 4 40

    [414]

    Rauch T, Bberl M, Tedde S F, Frst J, Kovalenko M V, Hesser G, Lemmer U, Heiss W, Hayden O 2009 Nature Photon. 3 332

    [415]
    [416]

    Klem E J, Lewis J S, Temple D 2010 Infrared Technology and Applications XXXVI Orlando, Florida, April 5, 2010 p76602

    [417]
    [418]

    Le calvez S, Bourvon H, Kanaan H, Meunier-dellagatta S, Philippot C, Reiss P 2011 Infrared Sensors, Devices, and Applications; and Single Photon Imaging II San Diego, Calofornia, August 21, 2011 p815506

    [419]
    [420]

    Sarasqueta G, Choudhury K R, Subbiah J, So F 2011 Adv. Function. Mater. 21 167

    [421]
    [422]

    Andrews J, Jang W, Pezoa J E, Sharma Y D, Lee S J, Noh S K, Hayat M M, Restaino S, Teare S W, Krishna S2009 Infrared Phys. Technol. 52 380

    [423]
    [424]
    [425]

    Vandervelde T E, Lenz M C, Varley E, Barve A, Shao J, Shenoi R V, Ramirez D A, Jan W, Sharma Y D, Krishna S2008 IEEE J. Select. Topics in Quantum Electron. 14 1150

    [426]
    [427]

    Krishna S 2012 Quantum Sensing and Nanophotonic Devices IX San Francisco, California, January 21, 2012 p82680

    [428]
    [429]

    Rogalski A 2010 J. Modern Opt. 57 1716

    [430]

    Rogalski A 2011 Infrared Physics Technology 54 136

    [431]
    [432]

    Gunapala S, Bandara S, Hill C, Ting D, Liu J, Rafol SB, Blazejewski E, Mumolo J, Keo S, Krishna S 2007 Infrared Phys. Technol. 50 149

    [433]
    [434]
    [435]

    Vandervelde T E, Lenz M C, Varley E, Barve A, Shao J, Shenoi R, Ramirez D A, Jang W, Sharma Y D, Krishna S2008 Infrared Technology and Applications XXXIV Orlando, Florida, March 16, 2008 p694003

    [436]
    [437]

    Barve A V, Lee S J, Noh S K, Krishna S 2010 Laser Photon. Rev. 4 738

    [438]
    [439]

    Barve A, Shah S, Shao J, Vandervelde T, Shenoi R, Jang W, Krishna S 2008 Appl. Phys. Lett. 93 131115

    [440]

    Cardimona D, Huang D 2010 Micro- and Nanotechnology Sensors, Systems, and Applications II San Diego, California, July 31, 2010 p58970H-1

    [441]
  • [1] 邬丹丹, 潘力, 周哲, 付威威, 朱海龙, 董月芳. 近红外二区小动物活体荧光成像系统的研制. 物理学报, 2024, 73(7): 078701. doi: 10.7498/aps.73.20231910
    [2] 常宸, 孙帅, 杜隆坤, 聂镇武, 何林贵, 张翼, 陈鹏, 鲍可, 刘伟涛. 室外环境中的关联成像研究进展. 物理学报, 2023, 72(18): 183301. doi: 10.7498/aps.72.20231245
    [3] 冯帅, 常军, 胡瑶瑶, 吴昊, 刘鑫. 偏振成像激光雷达与短波红外复合光学接收系统设计与分析. 物理学报, 2020, 69(24): 244202. doi: 10.7498/aps.69.20200920
    [4] 李启蒙, 李仕春, 秦宇丽, 胡向龙, 赵静, 宋跃辉, 华灯鑫. 绝对测温转动拉曼激光雷达分光系统设计 及性能. 物理学报, 2018, 67(1): 014207. doi: 10.7498/aps.67.20171834
    [5] 王玉峰, 张晶, 汤柳, 王晴, 高天乐, 宋跃辉, 狄慧鸽, 李博, 华灯鑫. 基于拉曼激光雷达的大气三相态水同步精细探测分光系统的设计与仿真分析. 物理学报, 2018, 67(22): 224205. doi: 10.7498/aps.67.20180644
    [6] 高飞, 南恒帅, 黄波, 汪丽, 李仕春, 王玉峰, 刘晶晶, 闫庆, 宋跃辉, 华灯鑫. 紫外域多纵模高光谱分辨率激光雷达探测气溶胶的技术实现和系统仿真. 物理学报, 2018, 67(3): 030701. doi: 10.7498/aps.67.20172036
    [7] 王田, 牛明生, 步苗苗, 韩培高, 郝殿中, 杨敬顺, 宋连科. 新型双通道差分偏振干涉成像系统. 物理学报, 2018, 67(10): 100701. doi: 10.7498/aps.67.20172691
    [8] 闫夏超, 朱江, 张蜡宝, 邢强林, 陈亚军, 朱宏权, 李舰艇, 康琳, 陈健, 吴培亨. 基于超导纳米线单光子探测器深空激光通信模型及误码率研究. 物理学报, 2017, 66(19): 198501. doi: 10.7498/aps.66.198501
    [9] 刘敬, 金伟其, 王霞, 鲁啸天, 温仁杰. 考虑探测器特性的光电偏振成像系统偏振信息重构方法. 物理学报, 2016, 65(9): 094201. doi: 10.7498/aps.65.094201
    [10] 李仕春, 王大龙, 李启蒙, 宋跃辉, 刘丽娟, 华灯鑫. 绝对探测大气温度的纯转动拉曼激光雷达系统. 物理学报, 2016, 65(14): 143301. doi: 10.7498/aps.65.143301
    [11] 景敏, 华灯鑫, 乐静. 荧光激光雷达技术探测水面油污染系统仿真研究. 物理学报, 2016, 65(7): 070704. doi: 10.7498/aps.65.070704
    [12] 刘珂, 马文全, 黄建亮, 张艳华, 曹玉莲, 黄文军, 赵成城. 含有AlGaAs插入层的InAs/GaAs三色量子点红外探测器. 物理学报, 2016, 65(10): 108502. doi: 10.7498/aps.65.108502
    [13] 李湘, 蓝天, 王云, 王龙辉. 室内可见光通信系统中菲涅尔透镜接收天线的设计研究. 物理学报, 2015, 64(2): 024201. doi: 10.7498/aps.64.024201
    [14] 葛烨, 舒嵘, 胡以华, 刘豪. 大气水汽探测地基差分吸收激光雷达系统设计与性能仿真. 物理学报, 2014, 63(20): 204301. doi: 10.7498/aps.63.204301
    [15] 王进, 魏正军, 王赓, 郭莉, 王金东, 张智明, 郭健平, 郭邦红, 刘颂豪. 数字平均对红外单光子探测器中温度控制系统信噪改善比的影响. 物理学报, 2013, 62(1): 014203. doi: 10.7498/aps.62.014203
    [16] 王红伟, 华灯鑫, 王玉峰, 高朋, 赵虎. 水汽探测拉曼激光雷达的新型光谱分光系统设计与分析. 物理学报, 2013, 62(12): 120701. doi: 10.7498/aps.62.120701
    [17] 郭汉明, 陈家璧, 庄松林. 相干点源照明时消球差光学系统的像场结构. 物理学报, 2007, 56(2): 811-818. doi: 10.7498/aps.56.811
    [18] 洪光烈, 张寅超, 赵曰峰, 邵石生, 谭 锟, 胡欢陵. 探测大气中CO2的Raman激光雷达. 物理学报, 2006, 55(2): 983-987. doi: 10.7498/aps.55.983
    [19] 李孝峰, 潘 炜, 马 冬, 罗 斌, 张伟利, 熊 悦. 激光器自发辐射噪声对混沌光通信系统的影响. 物理学报, 2006, 55(10): 5094-5104. doi: 10.7498/aps.55.5094
    [20] 裴 丽, 宁提纲, 李唐军, 董小伟, 简水生. 高速光通信系统中光纤光栅色散补偿研究. 物理学报, 2005, 54(4): 1630-1635. doi: 10.7498/aps.54.1630
计量
  • 文章访问数:  7470
  • PDF下载量:  1114
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2014-01-08
  • 修回日期:  2014-02-25
  • 刊出日期:  2014-07-05

/

返回文章
返回