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基于AR模型搜索迭代算法的望远镜跟踪误差分析

廖宏宇 马晓燠 郭友明 饶长辉 魏凯

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基于AR模型搜索迭代算法的望远镜跟踪误差分析

廖宏宇, 马晓燠, 郭友明, 饶长辉, 魏凯

Analysis of tracking error of telescope based on AR-search-iteration algorithm

Liao Hong-Yu, Ma Xiao-Yu, Guo You-Ming, Rao Chang-Hui, Wei Kai
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  • 在大口径光学望远镜观测星体目标时,其跟踪误差主要由风载引起的望远镜跟踪抖动误差和大气湍流引起的跟踪误差组成. 建立了望远镜跟踪误差的简化分析模型,提出了一种采用AR模型迭代算法将风载引起的望远镜跟踪抖动误差和大气湍流引起的跟踪误差分离的新方法,并在1.8 m望远镜上进行了实验验证. 结果表明,风载引起的望远镜跟踪抖动误差与风向和风速直接相关,实验结果与理论分析比较符合.
    The tracking errors of large-caliber optical telescope in the process of observing astral target consists of telescope tracking jitter error which is mainly caused by wind-load, and wave-front tilt error caused by atmospheric turbulence. A simplified model concerning telescope tracking error is established, and a new kind of algorithm based on AR model to separate the telescope tracking jitter error from the tracking error caused by atmospheric turbulence is proposed. Finally, an experiment is conducted on the platform of the 1.8 M telescope in Gaomeigu Observing Station to test this algorithm. Experimental results show that the telescope tracking jitter error caused by wind-load is directly related to the direction and speed of the wind, which conforms to the theoretical analysis.
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号:11178004)资助的课题.
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(Grant No. 11178004).
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  • [1]

    Bian Y L 2008 Physics 37 844 (in Chinese)[卞毓麟 2008 物理 37 844]

    [2]

    Zhou C 2011 Ph. D. Dissertation (Changchun: Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences) (in Chinese)[周超 2011 博士学位论文 (中科院长春光学精密机械与物理研究所)]

    [3]
    [4]

    Li Z, Song T F, Xu J 2012 Astronomical Research and Technology 9 1189 (in Chinese)[李志, 宋腾飞, 许俊 2012 天文研究与技术 9 1189]

    [5]
    [6]

    Liu G Q, Cheng X M, Song T F, Zhao X J 2011 Opto-Electronic Engineering 38 50 (in Chinese)[柳光乾, 程向明, 宋腾飞, 赵雪娟 2011 光电工程 38 50]

    [7]
    [8]
    [9]

    Lisa A Poyneer, Jean-Pierre Veran 2010 J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 27 A223

    [10]
    [11]

    Caroline Kulcsar, Paolo Massinoi, Gaetano Sivo, Henri-Francois Raynaud 2012 Proc. of SPIE 8447 84470Z

    [12]
    [13]

    Serge Meimon, Cyril Petit, Thierry Fusco, Caroline Kulcsar 2010 J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 27 A122

    [14]

    Andres Guesalaga, Bennoit Neichel, Francois Rigaut, James Osborn, Dani Guzman 2012 Applied Optics 51 4520

    [15]
    [16]

    Carlos Correia, Jean-Pierre Veran, Glen Herriot 2012 J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 29 185

    [17]
    [18]

    Shack R V, Thompson K 1980 SPIE 251 149

    [19]
    [20]
    [21]

    Porro I L, Traub W A, Carleton N P 1999 Applied Optics 38 6055

    [22]
    [23]

    Liu Y Z, Chen W L, Chen L Q 1998 Mechanic of Vibrations (Beijng: HIGHER EDUCATION PRESS) p130 (inChinese)[刘延柱, 陈文良, 陈立群1998振动力学(北京: 高等教育出版社)第130页]

    [24]
    [25]

    Caroline Kulcsar, Gaetano Sivo, Henri Francois Raynaud, Benoit Neichel, Francois Rigaut, Julian Christou, Andres Guesalaga, Carlos Correia, Jean-Pierre vVeran, Eric Gendron, Fabric Vidal, Gerard Rousset, Tim Morris, Simone Esposito, Fernando Quiros-Pacheco, Guido Agapito, Enrico Fedrigo, Lorenzo Pettazzi, Richard Clare, Riccardo Muradore, Olivier Guyon, Fantz Martinache, Serge Meimon, Jean-Marc Conan 2012 Proc. of SPIE 8447 84471C

    [26]
    [27]

    Douglas g. Macmynowski, Torben Andersen 2010 Applied Optics 49 625

    [28]
    [29]

    Douglas G. Macmynowski, Konstantinos Vogiatzis, George Z. Angeli, Joeleff Fitzsimmons, Jerry E. Nelson 2006 Applied Optics 45 7912

    [30]

    Rao C H 2000 Ph. D. Dissertation (Chengdu: The Institute of Optics and Electronics of Chinese Academy of Sciences) (in Chinese)[饶长辉 2000 博士学位论文 (中国科学院光电技术研究所)]

    [31]
    [32]
    [33]

    Rao C H, Jiang W H 1996 Acta Astrophysica Sinica 16 428 (in Chinese)[饶长辉, 姜文汉 1996 天体物理学报 16 428]

    [34]
    [35]

    Rao C H, Shen F, Jiang W H 2000 Acta Photonica Sinica 20 68 (in Chinese)[饶长辉, 沈锋, 姜文汉 2000 光学学报 20 68]

    [36]
    [37]

    Guo Y M, Ma X Y, Rao C H 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 134207 (in Chinese)[郭友明, 马晓燠, 饶长辉 2013 物理学报 62 134207]

    [38]

    Wang Z Q, Zhong M C, Zhou J H, Li Y M 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 188701

    [39]
    [40]

    Ou Y Y H, Yuan P, Jia X D, Wang X Y, Xue S M 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 084303 (in Chinese)[欧阳玉花, 袁萍, 贾向东, 王小云, 薛思敏 2013 物理学报 62 084303]

    [41]
    [42]
    [43]

    Chen W, Yao H M, Wu F, Fan B, Wu S B, Chen Q 2005 Acta Photonica Sinica 35 130 (in Chinese)[陈伟, 姚汉民, 伍凡, 范斌, 吴时彬, 陈强 2005 光子学报 35 130]

    [44]
    [45]

    Rao C H, Jiang W H, Zhang Y D, Ling L, Zhang X J, Xian H, Wei K, Liao Z, Zhou L C, Guan C L, Li M, Chen D H, Zhang A 2008 Proc. of SPIE 7015 70155Y-1

    [46]

    Rao C H, Wei K, Zhang X J, Zhang A, Zhang Y D, Xian H, Zhou L C, Guan C L, Li M, Chen D H, Chen S Q, Tian Y, Liao Z 2010 Proc. of SPIE 7654 76541H-1

    [47]
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2014-04-05
  • 修回日期:  2014-05-13
  • 刊出日期:  2014-09-05

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