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单线态分裂的超快光谱学研究

张博 张春峰 李希友 王睿 肖敏

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单线态分裂的超快光谱学研究

张博, 张春峰, 李希友, 王睿, 肖敏

Ultrafast spectroscopic study for singlet fission

Zhang Bo, Zhang Chun-Feng, Li Xi-You, Wang Rui, Xiao Min
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  • 有机分子中的单线态分裂过程能将单个光激发的单线态激子转化成两个三线态激子. 借助此载流子倍增效应, 太阳能电池可以更有效地利用太阳光谱中的高能光子, 进而突破单结太阳能电池效率的理论极限. 因此, 单线态分裂备受关注. 本文回顾学术界对单线态分裂物理图像的认识以及争议, 结合课题组近年来的一些结果, 重点总结此领域中运用瞬态光谱学方法取得的实验进展, 讨论有关多激子中间暗态机理的不同观点, 并介绍单线态分裂材料的发展以及器件应用.
    Singlet fission is a spin-allowed process that creates two triplet excitons from one photo-excited singlet exciton in organic semiconductors. This process of carrier multiplication holds the great potential to break the theoretical efficiency limit in single-junction solar cells by making better use of high-energy photons, while capturing lower-energy photons in the usual style. Photovoltaic devices based on singlet fission have achieved external quantum efficiencies in excess of 100%. In this paper, we first introduce the basic concept about singlet fission and review the history of the field briefly. Then, we report some reflent advances in the reflearch of singlet fission progress with the combination of our group’s productions. Tetracene and pentacene are chosen as typical polyacene materials for discuss. We describe how scientists make progresses in understanding the underlying physics in singlet fission process. The experimental methods of transient absorption spectra, time-resolved fluorescence spectra and time-resolved two-photon photoemission spectra render numerous results for analysis. Moreover, a survey about the debate on the direct or indirect mechanism with transient optical study is provided. It has been verified that multiexciton state intermediates in singlet fission process and the factors of energy level alignments, intermolecular interaction as well as lattice vibrations play a role in it. Last, we briefly summarize the implications of singlet fission in organic solar devices by introducing several composite architectures for singlet-fission photovoltaics. Designing efficient and cheap solar cells is the ultimate goal for understanding the intrinsic photophysics of singlet fission. To obtain high efficiencies, it is important to adapt proper materials and new organic/inorganic architectures may become a promising direction. Also, finding a way for efficient triplet exciton dissociation should be considered seriously. It is believable that these guidelines can lead to the development of cheap and efficient fission-based devices.
    • 基金项目: 国家重点基础研究发展计划(批准号: 2013CB932903, 2012CB921801)和国家自然科学基金(批准号: 91233103, 61108001, 11227406, 11321063)资助的课题.
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant Nos. 2013CB932903, 2012CB921801), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 91233103, 61108001, 11227406, 11321063).
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    Shockley W, Queisser H J 1961 J. Appl. Phys. 32 510

    [2]

    Wrfel P 1997 Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 46 43

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    O’Dwyer M F, Humphrey T, Lewis R A, Zhang C 2008 Microelectron. J. 39 656

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    Conibeer G, Jiang C W, König D, Shrestha S, Walsh T, Green M 2008 Thin Solid Films 516 6968

    [5]

    Ellingson R J, Beard M C, Johnson J C, Yu P R, Micic O I, Nozik A J, Shabaev A, Efros A L 2005 Nano Lett. 5 865

    [6]

    Beard M C, Knutsen K P, Yu P R, Luther J M, Song Q, Metzger W K, Ellingson R J, Nozik A J 2007 Nano Lett. 7 2506

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    [9]

    Zhang B, Zhang C F, Wang R, Tan Z A, Liu Y L, Guo W, Zhai X L, Cao Y, Wang X Y, Xiao M 2014 J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 5 3462

    [10]

    Schaller R D, Klimov V I 2004 Phys. Rev. Lett. 92 186601

    [11]

    Xiao J, Wang Y, Hua Z, Wang X Y, Zhang C F, Xiao M 2012 Nat. Commun. 3 1170

    [12]

    Smith M B, Michl J 2010 Chem. Rev. 110 6891

    [13]

    Smith M B, Michl J 2013 Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 64 361

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    [16]

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    [20]

    Mller A M, Avlasevich Y S, Schoeller W W, Mllen K, Bardeen C J 2007 J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129 14240

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    Lanzani G, Cerullo G, Zavelani-Rossi M, De Silvestri S, Comoretto D, Musso G, Dellepiane G 2001 Phys. Rev. Lett. 87 187402

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    Greyson E C, Vura-Weis J, Michl J, Ratner M A 2010 J. Phys. Chem. B 114 14168

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    [45]

    Burdett J J, Mller A M, Gosztola D, Bardeen C J 2010 J. Chem. Phys. 133 144506

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-02-09
  • 修回日期:  2015-03-18
  • 刊出日期:  2015-05-05

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