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不同晶面银纳米晶高温熔化的各向异性

卢敏 黄惠莲 余冬海 刘维清 魏望和

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不同晶面银纳米晶高温熔化的各向异性

卢敏, 黄惠莲, 余冬海, 刘维清, 魏望和

Anisotropy of melting of Ag nanocrystal with different crystallographic planes at high temperature

Lu Min, Huang Hui-Lian, Yu Dong-Hai, Liu Wei-Qing, Wei Wang-He
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  • 采用嵌入原子势, 使用分子动力学方法, 模拟研究了银纳米晶高温弛豫过程中的热稳定性和熔化机制, 并引入均方位移和稳定寿命来分析它的结构和形状的演化过程. 结果表明: 对于沿相互垂直{110}, {211}和{111}面切割形成的近正方体截面纳米晶, 高温弛豫熔化存在明显的各向异性行为; (112) 面热稳定性最低, 最易熔化, 其次是(110) 面, 热稳定性最高的是(111) 面, 最难熔化; 三个不同晶面的最外层和次外层原子的稳定寿命极短, 且三个不同晶面之间相差很小, 没有明显差异; 对于具有相同晶面指数的晶面, 第三层及其以内的稳定寿命较长, 且依次微量增长, 但不同晶面第三层及其以内的寿命相差明显.
    The thermal-stability and melting mechanism of the Ag nanocrystalline in the process of high-temperature relaxation are investigated with embedded atomic method and molecular dynamics simulations. The dynamic evolution of the crystalline’s morphology is revealed based on the analyses of mean square displacement and lifetime of the stability. It is concluded that there are obviously anisotropic behaviors in the process of high-temperature relaxation in the quasi-cubic nanocrystal which is cut along the inter-perpendicular facet of {110}, {211} and {111}. The thermal-stability decreases in the sequence of facet (111), facet (110), and facet (112). The lifetimes of the first outmost and the second outmost atoms in those three different facets are extremely short and show no evidently difference from each other. However considering the facets with the same crystal plane indices, the lifetimes are longer within the third atom layer and subtly increase with the increase of the number of atom layers. However, the lifetimes are distinctly different from each other among the three different facets within the third atom layer.
    • 基金项目: 江西省教育厅科学技术研究项目(批准号: GJJ11469)和国家自然科学基金(批准号: 11262006) 资助的课题.
    • Funds: Project supported by the Science and Technology Research Project in Jiangxi Province Department of Education, China (Grand No. GJJ11469) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11262006).
    [1]

    Gilmer G H, Huang H, Roland C 1998 Comput. Mater. Sci. 12 354

    [2]

    Seifert W, Carlsson N, Miller M, Pistol M E, Samuelson L, Wallenberg L R 1996 Prog. Cryst. Growth Charact. Mater. 33 423

    [3]

    Sarkar J, Khan G G, Basumallick A 2007 Bull. Mater. Sci. 30 271

    [4]

    Craihead H G 2000 Science 290 1532

    [5]

    Goldstein A N, Echer C M, Alivisatos A P 1992 Science 256 1425

    [6]

    Wen Y H, Zhu Z Z, Zhu R, Shao G F 2004 Physica E 25 47

    [7]

    Liu Z, Sakamoto Y, Ohsuna T, Hiraga K, Terasaki O, Ko C H, Shin H J, Ryoo R 2000 Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 39 3107

    [8]

    Xia Y, Yang Y, Sun Y, Wu Y, Mayers B, Gates B, Yin Y, Kim F, Yan H 2003 Adv. Mater. 15 353

    [9]

    Bilalbegovic G 2000 Solid State Commun. 115 73

    [10]

    Wang B L, Wang G H, Chen X S 2003 Phys. Rev. B 67 193403

    [11]

    Link S, Wang Z L, El-Sayed M A 2000 J. Phys. Chem. B 104 7867

    [12]

    Wang J L, Chen X S, Wang G H, Wang B L, Wei L, Zhao J J 2002 Phys. Rev. B 66 085408

    [13]

    Wen Y H, Zheng Y, Zhu Z Z, Sun S G 2009 Acta Phys. Sin. 58 2585

    [14]

    Tian H C, Liu L, Wen Y H 2009 Acta Phys. Sin. 58 4080

    [15]

    He A M, Qin C S, Shao J L, Wang P 2009 Acta Phys. Sin. 58 2667 (in Chinese) [何安民, 秦承森, 邵建立, 王裴 2009 物理学报 58 2667]

    [16]

    Finnis M W, Sinclair J E 1984 Philos. Mag. A 50 45

    [17]

    Ackland G J, Vitek V 1990 Phys. Rev. B 41 10324

    [18]

    Lu M, Liu W Q, Luo F, Wei W H 2009 Chin. J. Coput. Phys. 26 121 (in Chinese) [卢敏, 刘维清, 罗飞, 魏望和 2009 计算物理 26 121]

    [19]

    Lu M, Xu W B, Liu W Q, Hou C J, Liu Z Y 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 6377 (in Chinese) [卢敏, 许卫兵, 刘维清, 侯春菊, 刘志勇 2010 物理学报 59 6377]

    [20]

    Nakamura K, Kitagawa T, Osari K, Takahashi K, Ono K 2006 Vacuum 80 761

    [21]

    Zhou L, Zhou N G, Song Z D 2008 Acta Metall. Sin. 44 34 (in Chinese) [周浪, 周耐根, 宋照东 2008 金属学报 44 34]

    [22]

    Leach A R 2001 Molecular Modelling: Principles and Applications (London: Prentice-Hall) p36

    [23]

    Parrinello M, Rahman A 1981 J. Appl. Phys. 52 7182

    [24]

    Gear C W 1971 Numerial Initial Value Problems in Ordinary Differential Equation Englewood Cliffs (NJ: Prentice-Hall) p54

    [25]

    Liu H B, Ascencio J A, Perez-Alvarez 2001 Surf. Sci. 491 88

  • [1]

    Gilmer G H, Huang H, Roland C 1998 Comput. Mater. Sci. 12 354

    [2]

    Seifert W, Carlsson N, Miller M, Pistol M E, Samuelson L, Wallenberg L R 1996 Prog. Cryst. Growth Charact. Mater. 33 423

    [3]

    Sarkar J, Khan G G, Basumallick A 2007 Bull. Mater. Sci. 30 271

    [4]

    Craihead H G 2000 Science 290 1532

    [5]

    Goldstein A N, Echer C M, Alivisatos A P 1992 Science 256 1425

    [6]

    Wen Y H, Zhu Z Z, Zhu R, Shao G F 2004 Physica E 25 47

    [7]

    Liu Z, Sakamoto Y, Ohsuna T, Hiraga K, Terasaki O, Ko C H, Shin H J, Ryoo R 2000 Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 39 3107

    [8]

    Xia Y, Yang Y, Sun Y, Wu Y, Mayers B, Gates B, Yin Y, Kim F, Yan H 2003 Adv. Mater. 15 353

    [9]

    Bilalbegovic G 2000 Solid State Commun. 115 73

    [10]

    Wang B L, Wang G H, Chen X S 2003 Phys. Rev. B 67 193403

    [11]

    Link S, Wang Z L, El-Sayed M A 2000 J. Phys. Chem. B 104 7867

    [12]

    Wang J L, Chen X S, Wang G H, Wang B L, Wei L, Zhao J J 2002 Phys. Rev. B 66 085408

    [13]

    Wen Y H, Zheng Y, Zhu Z Z, Sun S G 2009 Acta Phys. Sin. 58 2585

    [14]

    Tian H C, Liu L, Wen Y H 2009 Acta Phys. Sin. 58 4080

    [15]

    He A M, Qin C S, Shao J L, Wang P 2009 Acta Phys. Sin. 58 2667 (in Chinese) [何安民, 秦承森, 邵建立, 王裴 2009 物理学报 58 2667]

    [16]

    Finnis M W, Sinclair J E 1984 Philos. Mag. A 50 45

    [17]

    Ackland G J, Vitek V 1990 Phys. Rev. B 41 10324

    [18]

    Lu M, Liu W Q, Luo F, Wei W H 2009 Chin. J. Coput. Phys. 26 121 (in Chinese) [卢敏, 刘维清, 罗飞, 魏望和 2009 计算物理 26 121]

    [19]

    Lu M, Xu W B, Liu W Q, Hou C J, Liu Z Y 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 6377 (in Chinese) [卢敏, 许卫兵, 刘维清, 侯春菊, 刘志勇 2010 物理学报 59 6377]

    [20]

    Nakamura K, Kitagawa T, Osari K, Takahashi K, Ono K 2006 Vacuum 80 761

    [21]

    Zhou L, Zhou N G, Song Z D 2008 Acta Metall. Sin. 44 34 (in Chinese) [周浪, 周耐根, 宋照东 2008 金属学报 44 34]

    [22]

    Leach A R 2001 Molecular Modelling: Principles and Applications (London: Prentice-Hall) p36

    [23]

    Parrinello M, Rahman A 1981 J. Appl. Phys. 52 7182

    [24]

    Gear C W 1971 Numerial Initial Value Problems in Ordinary Differential Equation Englewood Cliffs (NJ: Prentice-Hall) p54

    [25]

    Liu H B, Ascencio J A, Perez-Alvarez 2001 Surf. Sci. 491 88

计量
  • 文章访问数:  2047
  • PDF下载量:  576
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2014-11-04
  • 修回日期:  2014-12-05
  • 刊出日期:  2015-05-05

不同晶面银纳米晶高温熔化的各向异性

  • 1. 江西理工大学理学院, 赣州 341000
    基金项目: 

    江西省教育厅科学技术研究项目(批准号: GJJ11469)和国家自然科学基金(批准号: 11262006) 资助的课题.

摘要: 采用嵌入原子势, 使用分子动力学方法, 模拟研究了银纳米晶高温弛豫过程中的热稳定性和熔化机制, 并引入均方位移和稳定寿命来分析它的结构和形状的演化过程. 结果表明: 对于沿相互垂直{110}, {211}和{111}面切割形成的近正方体截面纳米晶, 高温弛豫熔化存在明显的各向异性行为; (112) 面热稳定性最低, 最易熔化, 其次是(110) 面, 热稳定性最高的是(111) 面, 最难熔化; 三个不同晶面的最外层和次外层原子的稳定寿命极短, 且三个不同晶面之间相差很小, 没有明显差异; 对于具有相同晶面指数的晶面, 第三层及其以内的稳定寿命较长, 且依次微量增长, 但不同晶面第三层及其以内的寿命相差明显.

English Abstract

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