搜索

x

留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

环境因素对海-气界面低频异常声透射的影响研究

郭业才 连晨方 张秀再 赵益波

引用本文:
Citation:

环境因素对海-气界面低频异常声透射的影响研究

郭业才, 连晨方, 张秀再, 赵益波

Influences of environmental factors on low frequency abnormal sound transmission through sea-air interface

Guo Ye-Cai, Lian Chen-Fang, Zhang Xiu-Zai, Zhao Yi-Bo
PDF
导出引用
  • 针对海中声源在海-气界面低频异常声透射问题, 根据两层媒质声传输模型, 分析了大气声速和密度与气压、气温、湿度及海水中声速和密度与海温、盐度间的关系, 研究了低频声透射和传输受温度、气压、盐度、湿度等因素的影响, 分析了各因素对声透射和传输的影响程度. 结果表明: 1) 声透射到大气中的声功率与气温、湿度负相关, 与海温、盐度、气压正相关; 2) 单极子与水平偶极子声源辐射到海中的声功率与海温、盐度负相关, 而垂直偶极子声源辐射到海中的声功率与海温、盐度正相关; 3) 声透射指向性与海温正相关, 与气温负相关; 4) 低频声透射受温度影响最大, 其次是盐度, 受气压和湿度影响较小, 垂直偶极子声源的声透射受温度影响大于水平偶极子和单极子声源.
    In view of low frequency abnormal sound transmission of sound source in the sea at the sea-air interface, according to the two-layer medium sound transmission model, we analyze the relationships of the sound speed and the density of the atmosphere with the atmospheric pressure, the air temperature, the humidity; we also analyze the relationships of the sound velocity and the density of seawater with the sea surface temperature (SST) and salinity; we investigate the low-frequency abnormal sound transmissions influenced by temperature, pressure, salinity, humidity and other environmental factors; we analyze the influences of various factors on the sound transmission. The obtained results are as follows. 1) the sound power in the air, obtained by the sound transmission of sound source in the shallow sea, is negatively correlated with atmospheric temperature and humidity, and positively correlated with the SST, salinity, and atmosphere pressure. 2) The sound power that is radiated into the sea by the monopole and horizontal dipole source at the sea, is negatively correlated with SST and salinity, while the sound power that is radiated into the sea by the vertical dipole sound source, is positively related to SST and salinity. 3) The sound transmission directivity is positively related to SST and negatively correlated with atmospheric temperature. 4) The air temperature and SST have the greatest influence on low-frequency abnormal sound transmission, while the effects of air pressure and humidity on them are smaller than that of salinity. The effect of temperature on the low frequency abnormal sound transmission of vertical dipole sound is greater than those of the horizontal dipole and a monopole sound source.
    • 基金项目: 全国优秀博士论文作者专项资金(批准号: 200753)、江苏省高校自然科学基金(批准号: 13KJA510001)、江苏省高校科研成果产业化推进项目(批准号: JHB 2012-9)、 江苏省高校“信息与通信工程”优势学科建设工程、江苏省六大人才高峰项目(批准号: 2008026)和江苏省普通高校研究生科研创新计划项目(批准号: SJZZ_0110, SJZZ_0111)资助的课题.
    • Funds: Project supported by the Special Fund Projects of National Excellent Doctoral Dissertation of China (Grant No. 200753), the Major Project of Nature Science Foundation of Higher Education Institution of Jiangsu Province, China (Grant No. 13KJA510001), Jiangsu Scientific Research Achievements in Industrialization Project, China (Grant No. JHB 2012-9), the Project Funded by the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions, China, "the Peak of Six Major Talents" (Grant No. 2008026), and the Cultivate Projects of Jiangsu Province, China (Grant No. SJZZ_0110, SJZZ_0111).
    [1]

    Pierce A D 1994 Acoustics: An Introduction to Its Physical Principles and Applications (New York: AIP) pp134-135

    [2]

    Godin O A 2008 J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 123 1866

    [3]

    Godin O A 2008 Contemp. Phys. 49 105

    [4]

    Chapman D M F2008 J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 124 48

    [5]

    Godin O A 2009 J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 125 117

    [6]

    Glushkov E V, Glushkova N V, Godin O A 2013 Acoust. Phys. 59 6

    [7]

    Luo W Y, Yang C M, Qin J X, Zhang R H 2013 Chin. Phys. B 22 054301

    [8]

    Fuks I, Godin O A 2011 Oceans'11 MTS/IEEE Conference Proceedings Kona Hawaii, America, September 19-22, 2011 p1

    [9]

    Qin J X, Zhang R H, Luo W Y, Wu L X, Jiang L, Zhang B 2014 Acta Acust. 39 145 (in Chinese) [秦继兴, 张仁和, 骆文于, 吴立新, 江磊, 张波 2014 声学学报 39 145]

    [10]

    Yang C M, Luo W Y, Zhang R H, Qin J X 2014 Acta Acust. 39 295 (in Chinese) [杨春梅, 骆文于, 张仁和, 秦继兴 2014 声学学报 39 295]

    [11]

    Godin O A, Fuks I M 2012 J. Fluid Mech. 709 313

    [12]

    Qi Y B, Zhou S H, Zhang R H, Zhang B, Ren Y 2014 Acta Phys. Sin. 63 044303 (in Chinese) [戚聿波, 周士弘, 张仁和, 张波, 任云 2014 物理学报 63 044303]

    [13]

    Godin O A 2006 Phys. Rev. Lett. 97 164301

    [14]

    McDonald B E, Calvo D C 2007 J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 122 3159

    [15]

    Godin O A 2007 Acoust. Phys. 53 305

    [16]

    Lü J, Zhao Z Y, Zhou C 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 104301 (in Chinese) [吕君, 赵正予, 周晨 2011 物理学报 60 104301]

    [17]

    Zhou C, Wang X, Zhao Z Y, Zhang Y N 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 154302 (in Chinese) [周晨, 王翔, 赵正予, 张援农 2013 物理学报 62 154302]

    [18]

    Voloshchenko A P, Tarasov S P 2013 Acoust. Phys. 59 163

    [19]

    Deng Y Q, Tao J C, Qiu X J 2011 Tech. Acoust. 30 83 (in Chinese) [邓怡情, 陶建成, 邱小军 2011声学技术 30 83]

    [20]

    Deng Y, Tao J, Qiu X 2012 J. Sound. Vib. 331 4481

    [21]

    Deng Y Q 2013 M. S. Dissertation (Nanjing: Nanjing University) (in Chinese) [邓怡情 2013 硕士学位论文 (南京: 南京大学)]

    [22]

    Liu Y K, Wang Y 2014 Oceans'14 MTS/IEEE Conference Proceedings Taipei, Taiwan, April 7-10, 2014 p1

    [23]

    Sheng P X, Mao J T, Li J G, Zhang A C, Sang J G, Pan N X 2003 Atmospheric Physics (Beijing: Peking University Press) pp19-24, 488 (in Chinese) [盛裴轩, 毛节泰, 李建国, 张霭琛, 桑建国, 潘乃先 2003 大气物理学(北京: 北京大学出版社) 第19-24, 488页]

    [24]

    Feng S Z, Li F Q, Li S J 1999 An Introduction to Marine Science (Beijing: Higher Education Press) pp67-69 (in Chinese) [冯士筰, 李凤岐, 李少菁1999 海洋科学导论 (北京: 高等教育出版社) 第67-69页]

    [25]

    Chen C T, Millero F J 1977 J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 62 1129

    [26]

    Millero F J, Li X 1994 J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 95 2757

  • [1]

    Pierce A D 1994 Acoustics: An Introduction to Its Physical Principles and Applications (New York: AIP) pp134-135

    [2]

    Godin O A 2008 J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 123 1866

    [3]

    Godin O A 2008 Contemp. Phys. 49 105

    [4]

    Chapman D M F2008 J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 124 48

    [5]

    Godin O A 2009 J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 125 117

    [6]

    Glushkov E V, Glushkova N V, Godin O A 2013 Acoust. Phys. 59 6

    [7]

    Luo W Y, Yang C M, Qin J X, Zhang R H 2013 Chin. Phys. B 22 054301

    [8]

    Fuks I, Godin O A 2011 Oceans'11 MTS/IEEE Conference Proceedings Kona Hawaii, America, September 19-22, 2011 p1

    [9]

    Qin J X, Zhang R H, Luo W Y, Wu L X, Jiang L, Zhang B 2014 Acta Acust. 39 145 (in Chinese) [秦继兴, 张仁和, 骆文于, 吴立新, 江磊, 张波 2014 声学学报 39 145]

    [10]

    Yang C M, Luo W Y, Zhang R H, Qin J X 2014 Acta Acust. 39 295 (in Chinese) [杨春梅, 骆文于, 张仁和, 秦继兴 2014 声学学报 39 295]

    [11]

    Godin O A, Fuks I M 2012 J. Fluid Mech. 709 313

    [12]

    Qi Y B, Zhou S H, Zhang R H, Zhang B, Ren Y 2014 Acta Phys. Sin. 63 044303 (in Chinese) [戚聿波, 周士弘, 张仁和, 张波, 任云 2014 物理学报 63 044303]

    [13]

    Godin O A 2006 Phys. Rev. Lett. 97 164301

    [14]

    McDonald B E, Calvo D C 2007 J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 122 3159

    [15]

    Godin O A 2007 Acoust. Phys. 53 305

    [16]

    Lü J, Zhao Z Y, Zhou C 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 104301 (in Chinese) [吕君, 赵正予, 周晨 2011 物理学报 60 104301]

    [17]

    Zhou C, Wang X, Zhao Z Y, Zhang Y N 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 154302 (in Chinese) [周晨, 王翔, 赵正予, 张援农 2013 物理学报 62 154302]

    [18]

    Voloshchenko A P, Tarasov S P 2013 Acoust. Phys. 59 163

    [19]

    Deng Y Q, Tao J C, Qiu X J 2011 Tech. Acoust. 30 83 (in Chinese) [邓怡情, 陶建成, 邱小军 2011声学技术 30 83]

    [20]

    Deng Y, Tao J, Qiu X 2012 J. Sound. Vib. 331 4481

    [21]

    Deng Y Q 2013 M. S. Dissertation (Nanjing: Nanjing University) (in Chinese) [邓怡情 2013 硕士学位论文 (南京: 南京大学)]

    [22]

    Liu Y K, Wang Y 2014 Oceans'14 MTS/IEEE Conference Proceedings Taipei, Taiwan, April 7-10, 2014 p1

    [23]

    Sheng P X, Mao J T, Li J G, Zhang A C, Sang J G, Pan N X 2003 Atmospheric Physics (Beijing: Peking University Press) pp19-24, 488 (in Chinese) [盛裴轩, 毛节泰, 李建国, 张霭琛, 桑建国, 潘乃先 2003 大气物理学(北京: 北京大学出版社) 第19-24, 488页]

    [24]

    Feng S Z, Li F Q, Li S J 1999 An Introduction to Marine Science (Beijing: Higher Education Press) pp67-69 (in Chinese) [冯士筰, 李凤岐, 李少菁1999 海洋科学导论 (北京: 高等教育出版社) 第67-69页]

    [25]

    Chen C T, Millero F J 1977 J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 62 1129

    [26]

    Millero F J, Li X 1994 J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 95 2757

  • [1] 刘代, 李整林, 刘若芸. 浅海周期起伏海底环境下的声传播. 物理学报, 2021, 70(3): 034302. doi: 10.7498/aps.70.20201233
    [2] 张少东, 孙超, 谢磊, 刘雄厚, 王宣. 浅海波导环境不确定性对声源功率估计的影响. 物理学报, 2021, 70(24): 244301. doi: 10.7498/aps.70.20210852
    [3] 杨海军, 仵峰, 方海平, 胡钧, 侯铮迟. 基于加气水滴灌的土壤环境调节机理研究. 物理学报, 2019, 68(1): 019201. doi: 10.7498/aps.68.20181357
    [4] 胡治国, 李整林, 张仁和, 任云, 秦继兴, 何利. 深海海底斜坡环境下的声传播. 物理学报, 2016, 65(1): 014303. doi: 10.7498/aps.65.014303
    [5] 赵小峰, 黄思训. 大气波导条件下雷达海杂波功率仿真. 物理学报, 2013, 62(9): 099204. doi: 10.7498/aps.62.099204
    [6] 石兰芳, 欧阳成, 莫嘉琪. 一类海-气耦合振子模型行波解的渐近解法. 物理学报, 2012, 61(12): 120201. doi: 10.7498/aps.61.120201
    [7] 曹小群, 宋君强, 张卫民, 赵军, 朱小谦. 海-气耦合动力系统的改进变分迭代解法. 物理学报, 2012, 61(3): 030203. doi: 10.7498/aps.61.030203
    [8] 莫嘉琪, 林万涛, 林一骅. 厄尔尼诺/拉尼娜-南方涛动机制时滞海-气振子的渐近解. 物理学报, 2011, 60(8): 080202. doi: 10.7498/aps.60.080202
    [9] 朱敏, 林万涛, 林一骅, 莫嘉琪. 一类厄尔尼诺时滞海-气振子摄动解. 物理学报, 2011, 60(3): 030204. doi: 10.7498/aps.60.030204
    [10] 周先春, 林万涛, 林一骅, 莫嘉琪. 一类扰动海-气耦合振子机理的近似解. 物理学报, 2010, 59(4): 2173-2177. doi: 10.7498/aps.59.2173
    [11] 莫嘉琪, 林一骅, 林万涛. 海-气振子厄尔尼诺-南方涛动模型的近似解. 物理学报, 2010, 59(10): 6707-6711. doi: 10.7498/aps.59.6707
    [12] 曹小群, 张卫民, 宋君强, 朱小谦, 王舒畅. 海-气振子系统中未知参数的MCMC方法识别. 物理学报, 2009, 58(9): 6050-6057. doi: 10.7498/aps.58.6050
    [13] 林万涛, 莫嘉琪. 一类全球气候气-海耦合振子机理的近似解析解. 物理学报, 2008, 57(5): 2633-2637. doi: 10.7498/aps.57.2633
    [14] 莫嘉琪, 王 辉, 林万涛. 厄尔尼诺-南方涛动时滞海-气振子耦合模型. 物理学报, 2006, 55(7): 3229-3232. doi: 10.7498/aps.55.3229
    [15] 莫嘉琪, 王 辉, 林万涛, 林一骅. 赤道东太平洋SST的海-气振子模型. 物理学报, 2006, 55(1): 6-9. doi: 10.7498/aps.55.6
    [16] 莫嘉琪, 林万涛, 王 辉. 一类厄尔尼诺海-气振子机理的摄动解. 物理学报, 2005, 54(9): 3967-3970. doi: 10.7498/aps.54.3967
    [17] 莫嘉琪, 林万涛. 一类厄尔尼诺海-气振子机理的同伦解法. 物理学报, 2005, 54(3): 993-995. doi: 10.7498/aps.54.993
    [18] 莫嘉琪, 林一骅, 林万涛. 热带海-气耦合振子的摄动解. 物理学报, 2005, 54(9): 3971-3974. doi: 10.7498/aps.54.3971
    [19] 莫嘉琪, 林万涛, 朱 江. 海-气振子ENSO模型的同伦解法. 物理学报, 2004, 53(10): 3245-3247. doi: 10.7498/aps.53.3245
    [20] 封国林, 董文杰, 贾晓静, 曹鸿兴. 海-气振荡子中的极限环解. 物理学报, 2002, 51(6): 1181-1185. doi: 10.7498/aps.51.1181
计量
  • 文章访问数:  4130
  • PDF下载量:  175
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2014-11-01
  • 修回日期:  2015-01-19
  • 刊出日期:  2015-07-05

/

返回文章
返回