搜索

x

留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

基于少模光纤的全光纤熔融模式选择耦合器的设计及实验研究

肖亚玲 刘艳格 王志 刘晓颀 罗明明

引用本文:
Citation:

基于少模光纤的全光纤熔融模式选择耦合器的设计及实验研究

肖亚玲, 刘艳格, 王志, 刘晓颀, 罗明明

Design and experimental study of mode selective all-fiber fused mode coupler based on few mode fiber

Xiao Ya-Ling, Liu Yan-Ge, Wang Zhi, Liu Xiao-Qi, Luo Ming-Ming
PDF
导出引用
  • 提出了三种基于少模光纤的全光纤熔融模式选择耦合器. 根据模式匹配原理采用单模光纤与少模光纤熔融连接方式, 运用耦合模理论及光束传播法模拟分析了模式选择耦合器的结构参数对模式选择及耦合特性的影响, 实现了单模光纤中基模到少模光纤中不同阶模式的转换, 以满足不同的应用需求. 实验上以2× 2熔融光纤耦合器为例, 采用对称和非对称熔融拉锥方式, 分别实现了从基模到LP11, LP21模式的转换. 实验结果表明所得到的LP11, LP21模式在1530–1560 nm的波长带宽范围内均有较高的模式纯净度, 且模式耦合效率高于80%, 与理论模拟结果基本一致.
    Three types of all-fiber mode-selection couplers based on fused few-mode fibers (FMFs) are proposed and demonstrated. The specific mode conversions are achieved with appropriate parameters, keeping to the coupling mode theory. LP01 mode is selectively converted into the LP11, LP21, LP02 mode via a 2×2 fused fiber coupler composed of single-mode fiber (SMF) and FMF. By changing the preset parameters in fabrication, mode conversions are also realized between the LP01 and the mixed high order modes. Moreover, conversions from the LP01 mode to other higher order modes are implemented as well in a 3×3 fiber coupler comprising FMF-SMF-FMF structures. Besides, different modes are simultaneously obtained in separated channels to reduce model crosstalk. Distinguished from other techniques, symmetric and asymmetric fused biconical taper are employed in this paper. The 2×2 fiber coupler achieves the conversion from LP01 mode to a single higher order mode such as LP11 or LP21 mode over a broadband spectral range from 1530 nm to 1560 nm. Meanwhile, the mode conversion efficiency exceeding 80% is recorded in experiment, while the insertion loss remains as low as 0.8 dB. Through the comparison with all-fiber mode-selection couplers reported, the relationship between fusion-degree and conversion efficiency is further studied. The experimental results are consistent with the numerical simulations. In addition, the coupler based mode-selection with lower insertion loss and higher conversion efficiency shows potential applications in mode-division multiplexing and sensing systems.
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号: 61322510, 11174154)和天津市自然科学基金重点项目(批准号: 12JCZDJC20600)资助的课题.
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 61322510, 11174154) and the Key Program of the Natural Science Foundation of Tianjin, China (Grant No. 12JCZDJC20600).
    [1]

    Essiambre R, Kramer G, Winzer P J, Foschini G J 2010 J. Lightwave Technol. 28 662

    [2]

    Essiambre R, Mecozzi A 2012 Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference Los Angeles, California, March 4-8, 2012 pOW3D.1

    [3]

    Essiambre R, Tkach R W 2012 Proc. IEEE 100 1035

    [4]

    Yan L S, Liu X, Shieh W 2011 IEEE Photon. J. 3 325

    [5]

    Yao S C, Fu S N, Zhang M M, Tang M, Shen P, Liu D M 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 144215 (in Chinese) [姚殊畅, 付松年, 张敏明, 唐明, 沈平, 刘德明 2013 物理学报 62 144215]

    [6]

    Chan F Y M, Lau A P T, Tam H Y 2012 Opt. Express 20 4548

    [7]

    Lin Z, Zheng S W, Ren G B, Jian S S 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 064214 (in Chinese) [林桢, 郑斯文, 任国斌, 简水生 2013 物理学报 62 064214]

    [8]

    Ryf R, Randel S, Gnauck A H, Bolle C, Sierra A, Mumtaz S, Esmaeelpour M, Burrows E C, Essiambre R J, Winzer P J, Peckham D W, McCurdy A H, Lingle R 2012 J. Lightwave Technol. 30 521

    [9]

    Sorin W V, Kim B Y, Shaw H J 1986 Opt. Lett. 11 581

    [10]

    Xie Y W, Fu S N, Zhang M M, Tang M, Shum P, Liu D M 2013 Opt. Commun. 306 185

    [11]

    Lai K, Leon-Saval S G, Witkowska A, Wadsworth W J, Birks T A 2007 Opt. Lett. 32 328

    [12]

    Witkowska A, Leon-Saval S G, Pham A, Birks T A 2008 Opt. Lett. 33 306

    [13]

    Tsekrekos C P, Syvridis D 2014 J. Lightwave Technol. 32 2461

    [14]

    Ismaeel R, Lee T, Oduro B, Jung Y M, Brambilla G 2014 Opt. Express 22 11610

    [15]

    Gabriel P B, Katharina H, Henrik T, Peter W, Sayinc H, Morgner U, Neumann J, Kracht D 2014 J. Lightwave Technol. 32 2382

    [16]

    Huang W P, Xu C L 1993 IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 29 2639

    [17]

    Huang W P 1994 Opt. Soc. Am. A 11 963

  • [1]

    Essiambre R, Kramer G, Winzer P J, Foschini G J 2010 J. Lightwave Technol. 28 662

    [2]

    Essiambre R, Mecozzi A 2012 Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference Los Angeles, California, March 4-8, 2012 pOW3D.1

    [3]

    Essiambre R, Tkach R W 2012 Proc. IEEE 100 1035

    [4]

    Yan L S, Liu X, Shieh W 2011 IEEE Photon. J. 3 325

    [5]

    Yao S C, Fu S N, Zhang M M, Tang M, Shen P, Liu D M 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 144215 (in Chinese) [姚殊畅, 付松年, 张敏明, 唐明, 沈平, 刘德明 2013 物理学报 62 144215]

    [6]

    Chan F Y M, Lau A P T, Tam H Y 2012 Opt. Express 20 4548

    [7]

    Lin Z, Zheng S W, Ren G B, Jian S S 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 064214 (in Chinese) [林桢, 郑斯文, 任国斌, 简水生 2013 物理学报 62 064214]

    [8]

    Ryf R, Randel S, Gnauck A H, Bolle C, Sierra A, Mumtaz S, Esmaeelpour M, Burrows E C, Essiambre R J, Winzer P J, Peckham D W, McCurdy A H, Lingle R 2012 J. Lightwave Technol. 30 521

    [9]

    Sorin W V, Kim B Y, Shaw H J 1986 Opt. Lett. 11 581

    [10]

    Xie Y W, Fu S N, Zhang M M, Tang M, Shum P, Liu D M 2013 Opt. Commun. 306 185

    [11]

    Lai K, Leon-Saval S G, Witkowska A, Wadsworth W J, Birks T A 2007 Opt. Lett. 32 328

    [12]

    Witkowska A, Leon-Saval S G, Pham A, Birks T A 2008 Opt. Lett. 33 306

    [13]

    Tsekrekos C P, Syvridis D 2014 J. Lightwave Technol. 32 2461

    [14]

    Ismaeel R, Lee T, Oduro B, Jung Y M, Brambilla G 2014 Opt. Express 22 11610

    [15]

    Gabriel P B, Katharina H, Henrik T, Peter W, Sayinc H, Morgner U, Neumann J, Kracht D 2014 J. Lightwave Technol. 32 2382

    [16]

    Huang W P, Xu C L 1993 IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 29 2639

    [17]

    Huang W P 1994 Opt. Soc. Am. A 11 963

  • [1] 惠战强, 刘瑞华, 高黎明, 韩冬冬, 李田甜, 巩稼民. 基于对称双环嵌套管的低损耗弱耦合六模空芯负曲率光纤. 物理学报, 2024, 73(7): 070703. doi: 10.7498/aps.73.20231785
    [2] 杨家濠, 张傲岩, 夏长明, 邓志鹏, 刘建涛, 黄卓元, 康嘉健, 曾浩然, 蒋仁杰, 莫志峰, 侯峙云, 周桂耀. 窄带空芯反谐振光纤的制备及其模式转换应用研究. 物理学报, 2022, 0(0): 0-0. doi: 10.7498/aps.71.20212194
    [3] 杨家濠, 张傲岩, 夏长明, 邓志鹏, 刘建涛, 黄卓元, 康嘉健, 曾浩然, 蒋仁杰, 莫志峰, 侯峙云, 周桂耀. 窄带空芯反谐振光纤的制备及其模式转换应用研究. 物理学报, 2022, 71(13): 134207. doi: 10.7498/aps.70.20212194
    [4] 王健, 吴重庆. 低差分模式群时延少模光纤的变分法分析及优化. 物理学报, 2022, 71(9): 094206. doi: 10.7498/aps.71.20212198
    [5] 丁子平, 廖健飞, 曾泽楷. 基于表面等离子体共振的新型超宽带微结构光纤传感器研究. 物理学报, 2021, 70(7): 074207. doi: 10.7498/aps.70.20201477
    [6] 王瑜浩, 武保剑, 郭飚, 文峰, 邱昆. 基于非线性光纤环形镜的少模脉冲幅度调制再生器. 物理学报, 2020, 69(7): 074202. doi: 10.7498/aps.69.20191858
    [7] 万峰, 武保剑, 曹亚敏, 王瑜浩, 文峰, 邱昆. 空频复用光纤中四波混频过程的解析分析方法. 物理学报, 2019, 68(11): 114207. doi: 10.7498/aps.68.20182129
    [8] 薛艳茹, 田朋飞, 金娃, 赵能, 靳云, 毕卫红. 基于少模长周期光纤叠栅的模式转换器. 物理学报, 2019, 68(5): 054204. doi: 10.7498/aps.68.20181674
    [9] 涂兴华, 赵宜超. 对称熔融拉锥型光纤光栅温度和应力传感特性. 物理学报, 2019, 68(24): 244204. doi: 10.7498/aps.68.20191034
    [10] 罗雪雪, 陶汝茂, 刘志巍, 史尘, 张汉伟, 王小林, 周朴, 许晓军. 少模光纤放大器中的准静态模式不稳定实验研究. 物理学报, 2018, 67(14): 144203. doi: 10.7498/aps.67.20180140
    [11] 张燕君, 高浩雷, 付兴虎, 田永胜. 少模光纤的不同模式布里渊散射特性. 物理学报, 2017, 66(2): 024207. doi: 10.7498/aps.66.024207
    [12] 郑兴娟, 任国斌, 黄琳, 郑鹤玲. 少模光纤的弯曲损耗研究. 物理学报, 2016, 65(6): 064208. doi: 10.7498/aps.65.064208
    [13] 姜珊珊, 刘艳, 邢尔军. 低差分模式时延少模光纤的有限元分析及设计. 物理学报, 2015, 64(6): 064212. doi: 10.7498/aps.64.064212
    [14] 侯建平, 赵晨阳, 杨楠, 郝建苹, 赵建林. 微纳光纤端面反射特性的实验测量方法. 物理学报, 2013, 62(14): 144216. doi: 10.7498/aps.62.144216
    [15] 林桢, 郑斯文, 任国斌, 简水生. 七芯及十九芯大模场少模光纤的特性研究和比对分析. 物理学报, 2013, 62(6): 064214. doi: 10.7498/aps.62.064214
    [16] 姚殊畅, 付松年, 张敏明, 唐明, 沈平, 刘德明. 基于少模光纤的模分复用系统多输入多输出均衡与解调. 物理学报, 2013, 62(14): 144215. doi: 10.7498/aps.62.144215
    [17] 周锐, 张菁, 忽满利, 冯忠耀, 高宏, 杨扬, 张敬花, 乔学光. 基于二阶保偏光纤Sagnac环光纤激光器的振动检测研究. 物理学报, 2012, 61(1): 014216. doi: 10.7498/aps.61.014216
    [18] 乔学光, 丁锋, 贾振安, 傅海威, 营旭东, 周锐, 宋娟. 高精度准分布式光纤光栅地震检波解调系统的研究. 物理学报, 2011, 60(7): 074221. doi: 10.7498/aps.60.074221
    [19] 张瑞峰, 葛春风, 王书慧, 胡智勇, 李世忱. 熔锥型全波耦合器. 物理学报, 2003, 52(2): 390-394. doi: 10.7498/aps.52.390
    [20] 余寿绵, 余恬. 光纤中的电磁对偶变换与导波的模式分析. 物理学报, 2001, 50(11): 2179-2184. doi: 10.7498/aps.50.2179
计量
  • 文章访问数:  6769
  • PDF下载量:  388
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-04-21
  • 修回日期:  2015-05-26
  • 刊出日期:  2015-10-05

/

返回文章
返回