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基于多模态信号的金属材料缺陷无损检测方法

孙明健 刘婷 程星振 陈德应 闫锋刚 冯乃章

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基于多模态信号的金属材料缺陷无损检测方法

孙明健, 刘婷, 程星振, 陈德应, 闫锋刚, 冯乃章

Nondestructive detecting method for metal material defects based on multimodal signals

Sun Ming-Jian, Liu Ting, Cheng Xing-Zhen, Chen De-Ying, Yan Feng-Gang, Feng Nai-Zhang
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  • 金属材料缺陷检测对于经济发展具有重要意义. 针对现有无损检测技术信号模态单一、检测范围有限等不足,提出了一种基于多模态信号的金属材料缺陷无损检测方法. 该方法以光声无损检测方法为主体,首先利用有限元方法分析了缺陷对激光能量吸收量和光声表面波传播的影响,提出了基于激光吸收量和光声表面波的缺陷检测方法;然后搭建了多模态信号检测平台,采集了缺陷的光学、光声和超声三种模态的信号,检测出了裂纹的宽度和分布信息,以及深度和在内部的延伸状况. 研究结果表明,本文提出的基于金属材料多模态信号的无损检测方法能够准确、全面地检测出金属材料的杂质和裂纹的尺寸信息,弥补了现有无损检测方法在检测范围上的不足,为缺陷定量检测和全面诊断提供了一个新的思路.
    Metal materials play an important role in many domains, which are significant to the national economy. However, different kinds of metal defects, such as cracks, contraction cavities, impurities, will be generated in the process of production and service. These defects will affect the metal service life and mechanical properties directly, and even cause serious economic loss. Therefore, it is vital to detect the metal defects. Numerous nondestructive testing (NDT) methods have been proposed for detecting metal defects, such as ultrasonic (US) testing, eddy current testing, photoacoustic (PA) testing, magnetic particle testing, etc. However, each of them uses a single modal signal, which leads to a limited detection range. A nondestructive detecting method for metal material defects based on multimodal signals is proposed to expand the scope of detection and obtain more complete information. Specifically, optical signal, PA signal and US signal are combined together in this method, with the consideration of their complementarities. Simulation and experiments are conducted to validate the effectiveness of the proposed method. Firstly, finite element simulation is employed to analyze the relationship between material parameters and the absorption of laser energy. Meanwhile, the influence of defect size on PA surface wave is simulated and analyzed. Then, a multimodal NDT platform is established to collect and process optical, PA and US signals of the metal defects. These three modal signals contain information about metal surface, shallow surface and internal defects respectively. Eventually, the information, including the location, appearance on the surface, depth, extension path in the material, is obtained. As demonstrated in the results, the nondestructive detecting method based on multimodal signals can detect the metal defects accurately and comprehensively. This method improves the existing methods in terms of detection range and quantitative detection. Additionally, it provides a new way for the quantitative detection and comprehensive diagnosis of metal defects.
      通信作者: 闫锋刚, yfglion@163.com;fengnz@yeah.net ; 冯乃章, yfglion@163.com;fengnz@yeah.net
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号:61371045)、山东省重点研发计划(批准号:2015GGX103016)和中国博士后科学基金(批准号:2015M571413)资助的课题.
      Corresponding author: Yan Feng-Gang, yfglion@163.com;fengnz@yeah.net ; Feng Nai-Zhang, yfglion@163.com;fengnz@yeah.net
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61371045), the Science and Technology Development Plan Project of Shandong Province, China (Grant No. 2015GGX103016), and the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 2015M571413).
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    Cavuto A, Martarelli M, Pandarese G, Revel G M, Tomasini E P 2015 Ultrasonics 55 48

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    Pang F Q 2008 M. S. Thesis (Taiyuan: North University of China) (in Chinese) [庞付全 2008 硕士学位论文 (太原: 中北大学)]

    [18]

    Sun M J, Cheng X Z, Wan G N, Liu T, Fu Y, Wang Y 2015 Proceedings of the International Symposium on Surface Topography & Optical Microscopy Harbin, China, July 23-25 2015 p13

    [19]

    Cox B T, Laufer J G, Beard P C 2009 Photons Plus Ultrasound: Imaging and Sensing 2009 (USA: SPIE) p13

    [20]

    Sun M J, Cheng X Z, Wang Y, Zhang X, Shen Y, Feng N Z 2016 Acta Phys. Sin. 65 038105 (in Chinese) [孙明健, 程星振, 王艳, 章欣, 沈毅, 冯乃章 2016 物理学报 65 038105]

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    Sun M J, Lin X W, Wu Z H, Liu Y, Shen Y, Feng N Z 2014 Proceedings of Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference, 2014 IEEE International Montevideo, Uruguay, May 12-15 2014 p896

    [22]

    Ding Y S, Yang S X, Gan C B 2015 J. Vibra. Shock 34 33 (in Chinese) [丁一珊, 杨世锡, 甘春标 2015 振动与冲击 34 33]

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    Wang L V 2008 IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron. 14 171

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  • [1]

    Dong L M, Li J, Ni C M, Shen Z H, Ni X W, Chen J P, Chigarev N, Tournat V, Gusev V 2011 Chin. J. Lasers 38 90 (in Chinese) [董利明, 李加, 倪辰荫, 沈中华, 倪晓武, 陈建平, N Chigarev, V Tournat, V Gusev 2011 中国激光 38 90]

    [2]

    Han E H, Chen J M, Su Y J, Liu M 2014 Materials China 35 65 (in Chinese) [韩恩厚, 陈建敏, 宿彦京, 刘敏 2014 中国材料进展 35 65]

    [3]

    Bian X Y, Fan J Z, Ma Z L, Zuo T, Wei S H 2010 Rare Metals 3 357 (in Chinese) [边心宇, 樊建中, 马自力, 左涛, 魏少华 2010 稀有金属 3 357]

    [4]

    Huo Y, Zhang C L 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 144204 (in Chinese) [霍雁, 张存林 2012 物理学报 61 144204]

    [5]

    Meng L Y, Zeng Z, Wang G, Tao N, Zhang C L 2015 Optoelectron. Technol. 35 174 (in Chinese) [孟梨雨, 曾智, 王冠, 陶宁, 张存林 2015 光电子技术 35 174]

    [6]

    Chen J, Bai X L, Yang K J, Ju B F 2015 Ultrasonics 56 505

    [7]

    Sun M J, Wang Y, Zhang X, Liu Y, Wei Q, Shen Y, Feng N Z 2014 Proceedings of Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference, 2014 IEEE International Montevideo Uruguay, May 12-15 2014 p819

    [8]

    Petcher P A, Dixon S 2015 Angew. Chem. Int. Edit. 74 58

    [9]

    Soumya D, Kapil G, Stanley R J Mohammad T, Ghasr A 2013 IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 62 4

    [10]

    Zeng W, Wang H T, Tian G Y, Hu G X, Yang X M, Wan M 2014 Nondestr. Test 36 38 (in Chinese) [曾伟, 王海涛, 田贵云, 胡国星, 杨先明, 万敏 2014 无损检测 36 38]

    [11]

    Zeng W, Wang H T, Tian G Y, Hu G X, Wang W 2015 Acta Phys. Sin. 64 134302 (in Chinese) [曾伟, 王海涛, 田贵云, 胡国星, 汪文 2015 物理学报 64 134302]

    [12]

    Zeng W, Wang H T, Tian G Y, Fang L, Wang W, Wan M, Yang X M 2014 Chin. J. Sci. Instrum. 35 650 (in Chinese) [曾伟, 王海涛, 田贵云, 方凌, 汪文, 万敏, 杨先明 2014 仪器仪表学报 35 650]

    [13]

    Guan J F, Shen Z H, Xu B Q, Ni X W, Lu J 2006 Appl. Acoust. 25 138 (in Chinese) [关建飞, 沈中华, 许伯强, 倪晓武, 陆建 2006 应用声学 25 138]

    [14]

    Podymova N B, Karabutov A A, Cherepetskaya E B 2014 Laser Phys. 24 8

    [15]

    Cavuto A, Martarelli M, Pandarese G, Revel G M, Tomasini E P 2015 Ultrasonics 55 48

    [16]

    Li X K 2014 Ph. D. Dissertation (Chongqing: Chongqing University) (in Chinese) [李新科 2014 博士学位论文(重庆: 重庆大学)]

    [17]

    Pang F Q 2008 M. S. Thesis (Taiyuan: North University of China) (in Chinese) [庞付全 2008 硕士学位论文 (太原: 中北大学)]

    [18]

    Sun M J, Cheng X Z, Wan G N, Liu T, Fu Y, Wang Y 2015 Proceedings of the International Symposium on Surface Topography & Optical Microscopy Harbin, China, July 23-25 2015 p13

    [19]

    Cox B T, Laufer J G, Beard P C 2009 Photons Plus Ultrasound: Imaging and Sensing 2009 (USA: SPIE) p13

    [20]

    Sun M J, Cheng X Z, Wang Y, Zhang X, Shen Y, Feng N Z 2016 Acta Phys. Sin. 65 038105 (in Chinese) [孙明健, 程星振, 王艳, 章欣, 沈毅, 冯乃章 2016 物理学报 65 038105]

    [21]

    Sun M J, Lin X W, Wu Z H, Liu Y, Shen Y, Feng N Z 2014 Proceedings of Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference, 2014 IEEE International Montevideo, Uruguay, May 12-15 2014 p896

    [22]

    Ding Y S, Yang S X, Gan C B 2015 J. Vibra. Shock 34 33 (in Chinese) [丁一珊, 杨世锡, 甘春标 2015 振动与冲击 34 33]

    [23]

    Wang L V 2008 IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron. 14 171

    [24]

    Lévesque D, Rousset G, Bertrand L 1986 Can. J. Phys. 64 1030

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-05-12
  • 修回日期:  2016-06-02
  • 刊出日期:  2016-08-05

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